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Intervention Review

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Surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse in women

  1. Christopher Maher1,*,
  2. Benjamin Feiner2,
  3. Kaven Baessler3,
  4. Corina Schmid4

Editorial Group: Cochrane Incontinence Group

Published Online: 30 APR 2013

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004014.pub5


How to Cite

Maher C, Feiner B, Baessler K, Schmid C. Surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse in women. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD004014. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004014.pub5.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Royal Brisbane Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

  2. 2

    Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Division of Urogynecology, Hadera, Israel

  3. 3

    Pelvic Floor Centre Charite, Urogynaecology Department, Berlin, Germany

  4. 4

    Royal Brisbane Hospital and Wesley Urogynaecolgy, Brisbane, Australia

*Christopher Maher, Royal Brisbane Women's Hospital, University Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. chrismaher@urogynaecology.com.au.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 30 APR 2013

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This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (30 NOV 2016)

References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Ali 2006 abstract {published data only}
  • Ali S, Han HC, Lee LC. A prospective randomized trial using Gynemesh PS (trademark) for the repair of anterior vaginal wall prolapse (Abstract number 292). International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 2006;17 Suppl 2:221.
Allahdin 2008 {published data only}
  • Allahdin S, Glazener C, Bain C. A randomised controlled trial evaluating the use of polyglactin mesh, polydioxanone and polyglactin sutures for pelvic organ prolapse surgery. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2008;28(4):427-31.
  • Madhuvrata P, Glazener C, Boachie C, Allahdin S, Bain C. A randomised controlled trial evaluating the use of polyglactin (Vicryl) mesh, polydioxanone (PDS) or polyglactin (Vicryl) sutures for pelvic organ prolapse surgery: outcomes at 2 years. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2011;31(5):429-35.
Al-Nazer 2007 {published data only}
  • Al-Nazer MA, Ismail WA, Gomaa IA. Comparative study between anterior colporraphy versus vaginal wall repair with mesh for management of anterior vaginal wall prolapse (Abstract number 84). International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 2007;18 Suppl 1:49-50.
  • El-Nazer M, Gomaa I, Ismail Madkour W, Swidan K, El-Etriby M. Anterior colporrhaphy versus repair with mesh for anterior vaginal wall prolapse: a comparative clinical study. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 2012;286:965-72.
Altman 2011 {published data only}
  • Altman D, Väyrynen T, Engh ME, Axelsen S, Falconer C, for the Nordic Transvaginal Mesh Group. Anterior colporrhaphy versus transvaginal mesh for pelvic-organ prolapse. New England Journal of Medicine 2011;364(19):1826-36. [41463]
  • Ek M, Altman D, Elmér C, Gunnarsson J, Falconer C, Tegerstedt G. Clinical efficacy of a trocar guided mesh kit for the repair of anterior lateral defects (Abstract number 556). Proceedings of the 41st Annual Meeting of the International Continence Society (ICS), 2011 Aug 29 to Sept 2, Glasgow, Scotland. 2011.
  • Ek M, Tegerstedt G, Falconer C, Kjaeldgaard A, Rezapour M, Rudnicki M, Altman D. Urodynamic assessment of anterior vaginal wall surgery: A randomized comparison between colporraphy and transvaginal mesh. Neurourology and Urodynamics 2010;29:527-31. [39589]
Benson 1996 {published and unpublished data}
  • Benson JT, Lucente V, McClellan E. Vaginal versus abdominal reconstructive surgery for the treatment of pelvic support defects: a prospective randomized study with long-term outcome evaluation. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 1996;175(6):1418-22. [4815]
Borstad 2010 {published data only}
  • Borstad E, Abdelnoor M, Mogimi K, Sandved M, Majida M, Western K, et al. Surgery for concomitant pelvic organ prolapse and urinary stress incontinence. A multicenter prospective randomized trial to compare the results of an incontinence procedure performed at the time of prolapse repair or 3 months after (Abstract number 120). Neurourology and Urodynamics 2008;27(7):713. [29653]
  • Borstad E, Abdelnoor M, Staff AC, Kulseng-Hanssen S. Surgical strategies for women with pelvic organ prolapse and urinary stress incontinence. International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 2010;21(2):179-86. [39362]
  • Borstad E, Kulseng-Hanssen S, Moghimi K, Sandved M, Majida M, Western K, et al. An incontinence procedure performed at the time of prolapse repair might be unnecessary surgery (Abstract number 35). Neurourology and Urodynamics 2006;25(6):551-2. [26618]
Braun 2007 abstract {published data only}
  • Braun HF, Fernandez M, Dell'Oro A, Gonzalez F, Cuevas R, Rojas I. Prospective randomised study to compare colposacropexy and Mayo McCall technique in the correction of severe genital central prolapse (Abstract number 19). International Urogynecology Journal 2007;18 Suppl 1:12.
Brubaker 2008 {published data only}
  • Brubaker L, Cundiff G, Fine P, Nygaard I, Richter H, Visco A, et al. A randomized trial of colpopexy and urinary reduction efforts (CARE): design and methods. Controlled Clinical Trials 2003;24(5):629-42.
  • Brubaker L, Nygaard I, Richter HE, Visco A, Weber AM, Cundiff GW, et al. Two-year outcomes after sacrocolpopexy with and without Burch to prevent stress urinary incontinence. Obstetrics and Gynecology 2008;112(1):49-55.
  • McClure LA, Brown MB. A likelihood approach to analyzing clinical trial data when treatments favor different outcomes. Contemporary Clinical Trials 2006;27(4):340-52.
