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Acupuncture for induction of labour

  1. Caroline A Smith1,*,
  2. Caroline A Crowther2,3,
  3. Suzanne J Grant1

Editorial Group: Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group

Published Online: 15 AUG 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 14 DEC 2012

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002962.pub3


How to Cite

Smith CA, Crowther CA, Grant SJ. Acupuncture for induction of labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 8. Art. No.: CD002962. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002962.pub3.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Western Sydney, Center for Complementary Medicine Research, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

  2. 2

    The University of Adelaide, ARCH: Australian Research Centre for Health of Women and Babies, The Robinson Institute, Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

  3. 3

    The University of Auckland, Liggins Institute, Auckland, New Zealand

*Caroline A Smith, Center for Complementary Medicine Research, University of Western Sydney, Locked Bag 1797, Sydney, New South Wales, 2751, Australia. caroline.smith@uws.edu.au.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (conclusions changed)
  2. Published Online: 15 AUG 2013

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[Figure 1]
Figure 1. 'Risk of bias' graph: review authors' judgements about each risk of bias item presented as percentages across all included studies.
[Figure 2]
Figure 2. 'Risk of bias' summary: review authors' judgements about each risk of bias item for each included study.
[Analysis 1.1]
Analysis 1.1. Comparison 1 Acupuncture versus control, Outcome 1 Caesarean section.
[Analysis 1.2]
Analysis 1.2. Comparison 1 Acupuncture versus control, Outcome 2 Neontal seizure.
[Analysis 1.3]
Analysis 1.3. Comparison 1 Acupuncture versus control, Outcome 3 Cervical maturity within 24 hours (Bishop score).
[Analysis 1.4]
Analysis 1.4. Comparison 1 Acupuncture versus control, Outcome 4 Oxytocin augmentation.
[Analysis 1.5]
Analysis 1.5. Comparison 1 Acupuncture versus control, Outcome 5 Need for epidural.
[Analysis 1.6]
Analysis 1.6. Comparison 1 Acupuncture versus control, Outcome 6 Instrumental vaginal delivery.
[Analysis 1.7]
Analysis 1.7. Comparison 1 Acupuncture versus control, Outcome 7 Meconium-stained liquor.
[Analysis 1.8]
Analysis 1.8. Comparison 1 Acupuncture versus control, Outcome 8 Apgar score less than 7.
[Analysis 1.9]
Analysis 1.9. Comparison 1 Acupuncture versus control, Outcome 9 Neonatal care admission.
[Analysis 1.10]
Analysis 1.10. Comparison 1 Acupuncture versus control, Outcome 10 Perinatal death.
[Analysis 1.11]
Analysis 1.11. Comparison 1 Acupuncture versus control, Outcome 11 Perineal tear.
[Analysis 1.12]
Analysis 1.12. Comparison 1 Acupuncture versus control, Outcome 12 Maternal infection.
[Analysis 1.13]
Analysis 1.13. Comparison 1 Acupuncture versus control, Outcome 13 Fetal infection.
[Analysis 1.14]
Analysis 1.14. Comparison 1 Acupuncture versus control, Outcome 14 Postpartum bleeding > 500 mL.
[Analysis 1.15]
Analysis 1.15. Comparison 1 Acupuncture versus control, Outcome 15 Maternal death.
[Analysis 1.16]
Analysis 1.16. Comparison 1 Acupuncture versus control, Outcome 16 Time from trial entry to birth of baby (days; hours).
[Analysis 1.17]
Analysis 1.17. Comparison 1 Acupuncture versus control, Outcome 17 Maternal satisfaction.
[Analysis 1.18]
Analysis 1.18. Comparison 1 Acupuncture versus control, Outcome 18 Need for induction methods.
[Analysis 1.19]
Analysis 1.19. Comparison 1 Acupuncture versus control, Outcome 19 Length of labour.