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Intervention Review

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Surgical versus endoscopic treatment of bile duct stones

  1. Bobby VM Dasari1,*,
  2. Chuan Jin Tan1,
  3. Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy2,
  4. David J Martin3,
  5. Gareth Kirk1,
  6. Lloyd McKie1,
  7. Tom Diamond1,
  8. Mark A Taylor1

Editorial Group: Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group

Published Online: 3 SEP 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 1 MAY 2013

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003327.pub3


How to Cite

Dasari BVM, Tan CJ, Gurusamy KS, Martin DJ, Kirk G, McKie L, Diamond T, Taylor MA. Surgical versus endoscopic treatment of bile duct stones. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 9. Art. No.: CD003327. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003327.pub3.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Mater Hospital/Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, General and Hepatobiliary Surgery, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK

  2. 2

    Royal Free Campus, UCL Medical School, Department of Surgery, London, UK

  3. 3

    Royal Prince Alfred, Concord & Strathfield Private Hospitals, Sydney, NSW, Australia

*Bobby VM Dasari, General and Hepatobiliary Surgery, Mater Hospital/Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, 15 Boulevard, Wellington Square, Belfast, Northern Ireland, BT7 3LW, UK. bobby.dasari@yahoo.com.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (conclusions changed)
  2. Published Online: 3 SEP 2013

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This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (12 DEC 2013)

