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Paper and Board, 6. Manufacturing

  1. Herbert Holik1,
  2. Norbert Gamsjäger2,
  3. Arved H. Westerkamp3,
  4. Matthias Schmitt3,
  5. Andrea Stetter1,
  6. Martin Tietz4,
  7. Rüdiger Feldmann5,
  8. Matthias Wohlfahrt4,
  9. Peter Mirsberger1

Published Online: 15 JAN 2012

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.o18_o14

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Holik, H., Gamsjäger, N., Westerkamp, A. H., Schmitt, M., Stetter, A., Tietz, M., Feldmann, R., Wohlfahrt, M. and Mirsberger, P. 2012. Paper and Board, 6. Manufacturing. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Voith Paper, Ravensburg, Germany

  2. 2

    Voith Paper Rolls, Wimpassing, Austria

  3. 3

    Voith Paper Fabrics, Pfullingen, Germany

  4. 4

    Voith Paper, Heidenheim, Germany

  5. 5

    Voith Paper Finishing, Krefeld, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2012

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Overview of Paper and Board Machines
2.Rolls in Paper and Board Machines
2.1.General Aspects
2.2.Perforated Rolls
2.3.Deflection Control Rolls
2.3.1.One-Zone Rolls
2.3.2.Multi-Zone Rolls
2.4.Roll Covers/Coatings
2.4.1.Objectives and Basic Design Criteria
2.4.2.Application and Function
2.4.3.Materials
2.4.3.1.Rubber Roll Covers
2.4.3.2.Polyurethane Roll Covers
2.4.3.3.Composite Roll Covers
2.4.3.4.Thermal Coatings
2.4.3.5.Further Coatings
2.4.3.6.Granite Rolls and Calender Paper Shafts
3.Fabrics for Paper and Board Production
3.1.Forming Fabrics
3.2.Press Felts
3.3.Dryer Fabrics
4.Forming Section
4.1.Approach Flow System
4.1.1.Metering/Proportioning and Mixing
4.1.2.Final Cleaning and Screening
4.1.3.Deaeration
4.1.4.Engineering
4.1.5.Automation
4.2.Headbox
4.3.Wire Section
4.3.1.The Fourdrinier Wire Section
4.3.2.Cylinder Former
4.3.3.Inclined Wire
4.3.4.Hybrid Former
4.3.5.Gap Former
5.Press Section
6.Dryer Section
6.1.Overview
6.2.Drying Principles
6.2.1.Contact Drying by Steam Heated Cylinders
6.2.2.Air Impingement Drying
6.2.3.Through Air Drying
6.2.4.Infrared Drying
6.2.5.Press Drying
6.2.6.Impulse Drying
6.3.Dryer Sections
6.3.1.Multicylinder Dryer Section
6.3.1.1.Types of Multicylinder Dryer Section
6.3.1.2.Web Handling
6.3.1.3.Dryer Hood
6.3.1.4.Paper during Drying
6.3.2.Tissue Dryer Section
6.3.2.1.Tissue Cylinder
6.3.2.2.Tissue Dryer Hood
6.3.2.3.Through Air Dryer
7.Surface Sizing
8.On-line Coating
8.1.Board
8.2.Graphic Papers
9.Calendering
9.1.Objective and General Description of the Calendering Process
9.2.History of Calendering
9.3.The Different Calender Types
9.4.The Main Calendering Methods for Various Paper and Board Grades
9.4.1.Wood-Containing Paper Grades
9.4.2.Woodfree Paper Grades
9.4.3.Specialty Papers
9.4.4.Board
10.Reeling
10.1.Objectives and Basics
10.2.History
10.3.New Generation reels
10.3.1.Center Drive
10.3.2.Nip Load System
10.4.Reel Drum Design
10.5.Turn-Up Systems
10.5.1.General
10.5.2.Nordic Turn-Up
10.5.3.Web-Wide Cutting Knife
10.5.4.Air-Supported Turn-Up Systems (Gooseneck, Cobra)
10.5.5.Tape Turn-Up System
10.5.6.Turn-Up with High-Pressure Water Jet
11.Paper and Board Machines
11.1.Graphic Paper Machines
11.2.Packaging Paper Machines
11.3.Cartonboard Machines
11.4.Tissue Machines
11.5.Specialty Paper Machines