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Restricting oral fluid and food intake during labour

  1. Mandisa Singata1,*,
  2. Joan Tranmer2,
  3. Gillian ML Gyte3

Editorial Group: Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group

Published Online: 22 AUG 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 9 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003930.pub3


How to Cite

Singata M, Tranmer J, Gyte GML. Restricting oral fluid and food intake during labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 8. Art. No.: CD003930. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003930.pub3.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of the Witwatersrand/University of Fort Hare/East London Hospital complex, Effective Care Research Unit, East London, South Africa

  2. 2

    Queen's University, School of Nursing, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

  3. 3

    The University of Liverpool, Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Liverpool, UK

*Mandisa Singata, Effective Care Research Unit, University of the Witwatersrand/University of Fort Hare/East London Hospital complex, East London, South Africa. mandisa.singata@gmail.com. mandisa.singata@gmail.com.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 22 AUG 2013

SEARCH

References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Kubli 2002 {published data only}
  • Kubli M, Scrutton M, O'Sullivan G, Seed P. Evaluation of isotonic 'sports drinks' in labour [abstract]. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia 2000;9:195.
  • Kubli M, Scrutton MJ, OSullivan G, Seed P. Evaluation of isotonic 'sports drinks' in labor [abstract]. Anesthesiology 2000;92 Suppl:A9.
  • Kubli M, Scrutton MJ, Seed PT, O'Sullivan G. An evaluation of isotonic "sport drinks" during labor. Anesthesia & Analgesia 2002;94(2):404-8.
O'Sullivan 2009 {published data only}
  • Hart D. Does feeding in labour influence obstetric outcome? A randomised controlled trial. Personal communication 2003.
  • Liu B, O'Sullivan G, Hart D, Waterstone M. Does eating during labour influence obstetric outcome [abstract]. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia 2007;16(Suppl 1):S11.
  • Liu B, O'Sullivan G, Hart D, Waterstone M, Shennan AH. A randomised controlled trial of feeding in labour [abstract]. BJOG: an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology 2007;114(8):1036.
  • Liu B, O'Sullivan G, Hart D, Waterstone M, Shennan AH. Does eating during labour affect obstetric and neonatal outcome? - a randomised controlled trial [abstract]. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2007;27(Suppl 1):S18-S19.
  • O'Sullivan G, Liu B, Hart D, Seed P, Shennan A. Effect of food intake during labour on obstetric outcome: randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2009;338:b784. [DOI: 10.1136/bmj.b784]
  • O'Sullivan G, Liu B, Shennan A, Hart D. Does eating in labor influence obstetric outcome: a randomized controlled trial in 2400 primiparous women? [abstract]. Anesthesiology 2006;104(Suppl 1):13.
  • Shennan A, Maternal and Fetal Research Unit (MFRU). Feeding in labour trial: does feeding during labour influence the obstetric outcome?. Maternal and Fetal Research Unit (www.mfru.org.uk/FIL.htm) (accessed 25 February 2004) 2004.
Scheepers 2002 {published data only}
Scrutton 1999 {published data only}
  • Scrutton M, Lowy C, O'Sullivan G. Eating in labour: an assessment of the risks and benefits [abstract]. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia 1996;5:214-5.
  • Scrutton MJ, Metcalfe GA, Lowy C, Seed PT, O'Sullivan G. Eating in labour: a randomised controlled trial assessing the risks and benefits. Anaesthesia 1999;54(4):329-34.
Tranmer 2005 {published data only}
  • Tramner JE. Nutritional support during labour: a randomized clinical trial of patient controlled oral intake during labour [thesis]. Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto, 1999.
  • Tranmer JE, Hodnett ED, Hannah ME, Stevens BJ. The effect of unrestricted oral carbohydrate intake on labor progress. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing 2005;34(3):319-28.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Ciura 2012 {published data only}
  • Ciura N. The effect of isotonic drinks during labour on pregnancy outcome: a randomized controlled trial. Reproductive Sciences 2012;19(3 Suppl):305A.
Goodall 1999 {published data only}
  • Goodall U. RCT measuring the effects of eating and drinking in labour for low risk women. Personal communication 1999.
Kardel 2010 {published data only}
  • Kardel KR, Henriksen T, Iversen PO. No effect of energy supply during childbirth on delivery outcomes in nulliparous women: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2010;30(3):248-52.
Laifer 2000 {published data only}
  • Laifer SA, Siddiqui DS, Do TP, Collins JE, Stiller RJ, Moffat SL, et al. A prospective randomized controlled trial of oral intake of liquids during the first stage of labor [abstract]. Anesthesiology 2000;92 Suppl:A53.
Scheepers 2004 {published data only}
Shennan 2005 {published data only}
  • Shennan A, Thallon A, Hart D, O'Sullivan G. Caesarean section and calorific intake in labour; the influence of carbohydrate solution intake during labour. BJOG: an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology 2005; Vol. 112, issue 10:1454.
Yiannouzis 1994 {published and unpublished data}
  • Yiannouzis K, Parnell C. Randomized controlled trial measuring the effects on labour of offering a light, low fat diet. The Midwifery Research Database: MIRIAD, A Sourcebook of Information about Research in Midwifery. Vol. 1st edition, Cheshire: Books for Midwives Press, 1994:196-8.
Zhao 1996 {published data only}
  • Zhao H, Zhu S. The role of heng nai jin, a high energy liquid diet, in labor process. Chung-Kuo i Hsueh Ko Hsueh Yuan Hsueh Pao 1996;18(4):310-1.

