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Waste, 2. Life-Cycle Assessment

  1. Günter Fleischer,
  2. Wulf-Peter Schmidt

Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.o28_o02

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Fleischer, G. and Schmidt, W.-P. 2011. Waste, 2. Life-Cycle Assessment. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. Institut für Technischen Umweltschutz, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Scope and Limits of Life-Cycle Assessments
3.Method of Product Life-Cycle Assessment
3.1.Goal Definition and Scope
3.1.1.Knowledge Interest and System Description
3.1.2.Functional Unit
3.2.Inventory Analysis
3.2.1.Components of the Product Line
3.2.2.Development of the Product Line
3.2.3.Data Acquisition
3.2.3.1.Process Description
3.2.3.2.Acquisition of Basic Data
3.2.4.Material and Energy Balance
3.2.4.1.Process Balance
3.2.4.2.Process Modeling and Data Correction
3.2.5.Allocations
3.2.5.1.Process Product and Coproducts
3.2.5.2.Object of Investigation
3.2.5.3.Open-Loop Recycling
3.2.5.4.Equality of Benefits
3.3.Impact Assessment
3.3.1.Classification
3.3.2.Characterization
3.3.2.1.Greenhouse Effect
3.3.2.2.Ozone Depletion
3.3.2.3.Acidification
3.3.2.4.Eutrophication
3.4.Interpretation
3.4.1.Objective and Requirements
3.4.2.Interpretation Approaches
3.4.2.1.Normalizing, Quantifying Methods
3.4.2.2.Verbal-Argumentative Assessment
3.4.2.3.Reductionistic Approach
3.5.Improvement Assessment (Optional)
4.Critical Review