Standard Article

Laundry Detergents, 3. Production, Testing and Economic Aspects

  1. Eduard Smulders,
  2. Wilfried Rähse

Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.o15_o14

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Smulders, E. and Rähse, W. 2011. Laundry Detergents, 3. Production, Testing and Economic Aspects. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. Henkel KGaA, Düsseldorf, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Production of Powder Detergents
1.1.Technology Overview
1.2.Manufacturing Processes
1.2.1.Traditional Spray-Drying Process
1.2.2.Superheated Steam Drying
1.2.3.Nontower Agglomeration Process
1.2.4.Nontower Compound Technology
1.3.Densification Processes
1.3.1.Dry Densification in a Mixer
1.3.2.Dry Densification in a Spheronizer
1.3.3.Dry Densification in a Roller Press
1.3.4.Wet Granulation
1.3.5.Spaghetti Extrusion
1.3.6.Postaddition Process
1.3.7.Dry Densification in a Tablet Press
1.4.Raw Materials
1.4.1.Anionic Surfactants
1.4.2.Nonionic Surfactants
1.4.3.Builders
1.4.4.Peroxygen Bleaches
1.4.5.Enzymes
2.Analysis of the Composition
2.1.Detergent Ingredients:
2.2.Purposes of Detergent Analysis:
2.3.Sample Preparation:
2.4.Analytical Methods
2.4.1.Qualitative Analysis
2.4.2.Sample Preparation
2.4.3.Quantitative Analysis
2.4.4.Separation Methods:
2.4.5.Structure Determination
2.4.6.Determination of Characteristic Values
2.4.7.Analysis Automation:
2.5.Sources of Information:
3.Test Methods for Laundry Detergents
3.1.Laboratory Methods
3.2.Practical Evaluation
3.3.Consumer Tests
4.Economic Aspects
4.1.Detergent Components
4.1.1.Surfactants
4.1.2.Builders
4.2.Laundry Detergents
4.3.Fabric Softeners
4.4.Other Laundry Aids