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Ammonia, 3. Production Plants

  1. Max Appl

Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.o02_o12

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Appl, M. 2011. Ammonia, 3. Production Plants. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. Dannstadt-Schauernheim, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

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Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Complete Ammonia Production Plants
1.1.Steam Reforming Ammonia Plants
1.1.1.The Basic Concept of Single-Train Plants
1.1.2.Further Developments
1.1.3.Minimum Energy Requirement for Steam Reforming Processes
1.1.4.Commercial Steam Reforming Ammonia Processes
1.1.4.1.Advanced Conventional Processes
1.1.4.2.Processes with Reduced Primary Reformer Firing
1.1.4.3.Processes Without a Fired Primary Reformer (Exchanger Reformer)
1.1.4.4.Processes Without a Secondary Reformer (Nitrogen from Air Separation)
1.2.Ammonia Plants based on Partial Oxidation
1.2.1.Ammonia Plants Based on Heavy Hydrocarbons
1.2.2.Ammonia Plants Using Coal as Feedstock
1.3.Waste-Heat Boilers
1.4.Single-Train Capacity – Mega Ammonia Plants
2.Modernization of Older Plants (Revamping)
3.Material Considerations for Equipment Fabrication