  • Visco AG, Brubaker L, Nygaard I, Richter HE, Cundiff G, Fine P, et al. Pelvic Floor Disorders Network. The role of preoperative urodynamic testing in stress-continent women undergoing sacrocolpopexy. Internatonal Urogynecology Journal 2008;19(5):607-14.
Bump 1996 {published data only}
  • Bump RC, Hurt WG, Theofrastous JP, Addison WA, Fantl JA, Wyman JF, et al. Randomized prospective comparison of needle colposuspension versus endopelvic fascia plication for potential stress incontinence prophylaxis in women undergoing vaginal reconstruction for stage III or IV pelvic organ prolapse. The Continence Program for Women Research Group. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 1996;175(2):326-35.
Carey 2009 {published data only}
Colombo 1996 {published data only}
  • Colombo M, Maggioni A, Zanetta G, Vignali M, Milani R. Prevention of postoperative urinary stress incontinence after surgery for genitourinary prolapse. Obstetrics and Gynecology 1996;87(2):266-71.
Colombo 1997 {published data only}
  • Colombo M, Maggioni A, Scalambrino S, Vitobello D, Milani R. Surgery for genitourinary prolapse and stress incontinence: a randomized trial of posterior pubourethral ligament plication and Pereyra suspension. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 1997;176(2):337-43.
Colombo 2000 {published data only}
Costantini 2007 {published data only}
  • Costatini E, Zucchi A, Giannantoni A, Mearini L, Bini V, Porena M. Must colposuspension be associated with sacropexy to prevent postoperative urinary incontinence?. European Urology 2007;51:788-94.
Costantini 2008 {published data only}
  • Costantini E, Lazzeri M, Bini V, Del Zingaro M, Zucchi A, Porena M. Burch colposuspension does not provide any additional benefit to pelvic organ prolapse repair in patients with urinary incontinence: a randomized surgical trial [see comment]. Journal of Urology 2008;180(3):1007-12.
  • Costantini E, Lazzeri M, Bini V, Del Zingaro M, Zucchi A, Porena M. Pelvic organ prolapse repair with and without prophylactic concomitant Burch colposuspension in continent women: a randomized, controlled trial with 8-year follow up. The Journal of Urology 2011;185(6):2236-40.
  • Costantini E, Zucchi A, Giannantoni A, Mearini L, Bini V, Porena M. Must colposuspension be associated with sacropexy to prevent postoperative urinary incontinence?. European Urology 2007;51(3):788-94.
Culligan 2005 {published data only}
  • Culligan P, Blackwell L, Goldsmith J, Rogers A, Heit M. A double-blind, randomized controlled trial comparing solvent-dehydrated cadaveric fascia lata and polypropylene mesh for sacral colpopexy. Proceedings of the Joint Meeting of the International Continence Society (34th Annual Meeting) and the International Urogynecological Association, 2004 Aug 23-27, Paris. 2004.
  • Culligan PJ, Blackwell L, Goldsmith LJ, Graham CA, Rogers A, Heit MH. A randomized controlled trial comparing fascia lata and synthetic mesh for sacral colpopexy. Obstetrics and Gynecology 2005;106(1):29-37.
  • Tate SB, Blackwell L, Lorenz DJ, Steptoe MM, Culligan PJ. Randomized trial of fascia lata and polypropylene mesh for abdominal sacrocolpopexy: 5-year follow-up. International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 2011;22(2):137-43.
De Ridder 2004 abstract {published data only}
  • De Ridder D, Claehout F, Verleyen P, Boulanger S, Deprest J. Procine dermis xenograft as reinforcement for cystocele stage III repair: a prospective randomized controlled trial (Abstract). Neurourology and Urodynamics 2004;23:435-6.
de Tayrac 2008 {published data only}
Dietz 2010 {published data only}
  • Dietz V, Schraffordt KS, van der Graaf Y, Heintz P, van der Vaart C. One-year follow-up after sacrospinous hysteropexy and vaginal hysterectomy for uterine descent: a randomized study. International Urogynecology Journal 2010;21(2):209-16. [39364]
  • Dietz V, Schraffordt KS, van der Graaf Y, Heintz P, van der Vaart C. Sacrospinous hysteropexy and vaginal hysterectomy for uterine descent: A randomized study (Abstract number 92). International Urogynecology Journal 2008;19 Suppl 1:S94-6. [29180]
Farid 2010 {published data only}
  • Farid M, Madbouly KM, Hussein A, Mahdy T, Moneim HA, Omar W. Randomized controlled trial between perineal and anal repairs of rectocele in obstructed defecation. World Journal of Surgery 2010;34:822-9.
Feldner 2010 {published data only}
  • Feldner PC Jr, Castro RA, Cipolotti LA, Delroy CA, Sartori MG, Girao MJ. Anterior vaginal wall prolapse: a randomized controlled trial of SIS graft versus traditional colporrhaphy. International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 2010;21(9):1057-63. [40053]
  • Feldner PC Jr, Castro RA, Delroy CA, Dias MM, Sartori MG, Girao MJ. Surgical treatment of anterior vaginal wall prolapse: comparison of small intestine submucosa (SIS) graft and traditional repair (Abstract number 160). International Urogynecology Journal 2009;20 Suppl 2:S208-9. [39890]
Gandhi 2005 {published data only}
  • Gandhi S, Goldberg RP, Kwon C, Koduri S, Beaumont JL, Abramov Y, et al. A prospective randomized trial using solvent dehydrated fascia lata for the prevention of recurrent anterior vaginal wall prolapse. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2005;192:1649-54.
  • Gandhi S, Kwon C, Goldberg RP, Abramov Y, Beaumont JL, Koduri S, et al. A randomized controlled trial of fascia lata for the prevention of recurrent anterior vaginal wall prolapse. Neurourology and Urodynamics 2004;23(5/6):558.
  • Kwon C, Goldberg R, Evaston IL, Koduri S, Franklin WI, Gandhi S, et al. Preliminary results of a prospective randomized trial of tutoplast processed fascia lata to prevent recurrent cystoceles and rectoceles. The Journal of Urology 2002;167:203.
Guerette 2009 {published data only}
  • Guerette NL, Aguirre O, VanDrie DM, Biller DH, Davila GW. Multi-center, randomized, prospective trial comparing anterior colporrhaphy alone to bovine pericardium collagen matrix graft reinforced anterior colporrhaphy: 12-month analysis (Abstract number 11). International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 2006;17 Suppl 2:63-4.
