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Delayed introduction of progressive enteral feeds to prevent necrotising enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants

  1. Jessie Morgan,
  2. Lauren Young,
  3. William McGuire*

Editorial Group: Cochrane Neonatal Group

Published Online: 31 MAY 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 26 APR 2013

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001970.pub4

How to Cite

Morgan J, Young L, McGuire W. Delayed introduction of progressive enteral feeds to prevent necrotising enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 5. Art. No.: CD001970. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001970.pub4.

Author Information

  1. Hull York Medical School & Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, York, UK

*William McGuire, Hull York Medical School & Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, York, Y010 5DD, UK. William.McGuire@hyms.ac.uk.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 31 MAY 2013

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References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
  4. References to other published versions of this review
Abdelmaaboud 2012 {published data only}
  • Abdelmaaboud M, Mohammed A. A randomized controlled trial on early versus late minimal enteral feeding in preterm growth-restricted neonates with abnormal antenatal Doppler studies. Journal of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine 2012;5:1-8.
Davey 1994 {published data only (unpublished sought but not used)}
Karagianni 2010 {published data only}
  • Karagianni P, Briana DD, Mitsiakos G, Elias A, Theodoridis T, Chatziioannidis E, et al. Early versus delayed minimal enteral feeding and risk for necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm growth-restricted infants with abnormal antenatal Doppler results. American Journal of Perinatology 2010;27:367-73.
Khayata 1987 {published data only (unpublished sought but not used)}
  • Khayata S, Gutcher G, Bamberger J, Heimler R. Early versus late feeding of low birth weight (LBW) infants: Effect on growth and hyperbilirubinemia. Pediatric Research 1987;21:431A.
Leaf 2012 {published data only}
  • Leaf A, Dorling J, Kempley S, McCormick K, Mannix P, Brocklehurst P. ADEPT - Abnormal Doppler Enteral Prescription Trial. BMC Pediatrics 2009;9:63.
  • Leaf A, Dorling J, Kempley S, McCormick K, Mannix P, Brocklehurst P. When should feeds be started in the high risk preterm infant? The Abnormal Doppler Enteral Prescription Trial (ADEPT). E-PAS20101670.7. 2010.
  • Leaf A,  Dorling J,  Kempley S,  McCormick K,  Mannix P, Brocklehurst P. Abnormal Doppler enteral prescription trial study: the results of a trial of feeding in a high risk group of premature babies. Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2010;95:Fa9.
  • Leaf A, Dorling J, Kempley S, McCormick K, Mannix P, Linsell L, et al on behalf of ADEPT Clinical Investigators Group. Early or delayed enteral feeding for preterm growth-restricted infants: a randomized trial. Pediatrics 2012;129:1-9.
Ostertag 1986 {published and unpublished data}
  • Ostertag SG, LaGamma EF, Reisen CE, Ferrentino FL. Early enteral feeding does not affect the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis. Pediatrics 1986;77:275-80.
Pérez 2011 {published data only}
  • Pérez LA, Pradilla GL, Díaz G, Bayter SM. Necrotising enterocolitis among preterm newborns with early feeding [Incidencia de enterocolitis necrosante en niños prematuros alimentados precozmente]. Biomédica 2011;31:485-91.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
  4. References to other published versions of this review
Glass 1984 {published data only}
  • Glass EJ, Hume R, Lang MA, Forfar JO. Parenteral nutrition compared with transpyloric feeding. Archives of Disease in Childhood 1984;59:131-5.
Higgs 1974 {published data only}
  • Higgs SC, Malan AF, DeV Heese H. A comparison of oral feeding and total parenteral nutrition in infants of very low birthweight. South African Medical Journal 1974;48:2169-73.
LaGamma 1985 {published data only}
  • LaGamma EF, Ostertag S, Birenbaum H. Failure of delayed oral feedings to prevent necrotizing enterocolitis. American Journal of Diseases of Children 1985;139:385-9.
Said 2008 {published data only}
  • Said H, Elmetwally D, Said N. Randomized controlled trial of early versus late enteral feeding in prematurely born infants with firth weight ≤ 1200 grams. Kasr El Aini Medical Journal 2008;14:1-10.
Weiler 2006 {published data only}
  • Weiler HA, Fitzpatrick-Wong SC, Chellenberg JM, Fair DE, McCloy UR, Veitch RR, et al. Minimal enteral feeding within 3 d of birth in prematurely born infants with birth weight < 1200g improves bone mass by term age. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2006;83:155-62.
Wilson 1997 {published data only}
  • Wilson DC, Cairns P, Halliday HL, Reid M, McClure G, Dodge JA. Randomised controlled trial of an aggressive nutritional regimen in sick very low birthweight infants. Archives of Disease in Childhood 1997;77:F4-11.

