Intervention Review

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Decision aids for people facing health treatment or screening decisions

  1. Dawn Stacey1,*,
  2. France Légaré2,
  3. Nananda F Col3,
  4. Carol L Bennett4,
  5. Michael J Barry5,
  6. Karen B Eden6,
  7. Margaret Holmes-Rovner7,
  8. Hilary Llewellyn-Thomas8,
  9. Anne Lyddiatt9,
  10. Richard Thomson10,
  11. Lyndal Trevena11,
  12. Julie HC Wu4

Editorial Group: Cochrane Consumers and Communication Group

Published Online: 28 JAN 2014

Assessed as up-to-date: 30 JUN 2012

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001431.pub4


How to Cite

Stacey D, Légaré F, Col NF, Bennett CL, Barry MJ, Eden KB, Holmes-Rovner M, Llewellyn-Thomas H, Lyddiatt A, Thomson R, Trevena L, Wu JHC. Decision aids for people facing health treatment or screening decisions. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD001431. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001431.pub4.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Ottawa, School of Nursing, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

  2. 2

    Centre de Recherche du CHU de Québec (CRCHUQ) - Hôpital St-François d'Assise, Québec, QC, Canada

  3. 3

    University of New England, Center of Excellence in Neuroscience and Department of Medicine, Biddeford, ME, USA

  4. 4

    Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

  5. 5

    Informed Medical Decisions Foundation, Boston, MA, USA

  6. 6

    Oregon Health Sciences University, Department of Medical Informatics and Clinical Epidemiology, Portland, Oregon, USA

  7. 7

    Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Center for Ethics and Humanities in the Life Sciences, East Lansing, Michigan, USA

  8. 8

    Dartmouth College, The Dartmouth Center for Health Policy & Clinical Practice, The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA

  9. 9

    Ingersoll, ON, Canada

  10. 10

    Newcastle University, Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK

  11. 11

    The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia

*Dawn Stacey, School of Nursing, University of Ottawa, 451 Smyth Road, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. dstacey@uottawa.ca.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: Edited (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 28 JAN 2014