  • Guerette NL, Peterson TV, Aguirre OA, VanDrie DM, Biller DH, Davila GW. Anterior repair with or without collagen. Obstetrics and Gynecology 2009;114:59-65.
Halaska 2012 {published data only}
  • Halaska M, Maxova K, Sottner O, Svabik K, Mlcoch M, Kolarik D, et al. A multicentre randomized prospective controlled study comparing sacrospinous fixation and transvaginal mesh in the treatment of posthysterectomy vaginal vault prolpase. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2012;207(301):e1-7.
Hviid 2010 {published data only}
  • Hviid U, Hviid TV, Rudnicki M. Porcine skin collagen implants for anterior vaginal wall prolapse: a randomised prospective controlled study. International Urogynecology Journal 2010;21(5):529-34. [39449]
Iglesia 2010 {published data only}
Jeng 2005 {published data only}
  • Jeng CJ, Yang YC, Tzeng CR, Shen J, Wang LR. Sexual functioning after vaginal hysterectomy or transvaginal sacrospinous uterine suspension for uterine prolapse: a comparison. Journal of Reproductive Medicine 2005;50(9):669-74.
Kahn 1999 {published and unpublished data}
  • Kahn MA, Kumar D, Stanton SL. Posterior colporrhaphy vs transanal repair of the rectocele: an initial follow up of a prospective randomized controlled trial. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 1998;105 Suppl 17:57. [6675]
  • Kahn MA, Stanton SL, Kumar D, Fox SD. Posterior colporrhaphy is superior to the transanal repair for treatment of posterior vaginal wall prolapse. Neurourology and Urodynamics 1999;18(4):329-30.
  • Kahn MA, Stanton SL, Kumar DA. Anorectal physiological effects of rectocele correction by posterior colporrhaphy or the transanal approach. Proceedings of the International Continence Society (ICS), 27th Annual Meeting; 1997 Sept 23-26; Yokohama, Japan. 1997:285-6. [5853]
  • Kahn MA, Stanton SL, Kumar DA. Randomised prospective trial of posterior colporrhaphy vs transanal repair of rectocele: preliminary findings. Proceedings of the International Continence Society (ICS), 27th Annual Meeting, 1997 Sept 23-26; Yokohama, Japan. 1997:82-3. [5863]
Lo 1998 {published data only}
  • Lo TS, Wang AC. Abdominal colposacropexy and sacrospinous ligament suspension for severe uterovaginal prolapse: A comparison. Journal of Gynecologic Surgery 1998;14(2):59-64. [17553]
Maher 2004 {published and unpublished data}
  • Maher CF, Qatawneh AM, Dwyer PL, Carey MP, Cornish A, Schluter PJ. Abdominal sacral colpopexy or vaginal sacrospinous colpopexy for vaginal vault prolapse: A prospective randomized study. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2004;190(1):20-6.
Maher 2011 {published data only}
  • Maher CF, Feiner B, De Cuyper E, Nicholas C, Hickey K, Schluter P. Laparoscopic sacral colpopexy versus total vaginal mesh for the management of vaginal vault prolapse: a randomized controlled trial (Abstract number 089). International Urogynecology Journal 2009;20 Suppl 2:S151-2. [39884]
  • Maher CF, Feiner B, Decuyper EM, Nichlos CJ, Hickey KV, O'Rourke P. Laparoscopic sacral colpopexy versus total vaginal mesh for vaginal vault prolapse: a randomized trial. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2011;204(4):e361-7. [41344]
Menefee 2011 {published data only}
  • Dyer K, Nguyen J, Lukacz E, Simsiman A, Luber K, Menefee S. The Optimal Anterior Repair Study (OARS): a triple arm randomized double blinded clinical trial of standard colporrhaphy, porcine dermis or polypropylene mesh augmented anterior vaginal wall repair (Abstract number 252). Neurourology and Urodynamics 2009;28(7):894-5. [39346]
  • Dyer K, Nguyen J, Simsiman A, Lukacz E, Luber K, Menefee S. The Optimal Anterior Repair Study (OARS): a triple arm randomized double blinded clinical trial of standard colporraphy versus vaginal paravaginal repair with porcine dermis graft or polypropylene mesh (Abstract number 281). Neurourology and Urodynamics 2010;29(6):1207-8. [40164]
  • Menefee SA, Dyer KY, Lukacz ES, Simsiman AJ, Luber KM, Nguyen JN. Colporrhaphy compared with mesh or graft-reinforced vaginal paravaginal repair for anterior vaginal wall prolapse: a randomized controlled trial. Obstetrics and Gynecology 2011;118(6):1337-44. [42866]
Meschia 2004 {published data only}
  • Meschia M, Buonaguidi A, Amicarelli F, Pifarotti P, Gattei U, Stoppelli S. A randomized prospective comparison of TVT and endopelvic fascia plication in the treatment of occult stress urinary incontinence in patients with severe genital prolapse (Abstract). International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 2001;12 Suppl 3:10. [15457]
  • Meschia M, Pifarotti P, Gattei U, Ronchetti A, Stoppelli S, Lampugnani F. TVT and prolapse repair for treatment of occult stress urinary incontinence. (Abstract). Proceedings International Continence Society (ICS), 32nd Annual Meeting; 2002 Aug 28-30; Heidelberg, Germany. 2002:198-9.
  • Meschia M, Pifarotti P, Spennacchio M, Buonaguidi A, Gattei U, Somigliana E. A randomized comparison of tension-free vaginal tape and endopelvic fascia plication in women with genital prolapse and occult stress urinary incontinence. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2004;190(3):609-13. [17213]
  • Meschia M, Spennacchio F, Amicarelli P, Pifarotti P, Cavoretto S, Stoppelli S. A randomized prospective comparison of TVT and endopelvic fascia plication in the treatment of occult stress urinary incontinence in patients with genital prolapse: preliminary data. Neurourology and Urodynamics 2001;20(4):423-4.
Meschia 2004a {published and unpublished data}
  • Meschia M, Gattei U, Pifarotti P, Spennacchio M, Longatti D, Barbacini P. Randomized comparison between infracoccygeal sacropexy (posterior IVS) and sacrospinous fixation in the management of vault prolapse (Abstract number 614). Proceedings of the Joint Meeting of the International Continence Society (34th Annual Meeting) and the International Urogynecological Association, 2004 Aug 23-27, Paris. 2004.
Meschia 2007 {published and unpublished data}
