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Plant and Process Safety, 8. Management of Safety in the Chemical and Petrochemical Industry

  1. Jürgen Herrmann1,
  2. Claudia Schwiederowski2,
  3. Aileen Ruddat3

Published Online: 15 OCT 2012

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.q20_q07

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Herrmann, J., Schwiederowski, C. and Ruddat, A. 2012. Plant and Process Safety, 8. Management of Safety in the Chemical and Petrochemical Industry. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Duisburg, Germany

  2. 2

    Zug, Switzerland

  3. 3

    Marl, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2012

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.The Concept of Inherent Safety
3.The Loss Control Concept
4.Human Factors—Safe and Reliable Behavior
4.1.The Reason Model and the Root Causes of Accidents
4.2.Root Cause Analysis (RCA) Making Use of the Reason Model
4.3.Reporting of Incidents and Near Misses
4.4.Lessons-Learnt Process
4.5.Good and Bad Behavior (The Burkhardt Model)
4.6.Safety Walks and Safety Talks
4.7.100% Responsibility Program
4.8.Buddy Manager Program
4.9.Success of Behavior-Focused Safety Programs
5.Management Systems—Safe and Reliable Organizations
5.1.Legal Requirements by the first Seveso Directive
5.2.Management Systems and Review of the Seveso Directive
5.3.Early Developments of Management Systems
5.4.Design Principles and Architecture of Management Systems
5.5.Important Processes within a Management System (Building Blocks)
5.5.1.Training Process
5.5.2.Working with Contractors Process
5.5.3.Process Safety Process
5.5.4.Safe Operation (Production Process)
5.5.5.Safe Maintenance (Maintenance and Inspection Process)
5.6.Goal and Target Setting and Planning Process
5.6.1.Management System Audits and Management Reviews
5.6.2.Risk Management Process
5.7.Successes of Management Systems
5.8.Recent Accidents at Longford, Texas City, and Buncefield as well as Lessons Learnt
5.9.Success Factors of Management Systems
5.9.1.Critical Factors for Establishing a Successful Management System
5.9.2.Fields for Improvement
6.Conclusion