References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
  4. References to other published versions of this review
Bansal 2010 {published data only}
  • Bansal VK, Misra MC, Garg P, Prabhu M. A prospective randomized trial comparing two-stage versus single-stage management of patients with gallstone disease and common bile duct stones. Surgical Endoscopy 2010;24:1986-9.
Bornman 1992 {unpublished data only}
  • Bornman PC, Funnell IC, van Wyk MEC, Krige JEJ, Graham S. Does ERCP before planned cholecystectomy benefit patients with suspected bile duct stones? A randomised trial [abstract]. South African Medical Journal 1991;81:41.
Cuschieri 1999 {published data only}
  • Cuschieri A, Lezoche E, Mornino M, Croce E, Lacy A, Tooulo J, et al. E.A.E.S. multicenter prospective randomized trial comparing two-stage vs single-stage management of patients with gallstone disease and ductal calculi. Surgical Endoscopy 1999;13(10):952-7.
Hammarstrom 1995 {published data only}
Hong 2006 {published data only}
  • Hong DF, Xin Y, Chen DW. Comparision of laparoscopic cholecystectomy combined with intraoperative endoscopic sphincterotomy and laparoscopic exploration of the common bile duct for cholecystocholedocholithiasis. Surgical Endoscopy 2006;20:424-7.
  • Xin Y, Hong D, Cai X, Mou Y, Li L, Wang G, et al. Comparision of laparoscopic cholecystectomy combined with intraoperative endoscopic sphincterotomy and combined with laparoscopic common bile duct exploration in treatment of cholithiasis and calculus of common bile duct [Chinese]. National Medical Journal of China 2007;87(38):2703-5.
Kapoor 1996 {published data only}
  • Kapoor R, Kaushik SP, Saraswat VA, Choudhuri G, Sikora SS, Saxena R, et al. Prospective randomized trial comparing endoscopic sphincterotomy followed by surgery with surgery alone in good risk patients with choledocholithiasis. HPB Surgery 1996;9(3):145-8.
Nathanson 2005 {published data only}
  • Nathanson LK, O'Rourke NA, Martin IJ, Fielding GA, Cowen AE, Roberts RK, et al. Postoperative ERCP versus laparoscopic choledochotomy for clearance of selected bile duct calculi: a randomized trial. Annals of Surgery 2005;242(2):188-92. [MEDLINE: 16041208]
Neoptolemos 1987 {published data only}
  • Cotton PB. Endoscopic sphincterotomy before cholecystectomy?. HPB Surgery 1989;1(3):244-7.
  • Neoptolemos JP, Carr-Locke DL, Fossard DP. Prospective randomised study of preoperative endoscopic sphincterotomy versus surgery alone for common bile duct stones. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed) 1987;294(6570):470-4.
Noble 2009 {published data only}
  • Noble H, Tranter S, Chesworth T, Norton S, Thompson MD. A randomized, clinical trial to compare endoscopic sphincterotomy and subsequent laparoscopic cholecystectomy with primary laparoscopic bile duct exploration during cholecystectomy in higher risk patients with choledocholithiasis. Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques 2009;19(6):713-20.
Rhodes 1998 {published data only}
  • Rhodes M, Sussman L, Cohen L, Lewis MP. Randomised trial of laparoscopic exploration of common bile duct versus postoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiography for common bile duct stones. Lancet 1998;351(9097):159-61.
Rogers 2010 {published data only}
  • Rogers S, Cello JP, Horn JK, Siperstein A, Campbell A, Mackersie R, et al. Randomized controlled clinical trial of laparascopic cholecystectomy plus laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LC+LCBDE) vs ERCP sphincterotomy plus laparascopic cholecystectomy (ERCP/S+LC) for common bile duct stone disease [abstract]. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 1999;14(Suppl):S110.
  • Rogers SJ, Cello JP, Horn JK, Siperstein AE, Schecter WP, Campbell AR, et al. Prospective randomised trial of LC+LCBDE vs ERCP/S+LC for common bile duct stone disease. Archives of Surgery 2010;145(1):28-33.
Sgourakis 2002 {published data only}
  • Sgourakis G, Karaliotas K. Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration and cholecystectomy versus endoscopic stone extraction and laparoscopic cholecystectomy for choledocholithiasis. A prospective randomized study. Minerva Chirurgica 2002;57(4):467-74.
Stain 1991 {published data only}
Stiegmann 1992 {published data only}
