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Insecticide-treated bed nets and curtains for preventing malaria

  1. Christian Lengeler*

Editorial Group: Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group

Published Online: 19 APR 2004

Assessed as up-to-date: 18 JAN 2004

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000363.pub2


How to Cite

Lengeler C. Insecticide-treated bed nets and curtains for preventing malaria. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2004, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD000363. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000363.pub2.

Author Information

  1. Swiss Tropical Institute, Public Health and Epidemiology, Basel, Switzerland

*Christian Lengeler, Public Health and Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, 4002, Switzerland. Christian.Lengeler@unibas.ch.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: Edited (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 19 APR 2004

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References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
Burkina Faso (Habluetzel) {published and unpublished data}
Cameroon (Moyou-Somo) {published data only}
  • Moyou-Somo R, Lehman LG, Awahmukalah S, Ayuk Enyong P. Deltamethrin impregnated bednets for the control of urban malaria in Kumba Town, South-West Province of Cameroon. Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1995;98(5):319-24.
Colombia (Kroeger) {published data only}
  • Kroeger A, Mancheno M, Alarcon J, Pesse K. Insecticide-impregnated bed nets for malaria control: varying experiences from Ecuador, Colombia, and Peru concerning acceptability and effectiveness. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1995;53(4):313-23.
Ecuador (Kroeger) {published data only}
  • Kroeger A, Mancheno M, Alarcon J, Pesse K. Insecticide-impregnated bed nets for malaria control: varying experiences from Ecuador, Colombia, and Peru concerning acceptability and effectiveness. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1995;53(4):313-23.
Gambia (D'Alessandro) {published and unpublished data}
Gambia (Snow I) {published data only}
Gambia (Snow II) {published data only}
  • Snow RW, Rowan KM, Lindsay SW, Greenwood BM. A trial of bed nets (mosquito nets) as a malaria control strategy in a rural area of The Gambia, West Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1988;82(2):212-5.
Ghana (Binka) {published and unpublished data}
Iran (Zaim I) {published data only}
  • Zaim M, Ghavami MB, Nazari M, Edrissian G, Nateghpour M. Cyfluthrin (EW 050)-impregnated bednets in malaria control programme in Ghassreghand (Baluchistan, Iran). Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 1998;14(4):421-30.
Ivory Coast (Henry) {published and unpublished data}
  • Henry M-C, Assi SB, Rogier C, Dossou-Yovo J, Chandre F, Guillet P, et al. The challenge of malaria control in an area of pyrethroid resistance in Cote d'Ivoire. Efficacy of lambdacyhalothrin treated nets on malaria infection and disease. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2005; Vol. 73, issue 5:859-64.
Kenya (Nevill) {published and unpublished data}
Kenya (Phillips-Howard) {published data only}
  • Hawley WA, Phillips-Howard PA, ter Kuile FO, Terlouw DJ, Vulule JM, Ombok M, et al. Community-wide effects of permethrin-treated bed nets on child mortality and malaria morbidity in western Kenya. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 2003;68 Suppl(4):121-7.
  • Phillips-Howard PA, Nahlen BL, Kolczak MS, Hightower AW, ter Kuile FO, Alaii JA, et al. Efficacy of permethrin-treated bed nets in the prevention of mortality in young children in an area of high perennial malaria transmission in western Kenya. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 2003;68 Suppl(4):23-9.
  • ter Kuile FO, Terlouw DJ, Kariuki SK, Phillips-Howard PA, Mirel LB, Hawley WA, et al. Impact of permethrin-treated bed nets on malaria, anemia, and growth in infants in an area of intense perennial malaria transmission in western Kenya. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 2003;68 Suppl(4):68-77.
  • ter Kuile FO, Terlouw DJ, Phillips-Howard PA, Hawley WA, Friedman JF, Kolczak MS, et al. Impact of permethrin-treated bed nets on malaria and all-cause morbidity in young children in an area of intense perennial malaria transmission in western Kenya: cross-sectional survey. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 2003;68 Suppl(4):100-7.
Kenya (Sexton) {published data only}
  • Sexton JD, Ruebush TK 2nd, Brandling-Bennett AD, Breman JG, Roberts JM, Odera JS, et al. Permethrin-impregnated curtains and bed-nets prevent malaria in western Kenya. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 1990;43(1):11-8.