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References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Allen 2010 {published data only}
  • Allen JD, Othus MK, Hart A Jr, Tom L, Li Y, Berry D, et al. A randomized trial of a computer-tailored decision aid to improve prostate cancer screening decisions: results from the take the wheel trial. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention 2010;19(9):2172-86.
Arterburn 2011 {published data only}
Auvinen 2004 {published data only}
Barry 1997 {published and unpublished data}
  • Barry MJ, Cherkin DC, Chang Y, Fowler FJ, Skates S. A randomized trial of a multimedia shared decision-making program for men facing a treatment decision for benign prostatic hyperplasia. Disease Management and Clinical Outcomes 1997;1(1):5-14.
  • Rovner DR, Wills CE, Bonham V, Williams G, Lillie J, Kelly-Blake K, et al. Decision aids for benign prostatic hyperplasia: applicability across race and education. Medical Decision Making 2004;24(4):359-66.
Bekker 2004 {published data only}
Bernstein 1998 {published and unpublished data}
  • Bernstein SJ, Skarupski KA, Grayson CE, Starling MR, Bates ER, Eagle KA. A randomized controlled trial of information-giving to patients referred for coronary angiography: effects on outcomes of care. Health Expectations 1998;1(1):50-61.
Berry 2013 {published data only}
  • Berry DL, Halpenny B, Hong F, Wolpin S, Lober WB, Russell KJ, et al. The personal patient profile-prostate decision support for men with localized prostate cancer: a multi-center randomized trial. Urologic Oncology 2013 (epub 2011);31(7):1012-21.
  • Berry DL, Wang Q, Halpenny B, Hong F. Decision preparation, satisfaction and regret in a multi-center sample of men with newly diagnosed localized prostate cancer. Patient Education and Counseling 2012;88(2):262-7.
Bjorklund 2012 {published data only}
  • Bjorklund U, Marsk A, Levin C, Ohman SG. Audiovisual information affects informed choice and experience of information in antenatal Down syndrome screening-a randomized controlled trial. Patient Education and Counseling 2012;86(3):390-5.
Chambers 2012 {published data only}
  • Chambers LW, Wilson K, Hawken S, Puxty J, Crowe L, Lam PP, et al. Impact of the Ottawa influenza decision aid on healthcare personnel's influenza immunization decision: a randomized trial. Journal of Hospital Infection 2012;82(3):194-202.
Clancy 1988 {published data only}
Davison 1997 {published data only}
de Achaval 2012 {published data only}
Deschamps 2004 {published and unpublished data}
  • Deschamps MA, Taylor JG, Neubauer SL, Whiting S, Green K. Impact of pharmacist consultation versus a decision aid on decision making regarding hormone replacement therapy. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice 2004;12(1):21-8.
Deyo 2000 {published and unpublished data}
  • Deyo RA, Cherkin DC, Weinstein J, Howe J, Ciol M, Mulley AG. Involving patients in clinical decisions: impact of an interactive video program on use of back surgery. Medical Care 2000;38(9):959-69.
  • Phelan EA, Deyo RA, Cherkin DC, Weinstein JN, Ciol MA, Kreuter W, et al. Helping patients decide about back surgery: a randomized trial of an interactive video program. Spine 2001;26(2):206-12.
Dodin 2001 {published and unpublished data}
  • Dodin S, Legare F, Daudelin G, Tetroe J, O'Connor A. Making a decision about hormone replacement therapy. A randomized controlled trial [Prise de decision en matière d'hormonothérapie de remplacement]. Canadian Family Physician 2001;47:1586-93.
Dolan 2002 {published data only}
Evans 2010 {published data only}
  • Evans R, Joseph-Williams N, Edwards A, Newcombe R, Wright P, Kinnersley P, et al. Supporting informed decision making for prostate specific antigen (PSA) testing on the web: an online randomized controlled trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2010;12(3):e27.
Fagerlin 2011 {published data only}
  • Fagerlin A. Randomization for Guide to Decide Phase II. Word document provided by the authors.
  • Fagerlin A, Dillard AJ, Smith DM, Zikmund-Fisher BJ, Pitsch R, McClure JB, et al. Women's interest in taking tamoxifen and raloxifene for breast cancer prevention: response to a tailored decision aid. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 2011;127(3):681-8.
Fraenkel 2007 {published data only}
  • Fraenkel L, Rabidou N, Wittink D, Fried T. Improving informed decision-making for patients with knee pain. Journal of Rheumatology 2007;34(9):1894-8.
Frosch 2008 {published data only}
  • Frosch DL, Bhatnagar V, Tally S, Hamori CJ, Kaplan RM. Internet patient decision support: a randomized controlled trial comparing alternative approaches for men considering prostate cancer screening. Archives of Internal Medicine 2008;168(4):363-9.
Gattellari 2003 {published data only}
  • Gattellari M, Ward JE. Does evidence-based information about screening for prostate cancer enhance consumer decision-making? A randomised controlled trial. Journal of Medical Screening 2003;10(1):27-39.
Gattellari 2005 {published data only}
  • Gattellari M, Ward JE. A community-based randomised controlled trial of three different educational resources for men about prostate cancer screening. Patient Education and Counseling 2005;57(2):168-82.
Goel 2001 {published and unpublished data}
Green 2001a {published data only}
Green 2004 {published data only}
  • Green MJ, Peterson SK, Baker MW, Friedman LC, Harper GR, Rubinstein WS, et al. Use of an educational computer program before genetic counseling for breast cancer susceptibility: effects on duration and content of counseling sessions. Genetics in Medicine 2005;7(4):221-9.
  • Green MJ, Peterson SK, Baker MW, Harper GR, Friedman LC, Rubinstein WS, et al. Effect of a computer-based decision aid on knowledge, perceptions, and intentions about genetic testing for breast cancer susceptibility: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2004;292(4):442-52.
Hamann 2006 {published data only}
Hanson 2011 {published data only}
Heller 2008 {published data only}
Hess 2012 {published data only}
  • Hess EP, Knoedler MA, Shah ND, Kline JA, Breslin M, Branda ME, et al. The chest pain choice decision aid: a randomized trial. Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes 2012;5(3):251-9.
Hunter 2005 {published data only}
Jibaja-Weiss 2011 {published data only}
  • Jibaja-Weiss M, Volk R, Granchi T, Neff N, Robinson E, Spann S, et al. Entertainment education for breast cancer surgery decisions: a randomized trial among patients with low health literacy. Patient Education and Counseling 2011;84(1):41-8.
Johnson 2006 {published data only}
  • Johnson BR, Schwartz A, Goldberg J, Koerber A. A chairside aid for shared decision making in dentistry: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Dental Education 2006;70(2):133-41.
Kasper 2008 {published data only}
Kennedy 2002 {published data only}
  • Kennedy AD, Sculpher MJ, Coulter A, Dwyer N, Rees M, Abrams KR, et al. Effects of decision aids for menorrhagia on treatment choices, health outcomes, and costs: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2002;288(21):2701-8.
Krist 2007 {published data only}
Kuppermann 2009 {published data only}
  • Kuppermann M, Norton ME, Gates E, Gregorich SE, Learman LA, Nakagawa S, et al. Computerized prenatal genetic testing decision-assisting tool: a randomized controlled trial. Obstetrics & Gynecology 2009;113(1):53-63.
Labrecque 2010 {published data only}
  • Labrecque M, Paunescu C, Plesu I, Stacey D, Legare F. Evaluation of the effect of a patient decision aid about vasectomy on the decision-making process: a randomized trial. Contraception 2010;82(6):556-62.
Lalonde 2006 {published data only}
  • Lalonde L, O'Connor AM, Duguay P, Brassard J, Drake E, Grover SA. Evaluation of a decision aid and a personal risk profile in community pharmacy for patients considering options to improve cardiovascular health: The OPTIONS pilot study. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice 2006;14(1):51-62.
Langston 2010 {published data only}
Laupacis 2006 {published data only}
  • Laupacis A, O'Connor AM, Drake ER, Rubens FD, Robblee JA, Grant FC, et al. A decision aid for autologous pre-donation in cardiac surgery - a randomized trial. Patient Education and Counseling 2006;61(3):458-66.
Legare 2003 {published data only}
  • Legare F, O'Connor AM, Graham ID, Wells GA, Jacobsen MJ, Elmslie T, et al. The effect of decision aids on the agreement between women's and physicians' decisional conflict about hormone replacement therapy. Patient Education and Counseling 2003;50(2):211-21.
Legare 2008a {published data only}
  • Legare F, Dodin S, Stacey D, Leblanc A, Tapp S. Patient decision aid on natural health products for menopausal symptoms: randomized controlled trial. Menopause International 2008;14(3):105-10.
Legare 2011 {published data only}
Leighl 2011 {published data only}
  • Leighl NB, Shepherd HL, Butow PN, Clarke SJ, McJannett M, Beale PJ, et al. Supporting treatment decision making in advanced cancer: a randomized trial of a decision aid for patients with advanced colorectal cancer considering chemotherapy. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2011;29(15):2077-84.
Lerman 1997 {published data only}
  • Lerman C, Biesecker B, Benkendorf JL, Kerner J, Gomez-Caminero A, Hughes C, et al. Controlled trial of pretest education approaches to enhance informed decision-making for BRCA1 gene testing. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 1997;89(2):148-57.
Leung 2004 {published data only}
Lewis 2010 {published data only}
  • Lewis C, Pignone M, Schild L, Scott T, Winquist A, Rimer B, et al. Effectiveness of a patient and practice-level colorectal cancer screening intervention in health plan members: design and baseline findings of the CHOICE trial. Cancer 2010;116(7):1664-73.
  • Pignone M, Winquist A, Schild L, Lewis C, Scott T, Hawley J, et al. Effectiveness of a patient and practice-level colorectal cancer screening intervention in health plan members. Cancer 2011;117(15):3252-62.
