Standard Article

Gas Production, 2. Processes

  1. Rainer Reimert2,
  2. Friedemann Marschner 1,
  3. Hans-Joachim Renner1,
  4. Walter Boll1,
  5. Emil Supp1,
  6. Miron Brejc1,
  7. Waldemar Liebner1,
  8. Georg Schaub2

Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.o12_o01

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Reimert, R., Marschner, F., Renner, H.-J., Boll, W., Supp, E., Brejc, M., Liebner, W. and Schaub, G. 2011. Gas Production, 2. Processes. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Lurgi, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

  2. 2

    (formerly Lurgi) Engler-Bunte-Institut der Universität Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

Chemistry Terms

Choose one or more boxes to highlight terms.

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Steam Reforming of Natural Gas and Other Hydrocarbons
1.1.Feedstocks
1.2.Natural Gas and Other Gaseous Hydrocarbons
1.2.1.Principles
1.2.2.Catalysts, Catalyst Poisons, Desulfurization
1.2.3.Tubular Reformers
1.2.4.Production of Fuel Gas and Synthesis Gas
1.2.5.Special Reforming Processes
1.3.Tubular Steam Reforming of Liquid Hydrocarbons
1.3.1.Commercial Processes
1.3.2.Fuel Gas and Synthesis Gas from Liquid Hydrocarbons
1.3.3.Special Processes
1.4.Prereforming
1.4.1.Principles
1.4.2.Catalysts
1.4.3.Prereforming of Natural Gas
1.4.4.Prereforming of Naphtha; Rich Gas Process
1.5.Autothermal Catalytic Reforming
2.Noncatalytic Partial Oxidation and Special Gasification Processes for Higher-Boiling Hydrocarbons
2.1.Raw Materials
2.2.Partial Oxidation of Hydrocarbons
2.2.1.Principle
2.2.2.Types of Processes
2.2.3.Influencing Raw Gas Composition
2.2.4.Submerged Flame Process
2.3.Hydrogenating Gasification
3.Gas Production from Coal, Wood, and Other Solid Feedstocks
3.1.Fundamentals
3.1.1.Thermodynamics of Chemical Reactions
3.1.2.Kinetics
3.2.Classification and General Characteristics of Gasification Processes
3.2.1.Criteria for Classification
3.2.2.Criteria for Process Assessment
3.2.3.Mathematical Modeling of Gasification Reactors
3.3.Characterization of Solid Feedstocks for Gasification
3.4.Moving- or Fixed-Bed Processes
3.5.Fluidized-Bed Processes
3.6.Entrained-Flow Processes
3.7.Molten-Bath Processes
3.8.Underground Coal Gasification
3.9.Environmental Aspects of Gasification