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Support for healthy breastfeeding mothers with healthy term babies

  1. Mary J Renfrew1,
  2. Felicia M McCormick1,*,
  3. Angela Wade2,
  4. Beverley Quinn3,
  5. Therese Dowswell4

Editorial Group: Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group

Published Online: 16 MAY 2012

Assessed as up-to-date: 2 APR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001141.pub4


How to Cite

Renfrew MJ, McCormick FM, Wade A, Quinn B, Dowswell T. Support for healthy breastfeeding mothers with healthy term babies. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 5. Art. No.: CD001141. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001141.pub4.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of York, Mother and Infant Research Unit, Department of Health Sciences, York, UK

  2. 2

    Institute of Child Health, Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, London, UK

  3. 3

    The University of Liverpool, Health and Community Care Research Unit (HaCCRU), Liverpool, UK

  4. 4

    The University of Liverpool, Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Liverpool, UK

*Felicia M McCormick, Mother and Infant Research Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of York, Area 4, Seebohm Rowntree Building, Heslington, York, YO10 5DD, UK. felicia.mccormick@york.ac.uk.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 16 MAY 2012

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[Figure 1]
Figure 1. Risk of bias graph: review authors' judgements about each risk of bias item presented as percentages across all included studies.
[Figure 2]
Figure 2. Risk of bias summary: review authors' judgements about each risk of bias item for each included study.
[Figure 3]
Figure 3. Funnel plot of comparison: 1 All forms of support versus usual care, outcome: 1.1 Stopping breastfeeding (any) before last study assessment up to 6 months.
[Figure 4]
Figure 4. Funnel plot of comparison: 1 All forms of support versus usual care, outcome: 1.2 Stopping exclusive breastfeeding before last study assessment.
[Figure 5]
Figure 5. Funnel plot of comparison: 1 All forms of support versus usual care, outcome: 1.3 Stopping breastfeeding (any) at up to 4-6 weeks.
[Figure 6]
Figure 6. Funnel plot of comparison: 1 All forms of support versus usual care, outcome: 1.4 Stopping exclusive breastfeeding at up to 4-6 weeks.
[Analysis 1.1]
Analysis 1.1. Comparison 1 All forms of support versus usual care, Outcome 1 Stopping breastfeeding (any) before last study assessment up to 6 months.
[Analysis 1.2]
Analysis 1.2. Comparison 1 All forms of support versus usual care, Outcome 2 Stopping exclusive breastfeeding before last study assessment.
[Analysis 1.3]
Analysis 1.3. Comparison 1 All forms of support versus usual care, Outcome 3 Stopping breastfeeding (any) at up to 4-6 weeks.
[Analysis 1.4]
Analysis 1.4. Comparison 1 All forms of support versus usual care, Outcome 4 Stopping exclusive breastfeeding at up to 4-6 weeks.
[Analysis 1.5]
Analysis 1.5. Comparison 1 All forms of support versus usual care, Outcome 5 Stopping any breastfeeding at different times.
[Analysis 1.6]
Analysis 1.6. Comparison 1 All forms of support versus usual care, Outcome 6 Stopping exclusive breastfeeding at different times.
[Analysis 1.7]
Analysis 1.7. Comparison 1 All forms of support versus usual care, Outcome 7 Duration of breastfeeding (mean number of days).
[Analysis 1.8]
Analysis 1.8. Comparison 1 All forms of support versus usual care, Outcome 8 Sensitivity analysis by risk of bias: stopping any breastfeeding at up to six months.
[Analysis 1.9]
Analysis 1.9. Comparison 1 All forms of support versus usual care, Outcome 9 Sensitivity analysis by risk of bias: stopping exclusive breastfeeding at up to six months.
[Analysis 1.10]
Analysis 1.10. Comparison 1 All forms of support versus usual care, Outcome 10 Sensitivity analysis by risk of bias: stopping any breastfeeding at 4-6 weeks.
[Analysis 1.11]