  • Stiegmann GV, Goff JS, Mansour A, Pearlman N, Reveille RM, Norton L. Precholecystectomy endoscopic cholangiography and stone removal is not superior to cholecystectomy, cholangiography, and common duct exploration. American Journal of Surgery 1992;163(2):227-30.
Suc 1998 {published data only}
  • Suc B, Escat J, Cherqui D, Fourtanier G, Hay JM, Fingerhut A, et al. Surgery vs endoscopy as primary treatment in symptomatic patients with suspected common bile duct stones: a multicenter randomized trial. French Associations for Surgical Research. Archives of Surgery 1998;133(7):702-8.
Targarona 1996 {published data only}
  • Targarona EM, Perez Ayuso RM, Bordas JM, Ros E, Pros I, Martinez J, et al. Randomised trial of endoscopic sphincterotomy with gall bladder left in situ versus open surgery for common bile duct calculi in high risk patients. Lancet 1996;347:926-9.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
  4. References to other published versions of this review
Airan 1992 {published data only}
  • Airan M, Appel M, Berci G, Coburg AJ, Cohen M, Cuschieri A, et al. Retrospective and prospective multi-institutional laparoscopic cholecystectomy study organized by the Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons. Surgical Endoscopy 1992;6(4):169-78.
Ammori 2000 {published data only}
  • Ammori BJ, Birbas K, Davides D, Vezakis A, Larvin M, McMahon MJ. Routine vs "on demand" postoperative ERCP for small bile duct calculi detected at intraoperative cholangiography. Clinical evaluation and cost analysis. Surgical Endoscopy 2000;14(12):1123-6.
Andreasen 1998 {published data only}
  • Andreasen DA, Larsen JF. ERCP and laparoscopic cholecystectomy [ERCP og laparoskopisk kolecystektomi]. Ugeskrift for Laeger 1998;160(32):4626-9.
Berci 1994 {published data only}
  • Berci G, Morgenstern L. Laparoscopic management of common bile duct stones. A multi-institutional SAGES study. Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons. Surgical Endoscopy 1994;8(10):1168-75.
Bergamaschi 1999 {published data only}
  • Bergamaschi R, Tuech JJ, Braconier L, Walsoe HK, Marvik R, Boyet J, et al. Selective endoscopic retrograde cholangiography prior to laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gallstones. American Journal of Surgery 1999;178(1):46-9.
Boeckl 1988 {published data only}
  • Boeckl O, Heinerman M, Pimpl W. Influence of preoperative selective endoscopy on the results and treatment concept of bile duct surgery [Einfluss der praoperativen selektiven Endoskopie auf Resultate und Therapiekonzept der Gallengangschirurgie]. Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift 1988;113(50):1950-5.
Boerma 2002 {published data only}
  • Boerma D, Rauws EA, Keulemans YC, Janssen IM, Bolwerk CJ, Timmer R, et al. Wait-and-see policy or laparoscopic cholecystectomy after endoscopic sphincterotomy for bile-duct stones: a randomised trial. Lancet 2002;360:761-5.
Bonatsos 1996 {published data only}
  • Bonatsos G, Leandros E, Polydorou A, Romanos A, Dourakis N, Birbas C, et al. ERCP in association with laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A strategy to minimize the number of unnecessary ERCPs. Surgical Endoscopy 1996;10(1):37-40.
Budzynski 1997 {published data only}
  • Budzynski A, Bobrzynski A, Rembiasz K, Biesiada Z, Dutkiewicz W. The problem of common bile duct calculi in the era of laparoscopic cholecystectomy [Problem kamicy przewodowej w dobie cholecystektomii laparoskopowej]. Wiadomosci Lekarskie 1997;50(Suppl 1 Pt 1):235-8.
Cemachovic 2000 {published data only}
  • Cemachovic I, Letard JC, Begin GF, Rousseau D, Nivet JM. Intraoperative endoscopic sphincterotomy is a reasonable option for complete single-stage minimally invasive biliary stones treatment: short-term experience with 57 patients. Endoscopy 2000;32(12):956-62.
Chan 1996 {published data only}
  • Chan AC, Chung SC, Wyman A, Kwong KH, Ng EK, Lau JY, et al. Selective use of preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 1996;43(3):212-5.
Chang 2000 {published data only}
  • Chang L, Lo S, Stabile BE, Lewis RJ, Toosie K, de Virgilio C. Preoperative versus postoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in mild to moderate gallstone pancreatitis: a prospective randomized trial. Annals of Surgery 2000;231(1):82-7.
Cisek 1994 {published data only}
  • Cisek PL, Greaney GC. The role of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the management of choledocholithiasis. American Surgeon 1994;60(10):772-6.