  • Kocjancic E, Crivellaro S, Bernasconi F, Magatti F, Frea B, Meschia M. A two years follow-up, prospective randomized study on cystocele repair with or without Pelvicol (trademark) implant (Abstract number 1374). Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Urological Association, 19-24 May 2007, Anaheim (CA). 2007.
  • Meschia M, Pifarotti P, Bernasconi F, Magatti F, Riva D, Kojancic E. Porcine skin collagen implants to prevent anterior vaginal wall prolapse recurrence: A multicentre, randomized study. The Journal of Urology 2007;177:192-5.
  • Meschia M, Pifarotti P, Magatti F, Bernasconi F, Riva D, Kojancic E. Porcine skin collagen implants (Pelvicol) (trademark) to prevent anterior vaginal wall prolapse recurrence: a randomized study (Abstract). Neurourology and Urodynamics 2005;24(5/6):587-8.
Minassian 2010 abstract {published data only}
  • Minassian V, Parekh M, Poplawsky D, Litzy L. Randomized controlled trial comparing anterior colporrhaphy to abdominal paravaginal defect repair for anterior vaginal wall prolapse (Abstract number 54). Neurourology and Urodynamics 2010;29(6):885-6. [40126]
Natale 2009 {published data only}
  • Cervigni M, Natale F, Weir J, Galante L, Panei M, Agostini M, et al. Prospective randomized trial of two new materials for the correction of anterior compartment prolapse: Pelvicol and Prolene Soft (Abstract). Neurourology and Urodynamics 2005;24(5/6):585-6.
  • Natale F, La Penna C, Padoa A, Agostini M, De Simone E, Cervigni M. A prospective, randomized, controlled study comparing Gynemesh(R), a synthetic mesh, and Pelvicol(R), a biologic graft, in the surgical treatment of recurrent cystocele. International Urogynecology Journal 2009;20(1):75-81.
Natale 2010 {published and unpublished data}
  • Natale F, Mako A, Panei M, Weir J, Antomarchi F, Cervigni M. High levator myorraphy versus uterosacral ligament suspension for vaginal vault fixation: a prospective, randomized study. International Urogynecology Journal 2010;21(5):515-22.
Nguyen 2008 {published and unpublished data}
  • Nguyen JN, Burchette RJ. Anatomy and visceral function after anterior vaginal prolapse repair: a randomized controlled trial (Abstract number 42). Proceedings of the 29th Annual Meeting of the American Urogynecologic Society (AUGS), Sept 4-6, Chicago. 2008.
  • Nguyen JN, Burchette RJ. Outcome after anterior vaginal prolapse repair. Randomized controlled trial. Obstetrics and Gynecology 2008;111(4):891-8.
Nieminen 2004 {published and unpublished data}
  • Nieminen K, Hiltunen K, Laitinen J, Oksala J, Heinonen P. Transanal or vaginal approach to rectocele repair: a prospective, randomized pilot study. Diseases of the Colon and Rectum 2004;47(10):1636-42.
Nieminen 2008 {published data only}
  • Hiltunen R, Nieminen K, Takala T, Heiskanen E, Merikari M, Niemi K, et al. Low-weight polypropylene mesh for anterior vaginal wall prolapse: a randomized controlled trial. Obstetrics and Gynecology 2007;110(2 pt 2):455-62.
  • Nieminen K, Hiltunen R, Heiskanen E, Takala T, Niemi K, Merikari M, et al. Symptom resolution and sexual function after anterior vaginal wall repair with or without polypropylene mesh. International Urogynecology Journal. 2008;19(12):1611-6.
  • Nieminen K, Hiltunen R, Takala T, Heiskanen E, Merikari M, Niemi K, et al. Outcomes after anterior vaginal wall repair with mesh: a randomized, controlled trial with a 3 year follow-up. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2010;203(3):235.e1-8. [40020]
Pantazis 2011 {published data only}
  • Freeman RM, Pantazis K, Thomson A, Frapell J, Bombieri L, Moran P, et al. A randomised controlled trial of abdominal versus laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy for the treatment of post-hysterectomy vaginal vault prolapse: LAS study [epub ahead of print]. International Urogynecology Journal 2013; Vol. 24, issue 3:377-84. [DOI: 10.1007/s00192-012-1885-x; 46279]
  • Pantazis K, Freeman R, Thomson A, Frappell J, Bombieri L, Moran P, et al. Open and laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy demonstrate clinical equivalence: one year results from the LAS Trial, an RCT comparing the two approaches for treating post hysterectomy vault prolapse (Abstract number 131). Neurourology and Urodynamics 2011;30(6):986-7. [42187]
  • Pantazis K, Freeman R, Thomson A, Frappell J, Bombieri L, Waterfield M. Results from the LAS trial, an RCT comparing open abdominal to laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy for the treatment of post hysterectomy vault prolapse (Abstract number 120). International Urogynecology Journal 2008;19 Suppl 1:101-2. [29178]
Paraiso 2006 {published data only}
  • Paraiso M, Barber M, Muir T, Walters M. Rectocele repair: A randomized trial of three surgical techniques including graft augmentation. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2006;195:1762-71.
Paraiso 2011 {published data only}
  • Paraiso MF, Jelovsek JE, Frick A, Chen CC, Barber MD. Laparoscopic compared with robotic sacral colpopexy for vaginal prolapse. A randomised controlled trial. Obstetrics and Gynecology 2011;118(5):1005-13. [42679]
  • Paraiso MFR, Jelovsek JE, Frick A, Chen CCG, Barber MD. Conventional laparoscopic versus robotic-assisted laparoscopic sacral colpopexy: a randomized controlled trial (Abstract number 108). Neurourology and Urodynamics 2010;29(6):964-5. [40137]
Rondini 2011 abstract {published data only}
  • Rondini C, Braun H, Alvarez J, Descouvieres C, Wenzel C, Aros S. Prospective-randomized study comparing high uterosacral vault suspension vs. abdominal sacrocolpopexy for the repair of apical defects and vaginal vault prolapse (Abstract number 90). Neurourology and Urodynamics 2010;29(6):939. [40132]
  • Rondini C, Braun HF, Alvarez J, Urzua M, Villegas R, Escobar M, et al. Prospective-randomised study comparing high uterosacral vault suspension vs abdominal sacral colpopexy for the correction of apical defects and vaginal vault prolapse (Abstract number: presentation 88). International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 2011;22 Suppl 1:S87-8. [42160]
