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Slow advancement of enteral feed volumes to prevent necrotising enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants

  1. Jessie Morgan,
  2. Lauren Young,
  3. William McGuire*

Editorial Group: Cochrane Neonatal Group

Published Online: 28 MAR 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 28 DEC 2012

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001241.pub4


How to Cite

Morgan J, Young L, McGuire W. Slow advancement of enteral feed volumes to prevent necrotising enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD001241. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001241.pub4.

Author Information

  1. Hull York Medical School & Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, York, UK

*William McGuire, Hull York Medical School & Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, York, Y010 5DD, UK. William.McGuire@hyms.ac.uk.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (conclusions changed)
  2. Published Online: 28 MAR 2013

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This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (02 DEC 2014)

References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
  4. References to other published versions of this review
Caple 2004 {published data only}
  • Caple J, Armentrout D, Huseby V, Halbardier B, Garcia J, Sparks JW, et al. Randomized, controlled trial of slow versus rapid feeding volume advancement in preterm infants. Pediatrics 2004;114(6):1597-600.
Karagol 2012 {published data only}
  • Karagol BS, Zenciroglu A, Okumus N, Polin RA. Randomised controlled trial of slow versus rapid enteral feeding advancements on the clinical outcomes of preterm infants with 750-1250g. JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 2013;37(2):223-8.
Krishnamurthy 2010 {published data only}
Rayyis 1999 {published data only}
  • Rayyis SF, Ambalavanan N, Wright L, Carlo WA. Randomized trial of "slow" versus "fast" feed advancements on the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants. Journal of Pediatrics 1999;134(3):293-7.
Salhotra 2004 {published data only}
  • Salhotra A, Ramji S. Slow versus fast enteral feed advancement in very low birth weight infants: a randomized control trial. Indian Pediatrics 2004;41(5):435-41.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
  4. References to other published versions of this review
Berseth 2003 {published data only}
  • Berseth CL, Bisquera JA, Paje VU. Prolonging small feeding volumes early in life decreases the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants. Pediatrics 2003;111(3):529-34.
Book 1976 {published data only}
  • Book LS, Herbst JJ, Jung AL. Comparison of fast- and slow-feeding rate schedules to the development of necrotizing enterocolitis. Journal of Pediatrics 1976;89(3):462-6.

