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Lubricants, 2. Components

  1. Theo Mang1,
  2. Jürgen Braun1,
  3. Wilfried Dresel1,
  4. Jürgen Omeis2

Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.o15_o04

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Mang, T., Braun, J., Dresel, W. and Omeis, J. 2011. Lubricants, 2. Components. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Fuchs Petrolub AG, Mannheim, Federal Republic of Germany

  2. 2

    Fuchs Europe Schmierstoffe GmbH, Mannheim, Federal Republic of Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

Chemistry Terms

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Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Base Oils
1.1.Historical Review and Outlook
1.2.Chemical Characterization of Mineral Base Oils
1.3.Refining
1.3.1.Distillation
1.3.2.Deasphalting
1.3.3.Traditional Refining Processes
1.3.3.1.Acid Refining
1.3.3.2.Solvent Extraction
1.3.4.Solvent Dewaxing
1.3.5.Finishing
1.4.Base Oil Manufacturing by Hydrogenation and Hydrocracking
1.4.1.Manufacturing Naphthenic Base Oils by Hydrogenation
1.4.2.Production of White Oils
1.4.3.Lube Hydrocracking
1.4.4.Catalytic Dewaxing
1.4.5.Wax Isomerization
1.4.6.Hybrid Lube Oil Processing
1.4.7.All-Hydrogen Route
1.4.8.Gas-to-Liquids Conversion Technology
1.5.Boiling and Evaporation Behavior of Base Oils
2.Synthetic Base Oils
2.1.Synthetic Hydrocarbons
2.1.1.Polyalphaolefins
2.1.2.Polyinternalolefins
2.1.3.Polybutenes
2.1.4.Alkylated Aromatics
2.1.5.Other Hydrocarbons
2.2.Halogenated Hydrocarbons
2.3.Synthetic Esters
2.3.1.Esters of Carboxylic Acids
2.3.1.1.Dicarboxylic Acid Esters
2.3.1.2.Polyol Esters
2.3.1.3.Other Carboxylic Esters
2.3.1.4.Complex Esters
2.3.1.5.Fluorinated Carboxylic Acid Esters
2.3.2.Phosphate Esters
2.4.Polyalkylene Glycols
2.5.Other Polyethers
2.5.1.Perfluorinated Polyethers
2.5.2.Polyphenyl Ethers
2.5.3.Polysiloxanes (Silicone Oils)
2.6.Other Synthetic Base Oils
2.7.Mixtures of Synthetic Lubricants
3.Additives
3.1.Antioxidants
3.1.1.Mechanism of Oxidation and Antioxidants
3.1.2.Compounds
3.2.Viscosity Modifiers
3.2.1.VI Improvement Mechanisms
3.2.2.Structure and Chemistry of Viscosity Modifiers
3.3.Pour Point Depressants
3.4.Detergents and Dispersants
3.4.1.Metal-Containing Compounds (Detergents)
3.4.2.Ashless Dispersants (AD)
3.5.Antifoam Agents
3.6.Demulsifiers
3.7.Dyes
3.8.Antiwear and Extreme Pressure Additives
3.9.Friction Modifiers
3.10.Corrosion Inhibitors
3.10.1.Antirust Additives
3.10.2.Metal Passivators

Featured Compounds

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  1. 1 - 13
Compound 4
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:(C2H6OSi)xC6H18OSi2
InChIKey:CXQXSVUQTKDNFP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 11
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound 13
Molecular Weight:174.2621
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound 8
Molecular Weight:206.3239
Molecular Formula:C14H22O
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound 2
Molecular Weight:210.1403
Molecular Formula:C9H6O6
InChIKey:ARCGXLSVLAOJQL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 1
Molecular Weight:166.1308
Molecular Formula:C8H6O4
InChIKey:XNGIFLGASWRNHJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 3
Molecular Weight:254.1498
Molecular Formula:C10H6O8
InChIKey:CYIDZMCFTVVTJO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 10
Molecular Weight:424.6585
Molecular Formula:C29H44O2
InChIKey:MDWVSAYEQPLWMX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 5
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound 7
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound 9
Molecular Weight:220.3505
Molecular Formula:C15H24O
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound 6
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound 12
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
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