Intervention Review

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Interventions for promoting the initiation of breastfeeding

  1. Lisa Dyson*,
  2. Felicia M McCormick,
  3. Mary J Renfrew

Editorial Group: Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group

Published Online: 20 APR 2005

Assessed as up-to-date: 30 JUL 2007

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001688.pub2


How to Cite

Dyson L, McCormick FM, Renfrew MJ. Interventions for promoting the initiation of breastfeeding. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD001688. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001688.pub2.

Author Information

  1. University of York, Mother and Infant Research Unit, Department of Health Sciences, York, UK

*Lisa Dyson, Mother and Infant Research Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of York, Area 4, Seebohm Rowntree Building, Heslington, York, YO10 5DD, UK. ld518@york.ac.uk.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 20 APR 2005

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References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
Brent 1995 {published data only}
  • Brent NB, Redd B, Dworetz A, D'Amico F, Greenberg JJ. Breast-feeding in a low income population: program to increase incidence and duration. Archives of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine 1995;149:798-803.
Caulfield 1998 {published and unpublished data}
  • Caulfield LE, Gross SM, Bentley ME, Bronner Y, Kessler L, Jensen J, et al. WIC-based interventions to promote breastfeeding among African-American women in Baltimore: effects on breastfeeding initiation and continuation. Journal of Human Lactation 1998;14(1):15-22.
Chapman 2004 {published data only}
  • Chapman D, Damio G, Young S, Perez-Escamilla R. Association of degree and timing of exposure to breastfeeding peer counseling services with breastfeeding duration. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 2004;554:303-6.
  • Chapman DJ, Damio G, Pérez-Escamilla R. Differential response to breastfeeding peer counseling within a low-income, predominantly Latina population. Journal of Human Lactation 2004;20(4):389-96.
  • Chapman DJ, Damio G, Young S, Perez-Escamilla R. Effectiveness of breastfeeding peer counseling in a low-income, predominantly Latina population. Archives of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine 2004;158:897-902.
Coombs 1998 {published data only}
  • Coombs DW, Reynolds K, Joyner G, Blankson M. A self-help program to increase breastfeeding among low-income women. Journal of Nutrition Education 1998;30(4):203-9.
Forster 2004 {published data only}
  • Forster D, McLachlan H, Lumley J, Beanland C, Waldenstrom U, Amir L. Two mid-pregnancy interventions to increase the initiation and duration of breastfeeding: a randomized controlled trial. Birth 2004;31(3):176-82.
  • Forster D, McLachlan H, Lumley J, Beanland C, Waldenstrom U, Harris H, et al. ABFAB. Attachment to the breast and family attitudes to breastfeeding. The effect of breastfeeding education in the middle of pregnancy on the initiation and duration of breastfeeding: a randomised controlled trial. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2003;3:5.
  • Forster DA, McLachlan HL, Lumley J. Risk factors for early cessation of breastfeeding: results from a randomised controlled trial. Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand 10th Annual Congress; 2006 April 3-6; Perth, Australia. 2006:149.
  • Forster DA, McLachlan HL, Lumley J, Beanland CJ, Waldenstrom U, Short RV, et al. ABFAB: attachment to the breast and family attitudes to breastfeeding. The effect of breastfeeding education in the middle of pregnancy on the duration of breastfeeding: a randomised controlled trial [abstract]. Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand 7th Annual Congress; 2003 March 9-12; Tasmania, Australia. 2003:A70.
Hill 1987 {published data only}
Howard 2000 {published data only}
  • Howard C, Howard F, Lawrence R, Andresen E, DeBlieck E, Weitzman M. Office prenatal formula advertising and its effect on breast-feeding patterns. Obstetrics & Gynecology 2000;95(2):296-303.
Lindenberg 1990 {published data only}
  • Lindenberg CS, Artola RC, Jimenez V. The effect of early post-partum mother-infant contact and breast-feeding promotion on the incidence and continuation of breast-feeding. International Journal of Nursing Studies 1990;27(3):179-86.
Ryser 2004 {published data only}