Conigliaro 1995 {published data only}
  • Conigliaro R, Ricci E, Sassatelli R, Pacchione D, Bertoni G, Mortilla MG, et al. Common bile duct stones and cholecystectomy: a prospective multicentric study comparing different treatments. Giornale Italiano di Endoscopia Digestiva 1995;18(4):237-45.
Coppola 1996 {published data only}
  • Coppola R, D'Ugo D, Ciletti S, Riccioni ME, Cosentino L, Magistrelli P, et al. ERCP in the era of laparoscopic biliary surgery. Experience with 407 patients. Surgical Endoscopy 1996;10(4):403-6.
Daradkeh 2000 {published data only}
  • Daradkeh S, Shennak M, Abu-Khalaf M. Selective use of perioperative ERCP in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Hepato-Gastroenterology 2000;47(35):1213-5.
Davis 1997 {published data only}
  • Davis WZ, Cotton PB, Arias R, Williams D, Onken JE. ERCP and sphincterotomy in the context of laparoscopic cholecystectomy: academic and community practice patterns and results. American Journal of Gastroenterology 1997;92(4):597-601.
Decker 2003 {published data only}
  • Decker G, Borie F, Millat B, Berthou JC, Deleuze A, Drouard F, et al. One hundred laparoscopic choledochotomies with primary closure of the common bile duct. Surgical Endoscopy 2003;17(1):12-8.
Dias 2002 {published data only}
Drouard 1995 {published data only}
  • Drouard F, Passone-Szerzyna N, Berthou JC. Laparoscopic treatment of common bile duct calculi [Traitement laparoscopique de la lithiase de la voie biliaire principale]. Annales de Chirurgie 1995;49(7):596-601.
Drouard 1997 {published data only}
  • Drouard F, Passone-Szerzyna N, Berthou JC. Laparoscopic treatment of common bile duct stones. Hepato-Gastroenterology 1997;44(13):16-21.
Ebner 2004 {published data only}
El Geidie 2011 {published data only}
  • El Geidie AA, El Ebidy GK, Naeem YM. Preoperative versus intraoperative endoscopic sphincterotomy for management of common bile duct stones. Surgical Endoscopy 2011;25:1230-7.
Fanning 1997 {published data only}
  • Fanning NF, Horgan PG, Keane FBV. Evolving management of common bile duct stones in the laparoscopic era. Journal of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh 1997;42:389-94.
Frazee 1993 {published data only}
  • Frazee RC, Roberts J, Symmonds R, Hendricks JC, Snyder S, Smith R, et al. Combined laparoscopic and endoscopic management of cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis. American Journal of Surgery 1993;166(6):702-6.
Galloway 1994 {published data only}
Giurgiu 1999 {published data only}
Gonzalez 1989 {published data only}
  • Gonzalez JC, Gomis J, Zoghbi S, Capozzolo N, Aldana K, Nino M, et al. Preoperative endoscopic sphincterotomy [Esfinterotomia endoscopica preoperatoria]. Genetic Engineering News 1989;43(4):247-50.
Hamy 2003 {published data only}
  • Hamy A, Hennekinne S, Pessaux P, Lada P, Randriamananjo S, Lermite E, et al. Endoscopic sphincterotomy prior to laparoscopic cholecystectomy for the treatment of cholelithiasis. Surgical Endoscopy 2003;17:872-5.
Heili 1999 {published data only}
  • Heili M, Wintz NK, Fowler DL. Choledocholithiasis: endoscopic versus laparoscopic management. American Surgeon 1999;2:135-8.
Heinerman 1989 {published data only}
Hoyuela 1999 {published data only}
Hui 2002 {published data only}
  • Hui CK, Lai KC, Wong WM, Yuen MF, Lam SK, Lai CL. A randomised controlled trial of endoscopic sphincterotomy in acute cholangitis without common bile duct stones. Gut 2002;51:245-7.
Huynh 1996 {published data only}
  • Huynh CH, Van de Stadt J, Deviere J, Mehdi A, el Nakadi I, Cremer M, et al. Preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: therapeutic impact in a general population of patients needing a cholecystectomy. Hepato-Gastroenterology 1996;43(12):1484-91.
Kapoor 1994 {published data only}
Khuroo 1989 {published data only}
  • Khuroo MS, Mahajan R, Zargar SA, Javid G, Banday M. Endoscopic vs surgical drainage of biliary tract in acute pyogenic cholangitis: a controlled study. Indian Journal of Gastroenterology 1989;8(2):119.
Kullman 1996 {published data only}
  • Kullman E, Borch K, Lindstrom E, Svanvik J, Anderberg B. Management of bile duct stones in the era of laparoscopic cholecystectomy: appraisal of routine operative cholangiography and endoscopic treatment. European Journal of Surgery 1996;162(11):873-80.
Lai 1992 {published data only}
