Intervention Review

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Support for healthy breastfeeding mothers with healthy term babies

  1. Mary J Renfrew1,
  2. Felicia M McCormick1,*,
  3. Angela Wade2,
  4. Beverley Quinn3,
  5. Therese Dowswell4

Editorial Group: Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group

Published Online: 16 MAY 2012

Assessed as up-to-date: 2 APR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001141.pub4


How to Cite

Renfrew MJ, McCormick FM, Wade A, Quinn B, Dowswell T. Support for healthy breastfeeding mothers with healthy term babies. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 5. Art. No.: CD001141. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001141.pub4.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of York, Mother and Infant Research Unit, Department of Health Sciences, York, UK

  2. 2

    Institute of Child Health, Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, London, UK

  3. 3

    The University of Liverpool, Health and Community Care Research Unit (HaCCRU), Liverpool, UK

  4. 4

    The University of Liverpool, Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Liverpool, UK

*Felicia M McCormick, Mother and Infant Research Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of York, Area 4, Seebohm Rowntree Building, Heslington, York, YO10 5DD, UK. felicia.mccormick@york.ac.uk.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 16 MAY 2012

SEARCH

References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Aidam 2005 {published data only}
Aksu 2011 {published data only}
  • Aksu H, Kucuk M, Duzgun G. The effect of postnatal breastfeeding education/support offered at home 3 days after delivery on breastfeeding duration and knowledge: a randomized trial. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine 2011;24(2):354-61.
Albernaz 2003 {published data only}
  • Albernaz E, Victora C. Impact of face-to-face counselling on duration of exclusive breastfeeding: a review. Pan American Journal of Public Health 2003;14(1):17-24.
  • Albernaz E, Victora CG, Haisma H, Wright A, Coward WA. Lactation counseling increases breast-feeding duration but not breast milk intake as measured by isotopic methods. Journal of Nutrition 2003;133(1):205-10.
Anderson 2005 {published data only}
  • Anderson AK, Damio G, Chapman DJ, Perez-Escamilla R. Differential response to an exclusive breastfeeding peer counseling intervention: the role of ethnicity. Journal of Human Lactation 2007;23(1):16-23.
  • Anderson AK, Damio G, Young S, Chapman DJ, Perez-Escamilla R. A randomised trial assessing the efficacy of peer counseling on exclusive breastfeeding in a predominantly Latina low-income community. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 2005;159(9):836-41.
Barros 1994 {published data only}
  • Barros FC, Halpern R, Victora CG, Teixera AM, Beria J. A randomised intervention study to increase breastfeeding prevalence in southern Brazil. Revista de Saude Publica 1994;28(4):277-83.
Bashour 2008 {published data only}
Bhandari 2003 {published data only}
  • Bhandari N. Promotion and consequences of exclusive breastfeeding in India [abstract]. Journal of Human Lactation 2007;23(1):75.
  • Bhandari N, Bahl R, Mazumdar S, Martines J, Black RE, Bhan MK, et al. Effect of community-based promotion of exclusive breastfeeding on diarrhoeal illness and growth: a cluster randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2003;361:1418-23.
  • Bhandari N, Mazumder S, Bahl R, Martines J, Black RE, Bhan MK, et al. An educational intervention to promote appropriate complementary feeding practices and physical growth in infants and young children in rural Haryana, India. Journal of Nutrition 2004;134(9):2342-8.
  • Bhandari N, Mazumder S, Bahl R, Martines J, Black RE, Bhan MK, et al. Use of multiple opportunities for improving feeding practices in under-twos within child health programmes. Health Policy and Planning 2005;20(5):328-36.
Bloom 1982 {published data only}
  • Bloom K, Goldbloom RB, Robinson SC, Stevens FE. II. Factors affecting the continuance of breast feeding. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica 1982;71(Suppl 300):9-14.
Bonuck 2005 {published data only}
Brent 1995 {published data only}
Bunik 2007 {published data only}
  • Bunik M, Beaty B, Dickinson M, Shobe P, Kempe A, O'Connor ME. Early formula supplementation in breastfeeding mothers: how much is too much for BF duration success?. Breastfeeding Medicine 2007;2(3):184.
  • Bunik M, Shobe P, Crane L, Kempe A. Low-income Latina mothers' perspectives on breastfeeding issues and participation in a telephone based support intervention. Breastfeeding Medicine 2007;2(3):184.
  • Bunik M, Shobe P, O'Connor ME, Beaty B, Langendoerfer S, Crane L, et al. Are 2 weeks of daily breastfeeding support insufficient to overcome the influences of formula?. Academic Pediatrics 2010;10(1):21-8.
  • Bunik M, Shobe P, O'Connor ME, Beaty B, Langendoerfer S, Crane L, et al. Randomized controlled trial to evaluate a telephone support intervention for breastfeeding in low-income Latina mothers. Breastfeeding Medicine 2007;2(3):183.
  • Bunik M, Shobe P, O'Connor ME, Beaty B, Langendoerfer S, Crane L, et al. Telephone support intervention for breastfeeding in low-income Latina mothers. Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting; 2007 May 5-8; Toronto, Canada. 2007.
Caldeira 2008 {published data only}
  • Caldeira AP, Fagundes GC, de Aguiar GN. Educational intervention on breastfeeding promotion to the Family Health Program team [Intervencao educacional em equipes de Programa de Saude de Familia para promocao da amamentacao]. Revista de Saude Publica 2008;42(6):1027-33.
Chapman 2004 {published data only}
  • Chapman D, Damio G, Young S, Perez-Escamilla R. Association of degree and timing of exposure to breastfeeding peer counseling services with breastfeeding duration. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 2004;554:303-6.
  • Chapman DJ, Damio G, Perez-Escamilla R. Differential response to breastfeeding peer counseling within a low-Income, predominantly Latina population. Journal of Human Lactation 2004;20(4):389-96.