  • Ryser FG. Breastfeeding attitudes, intention and initiation in low-income women: the effect of the "Best Start" program. Texas: Texas Woman's University, 1999.
  • Ryser FG. Breastfeeding attitudes, intention, and initiation in low-income women: the effect of the best start program. Journal of Human Lactation 2004;20(3):300-5.
Serwint 1996 {published data only}
  • Serwint JR, Wilson MEH, Vogelhut JW, Repke JT, Seidel HM. A randomized controlled trial of prenatal pediatric visits for urban, low-income families. Pediatrics 1996;98(6):1969-75.
Wolfberg 2004 {published data only}
  • Wolfberg AJ, Michels KB, Shields W, O'Campo P, Bronner Y, Bienstock J. Dads as breastfeeding advocates: results from a randomized controlled trial of an educational intervention. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2004;191:708-12.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
Aidam 2005 {published data only}
Anderson 2005 {published data only}
  • Anderson AK, Damio G, Young S, Chapman DJ, Perez-Escamilla R. A randomized trial assessing the efficacy of peer counseling on exclusive breastfeeding in a predominantly Latina low-income community. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2005;159(9):836-41.
Ball 2006 {published data only}
Bishop 1978 {unpublished data only}
  • Bishop WS. An educational program on breastfeeding for maternity nurses. A cost-effective evaluation. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic and Neonatal Nursing 1978;13:54.
Bonuck 2005 {published data only}
Byrne 2000 {published data only}
Carfoot 2001 {published and unpublished data}
  • Carfoot S. Successful breastfeeding: the effects of skin-to-skin. Personal communication 2001.
Carfoot 2005 {published data only}
Cattaneo 2001 {published data only}
Chapman 1986 {published data only}
  • Chapman MG, Jones M, Spring JE, de Swiet M, Chamberlain GV. The use of a birthroom: a randomized controlled trial comparing delivery with that in the labour ward. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 1986;98:182-7.
Chong 2007 {published data only}
  • Chong YS. Early and regular breast milk expression to help establish lactation after delivery: a randomized controlled trial. http://controlled-trials.com (accessed 10 Aug 2007).
Coutinho 2005 {published data only}
Di Napoli 2004 {published data only}
  • Di Napoli A, Di Lallo D, Fortes C, Franceschelli C, Armeni E, Guasticchi G. Home breastfeeding support by health professionals: findings of a randomized controlled trial in a population of Italian women. Acta Paediatrica 2004;93(8):1108-14.
Feldman 1987 {published data only}
Froozani 1999 {published data only}
  • Froozani MD, Permehzadeh K, Motlagh AR, Golestan B. Effect of breastfeeding education on the feeding pattern and health of infants in their first 4 months in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 1999;77(5):381-5.
Garcia-Montrone 1996 {published data only}
  • Garcia-Montrone V, de Rose JC. An education experience for promoting breast-feeding and infant stimulation by low-income women: a preliminary study. Cadernos de Saude Publica 1996;12(1):61-8.
Gordon 1999 {published data only}
  • Gordon NP, Walton D, McAdam E, Derman J, Gallitero G, Garrett L. Effects of providing hospital-based doulas in health maintenance organization hospitals. Obstetrics & Gynecology 1999;93(3):422-6.
Graffy 2001 {published and unpublished data}
  • Graffy J. A randomised controlled trial of the effectiveness of support from breastfeeding counsellors for women who want to breastfeed. Personal communication 2001.
Grossman 1988 {published data only}
  • Grossman LK, Harter C, Kay A. Prenatal interventions increase breast-feeding among low-income women. American Journal of Diseases of Children 1988;142:404.
Haider 2000 {published data only}
  • Haider R, Ashworth A, Kabir I, Huttly SRA. Effect of community-based peer counsellors on exclusive breastfeeding practices in Dhaka, Bangladesh: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2000;356(9242):1643-7.
Harvey 1996 {published data only}
Hegedus 2000 {published data only}
  • Hegedus Jungvirth M, Krcmar N, Smec D. Results of breastfeeding promotion in the county of Medimurje. Paediatria Croatica 2000;44(3):91-4.
Henderson 2001 {published data only}
Kaplowitz 1983 {published data only}
Kistin 1990 {published data only}
Kools 2005 {published data only}
  • Kools EJ, Thijs C, Kester ADM, van den Brandt PA, de Vries H. A breast-feeding promotion and support program a randomized trial in the Netherlands. Preventive Medicine 2005;40:60-70.
Kramer 2001 {published data only}