Lella 2006 {published data only}
  • Lella F, Bagnolo F, Rebuffat C, Scalambra M, Bonassi U, Colombo E. Use of the laparoscopic-endoscopic approach, the so-called "rendezvous" technique, in cholecystocholedocholithiasis. Surgical Endoscopy 2006;20:419-23.
Lezoche 1996 {published data only}
  • Lezoche E, Paganini AM, Carlei F, Feliciotti F, Lomanto D, Guerrieri M. Laparoscopic treatment of gallbladder and common bile duct stones: a prospective study. World Journal of Surgery 1996;20(5):535-41.
Lezoche 2000 {published data only}
  • Lezoche E, Paganini AM. Technical considerations and laparoscopic bile duct exploration: transcystic and choledochotomy. Seminars in Laparoscopic Surgery 2000;7(4):262-78.
Liberman 1996 {published data only}
  • Liberman MA, Phillips EH, Carroll BJ, Fallas MJ, Rosenthal R, Hiatt J. Cost-effective management of complicated choledocholithiasis: laparoscopic transcystic duct exploration or endoscopic sphincterotomy. Journal of the American College of Surgeons 1996;182:488-94.
Liu 1996 {published data only}
Magnanini 1994 {published data only}
  • Magnanini F, Peralta C, Pardo R, Curras A, Zalar A, Olmos M. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: before and after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Acta Gastroenterologica Latinoamericana 1994;24(4):213-7.
Martin 1998 {published data only}
  • Martin IJ, Bailey IS, Rhodes M, O'Rourke N, Nathanson L, Fielding G. Towards T-tube free laparoscopic bile duct exploration: a methodologic evolution during 300 consecutive procedures. Annals of Surgery 1998;228(1):29-34.
Martin 2002 {published data only}
Masci 1999 {published data only}
  • Masci E, Fanti L, Mariani A, Guerini S, Zuliani W, Baccari P, et al. Selection criteria for pre-operative endoscopic retrograde cholangiography and endoscopic-laparoscopic treatment of biliary stones. European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology 1999;11(7):781-4.
Materia 1996 {published data only}
  • Materia A, Pizzuto G, Silecchia G, Fiocca F, Fantini A, Spaziani E, et al. Sequential endoscopic-laparoscopic treatment of cholecystocholedocholithiasis. Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques 1996;6(4):273-7.
Meyer 1999 {published data only}
  • Meyer C, Le JV, Rohr S, Thiry LC, Bourtoul C, Duclos B, et al. Management of common bile duct stones by laparoscopic cholecystectomy and endoscopic sphincterotomy: pre-, per- or postoperative sphincterotomy?. Digestive Surgery 1999;16(1):26-31.
Meyer 2002 {published data only}
  • Meyer C, Le JV, Rohr S, Duclos B, Reimund JM, Baumann R. Management of common bile duct stones in a single operation combining laparoscopic cholecystectomy and peroperative endoscopic sphincterotomy. Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery 2002;9(2):196-200.
Michel 2000 {published data only}
  • Michel J, Navarro F, Montpeyroux F, Burgel JS, Le Moine MC, Daures JP, et al. Treatment of common bile duct stones with laparoscopy. Retrospective multicenter study with 612 patients [Traitement de la lithiase de la voie biliaire principale sous laparoscopie. Etude retrospective multicentrique chez 612 malades]. Gastroenterologie Clinique et Biologique 2000;24(4):404-8.
Mijal 1997 {published data only}
  • Mijal M, Ciechanski A, Chmurzynski M, Zinkiewicz K, Cwik G, Misiuna P. Comparison of combined (endoscopic sphincterotomy + laparoscopic cholecystectomy) and classical treatment of obstructive jaundice in the course of cholelithiasis [Porownanie wynikow skojarzonego (ES + ChL) i klasycznego leczenia zoltaczki mechanicznej w przebiegu kamicy zolciowej]. Wiadomosci Lekarskie 1997;50(Suppl 1 Pt 1):242-5.
Millat 1995 {published data only}
Millat 1996 {published data only}
  • Millat B, Deleuze A, Atger J, Briandet H, Fingerhut A, Marrel E, et al. Treatment of common bile duct lithiasis under laparoscopy. A prospective multicenter study in 189 patients [Traitement de la lithiase de la voie biliaire principale sous laparoscopie]. Gastroenterologie Clinique et Biologique 1996;20(4):339-45.
Millat 1997 {published data only}
  • Millat B, Atger J, Deleuze A, Briandet H, Fingerhut A, Guillon F, et al. Laparoscopic treatment for choledocholithiasis: a prospective evaluation in 247 consecutive unselected patients. Hepato-Gastroenterology 1997;44(13):28-34.
Miller 1988 {published data only}
Mo 2002 {published data only}
