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Fetal manipulation for facilitating tests of fetal wellbeing

  1. Kelvin H Tan1,*,
  2. Antoinette Sabapathy2,
  3. Xing Wei1

Editorial Group: Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group

Published Online: 7 DEC 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 30 SEP 2013

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003396.pub2


How to Cite

Tan KH, Sabapathy A, Wei X. Fetal manipulation for facilitating tests of fetal wellbeing. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 12. Art. No.: CD003396. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003396.pub2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Department of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Singapore, Singapore

  2. 2

    Nanyang Polytechnic, School of Health Sciences, Singapore, Singapore

*Kelvin H Tan, Department of Maternal Fetal Medicine, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, 100 Bukit Timah Road, Singapore, 229899, Singapore. khtan@tan.net. tan.kok.hian@kkh.com.sg.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 7 DEC 2013

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[Figure 1]
Figure 1. .'Risk of bias' graph: review authors' judgements about each risk of bias item presented as percentages across all included studies.
[Figure 2]
Figure 2. 'Risk of bias' summary: review authors' judgements about each risk of bias item for each included study.
[Analysis 1.1]
Analysis 1.1. Comparison 1 Manual fetal manipulation versus no or mock stimulation, Outcome 1 Non-reactive cardiotocography.
[Analysis 1.5]
Analysis 1.5. Comparison 1 Manual fetal manipulation versus no or mock stimulation, Outcome 5 Mean time of fetal heart rate remaining unreactive.
[Analysis 2.1]
Analysis 2.1. Comparison 2 Manual fetal manipulation versus vibroacoustic stimulation, Outcome 1 Non-reactive cardiotocography.
[Analysis 2.2]
Analysis 2.2. Comparison 2 Manual fetal manipulation versus vibroacoustic stimulation, Outcome 2 Need for contraction-stress test.