  • Kramer MS, Chalmers B, Hodnett ED, Sevkovskaya Z, Kzikovich I, Shapiro S, et al. Promotion of breastfeeding intervention trial (PROBIT): a randomized trial in the Republic of Belarus. JAMA 2001;285(4):413-20.
Langer 1996 {published data only}
  • Langer A, Farnot U, Garcia C, Barros F, Victora C, Belizan JM, et al. The Latin American trial of psychosocial support during pregnancy: effects on mother's wellbeing and satisfaction. The Latin American Network for Perinatal and Reproductive Research (LANPER). Social Science and Medicine 1996;42(11):1589-97.
Langer 1998 {published data only}
Lavender 2005 {published data only}
  • Lavender T. Breastfeeding: expectations versus reality. 10th International Conference of Maternity Care Researchers; 2004 June 13-16; Lund, Sweden. 2004:12.
  • Lavender T, Baker L, Smyth R, Collins S, Spofforth A, Dey P. Breastfeeding expectations versus reality: a cluster randomised controlled trial. BJOG: an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology 2005;112:1047-53.
Loh 1997 {published data only}
MacVicar 1993 {published data only}
  • MacVicar J, Dobbie G, Owen-Johnstone L, Jagger C, Hopkins M, Kennedy J. Simulated home delivery in hospital: a randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 1993;98:316-23.
Martens 2000 {published data only}
  • Martens PJ. Does breastfeeding education affect nursing staff beliefs, exclusive breastfeeding rates and Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative compliance? The experience of a small rural Canadian hospital. Journal of Human Lactation 2000;16:309-18.
Martens 2001 {published data only}
  • Martens PJ. The effect of breastfeeding education on adolescent beliefs and attitudes: a randomized school intervention in the Canadian Ojibwa community of Sagkeeng. Journal of Human Lactation 2001;17(3):245-55.
Matilla Mont 1999 {published data only}
  • Matilla Mont M, Rios Jimenez A. Nursing and maternal breast feeding. Enfermeria Clinica 1999;9(3):93-7.
Mattar 2007 {published data only}
  • Mattar CN, Chong YS, Chan YS, Chew A, Tan P, Chan YH, et al. Simple antenatal preparation to improve breastfeeding practice: a randomized controlled trial. Obstetrics & Gynecology 2007;109(1):73-80.
McEnery 1986 {published data only}
McInnes 2000 {published data only}
Moran 2000 {published data only}
  • Moran VH, Bramwell R, Dykes F, Dinwoodie K. An evaluation of skills acquisition on the WHO/UNICEF Breastfeeding Management Course using the pre-validated Breastfeeding Support Skills Tool (BeSST). Midwifery 2000;16(3):197-203.
Morrow 1999 {published data only}
  • Morrow AL, Guerrero ML, Shults J, Calva JJ, Lutter C, Bravo J, et al. Efficacy of home-based peer counselling to promote exclusive breastfeeding: a randomized controlled trial. Lancet 1999;353(9160):1226-31.
Muirhead 2006 {published data only}
  • Muirhead P. The effect of a programme of organised and supervised peer support on the initiation and duration of breastfeeding: a randomised trial. British Journal of General Practice 2006;56:191-7.
Nikodem 1998 {published data only}
  • Nikodem VC, Nolte AGW, Wolman W, Gulmezoglu AM, Hofmeyr GJ. Companionship by a lay labour supporter to modify the clinical birth environment: long-term effects on mother and child. Curationis: South African Journal of Nursing 1998;21(1):8-12.
Noel-Weiss 2006 {published data only}
Oakley 1990 {published data only}
Page 1999 {published data only}
Philipp 2004 {published data only}
  • Merewood A, Phillipp BL, Chamberlain LB, Malone KL, Cook JT, Bauchner H. Using peer support to improve breastfeeding rates among premature infants: an RCT. Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting; 2005 May 14-17; Washington DC, USA. 2005.
  • Philipp BL, Merewood A, Malone KL, Chamberlain LB, Cook JT, Bauchner H. Effect of NICU-based peer counselors on breastfeeding duration among premature infants [abstract]. Pediatric Research 2004;55 Suppl:73.
Pisacane 2005 {published data only}
Pobocik 2000 {published data only}
  • Pobocik RS, Benavente JC, Schwab AC, Boudreau N, Morris CH, Houston MS. Effect of a breastfeeding education and support program on breastfeeding initiation and duration in a culturally diverse group of adolescents. Journal of Nutrition Education 2000;32(3):139-45.
Prakhin 2001 {published data only}
  • Prakhin EI. Role of educational and scientific programs in realization of the concept of healthy nutrition in Siberia [Rol' obrazovatel'nykh i nauchnykh programm v realizatsii kontseptsii zdorovogo pitaniia v Sibiri]. Vorprosy Pitaniia 2001;70(2):42-4.