  • Chapman DJ, Damio GD, Young S, Perez-Escamilla R. Effectiveness of breastfeeding peer counseling in a low-income, predominantly Latina population. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 2004;158(9):897-902.
Chen 1993 {published data only}
  • Chen CH. Effects of home visits and telephone contacts on breastfeeding compliance in Taiwan. Maternal-Child Nursing Journal 1993;21(3):82-90.
Coutinho 2005 {published data only}
  • Bechara Coutinho S, Cabral de Lira P, de Carvalho Lima M, Ashworth A. Comparison of the effects of two systems for the promotion of exclusive breastfeeding. Lancet 2005;366:1094-100.
Dennis 2002 {published and unpublished data}
  • Dennis CL. A randomized controlled trial evaluating the effect of peer (mother-to-mother) support on breastfeeding duration among primiparous women [PhD dissertation]. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: University of Toronto, 1999.
  • Dennis CL. Breastfeeding peer support: maternal and volunteer perceptions from a randomised controlled trial. Birth 2002;29:169-76.
  • Dennis CL, Hodnett E, Gallop R, Chalmers B. The effect of peer support on breastfeeding duration among primiparous women: a randomized controlled trial. Canadian Medical Association Journal 2002;166(1):21-8.
de Oliveira 2006 {published data only}
  • de Oliveira LD, Giugliani ER, do Espirito Santo LC, Franca MC, Weigert EM, Kohler CV, et al. Effect of intervention to improve breastfeeding technique on the frequency of exclusive breastfeeding and lactation-related problems. Journal of Human Lactation 2006;22(3):315-21.
Di Meglio 2010 {published data only}
  • Di Meglio GD, McDermott MP, Klein JD. A randomized controlled trial of telephone peer support's influence on breastfeeding duration in adolescent mothers. Breastfeeding Medicine 2010;5:41-7.
Di Napoli 2004 {published and unpublished data}
Ekstrom 2006 {published data only}
Ellis 1984 {published data only}
Frank 1987 {published data only}
  • Frank DA, Wirtz SJ, Sorensen JR, Heeren T. Commercial hospital discharge packs and breastfeeding counseling: effects on infant feeding practices in a randomized trial. Pediatrics 1987;80(6):845-54.
Froozani 1999 {published data only}
  • Froozani MD, Permehzadeh K, Motlagh AR, Golestan B. Effect of breastfeeding education on the feeding pattern and health of infants in their first 4 months in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 1999;77(5):381-5.
Gagnon 2002 {published data only}
Graffy 2004 {published data only}
Gross 1998 {published data only}
  • Gross SM, Caulfield LE, Bentley ME, Bronner Y, Kessler L, Jensen J, et al. Counseling and motivational videotapes increase duration of breast-feeding in African-American WIC participants who initiate breast-feeding. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1998;98:143-8.
Grossman 1990 {published data only}
  • Grossman LK, Harter C, Kay A. Postpartum lactation counseling for low-income women. American Journal of Diseases of Children 1987;141:375.
  • Grossman LK, Harter C, Kay A. The effect of postpartum lactation counseling on the duration of breastfeeding in low-income women. American Journal of Diseases in Childhood 1990;144(4):471-4.
Haider 2000 {published data only}
  • Haider R, Ashworth A, Kabir I, Huttly S. Effects of community-based peer counsellors on exclusive breastfeeding practices in Dhaka, Bangladesh: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2000;356:1643-7.
  • Haider R, Kabir I, Huttley SRA, Ashworth A. Training peer counselors to promote and support exclusive breastfeeding in Bangladesh. Journal of Human Lactation 2002;18(1):7-12.
Hall 1978 {published data only}
Hoddinott 2009 {published data only}
  • Hoddinott P. A randomised controlled trial to evaluate the clinical and cost effectiveness of breasfeeding peer support groups in improving breastfeeding initiation, duration and satisfaction. National Research Register (www.nrr.nhs.uk) (accessed 6 July 2006) 2006.
  • Hoddinott P, Britten J, Pill R. Why do interventions work in some places and not others: a breastfeeding support group trial. Social Science & Medicine 2010;70(5):769-78.
  • Hoddinott P, Britten J, Prescott GJ, Tappin D, Ludbrook A, Godden DJ. Effectiveness of policy to provide breastfeeding groups (BIG) for pregnant and breastfeeding mothers in primary care: cluster randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2009;338:a3026.
Hopkinson 2009 {published data only}
  • Hopkinson J, Konefal Gallagher M. Assignment to a hospital-based breastfeeding clinic and exclusive breastfeeding among immigrant Hispanic mothers: a randomized, controlled trial. Journal of Human Lactation 2009;25(3):287-96.
Jenner 1988 {published data only}
Jones 1985 {published data only}
Kaojuri 2009 {published data only}
  • Kaojuri DM, Sakakky M, Hosseini F, Kherkhah M. Comparison of the effect of two methods of home visit for the promotion of exclusive breastfeeding in caesarean section mothers in Iran university of medical sciences 2008. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 2009;107(Suppl 2):S150.
Khresheh 2011 {published data only}
  • Khresheh R, Suhaimat A, Jalamdeh F, Barclay L. The effect of a postnatal education and support program on breastfeeding among primiparous women: A randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Nursing Studies 2011;48(9):1058-66.
Kools 2005 {published data only}
  • Kools EJ, Thijs C, Kester ADM, Van den Brandt PA, De Vries H. A breast-feeding promotion and support program a randomized trial in the Netherlands. Preventive Medicine 2005;40:60-70.
Kramer 2001 {published and unpublished data}
  • Kramer M, Matush L, Vanilovich I, Platt R, Mazer B. Does breastfeeding help prevent asthma and allergy? Evidence from a randomized trial in Belarus. American Journal of Epidemiology 2006;163(Suppl 11):S85.
  • Kramer MS. "Breast is best": the evidence. Early Human Development 2010;86(11):729-32.
  • Kramer MS, Aboud F, Mironova E, Vanilovich I, Platt RW, Matush L, et al. Breastfeeding and child cognitive development: new evidence from a large randomized trial. Archives of General Psychiatry 2008;65(5):578-84.
  • Kramer MS, Chalmers B, Hodnett E, Sevkovskaya Z, Dzikovich I, Shapiro S, et al. Promotion of breastfeeding intervention trial (PROBIT): a randomized trial in the Republic of Belarus. JAMA 2001;285(4):413-20.
