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Electromagnetic fields for treating osteoarthritis

  1. Shasha Li1,
  2. Bo Yu2,
  3. Dong Zhou3,
  4. Chengqi He1,*,
  5. Qi Zhuo4,
  6. Jennifer M Hulme5

Editorial Group: Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group

Published Online: 14 DEC 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 3 OCT 2013

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003523.pub2


How to Cite

Li S, Yu B, Zhou D, He C, Zhuo Q, Hulme JM. Electromagnetic fields for treating osteoarthritis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 12. Art. No.: CD003523. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003523.pub2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China

  2. 2

    Sichuan Provincial Hospital for Women and Children, Department of Paediatrics, Chengdu, China

  3. 3

    West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Department of Neurology, Chengdu, Sichuan, China

  4. 4

    Chinese PLA General Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Beijing, China

  5. 5

    McGill University School of Medicine, Class of 2012, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

*Chengqi He, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No.37 Guo-xue-xiang Street, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610041, China. chengqi.he623477@gmail.com.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 14 DEC 2013

SEARCH

References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
Fary 2011 {published data only}
  • Fary RE, Carroll GJ, Briffa TG, Briffa NK. The effectiveness of pulsed electrical stimulation in the management of osteoarthritis of the knee: results of a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, repeated-measures trial. Arthritis and Rheumatism 2011;63(5):1333-42.
Garland 2007 {published data only}
  • Garland D, Holt P, Harrington JT, Caldwell J, Zizic T, Cholewczynski J. A 3-month, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a highly optimized, capacitively coupled, pulsed electrical stimulator in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 2007;15(6):630-7.
Nelson 2013 {published data only}
  • Nelson FR, Zvirbulis R, Pilla AA. Non-invasive electromagnetic field therapy produces rapid and substantial pain reduction in early knee osteoarthritis: a randomized double-blind pilot study. Rheumatology International 2012;33(8):2169-73.
Nicolakis 2002 {published data only}
  • Nicolakis P, Kollmitzer J, Crevenna R, Bittner C, Erdogmus CB, Nicolakis J. Pulsed magnetic field therapy for osteoarthritis of the knee – a double-blind sham-controlled trial. Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift 2002;114(15-6):678-84.
Pipitone 2001 {published data only}
Thamsborg 2005 {published data only}
  • Thamsborg G, Florescu A, Oturai P, Fallentin E, Tritsaris K, Dissing S. Treatment of knee osteoarthritis with pulsed electromagnetic fields: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 2005;13(7):575-81.
Trock 1993 {published data only}
  • Trock DH, Bollet AJ, Dyer RH Jr, Fielding LP, Miner WK, Markoll R. A double-blind trial of the clinical effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields in osteoarthritis. Journal of Rheumatology 1993;20(3):456-60.
Trock 1994 {published data only}
  • Trock DH, Bollet AJ, Markoll R. The effect of pulsed electromagnetic fields in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee and cervical spine. Report of randomized, double blind, placebo controlled trials. Journal of Rheumatology 1994;21(10):1903-11.
Zizic 1995 {published data only}
  • Zizic TM, Hoffman KC, Holt PA, Hungerford DS, O'Dell JR, Jacobs MA, et al. The treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee with pulsed electrical stimulation. Journal of Rheumatology 1995;22(9):1757-61.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
Alcidi 2007 {published data only}
  • Alcidi L, Beneforti E, Maresca M, Santosuosso U, Zoppi M. Low power radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation for the treatment of pain due to osteoarthritis of the knee. Reumatismo 2007;59(2):140-5.
Ay 2009 {published data only}
  • Ay S, Evcik D. The effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Rheumatology International 2009;29(6):663-6.
