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Disposable surgical face masks for preventing surgical wound infection in clean surgery

  1. Allyson Lipp1,*,
  2. Peggy Edwards2

Editorial Group: Cochrane Wounds Group

Published Online: 17 FEB 2014

Assessed as up-to-date: 29 OCT 2013

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002929.pub2


How to Cite

Lipp A, Edwards P. Disposable surgical face masks for preventing surgical wound infection in clean surgery. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD002929. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002929.pub2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Care Sciences, University of South Wales, Faculty of Health, Sport and Science, Pontypridd, Rhondda Cynon Taff, UK

  2. 2

    University of York, C/o The Cochrane Wounds Group, Department of Health Sciences, York, UK

*Allyson Lipp, Faculty of Health, Sport and Science, Department of Care Sciences, University of South Wales, Glyn Taff Campus, Pontypridd, Rhondda Cynon Taff, CF37 1DL, UK. allyson.lipp@southwales.ac.uk.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 17 FEB 2014

SEARCH

References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
Chamberlain 1984 {published data only}
  • Chamberlain G, Houang E. Trial of the use of masks in the gynaecological operating theatre. Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England 1984;66(6):432-3.
Tunevall 1991 {published data only}
  • Tunevall T. Postoperative wound infections and surgical face masks: a controlled study. World Journal of Surgery 1991;15(3):383-8.
Webster 2010 {published and unpublished data}

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
Alwitry 2002 {published data only}
Berger 1993 {published data only}
  • Berger S, Kramer M, Nagar H, Finkelstein A, Frimmerman A, Miller H. Effect of surgical mask position on bacterial contamination of the operative field. Journal of Hospital Infection 1993;23:51-4.
Ha'eri 1980 {published data only}
  • Ha'eri G, Wiley A. The efficacy of standard surgical face masks: an investigation using 'tracer particles'. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 1980;148:160-2.
Hubble 1996 {published data only}
McLure 1998 {published data only}
Mitchell 1991 {published data only}
Moore 2001 {unpublished data only}
  • Moore A, Klimach OE. Face masks or visors?. Unpublished study.
Norman 1995 {published data only}
  • Norman A. A comparison of face masks and visors for the scrub team. British Journal of Theatre Nursing 1995;5(2):10-13.
Orr 1981 {published data only}
Ritter 1975 {published data only}
  • Ritter M, Eitzen H, French M, Hart J. The operating room environment as affected by people and the surgical face mask. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 1975;111:147-50.
Ruthman 1984 {published data only}
  • Ruthman J, Hendricksen D, Miller R, Quigg D. Effect of cap and mask on infection rates. Illinois Medical Journal 1984;165(6):397-9.
Sjol 2002 {published data only}
  • Sjol A, Kelbaek H. Is use of surgical caps and masks obsolete during percutaneous heart catheterization?. Ugeskrift for Laeger 2002;164(12):1673-5.
Tunevall 1992 {published data only}
  • Tunevall T, Jorbeck H. Influence of wearing masks on the density of airborne bacteria in the vicinity of the surgical wound. European Journal of Surgery 1992;158:263-6.

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
AfPP 2007
  • Pirie S, Beesley J, Vernon T. Standards and Recommendations for Safe Perioperative Practice. England: Association for Perioperative Practitioners, 2007.
Altman 1991
  • Altman D. Practical Statistics for Medical Research. 1st Edition. London: Chapman Hall, 1991.
AORN 1998
  • American Operating Room Nurses. Standards, Recommendations Practice and Guidelines. Colorado: American Operating Room Nurses, 1998.
Begg 1996
  • Begg C, Cho M, Eastwood S, Horton R, Moher D, Olkin I. Improving the quality of reporting of randomized trials: the CONSORT statement. JAMA 1996;276:637-9.
Belkin 1996
  • Belkin N. A century after their introduction, are surgical masks necessary?. American Operating Room Nurses Journal 1996;64(4):602-7.
Belkin 1997
  • Belkin N. The evolution of the surgical mask: filtering efficiency versus effectiveness. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 1997;18(1):49-57.
Garner 1996
  • Garner JS. Guideline for isolation precautions in hospital. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 1996;17(1):53-80.
Higgins 2011
  • Higgins JPT, Altman DG, on behalf of the Cochrane Statistical Methods Group and the Cochrane Bias Methods Group (Editors). Chapter 8: Assessing risk of bias in included studies. In: Higgins JPT, Green S (editors). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0 [updated March 2011]. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011. Available from www.cochrane-handbook.org.
Lefebvre 2011
  • Lefebvre C, Manheimer E, Glanville J, on behalf of the Cochrane Information Retrieval Methods Group. Chapter 6: Searching for studies. In: Higgins JPT, Green S (editors). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0 [updated March 2011]. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011. Available from www.cochrane-handbook.org.
Mangram 1999
  • Mangram A, Horan T, Pearson M, Silver L, Jarvis W. Guideline for prevention of surgical site infection. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 1999;20(4):247-78.
Perry 1994
  • Perry AG, Potter PA. Clinical Nursing Skills and Techniques. St Louis: Mosby, 1994.
Plowman 2000
  • Plowman R, Graves N, Griffin M. The Socio-economic Burden of Hospital Acquired Infection. London: Public Health Service Laboratory, 2000.
RevMan 2012
  • The Nordic Cochrane Centre. The Cochrane Collaboration. Review Manager (RevMan). [Computer program]. Version 5.2.. Copenhagen: The Nordic Cochrane Centre. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2012.
Schweizer 1976
  • Schweizer RT. Mask wiggling as a potential cause of wound contamination. Lancet 1976;2:1129-30.
SIGN 2009
  • Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN). Search filters. http://www.sign.ac.uk/methodology/filters.html#random (accessed 24 September 2009).
UHS 2000
  • Universal Hospital Supplies. Personal correspondence 2000.
Weber 1993
  • Weber A, Willeke K, Marchioni R, Myojo T, McKay R, Donnelly J, et al. Aerosol penetration and leakage characteristics of masks used in the health care industry. American Journal of Infection Control 1993;21(4):167-73.