  • Kramer MS, Fombonne E, Igumnov S, Vanilovich I, Matush L, Mironova E, et al. Effects of prolonged and exclusive breastfeeding on child behavior and maternal adjustment: evidence from a large, randomized trial. Pediatrics 2008;121(3):e435-40.
  • Kramer MS, Matush L, Bogdanovich N, Aboud F, Mazer B, Fombonne E, et al. Health and development outcomes in 6.5-y-old children breastfed exclusively for 3 or 6 mo. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2009;90(4):1070-4.
  • Kramer MS, Matush L, Vanilovich I, Platt R, Bogdanovich N, Sevkovskaya Z, et al. Effect of prolonged and exclusive breast feeding on risk of allergy and asthma: cluster randomised trial. BMJ 2007;335(7624):815.
  • Kramer MS, Matush L, Vanilovich I, Platt RW, Bogdanovich N, Sevkovskaya Z, et al. A randomized breast-feeding promotion intervention did not reduce child obesity in Belarus. Journal of Nutrition 2009;139(2):417S-21S.
  • Kramer MS, Vanilovich I, Matush L, Bogdanovich N, Zhang X, Shishko G, et al. The effect of prolonged and exclusive breast-feeding on dental caries in early school-age children. New evidence from a large randomized trial. Caries Research 2007;41(6):484-8.
  • Lawrence RA. Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial (PROBIT) a randomized trial in the Republic of Belarus. Journal of Pediatrics 2001;139(1):164-5.
Kronborg 2007 {published data only}
Labarere 2005 {published data only}
  • Labarere J, Gelbert-Baudino N, Ayral AS, Duc C, Berchotteau M, Bouchon N, et al. Efficacy of breastfeeding support provided by trained clinicians during an early, routine, preventive visit: a prospective, randomized, open trial of 226 mother-infant pairs. Pediatrics 2005;115(2):e139-46.
Leite 2005 {published data only}
  • Leite AJ, Puccini RF, Atallah AN, Alves da Cunha AL, Machado MT. Effectiveness of home-based peer counselling to promote breastfeeding in the northeast of Brazil: a randomised clinical trial. Acta Paediatrica 2005;94:741-6.
  • Leite AJM, Puccini R, Atallah A, Cunha A, Machado M, Capiberibe A, et al. Impact on breastfeeding practices promoted by lay counselors: a randomized and controlled clinical trial. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 1998;51(Suppl 1):S10.
Lynch 1986 {published data only}
  • Lynch SA, Koch AM, Hislop TG, Coldman AJ. Evaluating the effect of a breastfeeding consultant on the duration of breastfeeding. Canadian Journal of Public Health 1986;77(3):190-5.
McDonald 2010 {published data only}
  • McDonald SJ, Henderson JJ, Evans SF, Faulkner S, Hagan R. Effect of an extended midwifery support program on the duration of breastfeeding: a randomised controlled trial. [abstract]. Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand 7th Annual Congress; 2003 March 9-12; Tasmania, Australia. 2003:A68.
  • McDonald SJ, Henderson JJ, Faulkner S, Evans SF, Hagan R. Effect of an extended midwifery postnatal support programme on the duration of breast feeding: a randomised controlled trial. Midwifery 2010;26(1):88-100.
McKeever 2002 {published data only}
McQueen 2011 {published data only}
Mongeon 1995 {published data only}
  • Mongeon M, Allard R. A controlled study with regular telephonic support given by volunteers on the progress and outcome of breast-feeding [Essai controle d'un soutien telephonique regulier donne par une benevole sur le deroulment et l'issus de l'allaitment]. Revue Canadienne de Sante Publique 1995;86(2):124-7.
Morrell 2000 {published data only}
Morrow 1999 {published data only}
  • Morrow AL, Lourdes Guerrero M. From bio-active substances to research on breastfeeding promotion. In: Newburg editor(s). Bioactive components of human milk. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 2001:447-55.
  • Morrow AL, Lourdes Guerrero M, Shults J, Calva JJ, Lutter C, Ruiz-Palacios GM, et al. Efficacy of home-based peer counselling to promote exclusive breastfeeding: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 1999;353(9160):1226-31.
Muirhead 2006 {published data only}
  • Muirhead PE, Butcher G, Rankin J, Munley A. The effect of a programme of organised and supervised peer support on the initiation and duration of breastfeeding: a randomised trial. British Journal of General Practice 2006;56(524):191-7.
Petrova 2009 {published data only}
  • Petrova A, Ayers C, Stechna S, Gerling JA, Mehta R. Effectiveness of exclusive breastfeeding promotion in low-income mothers: a randomized controlled study. Breastfeeding Medicine 2009;4(2):63-9.
Porteous 2000 {published data only}
  • Porteous R, Kaufman K, Rush J. The effect of individualized professional support on duration of breastfeeding: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Human Lactation 2000;16(4):303-8.
Pugh 1998 {published data only}
Pugh 2002 {published data only}
Pugh 2007 {published data only}
  • Pugh LC, Nanda JP, Frick KD, Sharps PW, Spatz DL, Serwint JR, et al. A randomized controlled community-based trial to improve breastfeeding among urban low-income mothers. Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting; 2007 May 5-8; Toronto, Canada 2007.
  • Pugh LC, Serwint JR, Frick KD, Nanda JP, Sharps PW, Spatz DL, et al. A randomized controlled community-based trial to improve breastfeeding rates among urban low-income mothers. Academic Pediatrics 2010;10(1):14-20.
Quinlivan 2003 {published data only}
Ransjo-Arvidson 1998 {published data only}
  • Ransjo-Arvidson AB, Chintu K, Ng'andu N, Eriksson B, Susu B, Christensson K, et al. Maternal and infant health problems after normal childbirth: a randomised controlled study in Zambia. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 1998;52:385-91.
Redman 1995 {published data only}
  • Redman S, Watkins J, Evans L, Lloyd D. Evaluation of an Australian intervention to encourage breast feeding in primiparous women. Health Promotion International 1995;10(2):101-13.
Santiago 2003 {published data only}
  • Santiago LB, Bettiol H, Barbieri MA, Guttierrez MRP, Del Ciampo LA. Promotion of breastfeeding: the importance of pediatricians with specific training [Incentivo ao aleitamento materno: a importancia do pediatra com treinamento especifico]. Jornal de Pediatria 2003;79(6):504-12.
Serafino-Cross 1992 {published data only}
  • Serafino-Cross P, Donovan P. Effectiveness of professional breastfeeding home-support. Society for Nutrition Education 1992;24(3):117-22.
