Standard Article

Biotechnology, 3. Cultivation of Microorganisms

  1. Horst Werner Doelle1,
  2. Armin Fiechter2,
  3. Günther Schlegel3,
  4. Sakayu Shimizu4,
  5. Roland Ulber5,
  6. Hideaki Yamada4

Published Online: 15 JUL 2009

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.n04_n03

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Doelle, H. W., Fiechter, A., Schlegel, G., Shimizu, S., Ulber, R. and Yamada, H. 2009. Biotechnology, 3. Cultivation of Microorganisms. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Queensland, Department of Microbiology, St. Lucia, Queensland, Australia

  2. 2

    Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule, Institute of Biotechnology, Zürich, Switzerland

  3. 3

    University of Göttingen, Institute of Microbiology, Göttingen, Germany

  4. 4

    Kyoto University, Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Kyoto, Japan

  5. 5

    University of Kaiserslautern, Institute of Bioprocess Engineering, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2009

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Isolation of Microorganisms
3.Requirements for Growth
3.1.Chemical Composition of Bacterial Cells
3.2.Carbon and Energy Sources
3.3.Accessory Nutrients
3.4.Sulfur and Nitrogen
3.5.Oxygen
3.6.Complex Media
3.7.Solid Media
3.8.Hydrogen Ion Concentration
3.9.Carbon Dioxide
3.10.Aeration
3.11.Anaerobic Techniques
3.12.Media Preparation
4.Sterilization
4.1.Moist Heat
4.2.Dry Heat
4.3.Filtration
4.4.Irradiation
4.5.Chemical Means
5.Types of Bioprocesses
5.1.Surface Culture
5.2.Submerged Culture
6.Process Layout
6.1.Reactors
6.2.Containments for Anaerobic Processes
6.3.Reactors for Aerobic Processes
6.4.Inoculation
6.5.Operation Modes
7.Process and Product Overview