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
  4. References to other published versions of this review
Beeby 1992
  • Beeby PJ, Jeffery H. Risk factors for necrotising enterocolitis: the influence of gestational age. Archives of Disease in Childhood 1992;67(4 Spec No):423-5.
Bernstein 2000
  • Bernstein IM, Horbar JD, Badger GJ, Ohlsson A, Golan A. Morbidity and mortality among very-low-birth-weight neonates with intrauterine growth restriction. The Vermont Oxford Network. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2000;182(1 Pt 1):198-206.
Bertino 2009
  • Bertino E, Giuliani F, Prandi G, Coscia A, Martano C, Fabris C. Necrotizing enterocolitis: risk factor analysis and role of gastric residuals in very low birth weight infants. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 2009;48(4):437-42. [PUBMED: 19330932]
Bisquera 2002
Bombell 2009
Brown 1978
  • Brown EG, Sweet AY. Preventing necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates. JAMA 1978;240(22):2452-4.
Chauhan 2008
  • Chauhan M, Henderson G, McGuire W. Enteral feeding for very low birth weight infants: reducing the risk of necrotising enterocolitis. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2008;93(2):F162-6. [PUBMED: 18006565]
Cobb 2004
Dorling 2005
  • Dorling J, Kempley S, Leaf A. Feeding growth restricted preterm infants with abnormal antenatal Doppler results. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2005;90(5):F359-63.
Flidel-Rimon 2004
  • Flidel-Rimon O, Friedman S, Lev E, Juster-Reicher A, Amitay M, Shinwell ES. Early enteral feeding and nosocomial sepsis in very low birthweight infants. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2004;89(4):F289-92.
Flidel-Rimon 2006
Garite 2004
  • Garite TJ, Clark R, Thorp JA. Intrauterine growth restriction increases morbidity and mortality among premature neonates. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2004;191(2):481-7.
Guthrie 2003
  • Guthrie SO, Gordon PV, Thomas V, Thorp JA, Peabody J, Clark RH. Necrotizing enterocolitis among neonates in the United States. Journal of Perinatology 2003;23(4):278-85.
Hartel 2009
  • Härtel C, Haase B, Browning-Carmo K, Gebauer C, Kattner E, Kribs A, et al. Does the enteral feeding advancement affect short-term outcomes in very low birth weight infants?. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 2009;48(4):464-70.
Henderson 2009
  • Henderson G, Craig S, Brocklehurst P, McGuire W. Enteral feeding regimens and necrotising enterocolitis in preterm infants: a multicentre case-control study. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2009;94(2):F120-3. [PUBMED: 17768154]
Holman 1997
Luig 2005
McKeown 1992
  • McKeown RE, Marsh TD, Amarnath U, Garrison CZ, Addy CL, Thompson SJ, et al. Role of delayed feeding and of feeding increments in necrotizing enterocolitis. Journal of Pediatrics 1992;121(5 Pt 1):764-70.
Mihatsch 2002
  • Mihatsch WA, von Schoenaich P, Fahnenstich H, Dehne N,  Ebbecke H,  Plath C,  et al. The significance of gastric residuals in the early enteral feeding advancement of extremely low birth weight infants. Pediatrics 2002;109(3):457-9.
Montori 2005
  • Montori VM,  Devereaux PJ,  Adhikari NK,  Burns KE,  Eggert CH,  Briel M, et al. Randomized trials stopped early for benefit: a systematic review. JAMA 2005;294(17):2203-9.
Morgan 2011
  • Morgan J, Young L, McGuire W. Delayed introduction of progressive enteral feeds to prevent necrotising enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, Issue 3. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001970.pub3]
Patole 2005
  • Patole SK, de Klerk N. Impact of standardised feeding regimens on incidence of neonatal necrotising enterocolitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Archives of Disease in Childhood 2005;90(2):F147-51.
Pike 2012
  • Pike K, Brocklehurst P, Jones D, Kenyon S, Salt A, Taylor D, et al. Outcomes at 7 years for babies who developed neonatal necrotising enterocolitis: the ORACLE Children Study. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2012;97(5):F318-22. [PUBMED: 22933088]
Premji 2011
Quigley 2007
Rees 2007
  • Rees CM, Pierro A, Eaton S. Neurodevelopmental outcomes of neonates with medically and surgically treated necrotizing enterocolitis. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2007;92(3):F193-8.
RevMan 2011
  • Nordic Cochrane Centre. Review Manager (RevMan). 5.1. Copenhagen: Nordic Cochrane Centre, 2011.
Soraisham 2006
Stoll 2004
  • Stoll BJ, Hansen NI, Adams-Chapman I, Fanaroff AA, Hintz SR, Vohr B, et al. Neurodevelopmental and growth impairment among extremely low-birth-weight infants with neonatal infection. JAMA 2004;292(19):2357-65.
Tyson 2007
Uauy 1991
  • Uauy RD, Fanaroff AA, Korones SB, Phillips EA, Phillips JB, Wright LL. Necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants: biodemographic and clinical correlates. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network. Journal of Pediatrics 1991;119(4):630-8.
Walsh 1986

References to other published versions of this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
  4. References to other published versions of this review
Kennedy 2005
  • Kennedy KA, Tyson JE, Chamnanvanakij S. Rapid versus slow rate of advancement of feedings for promoting growth and preventing necrotizing enterocolitis in parenterally fed low-birth-weight infants. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005, Issue 2. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001241.pub2]
McGuire 2008
Morgan 2011a
  • Morgan J, Young L, McGuire W. Slow advancement of enteral feed volumes to prevent necrotising enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, Issue 3. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001241.pub3; PUBMED: 21412870]