Sinclair 2007 {published data only}
  • Sinclair M. Successful breastfeeding promotion: a motivational instructional model applied and tested. Current Controlled Trials (www.controlled-trials.com/) (accessed 30 October 2007) 2007.
Sjolin 1979 {published data only}
Su 2007 {published data only}
  • Su LL, Chong YS, Chan YH, Chan YS, Fok D, Tun KT, et al. Antenatal education and postnatal support strategies for improving rates of exclusive breast feeding: randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2007;335(7620):596.
Tylleskar 2011a {published data only}
  • Nankunda J, Turnwine JK, Nakabirwa V, Tylleskar T, PROMISE-EBF SG. "She would sit with me": mothers' experiences of individual peer support for exclusive breastfeeding in Uganda. International Breastfeeding Journal 2010;5:16.
  • Tylleskar T. PROMISE EBF: safety and efficacy of exclusive breastfeeding promotion in the era of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. ClinicalTrials.gov (http://clinicaltrials.gov/) (accessed 20 February 2008).
  • Tylleskar T, Jackson D, Meda N, Engebretsen IM, Chopra M, Diallo AH, et al. Exclusive breastfeeding promotion by peer counsellors in sub-Saharan Africa (PROMISE-EBF): a cluster-randomised trial. Lancet 2011;378(9789):420-7.
Tylleskar 2011b {published data only}
  • Nankunda J, Turnwine JK, Nakabirwa V, Tylleskar T, PROMISE-EBF SG. "She would sit with me": mothers' experiences of individual peer support for exclusive breastfeeding in Uganda. International Breastfeeding Journal 2010;5:16.
  • Tylleskar T. PROMISE EBF: safety and efficacy of exclusive breastfeeding promotion in the era of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. ClinicalTrials.gov (http://clinicaltrials.gov/) (accessed 20 February 2008).
  • Tylleskar T, Jackson D, Meda N, Engebretsen IM, Chopra M, Diallo AH, et al. Exclusive breastfeeding promotion by peer counsellors in sub-Saharan Africa (PROMISE-EBF): a cluster-randomised trial. Lancet 2011;378(9789):420-7.
Tylleskar 2011c {published data only}
  • Nankunda J, Turnwine JK, Nakabirwa V, Tylleskar T, PROMISE-EBF SG. "She would sit with me": mothers' experiences of individual peer support for exclusive breastfeeding in Uganda. International Breastfeeding Journal 2010;5:16.
  • Tylleskar T. PROMISE EBF: safety and efficacy of exclusive breastfeeding promotion in the era of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. ClinicalTrials.gov (http://clinicaltrials.gov/) (accessed 20 February 2008).
  • Tylleskar T, Jackson D, Meda N, Engebretsen IM, Chopra M, Diallo AH, et al. Exclusive breastfeeding promotion by peer counsellors in sub-Saharan Africa (PROMISE-EBF): a cluster-randomised trial. Lancet 2011;378(9789):420-7.
Vitolo 2005 {published and unpublished data}
  • Vitolo MR, Rauber F, Campagnolo PD, Feldens CA, Hoffman DJ. Maternal dietary counseling in the first year of life is associated with a higher healthy eating index in childhood. Journal of Nutrition 2010;140(11):2002-7.
Wambach 2009 {published data only}
  • Wambach K. Kansas University Teen Mothers Project. ClinicalTrials.gov (http://clinicaltrials.gov/) (accessed 21 March 2006).
  • Wambach K, Rojjanasrirat W, Williams Domian E, Aaronson L, Breedlove G, Yeh HW. Effects of a peer counselor and lactation consultant on breastfeeding initiation and duration. Journal of Human Lactation 2009;25(1):101-2.
  • Wambach KA, Aaronson L, Breedlove G, Domian EW, Rojjanasrirat W, Yeh HW. A randomized controlled trial of breastfeeding support and education for adolescent mothers. Western Journal of Nursing Research 2011;33(4):486-505.
Winterburn 2003 {published and unpublished data}
  • Winterburn S, Moyez J, Thompson J. Maternal grandmothers and support for breastfeeding. Journal of Community Nursing 2003;17(12):4-9.
Wolfberg 2004 {published data only}
  • Wolfberg AJ, Michels KB, Shields W, O'Campo P, Bronner Y, Bienstock J. Dads as breastfeeding advocates: results from a randomized controlled trial of an educational intervention. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2004;191:708-12.
Wrenn 1997 {published data only}
  • Wrenn SE. Effects of a model-based intervention on breastfeeding attrition [dissertation]. San Antonio: University of Texas, 1997.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Agrasada 2005 {published data only}
  • Agrasada GV, Ewald U, Kylberg E, Gustafsson J. Exclusive breastfeeding of low birth weight infants for the first six months: infant morbidity and maternal and infant anthropometry. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2011;20(1):62-8.
  • Agrasada GV, Gustafsson J, Kylberg E, Ewald U. Postnatal peer counselling on exclusive breastfeeding or low-birthweight infants: a randomised, controlled trial. Acta Paediatrica 2005;94:1109-15.
  • Agrasada GV, Kylberg E. When and why Filipino mothers of term low birth weight infants interrupted breastfeeding exclusively. Breastfeeding Review 2009;17(3):5-10.
Ahmed 2008 {published data only}
  • Ahmed AH. Breastfeeding preterm infants: an educational program to support mothers of preterm infants in Cairo, Egypt. Pediatric Nursing 2008;34(2):125-30.
  • Ahmed AH. Effect of breastfeeding educational program based on Bandura's social cognitive theory on breastfeeding outcomes among mothers of preterm infants to support breastfeeding mothers. Journal of Human Lactation 2010;26(1):60.
Ball 2011 {published data only}
Baqui 2008 {published data only}
  • Baqui AH, Arifeen SE, Rosen HE, Mannan I, Rahman SM, Al-Mahmud AB, et al. Community-based validation of assessment of newborn illnesses by trained community health workers in Sylhet district of Bangladesh. Tropical Medicine and International Health 2009;14(12):1448-56.
  • Baqui AH, El-Arifeen S, Darmstadt GL, Ahmed S, Williams EK, Seraji HR, et al. Effect of community-based newborn-care intervention package implemented through two service-delivery strategies in Sylhet district, Bangladesh: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2008;371(9628):1936-44.
Barlow 2006 {published data only}
  • Barlow A, Varipatis-Baker E, Speakman K, Ginsburg G, Friberg I, Goklish N, et al. Home-visiting intervention to improve child care among American Indian adolescent mothers: a randomized trial. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 2006;160(11):1101-7.