Madagascar (Rabarison) {published data only}
  • Rabarison P, Ramambanirina L, Rajaonarivelo E, Rakotoarivony I, Andrianaivolambo L, Jambou R, et al. Study of the impact of deltamethrin impregnated curtains on malaria morbidity in Ankazobe of the Madagascar highlands [Etude de l'impact de l'utilisation des rideaux imprégnés de deltaméthrine sur la morbidité palustre à Ankazobe, sur les hautes terres de Madagascar]. Medecine Tropicale 1995;55 Suppl(4):105-8.
Nicaragua (Kroeger) {published data only}
  • Kroeger A, Gonzalez M, Ordonez-Gonzalez J. Insecticide-treated materials for malaria control in Latin America: to use or not to use?. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1999;93(6):565-70.
Pakistan (Rowland) {published data only}
  • Rowland M, Bouma M, Ducornez D, Durrani N, Rozendaal J, Schapira A, et al. Pyrethroid-impregnated bed nets for personal protection against malaria for Afghan refugees. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1996;90(4):357-61.
Peru Amazon (Kroeger) {published data only}
  • Kroeger A, Mancheno M, Alarcon J, Pesse K. Insecticide-impregnated bed nets for malaria control: varying experiences from Ecuador, Colombia, and Peru concerning acceptability and effectiveness. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1995;53(4):313-23.
Peru Coast (Kroeger) {published data only}
  • Kroeger A, Mancheno M, Alarcon J, Pesse K. Insecticide-impregnated bed nets for malaria control: varying experiences from Ecuador, Colombia, and Peru concerning acceptability and effectiveness. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1995;53(4):313-23.
Sierra Leone (Marbiah) {published data only}
  • Magbity EB, Marbiah NT, Maude G, Curtis CF, Bradley DJ, Greenwood BM, et al. Effects of community-wide use of lambdacyhalothrin-impregnated bednets on malaria vectors in rural Sierra Leone. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 1997;11(1):79-86.
  • Marbiah NT. Control of disease due to perennially transmitted malaria in children in a rural area of Sierra Leone [PhD thesis]. London: University of London, 1995.
  • Marbiah NT, Petersen E, David K, Magbity E, Lines J, Bradley DJ. A controlled trial of lambda-cyhalothrin-impregnated bed nets and/or dapsone/pyrimethamine for malaria control in Sierra Leone. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1998;58(1):1-6.
Tanzania (Fraser-Hurt) {published data only}
  • Fraser-Hurt N, Felger I, Edoh D, Steiger S, Mashaka M, Masanja H, et al. Effect of insecticide-treated bed nets on haemoglobin values, prevalence and multiplicity of infection with Plasmodium falciparum in a randomized controlled trial in Tanzania. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1999;93 Suppl 1:47-51.
Thailand (Kamol-R) {published data only}
  • Kamol-Ratanakul P, Prasittisuk C. The effectiveness of permethrin-impregnated bed nets against malaria for migrant workers in eastern Thailand. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1992;47(3):305-9.
Thailand (Luxemberger) {published data only}
  • Luxemburger C, Perea WA, Delmas G, Pruja C, Pecoul B, Moren A. Permethrin-impregnated bed nets for the prevention of malaria in schoolchildren on the Thai-Burmese border. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1994;88(2):155-9.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
Afghanistan(Rowland) {published data only}
  • Rowland M, Durrani N, Hewitt S, Mohammed N, Bouma M, Carneiro I, et al. Permethrin-treated chaddars and top-sheets: appropriate technology for protection against malaria in Afghanistan and other complex emergencies. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1999;93(5):465-72.
Benin (Akogbeto) {published data only}
  • Akogbeto M, Nahum A, Massougbodji A. Impact of insecticide impregnated bednets on malaria morbidity: preliminary results [Impact des moustiquaires imprégnées d' insecticide sur la morbidité palustre: résultats préliminaires]. Medecine Tropicale 1995;55 Suppl(4):118-9.
  • Akogbeto PM, Nahum A. Impact of deltamethrin impregnated mosquito nets on the transmission of malaria in the coastal lagoon area, Benin [Impact des moustiquaires imprégnées de deltaméthrine sur la transmission de la malaria dans un milieu côtier lagunaire, Bénin]. Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique 1996;89(4):291-8.
Brazil (Santos) {published and unpublished data}
  • Santos JB. Estudo sobre o uso de mosquiteiros impregnados com deltametrina em um area endemica de malaria na Amazonia Brasileira [PhD thesis]. Belo Horizonte: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, 1995.
