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Polypropylene

  1. T. Geoffrey Heggs

Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.o21_o04

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Heggs, T. G. 2011. Polypropylene. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. current address: The Mill, Great Ayrton, TS9 6PX, United Kingdom

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (26 MAR 2014)

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Historical Survey
2.Polymer Structure
2.1.Molecular and Chain Structure
2.2.Crystallization and Morphology
3.Raw Materials
3.1.Propene
3.2.Polymerization Diluents
3.3.Catalyst Preparation
3.3.1.TiCl3-Based Catalysts
3.3.2.Supported Catalysts
3.3.3.Homogeneous Catalysts
3.3.4.Aluminum Alkyl Cocatalysts
3.4.Hydrogen
4.Polymerization Mechanism
5.Industrial Processes
5.1.Suspension Homopolymerization (Early Diluent Processes)
5.2.Bulk Polymerization in Liquid Propene
5.3.Solution Polymerization
5.4.Spheripol Process
5.5.Hypol Process
5.6.Gas-Phase Processes
5.7.Copolymerization
5.7.1.Random Copolymerization
5.7.2.Impact (Block) Copolymerization
5.8.Product Finishing
5.9.Additives
6.Compounding
7.Properties
7.1.Homopolymer
7.2.Copolymers
7.3.Elastomer Blends with Polypropylene
8.Uses
8.1.Injection Molding
8.2.Blow Molding
8.3.Fibers and Flat Yarns
8.4.Film
8.5.Foil and Sheet
8.6.Extruded Pipe
9.Environmental Aspects
9.1.Recycling
9.2.Pyrolysis
9.3.Incineration
9.4.Environmental Interactions