This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows:
The objective of this systematic review was to compare medical versus surgical treatment of ascites in regard to overall short and long-term mortality, effect on refractory ascites, and complications in patients with refractory ascites due to cirrhosis. Both cumulative and specific complications were studied. Medical treatment consisted of at least salt restriction and diuretic use. Surgical treatment consisted of using a peritoneovenous shunts or TIPS.