  • Santos JB, dos Santos F, Marsden P, Tosta CE, Andrade AL, Macedo V. The effect of bed nets impregnated with deltamethrin on malaria morbidity in an endemic area of the Brazilian Amazon Region [Acao de mosquiteiro impregnados com deltametrina sobre a morbidade da malaria em uma area da Amazonia Brasileira]. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical 1998;31(1):1-9.
Burkina (Carnevale) {published data only}
  • Carnevale P, Robert V, Boudin C, Halna JM, Pazart L, Gazin P, et al. Control of malaria using mosquito nets impregnated with pyrethroids in Burkina Faso [La lutte contre le paludisme par les moustiquaires imprégnées de pyréthrinoides au Burkina Faso]. Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique et de Ses Filiales 1988;81(5):832-46.
Burkina (Pietra) {published data only}
  • Pietra Y, Procacci PG, Sabatinelli G, Kumlien S, Lamizana L, Rotigliano G. Impact of utilization of permethrin impregnated curtains on malaria in a rural zone of high transmission in Burkina Faso [Impact de l' utilisation des rideaux impregnes de permethrine dans une zone rurale de haute transmission au Burkina Faso]. Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique 1991;84(4):375-85.
Burkina F (Procacci) {published data only}
  • Procacci PG, Lamizana L, Kumlien S, Habluetzel A, Rotigliano G. Permethrin-impregnated curtains in malaria control. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1991;85(2):181-5.
  • Procacci PG, Lamizana L, Pietra V, Di Russo C, Rotigliano G. Utilization of permethrin-impregnated curtains by the inhabitants of a rural community in Burkina Faso. Parassitologia 1991;33(2-3):93-8.
Cambodia (Chheang) {unpublished data only}
  • Chheang Y, Lek S. Final report on a field trial of Olyset net for the control of malaria transmitted by Anopheles dirus and Anopheles minimus in Rattanak Kiri Province, Cambodia. Tokyo: Sumitomo Corp. Japan, Unpublished document (1994).
Cameroon (LeGoff) {published data only}
  • Le Goff G, Robert V, Fondjo E, Carnevale P. Efficacy of insecticide impregnated bed-nets to control malaria in a rural forested area in southern Cameroon. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 1992;87 Suppl 3:355-9.
China (Cheng Hailu) {published data only}
  • Cheng H, Yang W, Kang W, Liu C. Large-scale spraying of bednets to control mosquito vectors and malaria in Sichuan, China. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 1995;73(3):321-8.
China (Li) {published data only}
  • Li ZZ, Zhang M, Shen M, Li M, Zhang L. Field trials of deltamethrin impregnated mosquito nets in Hainan Island. In: Lizuzi, Lu Baolin, Xie Wanling editor(s). The studies of bed nets impregnated with deltamethrin for the control of vectors of malaria [in Chinese]. Proceedings from a meeting in Guangzhou, China. 1988 [cited in Curtis 1991].
  • Li ZZ, Zhang MC, Wus YG, Zhong BL, Lin GY, Huang H. Trial of deltamethrin impregnated bed nets for the control of malaria transmitted by Anopheles sinensis and Anopheles anthropophagus. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1989;40(4):356-9.
China (Luo Dapeng) {published data only}
  • Luo D, Lu D, Yao R, Li P, Huo X, Li A, et al. Alphamethrin-impregnated bed nets for malaria and mosquito control in China. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1994;88(6):625-8.
China (Wu Neng I) {published data only}
  • Wu N, Qin L, Liao G, Zhou W, Geng W, Shi Y, et al. Field evaluation of bednets impregnated with deltamethrin for malaria control. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 1993;24(4):664-71.
China (Wu Neng II) {published data only}
  • Wu N, Qin L, Liao G, Zhou W, Geng W, Shi Y, et al. Field evaluation of bednets impregnated with deltamethrin for malaria control. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 1993;24(4):664-71.
China (Yuyi station) {unpublished data only}
  • Yuyi Station, China. Unpublished data [cited in Curtis 1991].
Ecuador (Yepez) {unpublished data only}
  • Yépes LT. Effectiveness of permethrin-incorporated 'Olyset net' bednet for malaria control in an endemic area of Esmeraldas Province, Republic of Ecuador. Tokyo: Sumitomo Corp. Japan, Unpublished document (1994).