Barnet 2002 {published data only}
  • Barnet B, Duggan AK, Devoe M, Burrell L. The effect of volunteer home visitation for adolescent mothers on parenting and mental health outcomes: a randomized trial. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 2002;156:1216-22.
Black 2001 {published data only}
Bolam 1998 {published data only}
  • Bolam A, Manandhar DS, Shrestha P, Ellis M, Costello AM. The effects of postnatal health education for mothers on infant care and family planning practices in Nepal: a randomised controlled trial. BMJ 1998;316(7134):805-11.
Brown 2008 {published data only}
  • Brown LP. Breastfeeding services for LBW infants - outcomes and cost. CRISP (http://crisp.cit.nih.gov) (accessed 17 June 2008) 2008.
  • Zukowsky K. Breast-fed low-birth-weight premature neonates: developmental assessment and nutritional intake in the first 6 months of life. Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing 2007;21(3):242-9.
Cattaneo 2001 {published data only}
Caulfield 1998 {published data only}
  • Caulfield LE, Gross SM, Bentley ME, Bronner Y, Kessler L, Jensen J, et al. WIC-based interventions to promote breastfeeding among African-American women in Baltimore: effects on breastfeeding initiation and continuation. Journal of Human Lactation 1998;14(1):15-22.
Chapman 2011 {published data only}
  • Chapman DJ, Morel K, Bermudez-Millan A, Young S, Damio G, Kyer N, et al. Breastfeeding education and support trial for obese women: effects of a specialized peer counseling intervention on breastfeeding and health outcomes. Journal of Human Lactation 2011;27(1):75-6.
Davies-Adetugbo 1996 {published data only}
  • Davies-Adetugbo AA. Promotion of breastfeeding in the community: impact of health education programme in rural communities in Nigeria. Journal of Diarrhoeal Disease Research 1996;14(1):5-11.
Davies-Adetugbo 1997 {published data only}
  • Davies-Adetugbo AA, Adetugbo K, Orewole Y, Fabiyi AK. Breast-feeding promotion in a diarrhoea programme in rural communities. Journal of Diarrhoeal Diseases Research 1997;15(3):161-6.
Ebbeling 2007 {published data only}
  • Ebbeling CB, Pearson MN, Sorensen G, Levine RA, Hebert JR, Salkeld JA, et al. Conceptualization and development of a theory-based healthful eating and physical activity intervention for postpartum women who are low income. Health Promotion Practice 2007;8(1):50-9.
Ferrara 2008 {published data only}
  • Ferrara A. Diet, exercise and breastfeeding intervention program for women with gestational diabetes (DEBI Trial). ClinicalTrials.gov (http://clinicaltrials.gov/) (accessed 20 February 2008) 2008.
  • Ferrara A, Hedderson MM, Albright CL, Ehrlich SF, Quesenberry CP Jr, Peng T, et al. A pregnancy and postpartum lifestyle intervention in women with gestational diabetes mellitus reduces diabetes risk factors: a feasibility randomized control trial. Diabetes Care 2011;34(7):1519-25.
Finch 2002 {published data only}
  • Finch C, Daniel EL. Breastfeeding education program with incentives increases exclusive breastfeeding among urban WIC participants. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2002;102(7):981-4.
Forster 2004 {published data only}
  • Forster D, McLachlan H, Lumley J, Beanland C, Waldenstrom U, Amir L. Two mid-pregnancy interventions to increase the initiation and duration of breastfeeding: a randomized controlled trial. Birth 2004;31(3):176-82.
  • Forster D, McLachlan H, Lumley J, Beanland C, Waldenstrom U, Harris H, et al. ABFAB. Attachment to the breast and family attitudes to breastfeeding. The effect of breastfeeding education in the middle of pregnancy on the initiation and duration of breastfeeding: a randomised controlled trial. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2003;3(1):5.
  • Forster DA, McLachlan HL, Lumley J. Factors associated with breastfeeding at six months postpartum in a group of Australian women. International Breastfeeding Journal 2006;1:18.
  • Forster DA, McLachlan HL, Lumley J, Beanland CJ, Waldenstrom U, Short RV, et al. ABFAB: attachment to the breast and family attitudes towards breastfeeding. The effect of breastfeeding education in the middle of pregnancy on the duration of breastfeeding: a randomised controlled trial [abstract]. Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand 7th Annual Congress; 2003 March 9-12; Tasmania, Australia. 2003:A70.
Forster 2006 {published data only}
  • Forster DA, McLachlan HL, Lumley J. Risk factors for early cessation of breastfeeding: results from a randomised controlled trial. Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand 10th Annual Congress; 2006 April 3-6; Perth, Australia. 2006:149.
Gagnon 1997 {published data only}
  • Gagnon AJ, Edgar L, Kramer MS, Papageorgiou A, Waghorn K, Klein MC. A randomized trial of a program of early postpartum discharge with nurse visitation. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 1997;176:205-11.
Garcia-Montrone 1996 {published data only}
  • Garcia-Montrone V, de Rose JC. An education experience for promoting breast-feeding and infant stimulation by low-income women: a preliminary study. Cadernos de Saude Publica 1996;12(1):61-8.
Gijsbers 2006 {published data only}
  • Gijsbers B, Mesters I, Knottnerus JA, Kester ADM, Van Schayck CP. The success of an educational program to promote exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months in families with a history of asthma: a randomized controlled trial. Pediatric Asthma 2006;19(4):214-22.
  • Gijsbers B, Mesters I, Knottnerus JA, van Schayck CP. Factors associated with the duration of exclusive breast-feeding in asthmatic families. Health Education Research 2008;23(1):158-69.
  • Gijsbers B, Mesters I, Knottnerus JA, Van Schayck CP. Factors associated with the initiation of breastfeeding in asthmatic families: the attitude-social influence-self-efficacy model. Breastfeeding Medicine 2006;1(4):236-46.
Guise 2003 {published data only}
  • Guise JM, Palda V, Westhoff C, Chan BK, Helfand M, Lieu TA, et al. The effectiveness of primary care-based interventions to promote breastfeeding: systematic evidence review and meta-analysis for the US Preventive Services Task Force. Annals of Family Medicine 2003;1(2):70-8.
