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Air, 4. Pollution Monitoring

  1. Peter Bruckmann,
  2. Hans-Ulrich Pfeffer

Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.o02_o04

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Bruckmann, P. and Pfeffer, H.-U. 2011. Air, 4. Pollution Monitoring. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. Landesumweltamt Nordrhein–Westfalen, Essen, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

Chemistry Terms

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Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Measurement Planning
2.1.Types of Air Pollution Monitoring
2.2.Planning of Pollution Measurements
2.2.1.Measurement Networks (General Air Pollution Monitoring)
2.2.2.Evaluation of Data; Period and Frequency of Measurements
2.2.3.Planning Measurements on Industrial Plants
3.Quality Assurance
3.1.Procedure-Based Methods
3.2.User-Based Methods
4.Measuring Methods
4.1.Measuring Methods for Inorganic Gases
4.1.1.Automatic Measuring Methods
4.1.2.Calibration of Automatic Measuring Methods
4.1.3.Manual Methods
4.2.Measurement and Analysis of Particulate Atmospheric Impurities
4.2.1.Measurement of Particle Mass and Particle Fractions
4.2.2.Measurement of Particle Numbers and Size Distributions
4.2.3.Measurement of Inorganic Components in Suspended Particle Matter
4.2.3.1.Measurement of Major Ionic Compounds in Suspended Particulate Matter
4.2.3.2.Measurement of Heavy Metals and Metalloid Compounds in Suspended Particulate Matter
4.2.3.3.Measurement of Soot (Elemental Carbon)
4.2.3.4.Measurement of Fibers
4.3.Measurement of Deposition
4.3.1.Measurement of Total (Bulk) Deposition
4.3.2.Measurement of Wet Deposition
4.3.3.Special Sampling Devices for Deposition Measurements
4.3.4.Analysis
4.4.Optical Methods of Remote Measurement
4.4.1.Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
4.4.2.Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy
4.4.3.Long-Path-Length Absorption Spectroscopy with Tunable Diode Lasers
4.4.4.Differential Adsorption LIDAR
4.4.5.Correlation Spectroscopy and Gas Filter Correlation Spectroscopy
4.4.6.Significance of Remote Measurement Methods
4.4.7.Measurement of Unstable Trace Substances
4.5.Measurement of Organic Atmospheric Pollutants
4.5.1.Overview
4.5.2.Summation Methods (Total-C Measurements)
4.5.3.Chromatographic Methods
4.5.3.1.Chromatographic Methods for Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)
4.5.3.2.Chromatographic Methods for Low-Volatility Organic Compounds
4.5.3.3.Determination of Organic Compounds with Functional Groups
4.6.Olfactometric Methods
4.7.Screening Measurements