Rea 1999 {published and unpublished data}
  • Rea MF, Venancio SI, Marines JC, Savage F. Counselling on breastfeeding: assessing knowledge and skills. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 1999;77(6):492-8.
Redman 1995 {published data only}
  • Redman S, Watkins J, Evans L, Lloyd D. Evaluation of an Australian intervention to encourage breastfeeding in primiparous women. Health Promotion International 1995;10(2):101-13.
Reifsnider 1996 {published and unpublished data}
  • Reifsnider E, Eckhart D. Prenatal breastfeeding education: its effect on breastfeeding among WIC participants. Journal of Human Lactation 1997;13(2):121-5.
Ross 1983 {published data only}
Rossiter 1994 {published data only}
Schafer 1998 {published data only}
Schlickau 2005 {published data only}
  • Schlickau J, Wilson M. Development and testing of a prenatal breastfeeding education intervention for Hispanic women. Journal of Perinatal Education 2005;14(4):24-35.
Schy 1996 {published data only}
  • Schy DS, Maglaya CF, Mendelson SG, Race KE, Ludwig-Beymer P. The effects of in-hospital lactation education on breastfeeding practice. Journal of Human Lactation 1996;12:117-22.
Sciacca 1995 {published and unpublished data}
  • Sciacca JP, Dube DA, Phipps BL, Ratliff MI. A breast feeding education and promotion program: effects on knowledge, attitudes and support for breast feeding. Journal of Community Health 1995;20(6):473-90.
  • Sciacca JP, Phipps BL, Dube CA, Ratliff MI. Influences on breast-feeding by lower-income women: an incentive-based, partner-supported educational program. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1995;95:323-8.
Shaw 1999 {published data only}
  • Shaw E, Kaczorowski J. The effect of a peer counseling program on breastfeeding initiation and longevity in a low-income rural population. Journal of Human Lactation 1999;15(1):19-25.
Sisk 2004 {published data only}
  • Sisk JE, Greer AL, Wojtowycz M, Pincus LB, Aubry RH. Implementing evidence-based practice: evaluation of an opinion leader strategy to improve breast-feeding rates. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2004;190:413-21.
Toma 2001 {published data only}
  • Toma TS, Monteiro CA. Assessment of the promotion of breastfeeding in public and private maternities of Sao Paulo city, Brazil [Avaliacao da promocao do aleitamento materno nas maternidades publicas e privadas do Municipio de Sao Paulo]. Revista de Saude Publica 2001;35(5):409-14.
Turan 2001 {published data only}
Turnbull 1996 {published data only}
Vaidya 2005 {published data only}
  • Vaidya K, Sharma A, Dhungel S. Effect of early mother-baby close contact over the duration of exclusive breastfeeding. Nepal Medical College Journal: NMCJ 2005;7(2):138-40.
Volpe 2000 {published data only}
  • Volpe EM, Bear M. Enhancing breastfeeding initiation in adolescent mothers through the Breastfeeding Educated and Supported Teen (BEST) Club. Journal of Human Lactation 2000;16(3):196-200.
Waldenstrom 1994 {published data only}
  • Waldenstrom U, Nilsson CA. No effect of birth centre care on either duration or experience of breast feeding but more complications: findings from a randomised controlled trial. Midwifery 1994;10:8-17.
Westphal 1995 {published data only}
  • Taddei JA, Westphal MF, Venancio S, Bogus C, Souza S. Breastfeeding training for health professionals and resultant changes in breastfeeding duration. Sao Paulo Medical Journal 2000;118(6):185-191.
  • Westphal MF, Taddei JAC, Venancio SI, Bogus CM. Breast-feeding training for health professionals and resultant institutional changes. Boletin De La Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana 1996;120(4):304-315.
  • Westphal MF, Taddei JAC, Venancio SI, Bogus CM. Breast-feeding training for health professionals and resultant institutional changes. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 1995;73(4):461-8.
Wiles 1984 {published data only}
  • Wiles LS. The effect of prenatal breastfeeding education on breastfeeding success and maternal perception of the infant. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic and Neonatal Nursing 1984;13(4):253-7.
Winterburn 2003 {published data only}
  • Winterburn S, Moyez J, Thompson J. Maternal grandmothers and support for breastfeeding. Journal of Community Nursing 2003;17(12):4-9.
Zimmerman 1999 {published data only}
  • Zimmerman DR. You can make a difference: increasing breastfeeding rates in an inner-city clinic. Journal of Human Lactation 1999;15(3):217-20.