Haider 1996 {published data only}
  • Haider R, Islam A, Hamadani J, Amin NJ, Kabir I, Malek MA, et al. Breast-feeding counseling in a diarrhoeal disease hospital. Revista Panamericana De Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health 1997;1:355-61.
  • Haider R, Islam A, Hamadani J, Amin NJ, Kabir I, Malek MA, et al. Breastfeeding counselling in a diarrhoeal disease hospital. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 1996;74(2):173-9.
Hall 2007 {published data only}
Hauck 1994 {published data only}
Henderson 2001 {published data only}
Isselmann 2006 {published data only}
  • Isselmann KF, Collins B, McCoy A. A prospective efficacy trial of a brief breastfeeding promotion intervention to prevent postpartum smoking relapse. American Public Health Association 134th Annual Meeting & Exposition 2006 Nov 4-8; Boston, MA. 2006.
Jakobsen 2008 {published data only}
Jang 2008 {published data only}
  • Jang GJ, Kim SH. [Effects of breast-feeding education and support services on breast-feeding rates and infant's growth]. [Korean]. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing 2010;40(2):277-86.
  • Jang GJ, Kim SH, Jeong KS. Effect of postpartum breast-feeding support by nurse on the breast-feeding prevalence. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe chi 2008;38(1):172-9.
Johnston 2001 {published data only}
  • Johnston BD, Huebner CE, Anderson ML, Tyll LT, Thompson RS. Healthy steps in an integrated delivery system: child and parent outcomes at 30 months. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2006;160(8):793-800.
  • Johnston BD, Thompson RS, Huebner CE, Barlow WE, Tyll L. Expanded well-child care with a pre-natal component: early results from the group health evaluation of "healthy steps" [abstract]. Pediatric Research 2001;49(4):132A.
Jones 2004 {published data only}
  • Jones E, Jones P, Spencer A. Breastfeeding and returning to work. Practising Midwife 2004;7(11):17-8, 20, 22.
Junior 2007 {published data only}
Kistin 1994 {published data only}
  • Kistin N, Abramson R, Dublin P. Effect of peer-counsellors on breastfeeding initiation, exclusivity and duration among low-income women. Journal of Human Lactation 1994;10(1):11-5.
Labarere 2003 {published data only}
Lavender 2004 {published data only}
  • Lavender T. Breastfeeding: expectations versus reality. 10th International Conference of Maternity Care Researchers; 2004 June 13-16; Lund, Sweden. 2004:12.
  • Lavender T, Baker L, Smyth R, Collins S, Spofforth A, Dey P. Breastfeeding expectations versus reality: a cluster randomised controlled trial. BJOG: an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology 2005;112:1047-53.
Lewin 2005 {published data only}
Lieu 2000 {published data only}
  • Lieu TA, Braveman PA, Escobar GJ, Fischer AF, Jensvold NG, Capra AM. A randomized comparison of home and clinic follow-up visits after early postpartum hospital discharge. Pediatrics 2000;105:1058-65.
MacArthur 2002 {published data only}
  • MacArthur C, Winter HR, Bick DE, Knowles H, Lilford R, Henderson C, et al. Effects of redesigned community postnatal care on women's health 4 months after birth: a cluster randomised trial. Lancet 2002;359:378-85.
MacArthur 2009 {published data only}
  • MacArthur C, Jolly K, Ingram L, Freemantle N, Dennis CL, Hamburger R, et al. Antenatal peer support workers and initiation of breast feeding: cluster randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2009;338:b131.
Mannan 2008 {published data only}
  • Mannan I, Rahman SM, Sania A, Seraji HR, Arifeen SE, Winch PJ, et al. Can early postpartum home visits by trained community health workers improve breastfeeding of newborns?. Journal of Perinatology 2008;28(9):632-40.
Mattar 2003 {published data only}
McInnes 2000 {published data only}
McLeod 2003 {published data only}
  • McLeod D, Benn C, Pullon S, Viccars A, White S, Cookson T, et al. The midwife's role in facilitating smoking behaviour change during pregnancy. Midwifery 2003;19(4):285-97.
  • McLeod D, Pullon S, Benn C, Cookson T, Dowell A, Viccars A, et al. Can support and education for smoking cessation and reduction be provided by midwives within primary care?. Midwifery 2004;20:37-50.
Merewood 2006 {published data only}
  • Merewood A, Chamberlain LB, Cook JT, Philipp BL, Malone K, Bauchner H. The effect of peer counselors on breastfeeding rates in the neonatal intensive care unit: results of a randomized controlled trial. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2006;160(7):681-5.
  • Merewood A, Philipp BL, Chamberlain LB, Malone KL, Cook JT, Bauchner H. Using peer support to improve breastfeeding rates among premature infants: an RCT [abstract]. Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting; 2005 May 14-17; Washington DC, USA. 2005:Abstract no: 2342.
  • Philipp BL, Merewood A, Malone KL, Chamberlain LB, Cook JT, Bauchner H. Effect of NICU-based peer counselors on breastfeeding duration among premature infants [abstract]. Pediatric Research 2004;55 Suppl:73.
Moore 1985 {published data only}
Moreno-Manzanares 1997 {published data only}
  • Moreno-Manzanares L, Cabrera-Sanz MT, Garcia-Lopez L. Breast feeding [Lactancia materna]. Revista Rol de Enfermeria 1997;20(227-228):79-84.
Neyzi 1991 {published data only}
  • Neyzi O, Gulecyuz M, Dincer Z, Olgun P, Kutluay T, Uzel N, et al. An educational intervention on promotion of breast feeding complemented by continuing support. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 1991;5:299-303.
Noel-Weiss 2006 {published data only}
Nor 2009 {published data only}
  • Nor B, Zembe Y, Daniels K, Doherty T, Jackson D, Ahlberg BM, et al. "Peer but not peer": considering the context of infant feeding peer counseling in a high HIV prevalence area. Journal of Human Lactation 2009;25(4):427-34.
Olenick 2011 {published data only}
  • Olenick PL. The effect of structured group prenatal education on breastfeeding confidence, duration, and exclusivity to 12 weeks postpartum. Journal of Human Lactation 2011;27(1):71-2.
Pascali-Bonaro 2004 {published data only}
Perez-Escamilla 1992 {published data only}
  • Perez-Escamilla R, Segura-Millan S, Pollitt E, Dewey K. Effect of the maternity ward system on the lactation success of low-income urban Mexican women. Early Human Development 1992;31(1):25-40.
