Intervention Review

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Exercise or exercise and diet for preventing type 2 diabetes mellitus

  1. Leonardo J Orozco2,
  2. Ana Maria Buchleitner3,
  3. Gabriel Gimenez-Perez4,
  4. Marta Roqué i Figuls5,
  5. Bernd Richter6,
  6. Didac Mauricio1,*

Editorial Group: Cochrane Metabolic and Endocrine Disorders Group

Published Online: 16 JUL 2008

Assessed as up-to-date: 29 FEB 2008

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003054.pub3


How to Cite

Orozco LJ, Buchleitner AM, Gimenez-Perez G, Roqué i Figuls M, Richter B, Mauricio D. Exercise or exercise and diet for preventing type 2 diabetes mellitus. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD003054. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003054.pub3.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Hospital Universitari Arnau de Vilanova, Dept. of Endocrinology & Nutrition, Lleida, Spain

  2. 2

    Caja Costarricense Seguro Social (CCSS) & Central American Cochrane Center, OBGYN Women's Hospital San José, Costa Rica., San José, San Pedro Montes de Oca, Costa Rica

  3. 3

    Institut de Recerca Biomèdica de Lleida (IRBLLEIDA), Endocrinology & Nutrition, Lleida, Catalunya, Spain

  4. 4

    Hospital de Sabadell, Corporacio Parc Taulí, Diabetes, Endocrinology and Nutrition Unit, Sabadell, Spain

  5. 5

    Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Centro Cochrane Iberoamericano, Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain

  6. 6

    Universitaetsklinikum Duesseldorf, Heinrich-Heine University, Department of General Practice, Duesseldorf, Germany

*Didac Mauricio, Dept. of Endocrinology & Nutrition, Hospital Universitari Arnau de Vilanova, Rovira Roure, 80, Lleida, 25198, Spain. dmauricio@arnau.scs.es.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New
  2. Published Online: 16 JUL 2008

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[Figure 1]
Figure 1. QUOROM (quality of reporting of meta-analyses) flow-chart of study selection.
[Figure 2]
Figure 2. Risk of bias summary: review authors' judgments about each risk of bias item for each included study.
[Figure 3]
Figure 3. Risk of bias graph: review authors' judgments about each risk of bias item presented as percentages across all included studies.
[Analysis 1.1]
Analysis 1.1. Comparison 1 Exercise+diet vs standard recommendations (overall analysis), Outcome 1 Diabetes incidence - ITT (RR/HR).
[Analysis 1.2]
Analysis 1.2. Comparison 1 Exercise+diet vs standard recommendations (overall analysis), Outcome 2 Diabetes incidence - ITT (OR/HR).
[Analysis 1.3]
Analysis 1.3. Comparison 1 Exercise+diet vs standard recommendations (overall analysis), Outcome 3 Mean differences between groups in fasting plasma glucose (mmol/L).
[Analysis 1.4]
Analysis 1.4. Comparison 1 Exercise+diet vs standard recommendations (overall analysis), Outcome 4 Mean differences between groups in 2-h plasma glucose (mmol/L).
[Analysis 1.5]
Analysis 1.5. Comparison 1 Exercise+diet vs standard recommendations (overall analysis), Outcome 5 Mean differences between groups in body mass index (BMI - kg/m2).
[Analysis 1.6]
Analysis 1.6. Comparison 1 Exercise+diet vs standard recommendations (overall analysis), Outcome 6 Mean differences between groups in weight (kg).
[Analysis 1.7]
Analysis 1.7. Comparison 1 Exercise+diet vs standard recommendations (overall analysis), Outcome 7 Mean differences between groups in waist-to-hip ratio (WHR).
[Analysis 1.8]
Analysis 1.8. Comparison 1 Exercise+diet vs standard recommendations (overall analysis), Outcome 8 Mean differences between groups in waist circumference (cm).
[Analysis 1.9]
Analysis 1.9. Comparison 1 Exercise+diet vs standard recommendations (overall analysis), Outcome 9 Mean differences between groups in total cholesterol (mmol/L).
[Analysis 1.10]
Analysis 1.10. Comparison 1 Exercise+diet vs standard recommendations (overall analysis), Outcome 10 Mean differences between groups in HDL cholesterol (mmol/L).
[Analysis 1.11]
Analysis 1.11. Comparison 1 Exercise+diet vs standard recommendations (overall analysis), Outcome 11 Mean differences between groups in LDL cholesterol (mmol/L).
[Analysis 1.12]
Analysis 1.12. Comparison 1 Exercise+diet vs standard recommendations (overall analysis), Outcome 12 Mean differences between groups in triglycerides (mmol/L).
[Analysis 1.13]
Analysis 1.13. Comparison 1 Exercise+diet vs standard recommendations (overall analysis), Outcome 13 Mean differences between groups in systolic blood pressure (mmHg).
[Analysis 1.14]
Analysis 1.14. Comparison 1 Exercise+diet vs standard recommendations (overall analysis), Outcome 14 Mean differences between groups in diastolic blood pressure (mmHg).
[Analysis 2.1]
Analysis 2.1. Comparison 2 Exercise vs standard recommendations (overall analysis), Outcome 1 Diabetes incidence - ITT (RR/HR).
[Analysis 2.2]
Analysis 2.2. Comparison 2 Exercise vs standard recommendations (overall analysis), Outcome 2 Diabetes incidence - ITT (OR/HR).
[Analysis 3.1]
Analysis 3.1. Comparison 3 Exercise vs diet (overall analysis), Outcome 1 Diabetes incidence - ITT (RR/HR).
[Analysis 3.2]
Analysis 3.2. Comparison 3 Exercise vs diet (overall analysis), Outcome 2 Diabetes incidence - ITT (OR/HR).