References to studies awaiting assessment

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
Hoddinott 2007 {published data only}
  • Hoddinott P. A randomised controlled trial to evaluate the clinical and cost effectiveness of breastfeeding peer support groups in improving breastfeeding initiation, duration and satisfaction. National Research Register (http://www.nrr.nhs.uk/) (accessed 13 Aug 2007).
Wambach 2006 {published data only}
  • Wambach K. Kansas University Teen Mothers Project. www.clinicaltrials.gov (accessed 21 March 2006).

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
Alderson 2004
  • Alderson P, Green S, Higgins JPT, editors. Cochrane Reviewers’ Handbook 4.2.2 [updated March 2004]. In: The Cochrane Library. Chichester, UK: John Willey & Sons, Ltd, Issue 1, 2004.
Aniansson 1994
  • Aniansson G, Alm B, Andersson B, Hakansson A, Larsson P, Nylen O, et al. A prospective cohort study on breastfeeding and otitis media in Swedish infants. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 1994;13(3):183-8.
Bartington 2005
  • Bartington SE, Foster LJ, Dezateaux C. Evaluation of the UNICEF UK Baby Friendly Initiative for the promotion of breastfeeding: findings from the millennium cohort study. Archives of Disease in Childhood 2005;90(Suppl II):A73-A76.
Bolling 2007
  • Bolling K, Grant C, Hamlyn B, Thornton A. Infant Feeding Survey 2005. London: The Information Centre, Government Statistical Service, UK Health Departments, 2007.
Bonnin 1989
Bryant 1990
  • Bryant C, Roy M. Best Start Training Program. Tampa, Fla: Best Start Inc, 1990.
Burr 1989
  • Burr ML, Miskelly FG, Butland BK, Merret TG, Vaughan-Williams E. Environmental factors and symptoms in infants at high risk of allergy. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 1989;43(2):125-32.
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Dewey 1993
Duncan 1993
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Dyson 2006
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Fairbank 2000
  • Fairbank L, O'Meara S, Renfrew MJ, Woolridge M, Sowden AJ, Lister-Sharp D. A systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to promote the initiation of breastfeeding. Health Technology Assessment 2000; Vol. 4, issue 25:1-171.
Gwinn 1990
Higgins 2006
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Ip 2007
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Karjalainen 1992
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Kramer 2001
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Kramer 2002
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Layde 1989
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Lucas 1990a
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Millar 2005
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Newcomb 1994
NICE 2007
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Perez-Escamilla 1994
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Philipp 2001
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Pisacane 1992
Quigley 2006
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Quigley 2007
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Radford 2001
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Renfrew 2000
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Saarinen 1995
Tappin 2001
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UK Study Group 1993
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