Roovers 2004 {published and unpublished data}
  • Roovers J, Bleijenberg E, Schagen van Leeuwen J, Scholten P, van der Vaart H. Long term follow-up of a randomized controlled trial comparing abdominal and vaginal surgical correction of uterine prolapse (Abstract number 88). International Urogynecology Journal 2008;19 Suppl 1:91-2.
  • Roovers JPWR, van der Bom JG, van der Vaart CH, Schagen van Leeuwen JH, Scholten PC, Heintz APM. A randomized comparison of post-operative pain, quality of life, and physical performance during the first six weeks after abdominal or vaginal surgical correction of descensus uteri. Neurourology and Urodynamics 2005;24:334-40.
  • Roovers JPWR, van der Vaart CH, van der Bom JG, Schagen van Leeuwen JH, Scholten PC, Heintz APM. A randomized controlled trial comparing abdominal and vaginal prolapse surgery of patients with descensus uteri grade II - IV (Abstract). International Urogynaecology Journal 2001;12 Suppl 3:S109. [16341]
  • Roovers JPWR, van der Vaart CH, van der Bom JG, van Leeuwen JHS, Scholten PC, Heintz APM. A randomised controlled trial comparing abdominal and vaginal prolapse surgery: effects on urogenital function. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2004;111(1):50-6.
Sand 2001 {published data only}
  • Goldberg RP, Koduri S, Lobel RW, Culligan PJ, Tomezsko JE, Winkler HA, et al. Long-term effects of three different anti-incontinence procedures on the posterior compartment (Abstract). Proceedings of the International Continence Society (ICS) 31st Annual Meeting; 2001 Sept 18-21; Seoul, Korea. 2001.
  • Sand PK, Koduri S, Lobel RW, Winkler HA, Tomezsko J, Culligan PJ, et al. Prospective randomized trial of polyglactin 910 mesh to prevent recurrence of cystoceles and rectoceles. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2001;184(7):1357-64.
Schierlitz 2007 {published data only}
  • Schierlitz L, Dwyer P, Rosamilia A, Murray C, Thomas E, Taylor N, et al. A prospective randomised controlled study comparing vaginal prolapse repair with and without tension free vaginal tape (TVT) in women with severe pelvic organ prolapse and occult stress incontinence (Abstract number 114). Neurourology and Urodynamics 2007;26(5):743-4.
Sivaslioglu 2008 {published data only}
  • Sivaslioglu AA, Unlubilgin E, Dolen I. A randomized comparison of polypropylene mesh surgery with site-specific surgery in the treatment of cystocoele. International Urogynecology Journal. 2008;19(4):467-71.
Sung 2012 {published data only}
  • Sung VW, Rardin CR, Raker CA, Lasala CA, Myers DL. Porcine subintestinal submucosal graft augmentation for rectocele repair: a randomized controlled trial. Obstetrics and Gynecology 2012;119(1):125-33. [42876]
Thijs 2010 abstract {published data only}
  • Thijs S, Deprest J, De Ridder D, Claerhout F, Roovers J. A randomized controlled trial of anterior colporraphy and Perigee™ as a primary surgical correction of symptomatic cystocele (Abstract number 96). International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 2010;21 Suppl 1:S142-3. [40133]
Vijaya 2011 abstract {published data only}
  • Vijaya G, Dell'Utri C, Derpapas A, Digesu A, Gallo P, Hendricken C, et al. A prospective randomised trial comparing two surgical techniques for posterior vaginal wall prolapse using subjective and objective measures (Abstract number 52). Neurourology and Urodynamics 2011;30(6):872-3. [42172]
Vollebregt 2011 {published data only}
  • Vollebregt A, Fischer K, Gietelink D, van der Vaart CH. Primary surgical repair of anterior vaginal prolapse: a randomised trial comparing anatomical and functional outcome between anterior colporrhaphy and trocar-guided transobturator anterior mesh. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2011;118(12):1518-27. [42606]
  • Vollebregt A, Gietelink D, Fischer K, van der Vaart H. One year results of colporraphy anterior versus a trocar guided transobturator synthetic mesh in primary cystocele repair: a randomized controlled trial (Abstract number 51). Neurourology and Urodynamics 2010;29(6):880-2. [40124]
Weber 2001 {published data only}
  • Weber AM, Walters MD, Piedmonte MR, Ballard LA. Anterior colporrhaphy: a randomized trial of three surgical techniques. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2001;185(6 Pt 1):1299-306.
Wei 2011 {published data only}
  • Kenton K. The value of the preoperative prolapse reduction stress test in women without stress incontinence symptoms undergoing vaginal prolapse surgery with or without a TVT: result from the OPUS trial (Abstract 50). Neurourology and Urodynamics 2011;30(6):870-1. [42171]
  • Wei J. A mid urethral sling prevents incontinence among women undergoing vaginal prolapse repair - the OPUS trial (Abstract number 5). Neurourology and Urodynamics 2011;30(6):809-10. [42165]
  • Wei J, Nygaard I, Richter H, Brown M, Barber M, Xiao Xu, et al. Outcomes following vaginal prolapse repair and mid urethral sling (OPUS) trial--design and methods. Clinical Trials 2009;6(2):162-71. [31120]
  • Wei J, Nygaard I, Richter H, Nager C, Barber MD, Kenton K. A midurethral sling to reduce incontinence after vaginal prolapse repair. New England Journal of Medicine 2012;366(25):2358-67. [45050]
Withagen 2011 {published and unpublished data}
  • Milani AL, Withagen MI, The HS, Nedelcu-Van der Wijk I, Vierhout ME. Sexual function following trocar-guided mesh or vaginal native tissue repair in recurrent prolapse: A randomized controlled trial. The Journal of Sexual Medicine 2011;8(10):2944-53. [42064]
  • Withagen MI, Milani AL, Boon Den J, Vervest HA, Vierhout ME. Tension free vaginal mesh compared to conventional vaginal prolapse surgery in recurrent prolapse; a randomized controlled trial (Abstract number 090). International Urogynaecology Journal 2009;20 Suppl 2:S153-4. [39885]
  • Withagen MI, Milani AL, den Boon J, Vervest HA, Vierhout ME. Trocar-guided mesh compared with conventional vaginal repair in recurrent prolapse: a randomized controlled trial. Obstetrics and Gynecology 2011;117(2 Pt 1):242-50. [40881]

