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Wastewater, 2. Aerobic Biological Treatment

  1. Theo Mann1,
  2. Michael Berger1,
  3. Günther Kern2,
  4. Joachim Lemke1,
  5. Dieter Klockner3,
  6. Elmhardt Neuber4,
  7. Gerhard-Wilhelm Hebbel5,
  8. Ulrich Werthmann1,
  9. Günter Klinsmann6,
  10. John F. Lawson7,
  11. Hans Georg Meyer1,
  12. Manfred Müller8,
  13. Klaus Balser9,
  14. Walter Maier10,
  15. Joachim Frieser11,
  16. Markus Thüer12,
  17. Jürgen Malaszkiewicz13

Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.o28_o08

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Mann, T., Berger, M., Kern, G., Lemke, J., Klockner, D., Neuber, E., Hebbel, G.-W., Werthmann, U., Klinsmann, G., Lawson, J. F., Meyer, H. G., Müller, M., Balser, K., Maier, W., Frieser, J., Thüer, M. and Malaszkiewicz, J. 2011. Wastewater, 2. Aerobic Biological Treatment. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Bayer AG, Leverkusen, Germany

  2. 2

    BASF Aktiengesellschaft, Ludwigshafen, Germany

  3. 3

    Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft, Frankfurt/Main, Germany

  4. 4

    Hüls Aktiengesellschaft, Marl, Germany

  5. 5

    Merck AG, Darmstadt, Germany

  6. 6

    Knoll AG, Minden, Germany

  7. 7

    Miles Inc. now Bayer Corporation, Kansas City, Missouri, United States

  8. 8

    DEA Mineralöl AG, Wesseling, Germany

  9. 9

    Wolff Walsrode AG, Walsrode, Germany

  10. 10

    Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Grenzach-Wyhlen, Switzerland

  11. 11

    Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft, Werk Kalle-Albert, Wiesbaden, Germany

  12. 12

    Ciba-Geigy AG, Basel, Switzerland

  13. 13

    Henkel KGaA, Düsseldorf, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

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Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Biological Principles
2.1.Organisms
2.2.Biocenosis
2.3.Metabolism
3.Basic Biotechnological Considerations
4.Technology and Operation of a Wastewater-Treatment Plant
5.Examples of Industrial Wastewater-Treatment Plants Based on a Variety of Centralized Processes
5.1.Single-Stage and Multistage Activated-Sludge Plants
5.2.Oxygen-Based Facilities
5.3.Treatment Facilities with Selective Carbon and Nitrogen Elimination
5.4.Trickling-Filter Facilities
5.5.Biofilter Systems
5.6.Indirect-Discharge Facilities