  • Pignone MP, Brenner AT, Hawley S, Sheridan SL, Lewis CL, Jonas DE, et al. Conjoint analysis versus rating and ranking for values elicitation and clarification in colorectal cancer screening. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2011;27(1):45-50.
Loh 2007 {published data only}
  • Loh A, Simon D, Harter M. Effects of shared decision making in primary care of depressive patients - Better compliance and treatment effects. Klinikarzt 2007;36(1):38-41.
  • Loh A, Simon D, Wills CE, Kriston L, Niebling W, Harter M. The effects of a shared decision-making intervention in primary care of depression: a cluster-randomized controlled trial. Patient Education and Counseling 2007;67(3):324-32.
Mann D 2010 {published data only}
Mann E 2010 {published data only}
  • Mann E, Kellar I, Sutton S, Kinmonth AL, Hankins M, Griffin S, et al. Impact of informed-choice invitations on diabetes screening knowledge, attitude and intentions: an analogue study. BMC Public Health 2010;10:768.
Man-Son-Hing 1999 {published and unpublished data}
  • Man-Son-Hing M, Laupacis A, O'Connor AM, Biggs J, Drake E, Yetisir E, et al. A patient decision aid regarding antithrombotic therapy for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 1999;282(8):737-43.
Marteau 2010 {published data only}
  • Kellar I, Mann E, Kinmonth AL, Prevost AT, Sutton S, Marteau TM. Can informed choice invitations lead to inequities in intentions to make lifestyle changes among participants in a primary care diabetes screening programme? Evidence from a randomized trial. Public Health 2011;125(9):645-52.
  • Marteau TM, Mann E, Prevost AT, Vasconcelos JC, Kellar I, Sanderson S, et al. Impact of an informed choice invitation on uptake of screening for diabetes in primary care (DICISION): randomised trial. BMJ 2010;340:c2138.
Mathieu 2007 {published data only}
  • Mathieu E, Barratt A, Davey HM, McGeechan K, Howard K, Houssami N. Informed choice in mammography screening: a randomized trial of a decision aid for 70-year-old women. Archives of Internal Medicine 2007;167(19):2039-46.
Mathieu 2010 {published data only}
  • Mathieu E, Barratt AL, McGeechan K, Davey HM, Howard K, Houssami N. Helping women make choices about mammography screening: an online randomized trial of a decision aid for 40-year-old women. Patient Education and Counseling 2010;81(1):63-72.
McAlister 2005 {published data only}
  • McAlister FA, Man-Son-Hing M, Straus SE, Ghali WA, Anderson D, Majumdar SR, et al. Impact of a patient decision aid on care among patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: a cluster randomized trial. CMAJ 2005;173(5):496-501.
McBride 2002 {published data only}
  • Bastian LA, McBride CM, Fish L, Lyna P, Farrell D, Lipkus IM, et al. Evaluating participants' use of a hormone replacement therapy decision-making intervention. Patient Education and Counseling 2002;48(3):283-91.
  • McBride CM, Bastian LA, Halabi S, Fish L, Lipkus IM, Bosworth HB, et al. A tailored intervention to aid decision making about hormone replacement therapy. American Journal of Public Health 2002;92(7):1112-4.
McCaffery 2010 {published data only}
  • McCaffery KJ, Irwig L, Turner R, Chan SF, Macaskill P, Lewicka M, et al. Psychosocial outcomes of three triage methods for the management of borderline abnormal cervical smears: an open randomised trial. BMJ 2010;340:b4491.
Miller 2005 {published data only}
  • Miller SM, Fleisher L, Roussi P, Buzaglo JS, Schnoll R, Slater E, et al. Facilitating informed decision making about breast cancer risk and genetic counseling among women calling the NCI's Cancer Information Service. Journal of Health Communication 2005;10(Suppl 1):119-36.
Miller 2011 {published data only}
  • Miller D, Spangler J, Case D, Goff D, Singh S, Pignone M. Effectiveness of a web-based colorectal cancer screening patient decision aid: a randomized controlled trial in a mixed-literacy population. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2011;40(6):608-15.
Montgomery 2003 {published and unpublished data}
  • Emmett CL, Montgomery AA, Peters TJ, Fahey T. Three-year follow-up of a factorial randomised controlled trial of two decision aids for newly diagnosed hypertensive patients. British Journal of General Practice 2005;55(516):551-3.
  • Montgomery AA, Fahey T, Peters TJ. A factorial randomised controlled trial of decision analysis and an information video plus leaflet for newly diagnosed hypertensive patients. British Journal of General Practice 2003;53(491):446-53.
Montgomery 2007 {published data only}
  • Frost J, Shaw. Women's views on the use of decision aids for decision making about the method of delivery following a previous caesarean section: qualitative interview study. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2009;116(7):896-905.
  • Hollinghurst S, Emmett C, Peters TJ, Watson H, Fahey T, Murphy DJ, et al. Economic evaluation of the DIAMOND randomized trial: cost and outcomes of 2 decision aids for mode of delivery among women with previous caesarian section. BMJ 2010;30:453-63.
  • Montgomery AA, Emmett CL, Fahey T, Jones C, Ricketts I, Patel RR, et al. Two decision aids for mode of delivery among women with previous caesarean section: randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2007;334(7607):1305.
Montori 2011 {published data only}
  • Montori VM, Shah ND, Pencille LJ, Branda ME, Van Houten HK, Swiglo BA. Use of a decision aid to improve treatment decisions in osteoporosis: the osteoporosis choice randomized trial. American Journal of Medicine 2011;124(6):549-56.
  • Pencille LJ, Campbell ME, Van Houten HK, Shah ND, Mullan RJ, Swiglo BA, et al. Protocol for the Osteoporosis Choice trial. A pilot randomized trial of a decision aid in primary care practice. Trials 2009;10:113.
Morgan 2000 {published and unpublished data}
  • Morgan MW. A randomized trial of the ischemic heart disease shared decision making program: an evaluation of a decision aid. Master's Thesis. University of Toronto. 1997.
  • Morgan MW, Deber RB, Llewellyn-Thomas HA, Gladstone P, Cusimano RJ, O'Rourke K, et al. Randomized, controlled trial of an interactive videodisc decision aid for patients with ischemic heart disease. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2000;15(10):685-93.
Mullan 2009 {published data only}
  • Mullan RJ, Montori VM, Shah ND, Christianson TJ, Bryant SC, Guyatt GH, et al. The diabetes mellitus medication choice decision aid: a randomized trial. Archives of Internal Medicine 2009;169(17):1560-8.
Murray 2001a {published and unpublished data}
  • Murray E, Davis H, Tai SS, Coulter A, Gray A, Haines A. Randomised controlled trial of an interactive multimedia decision aid on benign prostatic hypertrophy in primary care. BMJ 2001;323(7311):493-6.
Murray 2001b {published and unpublished data}
  • Murray E, Davis H, Tai SS, Coulter A, Gray A, Haines A. Randomized controlled trial of an interactive multimedia decision aid on hormone replacement therapy in primary care. BMJ 2001;323(7311):490-3.
Myers 2005a {published data only}
  • Myers RE, Daskalakis C, Cocroft J, Kunkel EJ, Delmoor E, Liberatore M, et al. Preparing African-American men in community primary care practices to decide whether or not to have prostate cancer screening. Journal of the National Medical Association 2005;97(8):1143-54.
Myers 2011 {published data only}
  • Myers RE, Daskalakis C, Kunkel EJ, Cocroft JR, Riggio JM, Capkin M, et al. Mediated decision support in prostate cancer screening: a randomized controlled trial of decision counseling. Patient Education and Counseling 2011;83(2):240-6.
Nagle 2008 {published data only}
  • Nagle C, Gunn J, Bell R, Lewis S, Meiser B, Metcalfe S, et al. Use of a decision aid for prenatal testing of fetal abnormalities to improve women's informed decision making: a cluster randomised controlled trial. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2008;115(3):339-47.
  • Nagle C, Lewis S, Meiser B, Metcalfe S, Carlin JB, Bell R, et al. Evaluation of a decision aid for prenatal testing of fetal abnormalities: a cluster randomised trial [ISRCTN22532458]. BMC Public Health 2006;6:96.
Nassar 2007 {published data only}
  • Nassar N, Roberts CL, Raynes-Greenow CH, Barratt A, Peat B, Decision Aid for Breech Presentation Trial Collaborators. Evaluation of a decision aid for women with breech presentation at term: a randomised controlled trial [ISRCTN14570598]. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology 2007;114(3):325-33.
O'Connor 1998a {published and unpublished data}
  • O'Connor AM, Tugwell P, Wells GA, Elmslie T, Jolly E, Hollingworth G, et al. Randomized trial of a portable, self-administered decision aid for postmenopausal women considering long-term preventive hormone therapy. Medical Decision Making 1998;18:295-303.
O'Connor 1999a {published data only}
  • O'Connor AM, Wells GA, Tugwell P, Laupacis A, Elmslie T, Drake E. The effects of an 'explicit' values clarification exercise in a women's decision aid regarding postmenopausal hormone therapy. Health Expectations 1999;2:21-32.
Oakley 2006 {published data only}
  • Oakley S, Walley T. A pilot study assessing the effectiveness of a decision aid on patient adherence with oral bisphosphonate medication. Pharmaceutical Journal 2006;276(7399):536-8.
Ozanne 2007 {published data only}
Partin 2004 {published and unpublished data}
Pignone 2000 {published data only}
Protheroe 2007 {published data only}
  • Protheroe J, Bower P, Chew-Graham C. The use of mixed methodology in evaluating complex interventions: Identifying patient factors that moderate the effects of a decision aid. Family Practice 2008;24(6):594-600.
  • Protheroe J, Bower P, Chew-Graham C, Peters TJ, Fahey T. Effectiveness of a computerized decision aid in primary care on decision making and quality of life in menorrhagia: results of the MENTIP randomized controlled trial. Medical Decision Making 2007;27(5):575-84.
Raynes-Greenow 2010 {published data only}
