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Iron, 4. Smelting Reduction Processes

  1. Jürgen Flickenschild1,
  2. Rolf Hauk1,
  3. Rolf Steffen2

Published Online: 1 JAN 2000

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.o14_o03

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Flickenschild, J., Hauk, R. and Steffen, R. 2000. Iron, 4. Smelting Reduction Processes. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Deutsche Voest-Alpine Industrieanlagen GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany

  2. 2

    VDEh, Düsseldorf, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2000

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The article contains sections titled:

2.Characteristics of Coals for the Smelting Reduction Processes
3.Classification of Smelting Reduction Processes and Earlier Developments
3.1.Processes Using Electrical Energy
3.2.Coal - Coke-Bed Melter - Gasifiers
3.3.Converter-Type Iron Bath Reactors
4.State of the Art of Process Developments
4.1.Melter - Gasifiers
4.2.Iron Bath Reactors
4.3.Rotary Hearth Direct Reduction - Submerged Arc Furnace Combinations
4.4.Special Developments for Processing of Steelworks Dusts