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Water, 5. Treatment by Membrane Separation Processes

  1. Robert Rautenbach

Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.o28_o16

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Rautenbach, R. 2011. Water, 5. Treatment by Membrane Separation Processes. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule, Institut für Verfahrenstechnik, Aachen, Federal Republic of Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

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Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Principles
2.1.Flow, Selectivity, Driving Forces
2.2.Mass Transport Resistance in Front of the Membrane
3.Membranes
3.1.Organic Membranes
3.2.Inorganic Membranes
4.Modules
4.1.Modules with Tubular Membranes
4.2.Modules with a Flat-Sheet Membrane
5.Fouling and Scaling
5.1.Membrane Blockage due to Crystallization (Scaling)
5.2.Membrane Blockage due to Contaminants (Fouling)
6.Module Arrangements (Plant Design)
7.Use of Membrane Processes in Water and Wastewater Technology
7.1.Desalination of Seawater and Brackish Water
7.2.Recovery of ɛ-Caprolactam
7.3.Leachates from Dump Sites
7.4.Wastewater from the Dye Industry
8.Acknowledgement