Standard Article

Process Intensification, 1. Fundamentals and Molecular Level

  1. Hannsjörg Freund1,
  2. Kai Sundmacher1,2

Published Online: 15 JUL 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.o22_o02

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Freund, H. and Sundmacher, K. 2011. Process Intensification, 1. Fundamentals and Molecular Level. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Max Planck Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, Magdeburg, Germany

  2. 2

    Process Systems Engineering, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2011

Chemistry Terms

Choose one or more boxes to highlight terms.

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
1.1.Paradigm Shift in Chemical and Process Engineering
1.2.Definition and Classification of Process Intensification
2.Process Intensification at the Molecular Level
2.1.Planning of Reaction Routes
2.1.1.Selection of the Main Reactant Molecule “A”
2.1.1.1.Atomicity Efficiency
2.1.1.2.Transformation Efficiency
2.1.1.3.Feedstock
2.1.2.Selection of the Partner Reactant Molecule “B”
2.1.2.1.Avoid Couple Products
2.1.2.2.Avoid Side Reactions
2.1.3.Example: Different Routes for the Production of Cyclohexanol and Adipic Acid
2.1.3.1.Cyclohexanol Synthesis
2.1.3.2.Adipic Acid Synthesis
2.2.Selection of the Catalyst
2.2.1.Dream Reactions
2.2.1.1.Methane
2.2.1.2.Carbon Dioxide
2.2.1.3.Benzene
2.2.1.4.Renewables
2.2.2.Molecular Design of Homogeneous Catalysts
2.2.2.1.General Aspects
2.2.2.2.Example: Hydroformylation
2.2.2.3.Concluding Remarks and Future Perspective
2.2.3.Molecular Design of Heterogeneous Catalysts
2.2.3.1.Quantum Chemical Calculations
2.2.3.2.Atomistic Simulations
2.2.3.3.Concluding Remarks and Future Perspective