  • Mo LR, Chang KK, Wang CH, Yau MP, Yang TM. Preoperative endoscopic sphincterotomy in the treatment of patients with cholecystocholedocholithiasis. Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery 2002;9(2):191-5.
Moreaux 1995 {published data only}
Morino 2006 {published data only}
  • Morino M, Baracchi F, Miglietta C, Furlan N, Ragona R, Garbarini A. Preoperative endoscopic sphincterotomy versus laparo endoscopic rendezvous in patients with gallbladder and bile duct stones. Annals of Surgery 2006;244(6):889-96.
Neoptolemos 89 {published data only}
  • Neoptolemos JP, Shaw DE, Carr-Locke DL. A multivariate analysis of preoperative risk factors in patients with common bile duct stones. Implications for treatment. Annals of Surgery 1989;209(2):157-61.
Neuhaus 1992 {published data only}
  • Neuhaus H, Ungeheuer A, Feussner H, Classen M, Siewert JR. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy: ERCP as standard preoperative diagnostic technique [Laparoskopische Cholezystektomie: ERCP als preoperative Standarddiagnostik?]. Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift 1992;117(49):1863-7.
Niu 1995 {published data only}
Paganini 1998 {published data only}
Palacios-Macedo 1995 {published data only}
  • Palacios-Macedo A, Herrera MF, Moran MA, Gonzalez Garcia M, Chan Nunez C, Hernandez-Ortiz J. Endoscopy and laparoscopy in the treatment of lithiasic cholecystitis associated with benign bile duct obstruction [Endoscopia y laparoscopia en el tratamiento de la colecistitis litiasica asociada a obstruccion benigna de via biliar]. Revista de Investigacion Clinica 1995;47(2):103-7.
Pedersen 1998 {published data only}
  • Pedersen FM, Brandt CJ, Schaffalitzky de Muckadell OB. Choledocholithiasis. Endoscopic treatment of 416 consecutive patients [Choledocholitiasis. Endoskopisk behandling af 416 konsekutive patienter]. Ugeskrift for Laeger 1998;160(45):6526-9.
Pereira-Lima 2001 {published data only}
  • Pereira-Lima JC, Rynkowski CB, Rhoden EL. Endoscopic treatment of choledocholithiasis in the era of laparoscopic cholecystectomy: prospective analysis of 386 patients. Hepato-Gastroenterology 2001;48(41):1271-4.
Perniceni 2001 {published data only}
  • Perniceni T, Alves A, Levard H, Boudet MJ, Denet C, Gayet B. Can common bile duct lithiasis be removed laparoscopically without external biliary drainage? [Le traitement laparoscopique de la lithiase de la voie biliaire principale sans drainage biliaire externe est-il possible?]. Gastroenterologie Clinique et Biologique 2001;25(2):149-53.
Phillips 1995 {published data only}
  • Phillips EH, Liberman M, Carroll BJ, Fallas MJ, Rosenthal R, Hiatt J. Bile duct stones in the laparoscopic era: is pre-operative sphincterotomy necessary?. Archives of Surgery 1995;130:880-6.
Quershi 1993 {published data only}
  • Quershi A, Browne A, Leahy AL, Courtney G, Osborne H, Broe PJ, et al. ERCP in the management of patients having laparoscopic cholecystectomy: re-appraising current indications. Irish Journal of Medical Science 1993;162(12):510-2.
Rabago 2006 {published data only}
  • Rabago LR, Vincente C, Soler F, Delgado M, Moral I, Guerra I, et al. Two-stage treatment with preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) compared with single-stage treatment with intraoperative ERCP for patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis with possible choledocholithiasis. Endoscopy 2006;38(8):779-86.
Rhodes 1995 {published data only}
Rieger 1994 {published data only}
  • Rieger R, Sulzbacher H, Woisetschlager R, Schrenk P, Wayand W. Selective use of ERCP in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. World Journal of Surgery 1994;18(6):900-4; discussion 904-5.
Rieger 1995 {published data only}
  • Rieger R, Wayand W. Yield of prospective, noninvasive evaluation of the common bile duct combined with selective ERCP/sphincterotomy in 1390 consecutive laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 1995;42(1):6-12.
Rijna 2000 {published data only}
Robertson 1996 {published data only}
  • Robertson GS, Jagger C, Johnson PR, Rathbone BJ, Wicks AC, Lloyd DM, et al. Selection criteria for preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in the laparoscopic era. Archives of Surgery 1996;131(1):89-94.
Robinson 1995 {published data only}
Roush 1995 {published data only}
Santucci 1996 {published data only}