  • Raynes-Greenow CH, Nassar N, Torvaldsen S, Trevena L, Roberts CL. Assisting informed decision making for labour analgesia: a randomised controlled trial of a decision aid for labour analgesia versus a pamphlet. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010;10:15.
Rostom 2002 {published data only}
  • Rostom A, O'Connor A, Tugwell P, Wells G. A randomized trial of a computerized versus an audio-booklet decision aid for women considering post-menopausal hormone replacement therapy. Patient Education and Counseling 2002;46(1):67-74.
Rothert 1997 {published and unpublished data}
Rubel 2010 {published data only}
  • Rubel SK, Miller JW, Stephens RL, Xu Y, Scholl LE, Holden EW, et al. Testing the effects of a decision aid for prostate cancer screening. Journal of Health Communication 2010;15(3):307-21.
Ruffin 2007 {published data only}
  • Ruffin MT, Fetters MD, Jimbo M. Preference-based electronic decision aid to promote colorectal cancer screening: results of a randomized controlled trial. Preventive Medicine 2007;45(4):267-73.
Schapira 2000 {published data only}
  • Schapira MM, VanRuiswyk J. The effect of an illustrated pamphlet decision-aid on the use of prostate cancer screening tests. Journal of Family Practice 2000;49(5):418-24.
Schapira 2007 {published data only}
  • Schapira MM, Gilligan MA, McAuliffe T, Garmon G, Carnes M, Nattinger AB. Decision-making at menopause: a randomized controlled trial of a computer-based hormone therapy decision-aid. Patient Education and Counseling 2007;67(1-2):100-7.
Schroy 2011 {published data only}
  • Schroy PC 3rd, Emmons K, Peters E, Glick JT, Robinson PA, Lydotes MA, et al. The impact of a novel computer-based decision aid on shared decision making for colorectal cancer screening: a randomized trial. Medical Decision Making 2011;31(1):93-107.
  • Schroy PC 3rd, Emmons KM, Peters E, Glick JT, Robinson PA, Lydotes MA, et al. Aid-assisted decision making and colorectal cancer screening: a randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2012;43(6):573-83.
Schwalm 2012 {published data only}
  • Schwalm JD, Stacey D, Pericak D, Natarajan MK. Radial artery versus femoral artery access options in coronary angiogram procedures: randomized controlled trial of a patient-decision aid. Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes 2012;5(3):260-6.
Schwartz 2001 {published data only}
Schwartz 2009 {published data only}
  • Hooker GW, Leventhal KG, DeMarco T, Peshkin BN, Finch C, Wahl E, et al. Longitudinal changes in patient distress following interactive decision aid use among BRCA1/2 carriers: a randomized trial. Medical Decision Making 2011;31(3):412-21.
  • Schwartz MD, Valdimarsdottir HB, DeMarco TA, Peshkin BN, Lawrence W, Rispoli J, et al. Randomized trial of a decision aid for BRCA1/BRCA2 mutation carriers: impact on measures of decision making and satisfaction. Health Psychology 2009;28(1):11-9.
Sheridan 2006 {published data only}
  • Sheridan SL, Shadle J, Simpson RJ Jr, Pignone MP. The impact of a decision aid about heart disease prevention on patients' discussions with their doctor and their plans for prevention: a pilot randomized trial. BMC Health Services Research 2006;6:121.
Sheridan 2011 {published data only}
  • Sheridan SL, Draeger LB, Pignone MP, Keyserling TC, Simpson RJ Jr, Rimer B, et al. A randomized trial of an intervention to improve use and adherence to effective coronary heart disease prevention strategies. BMC Health Services Research 2011;11:331.
Shorten 2005 {published and unpublished data}
Smith 2010 {published data only}
  • Smith SK, Trevena L, Simpson JM, Barratt A, Nutbeam D, McCaffery KJ. A decision aid to support informed choices about bowel cancer screening among adults with low education: randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2010;341:c5370.
Solberg 2010 {published data only}
  • Solberg LI, Asche SE, Sepucha K, Thygeson NM, Madden JE, Morrissey L, et al. Informed choice assistance for women making uterine fibroid treatment decisions: a practical clinical trial. Medical Decision Making 2010;30(4):444-52.
Steckelberg 2011 {published data only}
  • Steckelberg A, Hulfenhaus C, Haastert B, Muhlhauser I. Effect of evidence based risk information on "informed choice" in colorectal cancer screening: randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2011;342:d3193.
Street 1995 {published data only}
Thomson 2007 {published data only}
  • Kaner E, Heaven B, Rapley T, Murtagh M, Graham R, Thomson R, et al. Medical communication and technology: a video-based process study of the use of decision aids in primary care consultations. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making 2007;7(2):1-11.
  • Thomson RG, Eccles MP, Steen IN, Greenaway J, Stobbart L, Murtagh MJ, et al. A patient decision aid to support shared decision-making on anti-thrombotic treatment of patients with atrial fibrillation: randomised controlled trial. Quality & Safety in Health Care 2007;16(3):216-23.
Tiller 2006 {published data only}
  • Tiller K, Meiser B, Gaff C, Kirk J, Dudding T, Phillips KA, et al. A randomized controlled trial of a decision aid for women at increased risk of ovarian cancer. Medical Decision Making 2006;26(4):360-72.
Trevena 2008 {published data only}
Vandemheen 2009 {published data only}
  • Vandemheen KL, O'Connor A, Bell SC, Freitag A, Bye P, Jeanneret A, et al. Randomized trial of a decision aid for patients with cystic fibrosis considering lung transplantation. American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine 2009;180(8):761-8.
van Peperstraten 2010 {published data only}
  • van Peperstraten A, Nelen W, Grol R, Zielhuis G, Adang E, Stalmeier P, et al. The effect of a multifaceted empowerment strategy on decision making about the number of embryos transferred in in vitro fertilisation: randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2010;341:c2501.
van Roosmalen 2004 {published and unpublished data}
  • van Roosmalen MS, Stalmeier PF, Verhoef LC, Hoekstra-Weebers JE, Oosterwijk JC, Hoogerbrugge N, et al. Randomised trial of a decision aid and its timing for women being tested for a BRCA1/2 mutation. British Journal of Cancer 2004;90(2):333-42.
  • van Roosmalen MS, Stalmeier PF, Verhoef LC, Hoekstra-Weebers JE, Oosterwijk JC, Hoogerbrugge N, et al. Randomized trial of a shared decision-making intervention consisting of trade-offs and individualized treatment information for BRCA1/2 mutation carriers. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2004;22(16):3293-301.
Vodermaier 2009 {published data only}
  • Vodermaier A, Caspari C, Koehm J, Kahlert S, Ditsch N, Untch M. Contextual factors in shared decision making: a randomised controlled trial in women with a strong suspicion of breast cancer. British Journal of Cancer 2009;100(4):590-7.
Volk 1999 {published and unpublished data}
  • Volk RJ, Cass AR, Spann SJ. A randomized controlled trial of shared decision making for prostate cancer screening. Archives of Family Medicine 1999;8(4):333-40.
  • Volk RJ, Spann SJ, Cass AR, Hawley ST. Patient education for informed decision making about prostate cancer screening: a randomized controlled trial with 1-year follow-up. Annals of Family Medicine 2003;1(1):22-8.
Volk 2008 {published data only}
  • Volk RJ, Jibaja-Weiss ML, Hawley ST, Kneuper S, Spann SJ, Miles BJ, et al. Entertainment education for prostate cancer screening: a randomized trial among primary care patients with low health literacy. Patient Education and Counseling 2008;73(3):482-9.
Vuorma 2003 {published data only}
Wakefield 2008 {published data only}
Wakefield 2008a {published data only}
  • Wakefield CE, Meiser B, Homewood J, Peate M, Taylor A, Lobb E, et al. A randomized controlled trial of a decision aid for women considering genetic testing for breast and ovarian cancer risk. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 2008;107(2):289-301.
Wakefield 2008b {published data only}
Watson 2006 {published data only}
  • Watson E, Hewitson P, Brett J, Bukach C, Evans R, Edwards A, et al. Informed decision making and prostate specific antigen (PSA) testing for prostate cancer: a randomised controlled trial exploring the impact of a brief patient decision aid on men's knowledge, attitudes and intention to be tested. Patient Education and Counseling 2006;63(3):367-79.
Weymiller 2007 {published data only}
  • Jones LA, Weymiller AJ, Shah N, Bryant SC, Christianson TJH, Guyatt GH, et al. Should clinicians deliver decision aids? further exploration of the statin choice randomized trial results. Medical Decision Making 2009;29(4):468-74.
  • Nannenga MR, Montori VM, Weymiller AJ, Smith SA, Christianson TJ, Bryant SC, et al. A treatment decision aid may increase patient trust in the diabetes specialist. The Statin Choice randomized trial. Health Expectations 2009;12(1):38-44.
  • Weymiller AJ, Montori VM, Jones LA, Gafni A, Guyatt GH, Bryant SC, et al. Helping patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus make treatment decisions: statin choice randomized trial. Archives of Internal Medicine 2007;167(10):1076-82.
Whelan 2003 {published and unpublished data}
  • Whelan T, Sawka C, Levine M, Gafni A, Reyno L, Willan A, et al. Helping patients make informed choices: a randomized trial of a decision aid for adjuvant chemotherapy in lymph node-negative breast cancer. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2003;95(8):581-7.
Whelan 2004 {published and unpublished data}
  • Whelan T, Levine M, Willan A, Gafni A, Sanders K, Mirsky D, et al. Effect of a decision aid on knowledge and treatment decision making for breast cancer surgery: a randomized trial. JAMA 2004;292(4):435-41.
Wolf 1996 {published data only}
  • Wolf AM, Nasser JF, Wolf AM, Schorling JB. The impact of informed consent on patient interest in prostate-specific antigen screening. Archives of Internal Medicine 1996;156(12):1333-6.
  • Wolf AM, Schorling JB. Preferences of elderly men for prostate-specific antigen screening and the impact of informed consent. Journals of Gerontology Series A-Biological Sciences & Medical Sciences 1998;53(3):M195-200.
Wolf 2000 {published and unpublished data}
Wong 2006 {published data only}

