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Castor oil, bath and/or enema for cervical priming and induction of labour

  1. Anthony J Kelly1,*,
  2. Josephine Kavanagh2,
  3. Jane Thomas3

Editorial Group: Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group

Published Online: 24 JUL 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 4 JUN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003099.pub2


How to Cite

Kelly AJ, Kavanagh J, Thomas J. Castor oil, bath and/or enema for cervical priming and induction of labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 7. Art. No.: CD003099. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003099.pub2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Brighton, UK

  2. 2

    Institute of Education, University of London, Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Co-ordinating Centre, Social Science Research Unit, London, UK

  3. 3

    Auckland University, Cochrane MSDG FMHS, Auckland, New Zealand

*Anthony J Kelly, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust, Royal Sussex County Hospital, Eastern Road, Brighton, BN2 5BE, UK. tony.kelly@bsuh.nhs.uk.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 24 JUL 2013

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References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Azhari 2006 {published data only}
  • Azhari S, Pirdadeh S, Lotfalizadeh M, Shakeri MT. Evaluation of the effect of castor oil on initiating labor in term pregnancy. Saudi Medical Journal 2006;27(7):1011-4.
Garry 2000 {published data only}
Gilad 2012 {published data only}
  • Gilad R, Hochner H, Vinograd O, Saam R, Hochner-Celnikier D, Porat S. The CIC Trial - castor oil for induction of contractions in post-term pregnancies. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2012;206(Suppl 1):S77-S78.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Azharkish 2008 {published data only}
  • Azarkish F, Absalan N, Roudbari M, Barahooie F, Mirlashari S, Bameri M. Effect of oral castor oil on labor pain in post term pregnancy. Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2008;13(3):e1-e6, En1.
Mathie 1959 {published data only}
Nabors 1958 {published data only}
Saberi 2008 {published data only}
  • Saberi F, Abedzadeh M, Sadat Z, Eslami A. Effect of castor oil on induction of labour. Journal of the Kashan University of Medical Sciences 2008; Vol. 11, issue 4.
Wang 1997 {published data only}
  • Wang L, Shi C, Yang G. Comparison of misoprostol and ricinus oil meal for cervical ripening and labor induction. Chung-Hua Fu Chan Ko Tsa Chih [Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology] 1997;32(11):666-8.

References to studies awaiting assessment

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Porat 2006 {published data only}
  • Porat S. The use of castor oil as a labor initiator in post-date pregnancies (planned trial). ClinicalTrials.gov (http://clinicaltrials.gov/) (accessed 21 March 2006).

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Alfirevic 2006
Alfirevic 2009
Boulvain 2001
Boulvain 2005
Boulvain 2008
Bricker 2000
Clarke 2002
  • Clarke M, Oxman AD, editors. Cochrane Reviewers' Handbook 4.1.5 [Updated April 2002]. In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 3, 2002. Oxford: Update Software. Updated Quarterly.
Curtis 1987
French 2001
Hapangama 2009
Higgins 2011
  • Higgins JPT, Green S, editors. Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0 [updated March 2011]. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011. Available from www.cochrane-handbook.org.
Hofmeyr 2000
  • Hofmeyr GJ, Alfirevic Z, Kelly AJ, Kavanagh J, Thomas J, Brocklehurst P, et al. Methods for cervical ripening and labour induction in late pregnancy: generic protocol. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2000, Issue 2. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002074]
Hofmeyr 2009
  • Hofmeyr GJ, Alfirevic Z, Kelly AJ, Kavanagh J, Thomas J, Neilson James P, et al. Methods for cervical ripening and labour induction in late pregnancy: generic protocol. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009, Issue 3. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002074.pub2]
Hofmeyr 2010
Howarth 2001
  • Howarth G, Botha DJ. Amniotomy plus intravenous oxytocin for induction of labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2001, Issue 3. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003250]
Hutton 2001
  • Hutton EK, Mozurkewich EL. Extra-amniotic prostaglandin for induction of labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2001, issue 2. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003092]
Jozwiak 2012
Kavanagh 2001
  • Kavanagh J, Kelly AJ, Thomas J. Sexual intercourse for cervical ripening and induction of labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2001, Issue 2. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003093]
Kavanagh 2005
Kavanagh 2006
  • Kavanagh J, Kelly AJ, Thomas J. Corticosteroids for cervical ripening and induction of labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2006, Issue 2. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003100.pub2]
Kavanagh 2006a
  • Kavanagh J, Kelly AJ, Thomas J. Hyaluronidase for cervical ripening and induction of labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2006, Issue 2. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003097.pub2]
Kelly 2001
  • Kelly Anthony J, Kavanagh J, Thomas J. Relaxin for cervical ripening and induction of labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2001, Issue 2. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003103]
Kelly 2009
Kelly 2011
Luckas 2000
Muzonzini 2004
  • Muzonzini G, Hofmeyr GJ. Buccal or sublingual misoprostol for cervical ripening and induction of labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2004, Issue 4. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004221.pub2]
RevMan 2003 [Computer program]
  • The Cochrane Collaboration. Review Manager (RevMan). Version 4.2 for Windows. Oxford, England: The Cochrane Collaboration, 2003.
RevMan 2011 [Computer program]
  • The Nordic Cochrane Centre, The Cochrane Collaboration. Review Manager (RevMan). Version 5.1. Copenhagen: The Nordic Cochrane Centre, The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011.
Smith 2003
Smith 2004
Thomas 2001
  • Thomas J, Kelly AJ, Kavanagh J. Oestrogens alone or with amniotomy for cervical ripening or induction of labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2001, Issue 4. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003393]

References to other published versions of this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Kelly 2001a
  • Kelly AJ, Kavanagh J, Thomas J. Castor oil, bath and/or enema for cervical priming and induction of labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2001, Issue 2. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003099]