References to studies awaiting assessment

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Kordi 2010 {published data only}
  • Kordi M, Nasiri NS, Safarian M, Esmaili H, Shadjuo K. The effect of oral honey- date syrup intake during labor on labor progress of nulliparous women. Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility 2010;13(2):23-30.

References to ongoing studies

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Davila-Exposito 2009 {published data only}
  • Davila-Exposito A, Gregori-Arias R, Sebastia-Calvo MA, Ferret-Lopez L, Bravo-Remirez I, Telletxea-Vertiz ME, et al. The influence of isotonic drinks on foetal, neonatal and maternal wellbeing [Influencia de las bebidas isotonicas en el bienestar fetal, neonatal y materno]. Matronas Profesion 2009;10(3):11-5.
Espinosa 2011 {published data only}
  • Espinosa J. Fluid oral intake vs. fasting during labour: a randomized, controlled trial. http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01349686 (accessed 16 October 2012).
Heidari 2012 {published data only}
  • Heidari T. The effect of oral honey intake on labor progress among nulliparous women. http://www.irct.ir/searchresult.php?id=1845&number=4 (accessed 16 October 2012).
Simonet 2012 {published data only}
  • Simonet T. Randomized control study : evaluation of the benefits of glucose drinks during childbirth. http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01022697 (accessed 16 October 2012).
Yarvani 2011 {published data only}
  • Yarvani P. A randomized controlled trial to compare the effect of oral carbohydrate intake or fasting in low-risk women during labor progress. http://www.irct.ir/searchresult.php?id=5805&number=2 (accessed 16 October 2012).