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Aka 2004 {published data only}
Barber 2006 {published data only}
  • Barber MD, Walters MD, Cundiff GW, PESSRI Trial Group. Responsiveness of the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI) and Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ) in women undergoing vaginal surgery and pessary treatment for pelvic organ prolapse. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2006;194(5):1492-8.
Bergman 1989 {published data only}
Biller 2008 {published data only}
  • Biller DH, Guerette NL, Bena JF, Davila GW. A prospective, randomized controlled trial of the use of an anal purse-string suture to decrease contamination during pelvic reconstructive surgery. International Urogynecology Journal. 2008;19(1):59-63.
Boccasanta 2004 {published data only}
  • Boccasanta P, Venturi M, Salamina G, Cesana BM, Bernasconi F, Roviaro G. New trends in the surgical treatment of outlet obstruction: clinical and functional results of two novel transanal stapled techniques from a randomised controlled trial. International Journal of Colorectal Disease 2004;19:359-69.
Carramao 2008a {published data only}
  • Carramao S, Auge AP, Pacetta AM, Duarte E, Ayrosa P, Lemos NL, et al. A randomized comparison of two vaginal procedures for the treatment ofuterine prolapse using polypropylene mesh: histeropexy versus histerectomy. Revista do Colegio Brasileiro de Cirurgioes 2009;36(1):65-72.
  • Carramao S, Lopes E, Auge A, Lemos N, Lunardelli J, Aoki T. A randomized comparison of two vaginal surgery for pelvic organ prolapse: Histerectomy with vaginal sacrospinous ligament fixation versus histeropexy with repair of pelvic floor using mesh (Abstract number 93). International Urogynecology Journal 2008;19 Suppl 1:96.
Choe 2000 {published data only}
Colombo 1996b {published data only}
  • Colombo M, Milani R, Vitobello D, Maggioni A. A randomized comparison of Burch colposuspension and abdominal paravaginal defect repair for female stress urinary incontinence. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 1996;175(1):78-84.
Cruikshank 1999 {published data only}
  • Cruikshank SH, Kovac SR. Randomized comparison of three surgical methods used at the time of vaginal hysterectomy to prevent posterior enterocele. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 1999;180(4):859-65.
Das 2004 {published data only}
  • Das C, Lingam K. A randomised prospective study comparing intravaginal sling and sacrospinous ligament fixation in the treatment of vault prolapse and enterocele posthysterectomy (Poster abstract). Proceedings of the International Continence Society United Kingdom, 11th Annual Scientific Meeting, 2004 Mar 18-19, Bournemouth, United Kingdom. 2004.
Debodinance 1993 {published data only}
  • Debodinance P. Comparison of the Bologna and Ingelman-Sundberg procedures for stress incontinence associated with genital prolapse: ten-year follow-up of a prospective randomized study. Journal de Gynecologie Obstetrique et Biologie de la Reproduction 2000;29(2):148-53.
  • Debodinance P, Querleu D. Comparison of the Bologna and Ingelman-Sundberg procedures for stress incontinence associated with genital prolapse: prospective randomized study. European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology 1993;52(1):35-40.
Del Roy 2010 abstract {published data only}
  • Del Roy C. A randomized controlled trial study, to compare colporrhaphy versus NAZCA TC™, Macroporous polypropylene mesh, in surgical treatment to greater anterior vaginal prolapse (Abstract number 667). Proceedings of the Joint Meeting of the International Continence Society (ICS) and the International Urogynecological Association, 2010 Aug 23-27, Toronto, Canada. 2010.
Di Palumbo 2003 {published data only}
  • Di Palumbo VS. Four-corner bladder and urethral retropubic suspension versus anterior colporrhaphy in the correction of stress urinary incontinence and urethrocystocele 3-4. Randomized clinical trial. Urogynaecologia International Journal 2003;17(2):57-68.
Dixon 2010 {published data only}
  • Dixon L, Dolan LM, Brown K, Hilton P. RCT of urethral versus suprapubic catheterization. British Journal of Nursing 2010;19(18):S7-13.
Duggan 2010 {published data only}
  • Duggan P, Barry C. Anterior compartment prolapse: short term results and quality of life in women randomised to mesh or traditional repair (Abstract number 687). Proceedings of the Joint Meeting of the International Continence Society (ICS) and the International Urogynecological Association, 2010 Aug 23-27, Toronto, Canada. 2010.
Glavind 2007 {published data only}
Guvenal 2002 {published data only}
  • Guvenal T, Yurtcu N, Duran B, Cetin M, Cetin A. The role of prophylactic sacrospinous ligament fixation and sacrocolpopexy after hysterectomy in patients with uterovaginal relaxation: A controlled clinical trial. [Turkish]. Jinekoloji Ve Obstetrik Dergisi 2002;16(4):213-8.
Heinonen 2011 {published data only}
  • Heinonen PK, Nieminen K. Combined anterior vaginal wall mesh with sacrospinous ligament fixation or with posterior intravaginal slingplasty for uterovaginal or vaginal vault prolapse. European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology 2011;157(2):230-3.
Huang 2011 {published data only}
  • Huang CC, Ou CS, Yeh GP, Der Tsai H, Sun MJ. Optimal duration of urinary catheterization after anterior colporrhaphy. International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 2011;22(4):485-91.
Juneja 2010 {published data only}