Analysis 1.11. Comparison 1 All forms of support versus usual care, Outcome 11 Sensitivity analysis by risk of bias: stopping exclusive breastfeeding by 4-6 weeks.
[Analysis 2.1]
Analysis 2.1. Comparison 2 All forms of support versus usual care: SUBGROUP ANALYSIS by who delivered the intervention, Outcome 1 Stopping any breastfeeding before last study assessment up to 6 months.
[Analysis 2.2]
Analysis 2.2. Comparison 2 All forms of support versus usual care: SUBGROUP ANALYSIS by who delivered the intervention, Outcome 2 Stopping exclusive breastfeeding before last study assessment.
[Analysis 2.3]
Analysis 2.3. Comparison 2 All forms of support versus usual care: SUBGROUP ANALYSIS by who delivered the intervention, Outcome 3 Stopping any breastfeeding at up to 4-6 weeks.
[Analysis 2.4]
Analysis 2.4. Comparison 2 All forms of support versus usual care: SUBGROUP ANALYSIS by who delivered the intervention, Outcome 4 Stopping exclusive breastfeeding at up to 4-6 weeks.
[Analysis 3.1]
Analysis 3.1. Comparison 3 All forms of support versus usual care: SUBGROUP ANALYSIS by type of support, Outcome 1 Stopping any breastfeeding before last study assessment up to 6 months.
[Analysis 3.2]
Analysis 3.2. Comparison 3 All forms of support versus usual care: SUBGROUP ANALYSIS by type of support, Outcome 2 Stopping exclusive breastfeeding by last study assessment up to 6 months.
[Analysis 3.3]
Analysis 3.3. Comparison 3 All forms of support versus usual care: SUBGROUP ANALYSIS by type of support, Outcome 3 Stopping any breastfeeding by 4-6 weeks.
[Analysis 3.4]
Analysis 3.4. Comparison 3 All forms of support versus usual care: SUBGROUP ANALYSIS by type of support, Outcome 4 Stopping exclusive breastfeeding by 4-6 weeks.
[Analysis 4.1]
Analysis 4.1. Comparison 4 All forms of support versus usual care: SUBGROUP ANALYSIS by timing of support, Outcome 1 Stopping any breastfeeding at last study assessment up to 6 months.
[Analysis 4.2]
Analysis 4.2. Comparison 4 All forms of support versus usual care: SUBGROUP ANALYSIS by timing of support, Outcome 2 Stopping exclusive breastfeeding by last assessment up to 6 months.
[Analysis 4.3]
Analysis 4.3. Comparison 4 All forms of support versus usual care: SUBGROUP ANALYSIS by timing of support, Outcome 3 Stopping any breastfeeding at 4-6 weeks.
[Analysis 4.4]
Analysis 4.4. Comparison 4 All forms of support versus usual care: SUBGROUP ANALYSIS by timing of support, Outcome 4 Stopping exclusive breastfeeding at up to 4-6 weeks.
[Analysis 5.1]
Analysis 5.1. Comparison 5 All forms of support versus usual care: SUBGROUP ANALYSIS by breastfeeding initiation, Outcome 1 Stopping any breastfeeding by last assessment up to 6 months.
[Analysis 5.2]
Analysis 5.2. Comparison 5 All forms of support versus usual care: SUBGROUP ANALYSIS by breastfeeding initiation, Outcome 2 Stopping exclusive breastfeeding at last assessment up to 6 months.
[Analysis 5.3]
Analysis 5.3. Comparison 5 All forms of support versus usual care: SUBGROUP ANALYSIS by breastfeeding initiation, Outcome 3 Stopping any breastfeeding at up to 4-6 weeks.
[Analysis 5.4]
Analysis 5.4. Comparison 5 All forms of support versus usual care: SUBGROUP ANALYSIS by breastfeeding initiation, Outcome 4 Stopping exclusive breastfeeding at up to 4-6 weeks.
[Analysis 6.1]
Analysis 6.1. Comparison 6 All forms of support vs usual care: SUBGROUP ANALYSIS by number of postnatal contacts, Outcome 1 Stopping any breastfeeding before last study assessment up to 6 months.
[Analysis 6.2]
Analysis 6.2. Comparison 6 All forms of support vs usual care: SUBGROUP ANALYSIS by number of postnatal contacts, Outcome 2 Stopping exclusive breastfeeding before last study assessment.
[Analysis 6.3]
Analysis 6.3. Comparison 6 All forms of support vs usual care: SUBGROUP ANALYSIS by number of postnatal contacts, Outcome 3 Stopping any breastfeeding at up to 4-6 weeks.
[Analysis 6.4]
Analysis 6.4. Comparison 6 All forms of support vs usual care: SUBGROUP ANALYSIS by number of postnatal contacts, Outcome 4 Stopping exclusive breastfeeding at up to 4-6 weeks.