Gambia (Alonso) {published and unpublished data}
  • Alonso PL, Lindsay SW, Armstrong JRM, Conteh M, Hill AG, David PH, et al. The effect of insecticide-treated bed nets on mortality of Gambian children. Lancet 1991;337(8756):1499-502.
  • Alonso PL, Lindsay SW, Armstrong Schellenberg JRM, Keita K, Gomez P, Shenton FC, et al. A malaria control trial using insecticide-treated bed nets and targeted chemoprophylaxis in a rural area of The Gambia, west Africa. 6. The impact of the interventions on mortality and morbidity from malaria. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1993;87 Suppl 2:37-44.
  • Lindsay SW, Alonso PL, Schellenberg JRMA, Hemingway J, Adiamah JH, Shenton FC, et al. A malaria control trial using insecticide-treated bed nets and targeted chemoprophylaxis in a rural area of The Gambia, west Africa. 7. Impact of permethrin-impregnated bed nets on malaria vectors. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1993;87 Suppl 2:45-51.
Guatemala (Richards) {published data only}
  • Richards FO Jr, Klein RE, Flores RZ, Weller S, Gatica M, Zeissig R, et al. Permethrin-impregnated bed nets for malaria control in northern Guatemala: epidemiologic impact and community acceptance. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1993;49(4):410-8.
Guinea-B. (Jaenson) {published data only}
  • Jaenson TGT, Gomes MJ, Barreto dos Santos RC, Petrarca V, Fortini D, Evora J, et al. Control of endophagic Anopheles mosquitoes and human malaria in Guinea Bissau, West Africa, by permethrin-treated bed nets. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1994;88(6):620-4.
India (Banerjee) {published data only}
  • Banerjee A, Nayak B. Deltamethrin impregnated mosquito nets: An experimental study in an Air Force Station in Central India (deltamethrin trial). Medical Journal Armed Forces India 2002;58(1):3-4.
India (Das) {published data only}
  • Das PK, Das LK, Parida SK, Patra KP, Jambulingam P. Lambdacyhalothrin treated bed nets as an alternative method of malaria control in tribal villages of Koraput District, Orissa State, India. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 1993;24(3):513-21.
India (Jana-Kara) {published data only}
  • Jana Kara BR, Jihullah WA, Shahi B, Dev V, Curtis CF, Sharma VP. Deltamethrin impregnated bednets against Anopheles minimus transmitted malaria in Assam, India. Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1995;98(2):73-83.
India (Yadav I) {unpublished data only}
  • Sharma VP, Yadav RS. Impregnating mosquito nets with cyfluthrin: study in the mining settlements of Orissa, India, to control malaria. Public Health 1995;12:8-17.
  • Yadav RS, Sharma VP. Impregnated bednet trial in Orissa, India [presentation]. VIII International Congress of Parasitology, Izmir, Turkey Unpublished paper (October 1994).
India (Yadav II) {published data only}
  • Yadav RS, Sampath TR, Sharma VP, Adak T, Ghosh SK. Evaluation of lambdacyhalothrin-impregnated bednets in a malaria endemic area of India. Part 3. Effects on malaria incidence and clinical measures. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 1998;14(4):444-50.
India (Yadav III) {published data only}
  • Yadav RS, Sampath RR, Sharma VP. Deltamethrin treated bednets for control of malaria transmitted by Anopheles culicifacies (Diptera: Culicidae) in India. Journal of Medical Entomology 2001;38(5):613-22.
Indonesia (Nalim) {published data only}
  • Nalim S, Widiarti B, Widiyastuti U. A field trial with etofenprox (OMS 3002) as a residual insecticide against malaria vectors, in Tanjung Bunga District, East Flores, Indonesia. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 1997;28(4):851-6.
Iran (Zaim II) {unpublished data only}
  • Zaim M. Village scale trial on cyfluthrin and lambdacyhalothrin for the impregnation of bed nets in malaria control in Ghassreghand, Baluchistan, Iran. Bayer Corp, Unpublished document (1994).
Irian Jaya (Sutanto) {published data only}
  • Sutanto I, Pribadi W, Purnomo, Bandi R, Rusmiarto S, Atmosoedjono, S, et al. Efficacy of permethrin-impregnated bed nets on malaria control in a hyperendemic area in Irian Jaya, Indonesia: differentiation between two age groups. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 1999;30(3):440-6.
