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Glass, 2. Production

  1. Bernard H. W. S. De Jong1,
  2. Ruud G. C. Beerkens2,
  3. Peter A. Nijnatten3,
  4. Eric Le Bourhis4

Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.o12_o08

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

De Jong, B. H. W. S., Beerkens, R. G. C., Nijnatten, P. A. and Le Bourhis, E. 2011. Glass, 2. Production. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Corning Incorporated, Corning, New York, United States

  2. 2

    Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

  3. 3

    TNO Institute of Applied Physics, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

  4. 4

    Institut Pprime, Poitiers, France

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2011


The article contains sections titled:

1.Historical Background
2.Raw Materials
2.1.Chemical Impurities and Decoloration
2.2.Waste Glass (Cullet)
2.3.Preparation of Raw Materials
3.Melting Units
3.1.Flat Glass and Container-Glass Tanks
3.2.Unit Melters
3.3.All-Oxygen-Fired Melters
3.4.Electrical Melting Units
3.5.New Melter Designs
3.6.Pot Furnaces and Day Tanks
4.Melting, Fining, and Homogenization
5.Energy-Saving Technologies
6.Glass Cooling
7.Heating and Regulating Glass Melts
8.Refractory Lining of Melting Units
9.Vapor-Deposited Glasses
10.Occupational Health