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
  4. References to other published versions of this review
Bernstein 2000
  • Bernstein IM, Horbar JD, Badger GJ, Ohlsson A, Golan A. Morbidity and mortality among very-low-birth-weight neonates with intrauterine growth restriction. The Vermont Oxford Network. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2000;182:198-206.
Berrington 2012
  • Berrington JE, Hearn RI, Bythell M, Wright C, Embleton ND. Deaths in preterm infants: changing pathology over 2 decades. The Journal of Pediatrics 2012;160:49-53. [PUBMED: 21868028]
Berseth 1990
Bisquera 2002
Bombell 2009
Boyle 2004
  • Boyle EM, Menon G, Elton R, McIntosh N. Variation in feeding practice in preterm and low birth weight infants in Scotland. Early Human Development 2004;77:125-6.
Brown 1978
  • Brown EG, Sweet AY. Preventing necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates. JAMA 1978;240:2452-4.
Burrin 2002
de Silva 2004
  • de Silva A, Jones PW, Spencer SA. Does human milk reduce infection rates in preterm infants? A systematic review. Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2004;89:509-13.
Dorling 2005
  • Dorling J, Kempley S, Leaf A. Feeding growth restricted preterm infants with abnormal antenatal Doppler results. Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2005;90:359-63.
Flidel-Rimon 2004
  • Flidel-Rimon O, Friedman S, Lev E, Juster-Reicher A, Amitay M, Shinwell ES. Early enteral feeding and nosocomial sepsis in very low birthweight infants. Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2004;89:289-92.
Flidel-Rimon 2006
Garite 2004
  • Garite TJ, Clark R, Thorp JA. Intrauterine growth restriction increases morbidity and mortality among premature neonates. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2004;191:481-7.
Hartel 2009
  • Hartel C, Haase B, Browning-Carmo K, Gebauer C, Kattner E, Kribs A, et al. Does the enteral feeding advancement affect short-term outcomes in very low birth weight infants?. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 2009;48:464-70.
Hay 2008
Henderson 2009
  • Henderson G, Craig S, Brocklehurst P, McGuire W. Enteral feeding regimens and necrotising enterocolitis in preterm infants: a multicentre case-control study. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2009;94:F120-3.
Hershkovitz 2000
Higgins 2011
  • Higgins JPT, Green S, editors. 2011. Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0 [updated March 2011]. The Cochrane Collaboration,. Available from www.cochrane-handbook.org 2011.
Holman 2006
Kamoji 2008
Klingenberg 2012
  • Klingenberg C, Embleton ND, Jacobs SE, O'Connell LA, Kuschel CA. Enteral feeding practices in very preterm infants: an international survey. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2012;97:F56-61. [PUBMED: 21856644]
Narayanan 1982
Patole 2004
  • Patole S, Muller R. Enteral feeding of preterm neonates: a survey of Australian neonatologists. Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine 2004;16:309-14.
Patole 2005
  • Patole SK, de Klerk N. Impact of standardised feeding regimens on incidence of neonatal necrotising enterocolitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2005;90:147-51.
Premji 2011
Quigley 2007
Rees 2007
  • Rees CM, Pierro A, Eaton S. Neurodevelopmental outcomes of neonates with medically and surgically treated necrotizing enterocolitis. Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2007;92:193-8.
RevMan 2011
  • Nordic Cochrane Centre. The Cochrane Collaboration. Review Manager (RevMan). 5.1. Copenhagen: Nordic Cochrane Centre. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011.
Roberts 2006
Seger 2009
Soll 2009
Soll 2010
Stoll 2004
  • Stoll BJ, Hansen NI, Adams-Chapman I, Fanaroff AA, Hintz SR, Vohr B, et al. Neurodevelopmental and growth impairment among extremely low-birth-weight infants with neonatal infection. JAMA 2004;292:2357-65.
Tyson 2007
Uauy 1991
  • Uauy RD, Fanaroff AA, Korones SB, Phillips EA, Phillips JB, Wright LL. Necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants: biodemographic and clinical correlates. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network. Journal of Pediatrics 1991;119:630-8.
Walsh 1986

References to other published versions of this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
  4. References to other published versions of this review
Bombell 2008
Kennedy 2005
  • Kennedy KA, Tyson JE, Chamnanvanikij S. Early versus delayed initiation of progressive enteral feedings for parenterally fed low birth weight or preterm infants. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005, Issue 1. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001970.pub2]
Morgan 2011
  • Morgan J, Young L, McGuire W. Delayed introduction of progressive enteral feeds to prevent necrotising enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, Issue 3. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001970.pub3]