Ivory Coast(Doannio) {unpublished data only}
  • Doannio JMC, Dossou-Yovo J, Diarrassouba S, Chauvancy G, Darriet F, Henry M-C, et al. Field evaluation of the efficacy of permethrin pre-treated nets ("Olyset") developed by Sumitomo Corp. in a rice-growing village in Ivory Coast. Evaluation sur le terrain de l'efficacité des moustiquaires préimprégnées a la perméthrine ('Olyset net') développées par la firme Sumitomo Corp, Ltd dans un village situé en zone de riziculture irriguée. (Côte d'Ivoire, Afrique de l'Ouest). Tokyo: Sumitomo Corp. Japan, Unpublished document (1996).
  • Henry MC, Doannio JMC, Darriet F, Nzeyimana I, Carnevale P. Efficacy of permethrin-impregnated Olyset Net mosquito nets in a zone with pyrethroid resistance vectors. II. Parasitic and clinical evaluation [Efficacité des moustiquaires pre-imprégnées de perméthrine Olyset (TM) net en zone de résistance des vecteurs aux pyrétrinoides - II. Evaluation parasitoclinique]. Medecine Tropicale 1999;59(4):355-7.
Kenya (Beach) {published data only}
  • Beach RF, Ruebush TK, Sexton JD, Bright PL, Hightower AW, Breman JG, et al. Effectiveness of permethrin-impregnated bed nets and curtains for malaria control in a holoendemic area of western Kenya. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1993;49(3):290-300.
Kenya (Macintyre) {published data only}
  • Macintyre K, Sosler S, Letipila F, Lochigan M, Hassig S, Omar SA, et al. A new tool for malaria prevention?: Results of a trial of permethrin-impregnated bedsheets (shukas) in an area of unstable transmission. International Journal of Epidemiology 2003;32(1):157-60.
Kenya (Mutinga) {published data only}
  • Mutinga MJ, Mnzava A, Kimokoti R, Nyamori M, Ngindu AM. Malaria prevalence and morbidity in relation to the use of permethrin-treated wall cloths in Kenya. East African Medical Journal 1993;70(12):756-62.
  • Mutinga MJ, Renapurkar DM, Wachira DW, Mutero CM, Basimike M. Evaluation of the residual efficacy of permethrin-impregnated screens used against mosquitoes in Marigat, Baringo district, Kenya. Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 1992;43(4):277-81.
Kenya (Oloo I) {published data only}
  • Oloo AJ, Mudegu JV, Ngare DK, Ogutu RO, Ondijo SO, Odada PS, et al. The effect of permethrin impregnated sisal curtains on vector density and malaria incidence: a pilot study. East African Medical Journal 1993;70(8):475-7.
Kenya (Oloo II) {published data only}
  • Oloo AJ, Githeko A, Adungo N, Karanja D, Vulule J, Kisia Abok I, et al. Field trial of permethrin impregnated sisal curtains in malaria control in western Kenya. East African Medical Journal 1996;73(11):735-40.
Malawi (Rubardt) {published data only}
Malaysia (Hii I) {published data only}
  • Hii JL, Vun YS, Chin KF, Chua R, Tambakau S, Binisol ES, et al. The influence of permethrin-impregnated bednets and mass drug administration on the incidence of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in children in Sabah, Malaysia. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 1987;1(4):397-407.
  • Leake DW Jr, Hii JL. Giving bednets "fair" tests in field trials against malaria:a case from Sabah, East Malaysia. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 1989;20(3):379-84.
Malaysia (Hii II) {published data only}
  • Hii J, Alexander N, Chuan CK, Rahman HA, Safri A, Chan M. Lambdacyhalothrin impregnated bednets control malaria in Sabah, Malaysia. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 1995;26(2):371-4.
Mali (Doumbo) {published data only}
  • Doumbo O, Traoré SF, Sow Y, Dembele M, Soula G, Coulibaly A, et al. Impact of curtains and blankets impregnated with permethrin on the malarial indicators and the number of malarial attacks per child in a village in an area hyperendemic for malaria on the Malian savannah (preliminary results of the first year study) [Impact des rideaux et couvertures imprégnés de perméthrine sur les indices paludométriques et le nombre d'accès palustres par enfant dans un village d'hypérendémie palustre de savanne malienne]. Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique 1991;84(5 Pt 5):761-74.