Peterson 2002 {published data only}
  • Peterson KE, Sorensen G, Pearson M, Hebert JR, Gottlieb BR, McCormick MC. Design of an intervention addressing multiple levels of influence on dietary and activity patterns of low-income, postpartum women. Health Education Research 2002;17(5):531-40.
Phillips 2010 {published data only}
  • Phillips RM, Merritt TA, Goldstein MR, Deming DD, Job JS, Rudatsikira EM. Increasing the duration of breastfeeding by preventing postpartum smoking relapse in mothers of infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. American Academy of Pediatrics Annual Meeting; 2010 October 2-5; San Francisco, California, USA. 2010.
Pinelli 2001 {published data only}
Pollard 2011 {published data only}
Rasmussen 2011 {published data only}
  • Rasmussen KM, Dieterich CM, Zelek ST, Altabet JD, Kjolhede CL. Interventions to increase the duration of breastfeeding in obese mothers: the Bassett Improving Breastfeeding Study. Breastfeeding Medicine 2011;6:69-75.
Ratner 1999 {published data only}
Rea 1999 {published data only}
  • Rea MF, Venancio SI, Martines JC, Savage F. Counselling on breastfeeding: assessing knowledge and skills. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 1999;77(6):492-8.
Reeve 2004 {published data only}
  • Reeve JR, Gull SE, Johnson MH, Hunter S, Streather M. A preliminary study on the use of experiential learning to support women's choices about infant feeding. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 2004;113:199-203.
Rossiter 1994 {published data only}
Rowe 1990 {published data only}
  • Rowe L, Hartmann PE. Comparison of two methods of breast feeding management. Proceedings of 6th Congress of the Federation of the Asia-Oceania Perinatal Societies; 1990; Perth, Western Australia. 1990:236.
Rush 1991 {published data only}
Sakha 2008 {published data only}
Schy 1996 {published data only}
  • Schy DS, Maglaya CF, Mendelson SG, Race KEH, Ludwig-Beymer P. The effects of in-hospital lactation education on breastfeeding practice. Journal of Human Lactation 1996;12(2):117-22.
Sciacca 1995 {published data only}
  • Sciacca JP, Dube DA, Phipps BL, Ratliff MI. A breast feeding education and promotion program: effects on knowledge, attitudes, and support for breast feeding. Journal of Community Health 1995;20(6):473-89.
  • Sciacca JP, Phipps B, Dube D, Ratliff MI. Influences on breast-feeding by lower-income women: an incentive, partner-supported educational program. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1995;95(3):323-8.
Segura-Millan 1994 {published data only}
  • Segura-Millan S, Dewey KG, Perez-Escamilla R. Factors associated with perceived insufficient milk in a low-income urban population in Mexico. Journal of Nutrition 1994;124(2):202-12.
Serrano 2010 {published data only}
  • Serrano MS, Doren FM, Wilson L. Teaching Chilean mothers to massage their full-term infants: effects on maternal breast-feeding and infant weight gain at age 2 and 4 months. Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing 2010;24(2):172-81.
Sisk 2006 {published data only}
  • Sisk PM, Lovelady CA, Dillard RG, Gruber KJ. Lactation counseling for mothers of very low birthweight infants: effect on maternal anxiety and infant intake of human milk. Pediatrics 2006;117(1):E67-E75.
Steel O'Connor 2003 {published data only}
  • Steel O'Connor KO, Mowat DL, Scott HM, Carr PA, Dorland JL, Young Tai KF. A randomized trial of two public health nurse follow-up programs after early obstetrical discharge: an examination of breastfeeding rates, maternal confidence and utilization and costs of health services. Canadian Journal of Public Health 2003;94(2):98-103.
Susin 2008 {published data only}
Thomson 2009 {published data only}
  • Thomson T, Hall W, Balneaves L, Wong S. Waiting to be weighed: a pilot study of the effect of delayed newborn weighing on breastfeeding outcomes. Canadian Nurse 2009;105(6):24-8.
Thussanasupap 2006 {published data only}
  • Thussanasupap B. The effects of systematic instructional program on breastfeeding self-efficacy, nipple pain, nipple skin changes and incision pain of cesarean mothers [abstract]. Care, Concern and Cure in Perinatal Health. 14th Congress of the Federation of Asia-Oceania Perinatal Societies; 2006 Oct 1-5; Bangkok, Thailand. 2006:138.
Valdes 2000 {published data only}
  • Valdes V, Pugin E, Schooley J, Catalan S, Aravena R. Clinical support can make the difference in exclusive breastfeeding success among working women. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 2000;46(3):149-54.
Wallace 2006 {published data only}
  • Inch S, Law S, Wallace L. Hands off! The breastfeeding best start project (2). Practising Midwife 2003;6(11):24-5.
  • Wallace LM, Dunn OM, Alder EM, Inch S, Hills RK, Law SM. A randomised-controlled trial in england of a postnatal midwifery intervention on breast-feeding duration. Midwifery 2006;22:262-73.
Westphal 1995 {published data only}
  • Taddei JA, Westphal MF, Venancio S, Bogus C, Souza S. Breastfeeding training for health professionals and resultant changes in breastfeeding duration. Sao Paulo Medical Journal 2000;118:185-91.
  • Westphal MF, Taddei JAC, Venancio SI, Bogus CM. Breast-feeding training for health professionals and resultant institutional changes. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 1995;73(4):461-8.
Wiggins 2005 {published data only}
  • Wiggins M, Oakley A, Roberts I, Turner H, Rajan L, Austerberry H, et al. Postnatal support for mothers living in disadvantaged inner city areas: a randomised controlled trial. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2005;59(4):288-95.
Wockel 2009 {published data only}
  • Wockel A, Abou-Dakn M. Influence of the partner on breastfeeding duration and breast diseases during lactation. Results of an intervention study [German] [Einfluss des partners auf stilldauer und stillprobleme: Ergebnisse einer interventionsstudie]. Gynakologische Praxis 2009;33(4):643-9.
  • Wockel A, Abou-Dakn M. Influence of the partner on breastfeeding duration and breast diseases during lactation. Results of an intervention study [German] [Einfluss des partners auf stilldauer und stillprobleme. Ergebnisse einer interventionsstudie]. Padiatrische Praxis 2011;77(1):125-31.