  • Juneja M, Munday D, Kopetz V, Barry C. Hysterectomy vs no hysterectomy for uterine prolapse in conjunction with posterior infracococcygeal colpopexy - a randomised pilot study 12 months review (Abstract number 692). Proceedings of the Joint Meeting of the International Continence Society (ICS) and the International Urogynecological Association, 2010 Aug 23-27, Toronto, Canada. 2010.
Kamilya 2010 {published data only}
Kokabi 2010 {published data only}
  • Kokabi R, Fereidouni Z, Meshkibaf MH, Miladpoor B. Post operative voiding efficacy after anterior colporrhaphy. Acta Medica Iranica 2010;48 ( 1 ):33-5.
Kringel 2010 {published data only}
  • Kringel U, Reimer T, Tomczak S, Green S, Kundt G, Gerber B. Postoperative infections due to bladder catheters after anterior colporrhaphy: a prospective, randomized three-arm study. International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 2010;21 ( 12 ):1499-504.
Kwon 2002 {unpublished data only}
  • Kwon C, Goldberg R, Sanjay G, Sumana K, Krotz S, Sand P. Protective effect of transvaginal slings on recurrent anterior vaginal wall prolapse after pelvic reconstructive surgery. Neurourology and Urodynamics 2002;21(4):321-2.
Lopes 2010 {published data only}
  • Lopes ED, Lemos NL, da Silva Carramao S, Lunardelli JL, Ruano JM, Aoki, T, et al. Transvaginal polypropylene mesh versus sacrospinous ligament fixation for the treatment of uterine prolapse: 1-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 2010;21(4):389-94.
Lundarelli 2009 {published data only}
  • Lunardelli JL, Auge AP, Lemos NL, da Silva Carramao S, de Oliveira AL, Duarte E, et al. Polypropylene mesh vs. Site-specific repair in the treatment of anterior vaginal wall prolapse: preliminary results of a randomized clinical trial. Revista do Colegio Brasileiro de Cirurgioes 2009;36(3):210-6.
Martan 2010 {published data only}
  • Martan A, Svabik K, Masata, J, El-Haddad R, Pavlikova M. Correlation between stress urinary incontinence or urgency and anterior compartment defect before and after surgical treatment. Ces koslovenska Gynekologie 2010;75:118-25.
Mattos 2004 {published data only}
  • Mattos I, Gosalvez A, Ramallo B, Maroun F, Munoz Garrido F, Gallego M, et al. Titanium staples, a new surgical technique for the vaginal vault prolapse: 22 cases experience (Abstract). Proceedings of the International Continence Society, United Kingdom 11th Annual Scientific Meeting; 2004 Mar 18-19; Bournemouth, United Kingdom. 2004:44-5. [17171]
Meschia 2007a {published data only}
  • Meschia M, Baccichet R, Cervigni M, Guercio E, Maglioni Q, Narducci P, et al. A multicenter randomized trial on transvaginal mesh repair of severe genital prolapse with the perigee-apogee system. The Perapo study (Abstract number 16). International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 2007;18 Suppl 1:10.
Mouritsen 2009 {published data only}
  • Mouritsen L, Glavind K, Moller Bek K, Toozs-Hobson P. Results after vaginal repair of recurrent prolapse with and without xenograft reinforcement - a randomized study (Abstract number 112). International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 2009;20 Suppl 2 :S173-4.
Quadri 1985 {published data only}
  • Quadri G, Scalambrino S, Boisio N, Marchesin R, Milani R. Randomized surgery for incontinence and prolapse: Retropubic colposuspension vs anterior repair (abstract). Archives of Gynecology 1985;237 Suppl:402. [8019]
Rane 2004 {published data only}
Rudnicki 2010 {published data only}
  • Rudnicki M, Teleman P, Leurikainen E, Franklin J, Pogosean R, Urnes A, et al. The use of Avaulta Plus (trademark) for anterior repair. A multicenter randomised prospective controlled study (Abstract number 708). Proceedings of the Joint Meeting of the International Continence Society (ICS) and the International Urogynecological Association, 2010 Aug 23-27, Toronto, Canada. 2010.
Segal 2007 {published data only}
  • Segal JL, Owens G, Silva WA, Kleeman SD, Pauls R, Karram MM. A randomized trial of local anesthesia with intravenous sedation vs general anesthesia for the vaginal correction of pelvic organ prolapse. International Urogynecology Journal 2007;18(7):807-12.
Svabik 2010 {published data only}
  • Svabik K, Martan A, Masata J, El-Haddad R, Pavlikova M. Changes in the length of implanted mesh after reconstructive surgery of the anterior vaginal wall. Ceskoslavenska Gynekologie 2010;75(2):132-5.
Tincello 2009 {published data only}
  • Tincello DG, Kenyon S, Slack M, Toozs-Hobson P, Mayne C, Jones D, et al. Colposuspension or TVT with anterior repair for urinary incontinence and prolapse: results of and lessons from a pilot randomised patient-preference study (CARPET 1). British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2009;116(13):1809-14.
  • Tincello DG, Mayne CJ, Toozs-Hobson P, Slack M. Randomised controlled trial of colposuspension versus anterior repair plus TVT for urodynamic stress incontinence with anterior vaginal prolapse: proposal (Abstract). Proceedings of the International Continence Society, 11th Annual Scientific Meeting; 2004 Mar 18-19; Bournemouth, United Kingdom. 2004:46. [17170]
Van Der Steen 2011 {published data only}
  • Van Der Steen A, Detollenaere R, Den Boon J, Van Eijndhoven H. One-day versus 3-day suprapubic catheterization after vaginal prolapse surgery: a prospective randomized trial. International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 2011;22 ( 5 ):563-7.
Weemhoff 2011 {published data only}
  • Weemhoff M, Wassen MM, Korsten L, Serroyen J, Kampschöer PH, Roumen FJ. Postoperative catheterization after anterior colporrhaphy: 2 versus 5 days. A multicentre randomized controlled trial. International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 2011;22 ( 4 ):477-83.

