Standard Article

Soil, 2. Damage and Soil Pollution

  1. Karl Auerswald1,
  2. Norbert Litz2,
  3. Robert Mayer3,
  4. Alexander Stoy4,
  5. Kassem Alef5,
  6. Helmut Kerndorff2

Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.o24_o01

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Auerswald, K., Litz, N., Mayer, R., Stoy, A., Alef, K. and Kerndorff, H. 2011. Soil, 2. Damage and Soil Pollution. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Technische Universität München, Lehrstuhl für Grünlandlehre, Freising, Federal Republic of Germany

  2. 2

    Umweltbundesamt, Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany

  3. 3

    Universität Gh Kassel, Fachbereich Stadtplanung/Landschaftsplanung, Kassel, Federal Republic of Germany

  4. 4

    Fachhochschule Kiel, Fachbereich Landbau, Rendsburg, Federal Republic of Germany

  5. 5

    Universität Bayreuth, Lehrstuhl für Ökologische Chemie, Bayreuth, Federal Republic of Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

Chemistry Terms

Choose one or more boxes to highlight terms.

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

4.Physical Damage to Soils
4.1.Compaction
4.2.Erosion
4.3.Building Over and Sealing
5.Effects of Anthropogenic Substances on Soil
5.1.Persistent Pollutants
5.1.1.Definition and Criteria
5.1.2.Sources and Entry Paths
5.1.3.Processes in Terrestrial Soils
5.1.4.Persistent Organic Compounds
5.1.4.1.Chlorinated Aliphatic Hydrocarbons
5.1.4.2.Aromatics and Chlorinated Aromatics
5.1.4.3.Nitroaromatics and Aromatic Amines
5.1.4.4.Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins (PCDDs) and Dibenzofurans (PCDFs)
5.1.4.5.Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs)
5.1.4.6.Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)
5.2.Acid Precipitation
5.2.1.Definitions
5.2.2.Sources of Acidity in Atmospheric Deposition
5.2.3.Source and Sink Processes for Acidity in the Atmosphere and in the Soil Environment
5.2.4.Direct Effects of Acid Deposition on Soils
5.2.5.Effects Mediated by Organisms (Indirect Effects)
5.2.5.1.Soil Acidification by Canopy Leaching
5.2.5.2.Acidification by Uptake of Nitrogen Compounds
5.2.5.3.Acidification by Accumulation of Organic Matter
5.2.5.4.Acidification by Humus Disintegration
5.2.6.Consequences of Soil Acidification
5.2.7.Field Observations of Soil Acidification
5.3.Fertilizers and Agricultural Chemicals
5.3.1.Fertilizers
5.3.1.1.Development of Fertilization
5.3.1.2.Legal Framework of Fertilization
5.3.1.3.Forms of Fertilizers
5.3.1.4.Effects of Fertilizers in the Soil
5.3.1.4.1.Nutrient Contents and Nutrient Losses
5.3.1.4.2.Soil Reaction
5.3.1.4.3.Humus Content
5.3.1.4.4.Heavy Metals and Organic Pollutants
5.3.2.Pesticides
5.3.2.1.Introduction
5.3.2.2.Side-Effects
5.4.Effects of Abandoned Waste Disposal Sites
5.4.1.Introduction
5.4.2.Material Contents in Groundwater Affected by Abandoned Waste Disposal Sites
5.4.3.Contamination Criteria and their Quantification
5.4.3.1.Contamination Factor
5.4.3.2.Emission Detection Frequency
5.4.3.3.Mean Emission Concentration