References to studies awaiting assessment

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Nunes 2011 {published data only}
  • Nunes LM, Giugliani ER, Santo LC, de Oliveira LD. Reduction of unnecessary intake of water and herbal teas on breast-fed infants: a randomized clinical trial with adolescent mothers and grandmothers. Journal of Adolescent Health 2011;49(3):258-65.

References to ongoing studies

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Bonuck 2008 {published data only}
  • Bonuck KA. Boosting breastfeeding in low-income, multi-ethnic women: a primary care based RCT (BINGO). ClinicalTrials.gov (http://clinicaltrials.gov/) (accessed 9 April 2008).
Eneroth 2007 {published data only}
  • Eneroth H, El Arifeen S, Kabir I, Persson LA, Lonnerdal B, Hossain MB, et al. Exclusive breastfeeding and infant iron and zinc status, the MINIMat study Bangladesh [abstract]. Journal of Human Lactation 2007;23(1):79-80.
  • Eneroth H, El Arifeen S, Persson LA, Kabir I, Lonnerdal B, Hossain MB, et al. Duration of exclusive breast-feeding and infant iron and zinc status in rural Bangladesh. Journal of Nutrition 2009;139(8):1562-7.
  • Kabir I, Khan AI, El Arifeen S, Alam DS, Persson LA. Effects of prenatal food and micronutrient supplementation and breastfeeding counseling on postnatal growth of rural Bangladeshi children. Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting; 2009 May 2-5; Baltimore, USA. 2009.
  • Moore SE, Prentice AM, Coward WA, Wright A, Frongillo EA, Fulford AJ, et al. Use of stable-isotope techniques to validate infant feeding practices reported by Bangladeshi women receiving breastfeeding counseling. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2007;85(4):1075-82.
Patel 2011 {published data only}
  • Patel A. Effectiveness of cell phone counseling to improve breast feeding indicators. Clinical Trials Registry - India (http://ctri.nic.in) (accessed 14 December 2011) 2011.

Additional references

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  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Almqvist 2011
Bartick 2010
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Bolling 2007
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Quigley 2007
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Quigley 2012
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References to other published versions of this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Britton 2007
Renfrew 1995
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