  • Santucci L, Natalini G, Sarpi L, Fiorucci S, Solinas A, Morelli A. Selective endoscopic retrograde cholangiography and preoperative bile duct stone removal in patients scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a prospective study. American Journal of Gastroenterology 1996;91(7):1326-30.
Sarli 1999 {published data only}
  • Sarli L, Pietra N, Franze A, Colla G, Costi R, Gobbi S, et al. Routine intravenous cholangiography, selective ERCP, and endoscopic treatment of bile duct stones before laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 1999;50(2):200-8.
Schwab 1992 {published data only}
  • Schwab G, Pointner R, Wetscher G, Glaser K, Foltin E, Bodner E. Treatment of calculi of the common bile duct. Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics 1992;175(2):115-20.
Seo 2000 {published data only}
  • Seo DW. Prospective analysis of endoscopic papillary balloon dilatation and endoscopic sphincterotomy for removal of common bile duct stones. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 2000;52(1):140-2.
Stoker 1995 {published data only}
Sugiyama 1999 {published data only}
  • Sugiyama M, Izumisato Y, Hatano N, Mori T, Atomi Y. Management of unsuspected common bile duct stones found during laparoscopic cholecystectomy by means of transcystic catheter placement and papillary dilation. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 1999;50(6):837-40.
Sungler 1993 {published data only}
  • Sungler P, Heinerman PM, Mayer F, Boeckl O. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in cholecysto-choledocholithiasis. "Therapeutic splitting" or conventional surgical procedure?. Chirurg 1993;64(12):1012-5; discussion 1016-7.
Sungler 1997 {published data only}
  • Sungler P, Holzinger J, Heinerman PM, Waclawiczek HW, Boeckl O. Preoperative therapeutic splitting [Preoperatives therapeutisches splitting]. Zentralblatt fur Chirurgie 1997;122(12):1083-7.
Tham 1998 {published data only}
  • Tham TC, Lichtenstein DR, Vandervoort J, Wong RC, Brooks D, Van Dam J, et al. Role of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for suspected choledocholithiasis in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 1998;47(1):50-6.
Trias 1997 {published data only}
  • Trias M, Targarona EM, Ros E, Bordas JM, Perez Ayuso RM, Balague C, et al. Prospective evaluation of a minimally invasive approach for treatment of bile-duct calculi in the high-risk patient. Surgical Endoscopy 1997;11(6):632-5.
Trondsen 1995 {published data only}
  • Trondsen E, Edwin B, Reiertsen O, Fagertun H, Rosseland AR. Selection criteria for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography (ERCP) in patients with gallstone disease. World Journal of Surgery 1995;19(6):852-7.
Turcu 1997 {published data only}
  • Turcu F. A minimally invasive approach in choledocholithiasis [Abordul miniinvaziv al litiazei de cale biliara principala]. Chirurgia (Bucuresti) 1997;92(3):145-53.
Waage 2003 {published data only}
  • Waage A, Stromberg C, Leijonmarck CE, Arvidsson D. Long-term results from laparoscopic common bile duct exploration. Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques 2003;17(8):1181-5.
Welbourn 1995 {published data only}
  • Welbourn CR, Mehta D, Armstrong CP, Gear MW, Eyre-Brook IA. Selective preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiography with sphincterotomy avoids bile duct exploration during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Gut 1995;37(4):576-9.
Wenner 2005 {published data only}
  • Wenner DE, Whitwam P, Rosser J, Hashmi S, Wenner DE. A stone extraction facilitation device to achieve an improved technique for performing LCBDE. Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques 2005;19(1):120-5.
Widdison 1994 {published data only}
Wilson 1993 {published data only}
Worthley 1989 {published data only}
Zargar 2002 {published data only}
  • Zagar SA, Javid G, Khan, et al. Endoscopic sphincterotomy in the management of the commmon bile duct stones: results in 170 patients. JK Practitioner 2002;9:20-3.

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
  4. References to other published versions of this review
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References to other published versions of this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
  4. References to other published versions of this review
Martin 2006