Mali (Ranque) {published data only}
  • Ranque P, Toure YT, Soula G, Du L, Diallo Y, Traore O, et al. Utilization of mosquitoes impregnated with deltamethrin in the battle against malaria [Etude expérimentale sur l'utilisation de moustiquaires imprégnées de deltaméthrine dans la lutte contre le paludisme]. Parassitologia 1984;26(3):261-8.
Mozambique (Crook) {published data only}
  • Crook SE, Baptista A. The effect of permethrin-impregnated wall-curtains on malaria transmission and morbidity in the suburbs of Maputo, Mozambique. Tropical and Geographical Medicine 1995;47(2):64-7.
Myanmar (Lwin) {published data only}
  • Lwin M, Lin H, Linn N, Kyaw MP, Ohn M, Maung NS, et al. The use of personal protective measures in control of malaria in a defined community. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 1997;28(2):254-8.
Nepal (Sherchand) {published data only}
  • Sherchand JB, Shrestha MP, Shreshta BL, Banerjee MK, Shakya S. A preliminary study on field trials with insecticide-treated mosquito nets for malaria control in a rural endemic community of Nepal. Journal of the Nepal Medical Association 1995;33:195-203.
Nigeria (Brieger) {published data only}
  • Brieger WR, Onyido AE, Sexton JD, Ezike VI, Breman JG, Ekanem OJ. Monitoring community response to malaria control using insecticide-impregnated bed nets, curtains and residual spray in Nsukka, Nigeria. Health Education Research 1996;11(2):133-45.
Papua NG (Graves) {published and unpublished data}
  • Graves PM, Brabin BJ, Charlwood JD, Burkot TR, Cattani JA, Ginny M, et al. Reduction in incidence and prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum in under-5-year-old children by permethrin impregnation of mosquito nets. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 1987;65(6):869-77.
Philippines(Quilala) {unpublished data only}
  • Quilala JM, Hugo CT, Ortega LI, Joson NDC, Del Rosario BM, Alvarez AB. Evaluation of mosquito nets treated with cyfluthrin 050EW as a malaria control method. Frankfurt: Bayer Corp. Germany, Unpublished document (1996).
Senegal (Faye) {unpublished data only}
  • Faye O. Field evaluation of preimpregnated mosquito nets 'Olyset nets' produced by Sumitomo Chemical Co Ltd. on reduction of malaria transmission in a Sudanese savanah village of Senegal. Tokyo: Sumitomo Corp. Japan, Unpublished document (1996).
  • Faye O, Konate L, Gaye O, Fontenille D, Sy N, Diop A, et al. The impact of using mosquito nets pre-treated with permethrin on malaria transmission in a hyperendemic village in Senegal [Impact de l'utilisation des moustiquaires pré-imprégnées de permétrhine sur la transmission du paludisme dans un village hyperendémique du Sénégal]. Médecine Tropicale 1998;58(4):355-9.
Solomon (Hii) {published data only}
Solomon (Kere I) {published data only}
  • Kere NK, Parkinson AD, Samrawickerema WA. The effect of permethrin impregnated bednets on the incidence of Plasmodium falciparum, in children of north Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 1993;24(1):130-7.
Solomon (Kere II) {unpublished data only}
  • Kere NK, Bobogare A, Keni J, Webber RH, Southgate BA. Comparison of permethrin impregnated bednets and DDT residual spraying in Solomon Islands-1. Effects of prevalence of malaria. Unpublished manuscript.
Sudan (El Tayeb) {published data only}
  • El Tayeb RA, El Karib SA, Baraka OZ, Suliaman SM. Deltamethrin-treated Sudanese thobs, a control method for malaria in an endemic region [meeting report]. Unpublished (2001).
Tanzania (Lyimo) {published data only}
  • Lyimo EO, Msuya FHM, Rwegoshora RT, Nicholson EA, Mnzava AE, Lines JD, et al. Trial of pyrethroid impregnated bednets in an area of Tanzania holoendemic for malaria. Part 3. Effects on the prevalence of malaria parasitaemia and fever. Acta Tropica 1991;49(3):157-63.
  • Msuya FH, Curtis CF. Trial of pyrethroid impregnated bednets in an area of Tanzania holoendemic for malaria. Part 4. Effects on incidence of malaria infection. Acta Tropica 1991;49(3):165-71.
Tanzania (Maxwell) {published data only}
  • Maxwell CA, Myamba J, Njunwa KJ, Greenwood BM, Curtis CF. Comparison of bednets impregnated with different pyrethroids for their impact on mosquitoes and on re-infection with malaria after clearance of pre-existing infections with chlorproguanil-dapsone. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1999;93(1):4-11.