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Abadie 2009 {published data only}
Adab 2003 {published data only}
  • Adab P, Marshall T, Rouse A, Randhawa B, Sangha H, Bhangoo N. Randomised controlled trial of the effect of evidence based information on women's willingness to participate in cervical cancer screening. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2003;57(8):589-93.
Al Saffar 2008 {published data only}
  • Al Saffar N, Abdulkareem A, Abdulhakeem A, Salah AQ, Heba M. Depressed patients' preferences for education about medications by pharmacists in Kuwait. Patient Education and Counseling 2008;72(1):94-101.
Altiner 2007 {published data only}
  • Altiner A, Brockmann S, Sielk M, Wilm S, Wegscheider K, Abholz HH. Reducing antibiotic prescriptions for acute cough by motivating GPs to change their attitudes to communication and empowering patients: a cluster-randomized intervention study. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 2007;60(3):638-44.
Anderson 2011 {published data only}
  • Anderson C, Carter J, Nattress K, Beale P, Philp S, Harrison J, et al. "The booklet helped me not to panic": a pilot of a decision aid for asymptomatic women with ovarian cancer and with rising CA-125 levels. International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 2011;21(4):737-43.
Arimori 2006 {published data only}
  • Arimori N. Randomized controlled trial of decision aids for women considering prenatal testing: the effect of the Ottawa Personal Decision Guide on decisional conflict. Japan Journal of Nursing Science 2006;3(2):119-30.
Armstrong 2005 {published data only}
  • Armstrong K, Weber B, Ubel PA, Peters N, Holmes J, Schwartz JS. Individualized survival curves improve satisfaction with cancer risk management decisions in women with BRCA1/2 mutations. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2005;23(36):9319-28.
Au 2011 {published data only}
Becker 2009 {published data only}
  • Becker H, Stuifbergen AK, Dormire SL. The effects of hormone therapy decision support for women with mobility impairments. Health Care for Women International 2009;30(9):845-54.
Bellmunt 2010 {published data only}
Bieber 2006 {published data only}
  • Bieber C, Muller KG, Blumenstiel K, Eich W. Shared decision making improves the physician-patient interaction with fibromyalgia patients. Zeitschrift fur Medizinische Psychologie 2006;15(2):53-60.
  • Bieber C, Muller KG, Blumenstiel K, Hochlehnert A, Wilke S, Hartmann M, et al. A shared decision-making communication training program for physicians treating fibromyalgia patients: effects of a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 2008;64(1):13-20.
Breslin 2008 {published data only}
  • Breslin M, Mullan RJ, Montori VM. The design of a decision aid about diabetes medications for use during the consultation with patients with type 2 diabetes. Patient Education and Counseling 2008;73(3):465-72.
Brown 2004 {published data only}
Brundage 2001 {published data only}
  • Brundage MD, Feldman-Stewart D, Cosby R, Gregg R, Dixon P, Youssef Y, et al. Phase I study of a decision aid for patients with locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2001;19(5):1326-35.
Burton 2007 {published data only}
  • Burton MJ. Booklet-based education in vestibular rehabilitation or symptom control improved subjective health in Meniere disease. Evidence-Based Medicine 2007;12(4):111.
Carling 2008 {published data only}
  • Carling C, Kristoffersen DT, Herrin J, Treweek S, Oxman AD, Schunemann H, et al. How should the impact of different presentations of treatment effects on patient choice be evaluated? A pilot randomized trial. PLoS ONE 2008;3(11):e3693.
Chadwick 1991 {published data only}
Chan 2011 {published data only}
  • Chan EC, McFall SL, Byrd TL, Mullen PD, Volk RJ, Ureda J, et al. A community-based intervention to promote informed decision making for prostate cancer screening among Hispanic American men changed knowledge and role preferences: a cluster RCT. Patient Education and Counseling 2011;84(2):e44-51.
Chewning 1999 {published data only}
  • Chewning B, Mosena P, Wilson D, Erdman H, Potthoff S, Murphy A, et al. Evaluation of a computerized contraceptive decision aid for adolescent patients. Patient Education and Counseling 1999;38(3):227-39.
Chiew 2008 {published data only}
Col 2007 {published data only}
  • Col NF, Ngo L, Fortin JM, Goldberg RJ, O'Connor AM. Can computerized decision support help patients make complex treatment decisions? A randomized controlled trial of an individualized menopause decision aid. Medical Decision Making 2007;27(5):585-98.
Colella 2004 {published data only}
  • Colella KM, DeLuca G. Shared decision making in patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer: a model for treatment education and support. Urologic Nursing 2004;24(3):187-91, 195-6.
Costanza 2011 {published data only}
  • Costanza ME, Luckmann RS, Rosal M, White MJ, LaPelle N, Partin M, et al. Helping men make an informed decision about prostate cancer screening: a pilot study of telephone counseling. Patient Education and Counseling 2011;82(2):193-200.
Coulter 2003 {published data only}
Crang-Svalenius 1996 {published data only}
  • Crang-Svalenius E, Dykes AK, Jorgensen C. Women's informed choice of prenatal diagnosis: early ultrasound examination-routine ultrasound examination-age-independent amniocentesis. Fetal Diagnosis & Therapy 1996;11(1):20-5.
Davison 1999 {published data only}
Davison 2007 {published data only}
  • Davison BJ, Goldenberg SL, Wiens KP, Gleave ME. Comparing a generic and individualized information decision support intervention for men newly diagnosed with localized prostate cancer. Cancer Nursing 2007;30(5):E7-15.
Deen 2012 {published data only}
  • Deen D, Lu WH, Weintraub MR, Maranda MJ, Elshafey S, Gold MR. The impact of different modalities for activating patients in a community health center setting. Patient Education and Counseling 2012;89(1):178-83.
Deinzer 2009 {published data only}
Diefenbach 2012 {published data only}
  • Diefenbach MA, Mohamed NE, Butz BP, Bar-Chama N, Stock R, Cesaretti J, et al. Acceptability and preliminary feasibility of an internet/CD-ROM-based education and decision program for early-stage prostate cancer patients: randomized pilot study. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2012;14(1):e6.
Dobke 2008 {published data only}
Driscoll 2008 {published data only}
  • Driscoll DL, Rupert DJ, Golin CE, McCormack LA, Sheridan SL, Welch BM. Promoting prostate-specific antigen informed decision-making. Evaluating two community-level interventions. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2008;35(2):87-94.
Dunn 1998 {published and unpublished data}
Eaton 2011 {published data only}
  • Eaton L, Cherry C, Cain D, Pope H. A novel approach to prevention for at-risk HIV negative men who have sex with men: creating a teachable moment to promote informed sexual decision making. American Journal of Public Health 2011;101(3):539-45.
Eden 2009 {published data only}
  • Eden KB, Dolan JG, Perrin NA, Kocaoglu D, Anderson N, Case J, et al. Patients were more consistent in randomized trial at prioritizing childbirth preferences using graphic-numeric than verbal formats. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2009;62(4):415-24.
El-Jawahri 2010 {published data only}
  • El-Jawahri A, Podgurski LM, Eichler AF, Plotkin SR, Temel JS, Mitchell SL. Use of video to facilitate end-of-life discussions with patients with cancer: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2010;28(2):305-10.
Ellison 2008 {published data only}
  • Ellison GL, Weinrich SP. A randomized trial comparing web-based decision aids on prostate cancer knowledge for African-American men. Journal of the National Medical Association 2008;100(10):1139-45.
Elwyn 2004 {published data only}
  • Elwyn G, Edwards A, Hood K, Robling M, Atwell C, Russell I, et al. Achieving involvement: process outcomes from a cluster randomized trial of shared decision making skill development and use of risk communication aids in general practice. Family Practice 2004;21(4):337-46.
Emery 2007 {published data only}
  • Emery J, Morris H, Goodchild R, Fanshawe T, Prevost AT, Bobrow M, et al. The GRAIDS Trial: a cluster randomised controlled trial of computer decision support for the management of familial cancer risk in primary care. British Journal of Cancer 2007;97(4):486-93.
Emmett 2007 {published data only}
Feldman-Stewart 2006 {published data only}
  • Feldman-Stewart D, Brennenstuhl S, Brundage MD, Roques T. An explicit values clarification task: development and validation. Patient Education and Counseling 2006;63(3):350-6.
Flood 1996 {published data only}
  • Flood AB, Wennberg JE, Nease RF Jr, Fowler FJ Jr, Ding J, Hynes LM. The importance of patient preference in the decision to screen for prostate cancer. Prostate Patient Outcomes Research Team. Journal of General Internal Medicine 1996;11(6):342-9.
Francis 2009 {published data only}
  • Francis NA, Butler CC, Hood K, Simpson S, Wood F, Nuttall J. Effect of using an interactive booklet about childhood respiratory tract infections in primary care consultations on reconsulting and antibiotic prescribing: a cluster randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2009;339:b2885.
Frosch 2001 {published data only}
Frosch 2003 {published data only}
Frosch 2008a {published data only}
  • Frosch DL, Legare F, Mangione CM. Using decision aids in community-based primary care: a theory-driven evaluation with ethnically diverse patients. Patient Education and Counseling 2008;73(3):490-6.
Frost 2009 {published data only}
Graham 2000 {published data only}
  • Graham W, Smith P, Kamal A, Fitzmaurice A, Smith N, Hamilton N. Randomised controlled trial comparing effectiveness of touch screen system with leaflet for providing women with information on prenatal tests. BMJ 2000;320(7228):155-60.
Gray 2009 {published data only}
  • Gray SW, O'Grady C, Karp L, Smith D, Schwartz JS, Hornik RC, et al. Risk information exposure and direct-to-consumer genetic testing for BRCA mutations among women with a personal or family history of breast or ovarian cancer. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 2009;18(4):1303-11.
Green 2001b {published data only}
Greenfield 1985 {published data only}
Griffith 2008a {published data only}
  • Griffith JM, Lewis CL, Brenner AR, Pignone MP. The effect of offering different numbers of colorectal cancer screening test options in a decision aid: a pilot randomized trial. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making 2008;8:4.
Griffith 2008b {published data only}
  • Griffith JM, Fichter M, Fowler FJ, Lewis C, Pignone MP. Should a colon cancer screening decision aid include the option of no testing? A comparative trial of two decision aids. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making 2008;8:10.
Gruppen 1994 {published data only}
Hall 2007 {published data only}
  • Hall S, Chitty L, Dormandy E, Hollywood A, Wildschut HIJ, Fortuny A, et al. Undergoing prenatal screening for Down's syndrome: presentation of choice and information in Europe and Asia. European Journal of Human Genetics 2007;15(5):563-9.
Hall 2011 {published data only}
  • Hall MJ, Manne SL, Winkel G, Chung DS, Weinberg DS, Meropol NJ. Effects of a decision support intervention on decisional conflict associated with microsatellite instability testing. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention 2011;20(2):249-54.
Harwood 2011 {published data only}
  • Harwood R, Douglas C, Clark D. Decision aids for breast and nodal surgery in patients with early breast cancer: development and a pilot study. Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology 2011;7:114-22.
Healton 1999 {published data only}
  • Healton C, Taylor S, Messeri P, Weinberg G, Bamji M. Effects of ZDV-based patient education on intentions toward ZDV use, HIV testing and reproduction among a US cohort of women. AIDS Care 1999;11(6):675-86.
Herrera 1983 {published data only}
  • Herrera AJ, Cochran B, Herrera A, Wallace B. Parental information and circumcision in highly motivated couples with higher education. Pediatrics 1983;71(2):233-4.
Hewison 2001 {published data only}
Hickish 1995 {published data only}
Hochlehnert 2006 {published data only}
  • Hochlehnert A, Richter A, Bludau HB, Bieber C, Blumenstiel K, Mueller K, et al. A computer-based information-tool for chronic pain patients: computerized information to support the process of shared decision-making. Patient Education and Counseling 2006;61(1):92-8.