Battisti 2004 {published data only}
  • Battisti E, Piazza E, Rigato M, Nuti R, Bianciardi L, Scribano A, et al. Efficacy and safety of a musically modulated electromagnetic field (TAMMEF) in patients affected by knee osteoarthritis. Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology 2004;22(5):568-72.
Danao-Camara 2001 {published data only}
  • Danao-Camara T, Tabrah FL. The use of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) in osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee preliminary report. Hawaii Medical Journal 2001;60(11):288,300.
Fischer 2005 {published data only}
  • Fischer G, Pelka RB, Barovic J. Adjuvant treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee with weak pulsing magnetic fields. Results of a prospective, placebo controlled trial [Adjuvante Behandlung der Gonarthrose mit schwachen pulsierenden Magnetfeldern Ergebnisse einer prospektiven, plazebo-kontrollierten vergleichenden Therapiestudie]. Zeitschrift fur Orthopadie und Ihre Grenzgebiete 2005;143(5):544-50.
Fischer 2006 {published data only}
  • Fischer G, Pelka RB, Barovic J. Adjuvant treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee with weak pulsing magnetic fields - results of a prospective, placebo controlled trial [Adjuvante Behandlung der Gonarthrose mit schwachen pulsierenden Magnetfeldern Ergebnisse einer prospektiven, plazebo-kontrollierten vergleichenden Therapiestudie]. Aktuelle Rheumatologie 2006;31:226-33.
Hinman 2002 {published data only}
  • Hinman MR, Ford J, Heyl H. Effects of static magnets on chronic knee pain and physical function: a double-blind study. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine 2002;8(4):50-5.
Jack 2006 {published data only}
  • Farr J, Mont MA, Garland D, Caldwell JR, Zizic TM. Pulsed electrical stimulation in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee: follow up in 288 patients who had failed non-operative therapy. Surgical Technology International 2006;15:227-33.
Jacobson 2001 {published data only}
  • Jacobson JI, Gorman R, Yamanashi WS, Saxena BB, Clayton L. Low-amplitude, extremely low frequency magnetic fields for the treatment of osteoarthritic knees: a double-blind clinical study. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine 2001;7(5):54-64, 66-9.
Kulcu 2009 {published data only}
  • Kulcu DG, Guslen G, Altunok E. Short-term efficacy of pulsed electromagnetic field therapy on pain and functional level in knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled study. Turkish Journal of Rheumatology 2009;24(3):144-8.
Liu 2004 {published data only}
  • Liu WC, Liu Y, Zhang J. Effect of electromagnetic field on treating knee osteoarthritis. Proceedings of Clinical Medicine Journal 2004;13(4):281-2.
Ozgüçlü 2010 {published data only}
  • Ozgüçlü E, Cetin A, Cetin M, Calp E. Additional effect of pulsed electromagnetic field therapy on knee osteoarthritis treatment: a randomized, placebo-controlled study. Clinical Rheumatology 2010;29(8):927-31.
Pavlović 2012 {published data only}
  • Pavlović AS, Djurasić LM. The effect of low frequency pulsing electromagnetic field in treatment of patients with knee joint osteoarthritis. Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica 2012;59(3):81-3.
Rigato 2002 {published data only}
  • Rigato M, Battisti E, Fortunato M, Giordano N. Comparison between the analgesic and therapeutic effects of a musically modulated electromagnetic field (TAMMEF) and those of a 100 Hz electromagnetic field: blind experiment on patients suffering from cervical spondylosis or shoulder periarthritis. Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology 2002;26(6):253-8.
Sutbeyaz 2006 {published data only}
  • Sutbeyaz ST, Sezer N, Koseoglu BF. The effect of pulsed electromagnetic fields in the treatment of cervical osteoarthritis: a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled trial. Rheumatology International 2006;26(4):320-4.
Tomruk 2007 {published data only}
  • Tomruk S, Sezer N, Albayrak N, Koseoglu F. Effectiveness of low frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis: randomized, controlled trial. [Turkish]. Journal of Rheumatology and Medical Rehabilitation 2007;18(1):6-9.

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