Deep transverse friction massage for treating tendinitis
Editorial Group: Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group
Published Online: 21 OCT 2002
Assessed as up-to-date: 18 AUG 2002
Copyright © 2009 The Cochrane Collaboration. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
How to Cite
Brosseau L, Casimiro L, Milne S, Welch V, Shea B, Tugwell P, Wells GA. Deep transverse friction massage for treating tendinitis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2002, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD003528. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003528.
- Publication Status: Edited (no change to conclusions)
- Published Online: 21 OCT 2002
Deep transverse friction massage (DTFM) is one of several physiotherapy interventions suggested for the management of tendinitis pain.
To assess the efficacy of DTFM for treating tendinitis.
We searched the MEDLINE, EMBASE, HealthSTAR, Sports Discus, CINAHL, the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, PEDro, the specialized registry of the Cochrane musculoskeletal group and the Cochrane field of Physical and Related Therapies up to the end of June 2002. The reference list of the trials and key experts in the area were also consulted for additional studies.
All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and controlled clinical trials (CCTs) comparing therapeutic ultrasound with control or another active intervention in patients with all types of tendinitis, such as iliotibial band friction syndrome and extensor carpi radialis tendinitis (i.e. tennis elbow or lateral epicondylitis or lateralis epicondylitis humeri), were selected.
Data collection and analysis
Two reviewers determined the studies to be included based upon the inclusion and exclusion criteria (LB, VR). Data were independently abstracted by two reviewers (VR, LB), and checked by a third reviewer (BS) using a pre-developed form of the Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group.
The two reviewers, using a validated checklist, assessed the methodological quality of the RCTs and CCTs independently. The pooled analysis was performed using weighted mean differences (WMDs) for continuous outcomes.
One RCT included patients with ITBFS. DTFM combined with rest, stretching exercises, cryotherapy and therapeutic ultrasound was compared to the control group (rest, stretching exercises, cryotherapy and therapeutic ultrasound only). This trial showed no statistical difference in the three types of pain relief measured after four consecutive sessions of DTFM combined with other physiotherapy modalities for runners. There was a clinically important relative percentage difference in pain while running of 22%. A RCT on ECRT showed no statistical difference in pain relief, grip strength and the three types of functional status measured after 9 consecutive sessions within 5 weeks of DTFM compared with other physiotherapy modalities.
DTFM combined with other physiotherapy modalities did not show consistent benefit over the control of pain, or improvement of grip strength and functional status for patients with ITBFS or for patients with ECRT. These conclusions are limited by the small sample size of the included RCTs. No conclusions can be drawn concerning the use or non use of DTFM for the treatment of ITBFS. Future trials, utilizing specific ITBFS methods and adequate sample sizes are needed, before conclusions can be drawn regarding the specific effect of DTFM on tendinitis.
Plain language summary
Deep transverse friction massage for the treatment of tendinitis
This is a systematic review of two randomised clinical trials (RCTs) on the efficacy of deep transverse friction massage in the treatment of tendinitis. These RCTs showed no benefit of deep transverse friction massage combined with concurrent physiotherapy modalities, when compared to either a control group with the same physiotherapy modalities, excluding deep transverse friction massage, or other active therapies such as phonophoresis or therapeutic ultrasound combined to placebo ointment, for the following outcomes: pain relief involved in the iliotibial band friction syndrome in runners, pain relief, improved functional status and increased grip strength involved in extensor carpi radialis tendinitis. These conclusions are limited by the lack of studies available, the use of subjective and non-validated scales for measuring pain, the combination of several physiotherapy modalities and the low sample size of the RCTs included in this systematic review.
搜尋包括MEDLINE, EMBASE, HealthSTAR, Sports Discus, CINAHL, the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, PEDro, the specialized registry of the Cochrane musculoskeletal group and the Cochrane field of Physical and Related Therapies到2002年6月，並搜尋所選文章之參考文獻及諮詢專家以搜尋其它文獻。
2個評論者分別擷取數據跟評估試驗品質，並由第3位評論者檢查。連續性資料使用加權平均差異(weighted mean difference, WMD)來分析。
1個隨機對照試驗納入ITBFS (iliotibial band friction syndrome)病患，深部橫向摩擦按摩(DTFM)結合休息、伸展運動、低溫療法及治療性超音波。研究顯示DTFM結合其它物理治療四輪次相對於僅作物理治療，對跑者疼痛並無顯著改善。1篇隨機對照試驗發現ECRT (extensor carpi radialis tendonitis) 五週內施行九輪次DTFM與其他物理治療比較，對疼痛、握力及功能並無顯著改善。
此翻譯計畫由臺灣國家衛生研究院(National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan)統籌。