Hofbauer 2008 {published data only}
  • Hofbauer GFL, Buhler RPN, French LE, Brockes M, Scheuer E. Patient-centered care in dermatology: an online system that provides accessible and appropriate information to guide patients' decision making. Archives of Dermatology 2008;144(9):1225-7.
Hoffman 2009 {published data only}
Holbrook 2007 {published data only}
  • Holbrook A, Labiris R, Goldsmith CH, Ota K, Harb S, Sebaldt RJ. Influence of decision aids on patient preferences for anticoagulant therapy: a randomized trial. CMAJ 2007;176(11):1583-7.
Holloway 2003 {published data only}
  • Holloway RM, Wilkinson C, Peters TJ, Russell I, Cohen D, Hale J, et al. Cluster-randomised trial of risk communication to enhance informed uptake of cervical screening. British Journal of General Practice 2003;53(493):620-5.
Holmes-Rovner 2011 {published data only}
  • Holmes-Rovner M, Kelly-Blake K, Dwamena F, Dontje K, Henry R, Olomu A, et al. Shared decision making guidance reminders in practice (SDM-GRIP). Patient Education and Counseling 2011;85(2):219-24.
Holt 2009 {published data only}
  • Holt CL, Wynn TA, Litaker MS, Southward P, Jeames S, Schulz E. A comparison of a spiritually based and non-spiritually based educational intervention for informed decision making for prostate cancer screening among church-attending African-American men. Urologic Nursing 2009;29(4):249-58.
Hope 2010 {published data only}
Hunt 2005 {published data only}
  • Hunt LM, de Voogd KB, Castaneda H. The routine and the traumatic in prenatal genetic diagnosis: does clinical information inform patient decision-making?. Patient Education and Counseling 2005;56(3):302-12.
Hunter 1999 {published data only}
  • Hunter M, O'Dea I. An evaluation of a health education intervention for mid-aged women: five year follow-up of effects upon knowledge, impact of menopause and health. Patient Education and Counseling 1999;38(3):249-55.
Huyghe 2009 {published data only}
Ilic 2008 {published data only}
  • Ilic D, Egberts K, McKenzie JE, Risgridger G, Green S. Informing men about prostate cancer screening: a randomized controlled trial of patient education materials. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2008;23(4):466-71.
Isebaert 2007 {published data only}
  • Isebaert S, Van Audenhove C, Haustermans K, DeRidder K, Junius S, Joniau S, et al. A decision aid for patients with localized prostate cancer: first results. Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde 2007;63(1):15-21.
Jackson 2011 {published data only}
  • Jackson C, Cheater FM, Harrison W, Peacock R, Bekker H, West R, et al. Randomised cluster trial to support informed parental decision-making for the MMR vaccine. BMC Public Health 2011;11:475.
Jerant 2007 {published data only}
  • Jerant A, Kravitz RL, Rooney M, Amerson S, Kreuter M, Franks P. Effects of a tailored interactive multimedia computer program on determinants of colorectal cancer screening: a randomized controlled pilot study in physician offices. Patient Education and Counseling 2007;66(1):67-74.
Jibaja-Weiss 2006 {published data only}
  • Jibaja-Weiss ML, Volk RJ, Granchi TS, Neff NE, Spann SJ, Aoki N, et al. Entertainment education for informed breast cancer treatment decisions in low-literate women: development and initial evaluation of a patient decision aid. Journal of Cancer Education 2006;21(3):133-9.
Joosten 2009 {published data only}
  • Joosten EA, de Jong CA, de Weert-van Oene GH, Sensky T, van der Staak CP. Shared decision-making reduces drug use and psychiatric severity in substance-dependent patients. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 2009;78:245-53.
Joosten 2011 {published data only}
  • Joosten EA, De Jong CA, de Weert-van Oene GH, Sensky T, van der Staak CP. Shared decision-making: increases autonomy in substance-dependent patients. Substance Use and Misuse 2011;48:1037-48.
Jorm 2003 {published data only}
  • Jorm AF, Griffiths KM, Christensen H, Korten AE, Parslow RA, Rodgers B. Providing information about the effectiveness of treatment options to depressed people in the community: a randomized controlled trial of effects on mental health literacy, help-seeking and symptoms. Psychological Medicine 2003;33(6):1071-9.
Kakkilaya 2011 {published data only}
  • Kakkilaya V, Groome L, Platt D, Kurepa D, Pramanik A, Caldito G, et al. Use of a visual aid to improve counseling at the threshold of viability. Pediatrics 2011;128(6):e1511-9.
Kellar 2008 {published data only}
  • Kellar I, Sutton S, Griffin S, Prevost AT, Kinmonth AL, Marteau TM. Evaluation of an informed choice invitation for type 2 diabetes screening. Patient Education and Counseling 2008;72(2):232-8.
Kobelka 2009 {published data only}
Kopke 2009 {published data only}
  • Kopke S, Kasper J, Muhlhauser I, Nubling M, Heesen C. Patient education program to enhance decision autonomy in multiple sclerosis relapse management: a randomized-controlled trial. Multiple Sclerosis 2009;15(1):96-104.
Kripalani 2007 {published data only}
  • Kripalani S, Sharma J, Justice E, Justice J, Spiker C, Laufman LE, et al. Low-literacy interventions to promote discussion of prostate cancer: a randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2007;33(2):83-90.
Krones 2008 {published data only}
  • Krones T, Keller H, Becker A, Sonnichsen A, Baum E, Donner-Banzhoff N. The theory of planned behaviour in a randomized trial of a decision aid on cardiovascular risk prevention. Patient Education and Counseling 2009;78(2):169-76.
  • Krones T, Keller H, Sönnichsen A, Sadowski EM, Baum E, Wegscheider K, et al. Absolute cardiovascular disease risk and shared decision making in primary care: a randomized controlled trial. Annals of Family Medicine 2008;6(3):218-27.
Kurian 2009 {published data only}
  • Kurian B, Trivedi M, Grannemann B, Claassen C, Daly E, Sunderajan P. A computerized decision support system for depression in primary care. Primary Care Companion to the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 2009;11(4):140-6.
LaCroix 1999 {published data only}
  • LaCroix AZ, Newton KM, Buist DSM, Curry SJ, Scholes D, Anderson LA, et al. Population-based strategy for improving informed decision making about hormone replacement therapy in managed care settings. Women's Health Issues 1999;9(6):306-18.
Lairson 2011 {published data only}
  • Lairson DR, Chan W, Chang YC, del Junco DJ, Vernon SW. Cost-effectiveness of targeted versus tailored interventions to promote mammography screening among women military veterans in the United States. Evaluation and Program Planning 2011;34(2):97-104.
Lancaster 2009 {published data only}
  • Lancaster T. Physician training in the use of a decision aid increased patient participation in decision making for CVD prevention. Evidence-Based Medicine 2009;14(1):24.
Lazcano Ponce 2000 {published data only}
  • Lazcano Ponce EC, Sloan NL, Winikoff B, Langer A, Coggins C, Heimburger A, et al. The power of information and contraceptive choice in a family planning setting in Mexico. Sexually Transmitted Infections 2000;76(4):277-81.
Levin 2011 {published data only}
Lewis 2003 {published data only}
Loon 2009 {published data only}
  • Koelewijn-van Loon MS, van der Weijden T, van Steenkiste B, Ronda G, Winkens B, Severens JL, et al. Involving patients in cardiovascular risk management with nurse-led clinics: a cluster randomized controlled trial. CMAJ 2009;181(12):E267-74.
Lurie 2011 {published data only}
  • Lurie J, Spratt K, Blood E, Tosteson T, Tosteson A, Weinstein J. Effects of viewing an evidence based video decision aid on patients' treatment preferences for spine surgery. Spine 2011;36(18):1501-4.
Maisels 1983 {published data only}
Mancini 2006 {published data only}
  • Mancini J, Santin G, Chabal F, Julian-Reynier C. Cross-cultural validation of the Decisional Conflict Scale in a sample of French patients. Quality of Life Research 2006;15(6):1063-8.
Manne 2009 {published data only}
  • Manne SL, Coups EJ, Markowitz A, Meropol NJ, Haller D, Jacobsen PB, et al. A randomized trial of generic versus tailored interventions to increase colorectal cancer screening among intermediate risk siblings. Annals of Behavioral Medicine 2009;37(2):207-17.
Manns 2005 {published data only}
  • Manns B J, Taub K, Vanderstraeten C, Jones H, Mills C, Visser M, et al. The impact of education on chronic kidney disease patients'' plans to initiate dialysis with self-care dialysis: a randomized trial. Kidney International 2005;68(4):1777-83.
Markham 2003 {published data only}
Martin 2012 {published data only}
  • Martin R, Brower M, Geralds A, Gallagher P, Tellinghuisen D. An experimental evaluation of patient decision aid design to communicate the effects of medications on the rate of progression of structural joint damage in rheumatoid arthritis. Patient Education and Counseling 2012;86(3):329-34.
Maslin 1998 {published data only}
  • Maslin AM, Baum M, Walker JS, A'Hern R, Prouse A. Shared decision-making using an interactive video disk system for women with early breast cancer. NT Research 1998;3(6):444-55.
  • Maslin AM, Baum M, Walker JS, A'Hern R, Prouse A. Using an interactive video disk in breast cancer patient support. Nursing Times 1998;94(44):4-10.
Matloff 2006 {published data only}
  • Matloff ET, Moyer A, Shannon KM, Niendorf KB, Col NF. Healthy women with a family history of breast cancer: impact of a tailored genetic counseling intervention on risk perception, knowledge, and menopausal therapy decision making. Journal of Women's Health 2006;15(7):843-56.
Mazur 1994 {published data only}
McCaffery 2007 {published data only}
  • McCaffery K, Irwig L, Bossuyt P. Patient decision aids to support clinical decision making: evaluating the decision or the outcomes of the decision. Medical Decision Making 2007;27(5):619-25.
McGinley 2002 {published data only}
  • McGinley AM. Effect of web-based computer-tailoring on women's intention to continue or begin to use hormone replacement therapy to lower their risk for osteoporosis. University of Pennsylvania 2002; Vol. Doctoral Dissertation:166 p.
McGowan 2008 {published data only}
McInerney-Leo 2004 {published data only}
  • McInerney-Leo A, Biesecker BB, Hadley DW, Kase RG, Giambarresi TR, Johnson E, et al. BRCA1/2 testing in hereditary breast and ovarian cancer families: effectiveness of problem-solving training as a counseling intervention. American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A 2004;130(3):221-7.
Mclaren 2012 {published data only}
  • Mclaren PJ, Hyde MK, White KM. Exploring the role of gender and risk perceptions in people's decisions to register as a bone marrow donor. Health Education Research 2011;27(3):513-22.
Michie 1997 {published data only}
  • Michie S, Smith D, McClennan A, Marteau TM. Patient decision making: An evaluation of two different methods of presenting information about a screening test. British Journal of Health Psychology 1997;2(4):317-26.
Mishel 2009 {published data only}
  • Mishel MH, Germino BB, Lin L, Pruthi RS, Wallen EM, Crandell J, et al. Managing uncertainty about treatment decision making in early stage prostate cancer: a randomized clinical trial. Patient Education and Counseling 2009;77(3):349-59.
Molenaar 2001 {published data only}
  • Molenaar S, Sprangers MA, Rutgers EJ, Luiten EJ, Mulder J, Bossuyt PM, et al. Decision support for patients with early-stage breast cancer: effects of an interactive breast cancer CDROM on treatment decision, satisfaction, and quality of life. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2001;19(6):1676-87.
Mulley 2006 {published data only}
Myers 2005b {published data only}
Myers 2007 {published data only}
Neubeck 2008 {published data only}
  • Neubeck L, Redfern J, Briffa T, Bauman A, Hare D, Freedman SB. The CHOICE (Choice of Health Options In prevention of Cardiovascular Events) replication trial: study protocol. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008;8:25.
Newton 2001 {published data only}
O'Cathain 2002 {published data only}
  • O'Cathain A, Walters SJ, Nicholl JP, Thomas KJ, Kirkham M. Use of evidence based leaflets to promote informed choice in maternity care: randomised controlled trial in everyday practice. BMJ 2002;324(7338):643-6.
O'Connor 1996 {published data only}
  • O'Connor AM, Pennie RA, Dales RE. Framing effects on expectations, decisions, and side effects experienced: the case of influenza immunization. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 1996;49(11):1721-6.