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Am Soc Anesth 1999
  • American Society of Anaesthesiologists Task Force. Practice guidelines for preoperative fasting and the use of pharmacologic agents to reduce the risk of pulmonary aspiration: application to healthy patients undergoing elective procedures: a report by the American Society of Anesthesiologist Task Force on Preoperative Fasting. Anesthesiology 1999;90(3):896-905.
Armstrong 2000
  • Armstrong TS, Johnston IG. Which women want food during labour? Results of an audit in a Scottish DGH. Health Bulletin 2000;58(2):141-4.
Begum 1999
  • Begum M. Fluid management in labour. In: Sengupta BS, Chattopadhyay SK, Thornton JG, Sengupta PS editor(s). Obstetrics for Postgraduates and Practitioners. 1st Edition. New Delhi: BI Churchill Livingstone Pvt Ltd, 1999:442-51.
Broach 1988a
Broach 1988b
Champion 2002
  • Champion P, McCormick C. Eating and Drinking in Labour. 1st Edition. Oxford: Books for Midwives, 2002.
Chang 1993
  • Chang S. The psychological and physiological effects of ketonuria during labour [thesis]. Michigan: University of Michigan, 1993.
Davidson 1975
  • Davidson JS. Gastric emptying in labor. Lancet 1975;ii:227-8.
Deeks 2001
  • Deeks JJ, Altman DG, Bradburn MJ. Statistical methods for examining heterogeneity and combining results from several studies in meta-analysis. In: Egger M, Davey Smith G, Altman DG editor(s). Systematic Reviews in Health Care: Meta-analysis in Context. London: BMJ Books, 2001.
Egger 1997
Foulkes 1985
  • Foulkes J, Dumoulin J. The effects of ketonuria in labour. British Journal of Clinical Practice 1985;91:59-62.
Garcia 1985
  • Garcia J, Garforth S, Ayers S. Midwifes confined? Labour ward policies and routines. Proceedings of the 1985 Conference on Research and the Midwife; 1985 November; University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. 1986:2-30.
Gates 2005
  • Gates S. Methodological Guidelines. In: the Editorial Team. Pregnancy and Childbirth Group. About The Cochrane Collaboration (Collaborative Review Groups (CRGs)) 2005, Issue 2.
Grylack 1984
  • Grylack LJ, Chu SS, Scanlon JW. Use of intravenous fluids before caesarean section: effects on perinatal glucose, insulin and sodium homoeostasis. Obstetrics & Gynecology 1984;63(5):654-8.
Gyte 2006
Haire 1991
Harbord 2006
Hart 2006
  • Hart D. Eating an drinking during labour. In: Hall Moran V, Dykes F editor(s). Maternal and Infant Nutrition and Nurture: Controversies and Challenges. London: Quay Books, 2006:102-27.
Higgins 2008
  • Higgins JPT, Green S, editors. Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.0.1 [updated September 2008]. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2008. Available from www.cochrane-handbook.org.
Higgins 2011
  • Higgins JPT, Green S, editors. Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0 [updated March 2011]. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011. Available from www.cochrane-handbook.org.
Johnson 1989
  • Johnson C, Keirse MJNC, Enkin M, Chalmers I. Nutrition and hydration in labour. In: Chalmers I, Enkin M, Keirse MJNC editor(s). Effective Care in Pregnancy and Childbirth. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989:827-32.
Ketteringham 1939
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McCormick 2002
  • McCormick C, Champion P. Cultural and historical perspectives on eating and drinking in labour. In: Champion P, McCormick C editor(s). Eating and Drinking in Labour. 1st Edition. Oxford: Books for Midwives, 2002:10-28.
McKay 1988
McNabb 2002
  • McNabb M. Changes in maternal food appetite and metabolism in labour and its effect on outcomes in active labor. In: Champion P, McCormack C editor(s). Eating and Drinking in Labour. Oxford: Books for Midwives, 2002:46-110.
Mendelson 1946
  • Mendelson CL. The aspiration of stomach contents into the lungs during obstetric anaesthesia. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 1946;52:191-205.
Mendiola 1982
Michael 1991
Micklewright 2002
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NICE 2007
  • National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health. Intrapartum care: care for the healthy women and their babies during childbirth. Clinical Guideline 6. London: National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (http://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/index.jsp?action=download&o=36275 (accessed 14 March 2009) 2007.
O'Sullivan 1994
Paranjothy 2010
Pengelley 1998
  • Pengelley L, Gyte G. Eating and drinking in labour (V). An update of the NCT briefing paper. Practising Midwife 1998;1:26-8.
Pengelley 2002
  • Pengelley L. Eating and drinking in labour: the consumer's view. In: Champion P, McCormick C editor(s). Eating and Drinking in Labour. 1st Edition. Oxford: Books for Midwives, 2002:111-23.
Peters 2006
Pipkin 2001
  • Pipkin FB. Maternal physiology in pregnancy. In: Chamberlain G, Steer PJ editor(s). Turnbull's Obstetrics. 3rd Edition. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2001:71-91.
RevMan 2008 [Computer program]
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Rooks 1989
Simkin 1986a
Simkin 1986b
Taylor 1975
Williamson 1971
  • Williamson DH. Physiological ketosis, or why ketone bodies?. Postgraduate Medical Journal 1971;47(Suppl):371-5.

References to other published versions of this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Singata 2010