References to ongoing studies

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Cortesse 2010 {published data only}
  • Cortesse A. Evaluating the necessity of TOT implantation in women with pelvic organ prolapse and occult stress urinary incontinence (ATHENA). www.ClinicalTrials.gov [accessed 19 April 2011] 2011:http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01095692. [41350]
Glazener 2009 {published data only}
  • Glazener CMA. Clinical and cost-effectiveness of surgical options for the management of anterior and/or posterior vaginal wall prolapse: two randomised controlled trials within a comprehensive cohort study (PROSPECT). www.controlled-trials.com/ISRCTN60695184 (accessed 13 April 2010) 2009.
van der Steen 2010 {published data only}
  • Roovers JPWR, van der Ploeg M. Concomitant surgery and Urodynamic investigation in genital Prolapse and stress Incontinence. A Diagnostic study including Outcome evaluation. CUPIDO 1: Vaginal prolapse repair and mid urethral sling procedure in women with genital prolapse and predominant stress urinary incontinence. Netherlands Trial Register. http://www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/admin/rctview.asp?TC=1197 2009. [34193]
  • van der Steen A, van der Ploeg M, Dijkgraaf MG, Van der V, Roovers JP. Protocol for the CUPIDO trials; multicenter randomized controlled trials to assess the value of combining prolapse surgery and incontinence surgery in patients with genital prolapse and evident stress incontinence (CUPIDO I) and in patients with genital prolapse and occult stress incontinence (CUPIDO II). BMC Women's Health 2010;10:16. [39877]
Verleyen 2004 {published data only}
  • Verleyen P, Filip C, Bart K, Frank VDA, Jan D, Dirk DR. A prospective randomised trial comparing Pelvicol (trademark) and Vicryl (trademark) for cystocoele repair in the Raz-colposuspension (Abstract number 613). Proceedings of the International Continence Society (34th Annual Meeting) and the International Urogynecological Association; 2004 Aug 23-27; Paris. 2004.

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Adams 2004
  • Adams E, Thomson A, Maher C, Hagen S. Mechanical devices for pelvic organ prolapse in women. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2004, Issue 2. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004010.pub2]
Baden 1972
  • Baden WF, Walker TA. Genesis of the vaginal profile: A correlated classification of vaginal relaxation. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology 1972;15(4):1048-54.
Baessler 2005
Brubaker 2002
  • Brubaker L, Bump R, Jacquetin B, Schuessler B, Weidner A, Zimmern P, et al. Pelvic organ prolapse. Incontinence: 2nd International Consultation on Incontinence. 2nd Edition. Plymouth: Health Publication Ltd, 2002:243-65.
Bump 1996a
  • Bump RC, Mattiasson A, Bo K, Brubaker LP, DeLancey JO, Klarskov P, et al. The standardization of terminology of female pelvic organ prolapse and pelvic floor dysfunction. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 1996;175(1):10-7. [MEDLINE: 96304953]
Bump 1998
Carey 2001
Ek 2010
  • Ek M, Tegerstedt G, Falconer C, Kjaeldgaard A, Rezapour M, Rudnicki M, Altman D. Urodynamic assessment of anterior v aginal w all s urgery: A r andomized comparison between colporraphy and transvaginal mesh. Neurourology and Urodynamics 2010;29:527-31. [39589]
Ek 2011
  • Ek M, Altman D, Elmér C, Gunnarsson J, Falconer C, Tegerstedt G. Clinical efficacy of a trocar guided mesh kit for the repair of anterior lateral defects (Abstract number 556). Proceedings of the 41st Annual Meeting of the International Continence Society (ICS), 2011 Aug 29 to Sept 2, Glasgow, Scotland. 2011.
Fatton 2007
  • Fatton B, Amblard J, Debodinance P, Cosson M, Jacqutin B. Transvaginal repair of genital prolapse: preliminary results of anew tension-free vaginal mesh (Prolift technique)—a case series multicentric study . International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 2007;18 :743–52.
FDA 2011
  • Food, Drug Administration (FDA). Surgical mesh for POP and SUI Repair: FDA Executive Summary. http://www.fda.gov/downloads/AdvisoryCommittees/CommitteesMeetingMaterials/MedicalDevices/MedicalDevicesAdvisoryCommittee/ObstetricsandGynecologyDevices/UCM270402.pdf 23 August 2011.
Gill 1998
Hagen 2011
Handa 2004
  • Handa VL, Garrett E, Hendrix S, Gold E, Robbins J. Progression and remission of pelvic organ prolapse: a longitudinal study of menopausal women . American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2004;190(1):27-32.
Hendrix 2002
  • Hendrix SL, Clark A, Nygaard I, Aragaki A, Barnabei V, McTiernan A. Pelvic organ prolapse in the Women's Health Initiative: gravity and gravidity. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2002;186(6):1160-6.
Higgins 2003
Higgins 2011
  • Higgins JPT, Green S, editors. Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions .5.1.0 [updated March 2011]. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011. Available from www.cochrane-handbook.org.
MacLennan 2000
Olsen 1997
Scott 2001
  • Scott NW, Go PM, Graham P, McCormack K, Ross SJ, Grant AM, et al. Open mesh versus non-mesh for groin hernia repair. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2001, Issue 3. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002197]
Slieker-ten Hove 2009
  • Slieker-ten Hove MC, Pool-Goudzwaard AL, Eijkemans MJ, Steegers-Theunissen RP, Burger CW, Vierhout ME. The prevalence of pelvic organ prolapse symptoms and signs and their relation with bladder and bowel disorders in a general female population. International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 2009;20(9):1037-45.
Visco 2001
Visco 2008
  • Visco AG, Brubaker L, Nygaard I, Richter HE, Cundiff G, Fine P, et al. The role of preoperative urodynamic testing in stress-continent women undergoing sacrocolpopexy: the Colpopexy and Urinary Reduction Efforts (CARE) randomized surgical trial. International Urogynecology Journal. 2008;19(5):607-14.
Ware 1992
Zigmond 1983

References to other published versions of this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Maher 2004
  • Maher C, Baessler K, Glazener CMA, Adams EJ, Hagen S. Surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse in women. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2004, Issue 4. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004014.pub2]