Tanzania (Njau) {published data only}
  • Njau RJA, Mosha FW, Nguma JFM. Field trials of pyrethroid impregnated bednets in northern Tanzania - 1. Effect on malaria transmission. Insect Science and its Applications 1993;14(5/6):575-84.
Tanzania (Njunwa) {unpublished data only}
  • Njunwa KJ, Kilimali VAEB, Marero SM, Msuya FHM, Pilyimo R, Kamuzora D. Permethrin incorporated bednets, 'Olyset net', reduce malaria transmission after twelve month of their use in three villages of Kibaha District, Coast Region, Tanzania. Tokyo: Sumitomo Corp. Japan, Unpublished document (1996).
  • Njunwa KJ, Kilimali VEB, Msuya FH, Marero, SM, Pilyimo R, Kamuzora D. "Olyset" nets, with permethrin incorporated into the fibres, reduce malaria transmission in Tanzania. XIVth International Congress for Tropical Medicine and Malaria, Nagasaki (Japan). 1996:101.
Tanzania (Premji) {published data only}
  • Premji Z. Malaria control measures: impact on malaria and anaemia in a holoendemic area of rural coastal Tanzania [PhD Thesis]. Stockholm: Karolinska Institute, 1996.
  • Premji Z, Hamisi Y, Shiff C, Minjas J, Lubega P, Makwaya C. Anaemia and Plasmodium falciparum infections among young children in an holoendemic area, Bagamoyo, Tanzania. Acta Tropica 1995;59(1):55-64.
  • Premji Z, Lubega P, Hamisi Y, Mchopa E, Minjas J, Checkley W, et al. Changes in malaria associated morbidity in children using insecticide treated mosquito nets in the Bagamoyo District of Coastal Tanzania. Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 1995;46(3):147-53.
  • Shiff C, Checkley W, Winch P, Premji Z, Minjas J, Lubega P. Changes in weight gain and anaemia attributable to malaria in Tanzanian children living under holoendemic conditions. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1996;90(3):262-5.
Tanzania (Stich) {published data only}
  • Stich AH, Maxwell CA, Haji AA, Haji DM, Machano AY, Mussa JK, et al. Insecticide-impregnated bed nets reduce malaria transmission in rural Zanzibar. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1994;88(2):150-4.
Vietnam (Dang) {unpublished data only}
  • Dang T. Field test on effect of Olyset net for malaria vector control in Vietnam. Tokyo: Sumitomo Corp. Japan, Unpublished document (1995).
Vietnam (IMPE) {unpublished data only}
  • Institute of Malariology, Parasitology, Entomology (IMPE). Evaluation of effect of Vectron (Etofenprox-OMS 3002-Trebon) impregnated mosquito nets on malaria control at a coastal plain southern Vietnam (from March 1992 to May 1993). Tokyo: Mitsui Toatsu Corp., Unpublished document (1993).
Vietnam (Nguyen) {unpublished data only}
  • Nguyen TH, Nguyen TT, Nguyen AT, Nguyen TR, Tran TD, Kieu TT, et al. Evaluation studies on a new compound Vectron (Etofenprox, OMS- 3002) impregnated bednets against malaria vectors An. minimus in the mountainous area of north Vietnam. Tokyo: Mitsui Tatsu Corp. Japan, Unpublished document (1993).
Zaire (Karch) {published data only}
  • Karch S, Garin B, Asidi N, Manzambi Z, Salaun JJ, Mouchet J. Mosquito nets impregnated against malaria in Zaire [Moustiquaires imprégnées contre le paludisme au Zaire]. Annales de la Societe Belge de Medecine Tropicale 1993;73(1):37-53.

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
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Donner 1993
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Fernandez 1991
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Gamble 2006
Genton 1994
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Goodman 1999
Greenwood 1997
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Hawley 2003
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Holtz 2002
Howard 2000
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Lengeler 1996a
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Lengeler 1996b
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Lengeler 1997a
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Lengeler 1997b
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Marsh 1995
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Millen 1986
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Molineaux 1997
Nevill 1988
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Rozendaal 1989b
Samarawickrema 1992
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Sandy 1992
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Schellenberg 2001
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Sexton 1994
Shiff 1997
Shulman 1998
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Smith 2001
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