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Biocatalysis, 1. General

  1. Horst Werner Doelle1,
  2. Armin Fiechter2,
  3. Stephan Lütz3,
  4. Günther Schlegel4,
  5. Sakayu Shimizu5,
  6. Kerstin Würges3,
  7. Hideaki Yamada5

Published Online: 15 JUL 2009

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.n04_n01

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Doelle, H. W., Fiechter, A., Lütz, S., Schlegel, G., Shimizu, S., Würges, K. and Yamada, H. 2009. Biocatalysis, 1. General. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Queensland, Department of Microbiology, St. Lucia, Queensland, Australia

  2. 2

    Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule, Institute of Biotechnology, Zürich, Switzerland

  3. 3

    Research Centre Jülich, Institute of Biotechnology 2, Germany

  4. 4

    University of Göttingen, Institute of Microbiology, Göttingen, Germany

  5. 5

    Kyoto University, Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Kyoto, Japan

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2009

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Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Classification of Biocatalysts
3.History
4.Characteristics of Enzyme Reactions Used in Biotransformations
5.Types of Biocatalysts and Reaction Systems
5.1.Biotransformation with Growing Cultures
5.2.Biotransformation Conversion with Previously Grown Cells
5.2.1.Vegetative or Washed Cells
5.2.2.Permeabilized Cells
5.2.3.Dried Cells
5.3.Biotransformation with Spores
5.4.Biotransformation with Immobilized Cells
5.5.Biotransformation with Cell-free Enzymes or Purified Enzymes
5.6.Multistep Reactions Using Different Biocatalysts
5.7.Multiphase Reaction Systems
6.Process Design
6.1.General Considerations
6.1.1.Evaluating Enzyme Potential
6.1.2.Finding Suitable Enzymes
6.1.3.Substrates
6.1.4.Media
6.2.Selection of Biocatalysts
6.2.1.Screening
6.2.2.Enrichment
6.2.3.Molecular Engineering
7.Improvement of Conversion Processes
8.Conclusion and Outlook