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Hydrogen, 2. Production

  1. Peter Häussinger1,
  2. Reiner Lohmüller2,
  3. Allan M. Watson3

Published Online: 1 JAN 2000

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.o13_o03

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Häussinger, P., Lohmüller, R. and Watson, A. M. 2000. Hydrogen, 2. Production. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Linde AG Werksgruppe TVT München, Höllriegelskreuth, Germany

  2. 2

    Fachhochschule Ostfriesland, Emden, Germany

  3. 3

    Linde AG München, Höllriegelskreuth, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2000

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Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Production from Coal and Hydrocarbons
1.1.Coke Oven Gas
1.2.Gasification of Coal and Hydrocarbons
1.2.1.Coal Gasification
1.2.2.Gasification of Liquid and Gaseous Hydrocarbons
1.2.3.Examples of Industrial Scale Hydrogen Production (by Partial Oxidation of Hydrocarbons)
1.3.Catalytic Reforming of Hydrocarbons
1.3.1.Feedstocks
1.3.2.Tubular Reformer
1.3.3.Steam Reforming Plant
1.3.4.Special Designs
1.3.5.Autothermal Reactors
1.4.Refinery Processes
1.5.Petrochemical Processes
2.Electrolysis
2.1.Principles
2.2.Conventional Water Electrolysis
2.3.New Developments in Electrolytic Processes
2.4.Hydrogen as Byproduct from other Electrochemical Processes
3.Thermochemical Water Cleavage
3.1.Thermodynamics of Closed Cycles
3.2.Further Criteria of Thermochemical Cycles
3.3.Thermochemical Cyclic Processes
3.4.Hybrid Cycle Processes
4.Other Methods for the Cleavage of Water
4.1.Thermolytic and Radiolytic Processes
4.2.Photochemical or Photoelectrical Water Cleavage
4.3.Hydrogen Formation in Biological Systems
5.Other Chemical Processes
5.1.Hydrogen from Conversion of Metals
5.2.Hydrogen from Ammonia
5.3.Hydrogen from Methanol
5.4.Hydrogen from Hydrogen Sulfide
5.5.Hydrogen as Byproduct
6.Economic Aspects
6.1.Analysis of the Cost Structure
6.2.Prognosis of the Hydrogen Costs