Featured Compounds

VIEW

  1. 1 - 36
Compound 3
Molecular Weight:380.909
Molecular Formula:C12H8Cl6O
InChIKey:DFBKLUNHFCTMDC-VIRZAHADSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 27
Molecular Weight:330.358
Molecular Formula:C10H19O6PS2
InChIKey:JXSJBGJIGXNWCI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 11
Molecular Weight:198.1329
Molecular Formula:C7H6N2O5
InChIKey:ZXVONLUNISGICL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 32
Molecular Weight:198.649
Molecular Formula:C9H11ClN2O
InChIKey:BMLIZLVNXIYGCK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 8
Molecular Weight:283.794
Molecular Formula:C15H22ClNO2
InChIKey:WVQBLGZPHOPPFO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 21
Molecular Weight:201.2212
Molecular Formula:C12H11NO2
InChIKey:CVXBEEMKQHEXEN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 12
Molecular Weight:266.337
Molecular Formula:C6HCl5O
InChIKey:IZUPBVBPLAPZRR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 35
Molecular Weight:221.279
Molecular Formula:C10H11N3OS
InChIKey:RRVIAQKBTUQODI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 28
Molecular Weight:304.346
Molecular Formula:C12H21N2O3PS
InChIKey:FHIVAFMUCKRCQO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 4
Molecular Weight:373.318
Molecular Formula:C10H5Cl7
InChIKey:FRCCEHPWNOQAEU-GTEKCRGXSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 7
Molecular Weight:218.08
Molecular Formula:C9H9Cl2NO
InChIKey:LFULEKSKNZEWOE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 17
Molecular Weight:215.683
Molecular Formula:C8H14ClN5
InChIKey:MXWJVTOOROXGIU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 16
Molecular Weight:241.356
Molecular Formula:C10H19N5S
InChIKey:AAEVYOVXGOFMJO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 22
Molecular Weight:221.2524
Molecular Formula:C12H15NO3
InChIKey:DUEPRVBVGDRKAG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 20
Molecular Weight:295.765
Molecular Formula:C14H18ClN3O2
InChIKey:BAZVSMNPJJMILC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 18
Molecular Weight:201.657
Molecular Formula:C7H12ClN5
InChIKey:ODCWYMIRDDJXKW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 9
Molecular Weight:225.457
Molecular Formula:C7H3Cl3O2
InChIKey:XZIDTOHMJBOSOX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 13
Molecular Weight:345.371
Molecular Formula:C13H19N3O6S
InChIKey:UMKANAFDOQQUKE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 19
Molecular Weight:241.459
Molecular Formula:C6H3Cl3N2O2
InChIKey:NQQVFXUMIDALNH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 24
Molecular Weight:342.394
Molecular Formula:C12H14N4O4S2
InChIKey:QGHREAKMXXNCOA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 6
Molecular Weight:290.83
Molecular Formula:C6H6Cl6
InChIKey:JLYXXMFPNIAWKQ-LKPKBOIGSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 26
Molecular Weight:300.589
Molecular Formula:C9H8Cl3NO2S
InChIKey:LDVVMCZRFWMZSG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 25
Molecular Weight:191.1867
Molecular Formula:C9H9N3O2
InChIKey:TWFZGCMQGLPBSX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 36
Molecular Weight:249.094
Molecular Formula:C9H10Cl2N2O2
InChIKey:XKJMBINCVNINCA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 2
Molecular Weight:364.91
Molecular Formula:C12H8Cl6
InChIKey:QBYJBZPUGVGKQQ-DLSTZLATSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 5
Molecular Weight:409.779
Molecular Formula:C10H6Cl8
InChIKey:BIWJNBZANLAXMG-OPSDPGLUSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 15
Molecular Weight:186.253
Molecular Formula:C12H14N2
InChIKey:INFDPOAKFNIJBF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 23
Molecular Weight:190.263
Molecular Formula:C7H14N2O2S
InChIKey:QGLZXHRNAYXIBU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 30
Molecular Weight:200.619
Molecular Formula:C9H9ClO3
InChIKey:WHKUVVPPKQRRBV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 14
Molecular Weight:335.279
Molecular Formula:C13H16F3N3O4
InChIKey:ZSDSQXJSNMTJDA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 1
Molecular Weight:406.925
Molecular Formula:C9H6Cl6O3S
InChIKey:RDYMFSUJUZBWLH-RTROLQQNSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 33
Molecular Weight:233.095
Molecular Formula:C9H10Cl2N2O
InChIKey:XMTQQYYKAHVGBJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 10
Molecular Weight:240.2127
Molecular Formula:C10H12N2O5
InChIKey:OWZPCEFYPSAJFR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 29
Molecular Weight:221.037
Molecular Formula:C8H6Cl2O3
InChIKey:Not Available
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 34
Molecular Weight:230.648
Molecular Formula:C9H11ClN2O3
InChIKey:QMZGFYHHUXOBLB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound 31
Molecular Weight:255.483
Molecular Formula:C8H5Cl3O3
InChIKey:SMYMJHWAQXWPDB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound

VIEW

  1. 1 - 36