O'Connor 2009 {published data only}
  • O'Connor PJ, Sperl-Hillen J, Johnson PE, Rush WA, Crain AL. Customized feedback to patients and providers failed to improve safety or quality of diabetes care: a randomized trial. Diabetes Care 2009;32(7):1158-63.
O'Connor 2011 {published data only}
  • Connor PJ, Sperl-Hillen JM, Rush WA, Johnson PE, Amundson GH, Asche SE, et al. Impact of electronic health record clinical decision support on diabetes care: a randomized trial. Annals of Family Medicine 2011;9(1):12-21.
Pearson 2005 {published data only}
  • Pearson S, Maddern GJ, Hewett P. Interacting effects of preoperative information and patient choice in adaptation to colonoscopy. Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 2005;48(11):2047-54.
Peele 2005 {published data only}
  • Peele PB, Siminoff LA, Xu Y, Ravdin PM. Decreased use of adjuvant breast cancer therapy in a randomized controlled trial of a decision aid with individualized risk information. Medical Decision Making 2005;25(3):301-7.
Philip 2010 {published data only}
  • Philip E, DuHamel K, Jandorf L. Evaluating the impact of an educational intervention to increase CRC screening rates in the African American community: a preliminary study. Cancer Causes Control 2010;21(10):1685-91.
Phillips 1995 {published data only}
Pinto 2008 {published data only}
  • Pinto H, Rumball D, Maskrey V, Holland R. A pilot study for a randomized controlled and patient preference trial of buprenorphine versus methadone maintenance treatment in the management of opiate dependent patients. Journal of Substance Use 2008;13(2):73-82.
Powers 2011 {published data only}
  • Powers B, Danus S, Grubber J, Olsen M, Oddone E, Bosworth H. The effectiveness of personalized coronary heart disease and stroke risk communication. American Heart Journal 2011;161(4):673-80.
Proctor 2006 {published data only}
  • Proctor A, Jenkins TR, Loeb T, Elliot M, Ryan A. Patient satisfaction with 3 methods of postpartum contraceptive counseling: a randomized, prospective trial. Journal of Reproductive Medicine 2006;51(5):377-82.
Prunty 2008 {published data only}
Rapley 2006 {published data only}
  • Rapley T, May C, Heaven B, Murtagh M, Graham R, Kaner EF, et al. Doctor-patient interaction in a randomised controlled trial of decision-support tools. Social Science & Medicine 2006;62(9):2267-78.
Raynes-Greenow 2009 {published data only}
  • Raynes-Greenow CH, Roberts CL, Nassar N, Trevena L. Do audio-guided decision aids improve outcomes? A randomized controlled trial of an audio-guided decision aid compared with a booklet decision aid for Australian women considering labour analgesia. Health Expectations 2009;12(4):407-16.
Rimer 2001 {published data only}
  • Rimer BK, Halabi S, Sugg Skinner C, Kaplan EB, Crawford Y, Samsa GP, et al. The short-term impact of tailored mammography decision-making interventions. Patient Education and Counseling 2001;43(3):269-85.
Rimer 2002 {published data only}
  • Rimer BK, Halabi S, Sugg Skinner C, Lipkus IM, Strigo TS, Kaplan EB, et al. Effects of a mammography decision-making intervention at 12 and 24 months. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2002;22(4):247-57.
Rovner 2004 {published data only}
  • Rovner DR, Wills CE, Bonham V, Williams G, Lillie J, Kelly-Blake K, et al. Decision aids for benign prostatic hyperplasia: applicability across race and education. Medical Decision Making 2004;24(4):359-66.
Rubinstein 2011 {published data only}
  • Rubinstein W, Acheson L, O'Neill S, Ruffin M, Wang C, Beaumont J, et al. Clinical utility of family history for cancer screening and referral in primary care: a report from the Family Healthware Impact Trial. Genetics in Medicine 2011;13(11):956-65.
Ruddy 2009 {published data only}
Ryser 2004 {published data only}
Saver 2007 {published data only}
  • Saver BG, Gustafson D, Taylor TR, Hawkins RP, Woods NF, Dinauer S, et al. A tale of two studies: the importance of setting, subjects and context in two randomized, controlled trials of a web-based decision support for perimenopausal and postmenopausal health decisions. Patient Education and Counseling 2007;66(2):211-22.
Sawka 2011 {published data only}
Schwartz 2009a {published data only}
Sears 2007 {published data only}
  • Sears SR, Woodward JT, Twillman RK. What do I have to lose? effects of a psycho-educational intervention on cancer patient preference for resuscitation. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 2007;30(6):533-44.
Sequist 2011 {published data only}
Sheppard 2012 {published data only}
  • Sheppard VB, Wallington SF, Williams KP, Lucas W. A decision-support intervention for black women eligible for adjuvant systematic therapy: Sisters informing sisters about breast cancer treatment - An intervention to reduce treatment disparities. In: Elk R, Landrine H editor(s). Cancer Disparities: Causes and Evidence-Based Solutions. 1st Edition. American Cancer Society, 2012.
Sheridan 2004 {published data only}
  • Sheridan SL, Felix K, Pignone MP, Lewis CL. Information needs of men regarding prostate cancer screening and the effect of a brief decision aid. Patient Education and Counseling 2004;54(3):345-51.
Sheridan 2010 {published data only}
  • Sheridan SL, Griffith JM, Behrend L, Gizlice Z, Jianwen C, Pignone MP. Effect of adding a values clarification exercise to a decision aid on heart disease prevention: a randomized trial. Medical Decision Making 2010;30(4):E28-39.
Silver 2012 {published data only}
Siminoff 2006 {published data only}
Simon 2012 {published data only}
  • Simon D, Kriston L, von Wolff A, Buchholz A, Vietor C, Hecke T, et al. Effectiveness of a web-based, individually tailored decision aid for depression or acute low back pain: a randomized controlled trial. Patient Education and Counseling 2012;87(3):360-8.
Smith 2011 {published data only}
  • Smith T, Dow L, Virago E, Khatcheressian J, Matsuyama R, Lyckholm L. A pilot trial of decision aids to give truthful prognostic and treatment information to chemotherapy patients with advanced cancer. Journal of Supportive Oncology 2011;9(2):79-86.
Sorenson 2004 {published data only}
  • Sorenson JR, Lakon C, Spinney T, Jennings-Grant T. Assessment of a decision aid to assist genetic testing research participants in the informed consent process. Genetic Testing 2004;8(3):336-46.
Sparano 2006 {published data only}
Stalmeier 2009 {published data only}
Steiner 2003 {published data only}
  • Steiner MJ, Dalebout S, Condon S, Dominik R, Trussell J. Understanding risk: a randomized controlled trial of communicating contraceptive effectiveness. Obstetrics & Gynecology 2003;102(4):709-17.
Stephens 2008 {published data only}
  • Stephens RL, Xu Y, Volk RJ, Scholl LE, Kamin SL, Holden EW. Influence of a patient decision aid on decisional conflict related to PSA testing: a structural equation model. Health Psychology 2008;27(6):711-21.
Stiggelbout 2008 {published data only}
  • Stiggelbout AM, Molewijk AC, Otten W, Van Bockel JH, Bruijninckx CM, Van der Salm I, et al. The impact of individualized evidence-based decision support on aneurysm patients' decision making, ideals of autonomy, and quality of life. Medical Decision Making 2008;28(5):751-62.
Street 1998 {published data only}
  • Street RL Jr, Van Order A, Bramson R, Manning T. Preconsultation education promoting breast cancer screening: does the choice of media make a difference?. Journal of Cancer Education 1998;13(3):152-61.
Sundaresan 2011 {published data only}
  • Sundaresan P, Turner S, Kneebone A, Pearse M, Butow P. Evaluating the utility of a patient decision aid for potential participants of a prostate cancer trial (RAVES-TROG 08.03). Radiotherapy and Oncology 2011;101(3):521-4.
Tabak 1995 {published data only}
Ten 2008 {published data only}
Thomson 2006 {published data only}
  • Thomson P, Dowding D, Swanson V, Bland R, Mair C, Morrison A, et al. A computerised guidance tree (decision aid) for hypertension, based on decision analysis: development and preliminary evaluation. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing 2006;5(2):146-9.
Thornton 1995 {published data only}
Valdez 2001 {published data only}
  • Valdez A, Banerjee K, Fernandez M, Ackerson L. Impact of a multimedia breast cancer education intervention on use of mammography by low-income Latinas. Journal of Cancer Education 2001;16(4):221-4.
van Steenkiste 2008 {published data only}
  • van Steenkiste B, van der Weijden TM, Stoffers JHEH, Grol RPTM. Patients' responsiveness to a decision support tool for primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases in primary care. Patient Education and Counseling 2008;72(1):63-70.
van Til 2009 {published data only}
  • van Til JA, Stiggelbout AM, IJzerman MJ. The effect of information on preferences stated in a choice-based conjoint analysis. Patient Education and Counseling 2009;74(2):264-71.
Veroff 2012 {published data only}
  • Veroff D, Sullivan L, Shoptaw EJ, Venator B, Ochoa-Arvelo T, Baxter J, et al. Improving self-care for heart failure for seniors: Impact of video and written education and decision aids. Population Health Management 2012;15(1):37-45.
Volandes 2009 {published data only}
  • Volandes AE, Paasche-Orlow MK, Barry MJ, Gillick MR, Minaker KL, Chang Y, et al. Video decision support tool for advance care planning in dementia: randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2009;338:b2159.
Volandes 2011 {published data only}
  • Volandes A, Ferguson L, Davis A, Hull N, Green M, Chang Y, et al. Assessing end-of-life preferences for advanced dementia in rural patients using an educational video: a randomised controlled trial. Journal of Palliative Medicine 2011;14(2):169-77.
von Wagner 2011 {published data only}
  • von Wagner C. A decision aid to support informed choice about bowel cancer screening in people with low educational level improves knowledge but reduces screening uptake. Evidence-Based Nursing 2011;14(2):36-7.
Wagner 1995 {published data only}
  • Wagner EH, Barrett P, Barry MJ, Barlow W, Fowler FJ Jr. The effect of a shared decision making program on rates of surgery for benign prostatic hyperplasia. Pilot results. Medical Care 1995;33(8):765-70.
Wallston 1991 {published data only}
  • Wallston KA, Smith RA, King JE, Smith MS, Rye P, Burish TG. Desire for control and choice of antiemetic treatment for cancer chemotherapy. Western Journal of Nursing Research 1991;13(1):12-23.
Wang 2004 {published data only}
Wennberg 2010 {published data only}
Wilhelm 2009 {published data only}
  • Wilhelm D, Gillen S, Wirnhier H, Kranzfelder M, Schneider A, Scmidt A, et al. Extended preoperative patient education using a multimedia DVD: impact on patients receiving a laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a randomised controlled trial. Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery 2009;394(2):227-33.
Wilkins 2006 {published data only}
  • Wilkins EG, Lowery JC, Copeland LA, Goldfarb SL, Wren PA, Janz NK. Impact of an educational video on patient decision making in early breast cancer treatment. Medical Decision Making 2006;26(6):589-98.
Willemsen 2006 {published data only}
Williams-Piehota 2008 {published data only}
  • Williams-Piehota PA, McCormack LA, Treiman K, Bann CM. Health information styles among participants in a prostate cancer screening informed decision-making intervention. Health Education Research 2008;23(3):440-53.
Woltmann 2011 {published data only}
  • Woltmann EM, Wilkniss SM, Teachout A, McHugo GJ, Drake RE. Trial of an electronic decision support system to facilitate shared decision making in community mental health. Psychiatric Services 2011;62(1):54-60.
Wroe 2005 {published data only}
Yun 2011 {published data only}
  • Yun YH, Lee MK, Park S, Lee JL, Park J, Choi YS, et al. Use of a decision aid to help caregivers discuss terminal disease status with a family member with cancer: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2011;29(36):4811-9.
Zapka 2004 {published data only}
  • Zapka JG, Lemon SC, Puleo E, Estabrook B, Luckmann R, Erban S. Patient education for colon cancer screening: a randomized trial of a video mailed before a physical examination. Annals of Internal Medicine 2004;141(9):683-92.
Zikmund-Fisher 2008 {published data only}
  • Zikmund-Fisher BJ, Ubel PA, Smith DM, Derry HA, McClure JB, Stark A, et al. Communicating side effect risks in a tamoxifen prophylaxis decision aid: the debiasing influence of pictographs. Patient Education and Counseling 2008;73(2):209-14.
Zoffman 2012 {published data only}

References to ongoing studies

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Allen 2012 {published data only}
  • Evaluation of DVD and Internet decision aids for hip and knee osteoarthritis: focus on health literacy. Ongoing study January 2012.
Bozic 2011 {published data only}
Brazell 2012 {published data only}
  • Effect of a decision aid on decision making for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse. Ongoing study December 2012.
Carroll 2012 {published data only}
  • Development of and feasibility testing of decision support for patients who are candidates for an implantable defibrillator. Ongoing study June 2012.
Chambers 2008 {published data only}
  • Chambers SK, Ferguson M, Gardiner RA, Nicol D, Gordon L, Occhipinti S, Aitken J. ProsCan for men: randomised controlled trial of a decision support intervention for men with localised prostate cancer. BMC Cancer 2008;8:207.
Denig 2009 {published data only}
  • Risk management in patients with diabetes mellitus: development and evaluation of a treatment oriented decision aid [DUTCH]. Ongoing study Not yet assessed.
Geiger 2011 {published data only}
  • Geiger F, Liethmann K, Hoffmann F, Paschedag J, Kasper J. Investigating a training supporting Shared Decision Making (IT'S SDM 2011): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials 2011;12:232.
Goossens 2008 {published data only}
  • Decision aid evaluation by a clinical trial in abdominal aortic aneurysms: Improving decision making. Ongoing study November 2008.
Ibrahim 2010 {published data only}
  • Behavioral & social science research on understanding and reducing health disparities: African American preference for knee replacement: a patient-centred intervention (ACTION). Ongoing study July 2010.
Ickenroth 2012 {published data only}
  • Ickenroth MHP, Grispen JEJ, de Vries NK, Dinant GJ, Elwyn G, Ronda G, et al. A single-blind randomised controlled trial of the effect of a web-based decision aid on self-testing for cholesterol and diabetes. Study protocol. BMC Public Health 2012;12:6.
Jimbo 2012 {published data only}
  • Decision aid to technologically enhance shared decision making. Ongoing study May 2012.
Juraskova 2009 {published data only}
  • Improving communication about treatment options for asymptomatic ovarian cancer patients with rising CA125: RCT of patient decision aid. Ongoing study April 2009.
Kuppermann 2011 {published data only}
  • Development and pilot test of an elective bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) decision support guide. Ongoing study May 2011.
Leighl 2007 {unpublished data only}
  • Breast cancer metastatic decision aid. Ongoing study Sept. 2002.
Lurie 2010 {published data only}
  • Helping patients with spinal stenosis make a treatment decision: a randomized study assessing the benefits of health coaching. Ongoing study November 2010.
Mann 2012 {published data only}
  • Mann DM, Lin JJ. Increasing efficacy of primary care-based counseling for diabetes prevention: rationale and design of the ADAPT (Avoiding Diabetes Thru Action Plan Targeting) trial. Implementation Science 2012;7:6.
Montori 2011b {published data only}
  • Montori V. Translating comparative effectiveness of depression medications into practice by comparing the depression medication choice decision aid to usual care: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Clinical Trials Registry 2011.
Neilan 2008 {published data only}
  • Use of a patient decision aid for gastrologic endoscopy in a paediatric setting. Ongoing study December 2008.
Oostendorp 2011 {published data only}
  • Oostendorp L, Ottevanger P, van der Graaf W, Stalmeier P. Assessing the information desire of patients with advanced cancer by providing information with a decision aid, which is evaluated in a randomized trial: a study protocol. BMC Medical Informatics & Decision Making 2011;11(9):1-9.
Parow 2007 {published data only}
  • Testing the helpfulness of 2 decision aids for prostate cancer. Ongoing study February 2007.
Patel 2011 {published data only}
  • Patel S, Brown S, Friede T, Griffiths F, Lord J, Ngunjiri A, et al. Study protocol: Improving patient choice in treating low back pain (IMPACT-LBP): a randomised controlled trial of a decision support package for use in physical therapy. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2011;12(52):1-7.
Sawka 2010 {published data only}
  • Sawka AM, Straus S, Brierley JD, Tsang RW, Rotstein L, Rodin G, et al. Decision aid on radioactive iodine treatment for early stage papillary thyroid cancer--a randomized controlled trial. Trials 2010;11:81.
Schroy 2012 {published data only}
  • Impact of risk stratification on shared decision making for colorectal cancer screening. Ongoing study April 2012.
Sepucha 2010a {published data only}
  • Measuring quality of decisions about treatment of menopausal symptoms. Ongoing study June 2010.
Sepucha 2010b {published data only}
  • Measuring quality of decisions about treatment of depression. Ongoing study June 2010.
Shah 2011 {published data only}
  • Study to test use of a decision aid in a clinical visit to help patients choose a diabetes medication. Translating Information on Comparative Effectiveness Into Practice (TRICEP). Ongoing study January 2011.
Sherman 2009 {published data only}
  • Evaluating an online decision aid for women considering breast reconstruction following mastectomy. Ongoing study May 2009.
Smits 2009 {published data only}
  • Shared decision making: the effects of a decision aid for Turkish and Morocan mental health care clients with depression on the client-caregiver relationship. Ongoing study May 2009.
Stacey 2009 {published data only (unpublished sought but not used)}
  • Stacey D, et al. Comparison of ways to prepare patients for decisions about joint replacement surgery. WHO Trials Registry 2009.
Zayed 2009 {published data only}
  • Decision aid in veterans with PTSD. Ongoing study May 2009.

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
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O'Connor 1999c
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References to other published versions of this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
O'Connor 1999b
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O'Connor 2003b
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O'Connor 2009
Stacey 2011