Intervention Review

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Community-based interventions for the prevention of burns and scalds in children

  1. Cathy Turner1,
  2. Anneliese Spinks2,*,
  3. Roderick J McClure3,
  4. Jim Nixon4

Editorial Group: Cochrane Injuries Group

Published Online: 19 APR 2004

Assessed as up-to-date: 19 JUL 2007

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004335.pub2


How to Cite

Turner C, Spinks A, McClure RJ, Nixon J. Community-based interventions for the prevention of burns and scalds in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2004, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD004335. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004335.pub2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Queensland, School of Nursing, Herston, Queensland, Australia

  2. 2

    Griffith University, School of Medicine, Meadowbrook, Queensland, Australia

  3. 3

    Monash University, Accident Research Centre, Victoria, Victoria, Australia

  4. 4

    University of Queensland, Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Herston, Queensland, Australia

*Anneliese Spinks, School of Medicine, Griffith University, University Drive, Meadowbrook, Queensland, 4031, Australia. anneliese.spinks@csiro.au. a.spinks@griffith.edu.au.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: Edited (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 19 APR 2004

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References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
Guyer 1989 {published data only}
  • Guyer B, Gallagher SS, Chang B, Azzara C, Cupples LA, Colton T. Prevention of childhood injuries: evaluationn of the Statewide Childhood Injury Prevention Program (SCIPP). American Journal of Public Health 1989;79(11):1521-7.
MacKay 1982 {published data only}
Peleg 2005 {published data only}
Ytterstad 1995 {published data only}
  • Ytterstad B, Smith GS, Coggan CA. Harstad Injury Prevention Study: prevention of burns in young children by community based intervention. Injury Prevention 1998;4(3):176-80.
  • Ytterstad B, Soggard AJ. The Harstad Injury Prevention Study: prevention of burns in small children by a community-based intervention. Burns 1995;21(4):259-66.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
Argenio 1996 {published data only}
  • D Argenio P, Cafaro L, Santonastasi F, Taggi F, Binkin N. Capodanno Senza Danno: the effects of an intervention program on fireworks injuries in Naples. American Journal of Public Health 1996;86(1):84-5.
Ballesteros 2005 {published data only}
  • Ballesteros MF, Jackson ML, Martin MW. Working toward the elimination of residential fire deaths: the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Smoke Alarm Installation and Fire Safety Education (SAIFE) Program. Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation 2005;26:434-9.
Cagle 2006 {published data only}
Clark 1992 {published data only}
  • Clark DE, Katz MS, Campbell SM. Decreasing mortality and morbidity rates after the institution of a statewide burn program. Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation 1992;13(2):261-70.
Corrarino 2000 {published data only}
  • Corrarino JE, Walsh PJ, Boyle ML, Anselmo D. The Cool Kids Coalition. MCN American Journal of Maternity and Child Nursing 2000;25(1):10-7.
  • Corrarino JE, Walsh PJ, Nadel E. Does teaching scald burn prevention to families of young children make a difference? A pilot study. Journal of Pediatric Nursing 2001;16(4):256-62.
DiGuiseppi 2002 {published data only}
  • DiGuiseppi C, Roberts I, Wade A, Schulpher M, Edwards P, Godward C, Pan H, Slater S. Incidence of fires and related injuries after giving out free smoke alarms: cluster randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal 2002;325(7371):995.
  • DiGuiseppi C, Slater S, Roberts I, Adams L, Schulper M, Wade A, McCarthy M. The "Let's Get Alarmed!" initiative: a smoke alarm giveaway programme. Injury Prevention 1999;5(3):177-82.
  • Ginelly L, Sculpher M, Bojke C, Roberts I, Wade A, Diguiseppi C. Determining the cost effectiveness of a smoke alarm give-away program using data from a randomized controlled trial. European Journal of Public Health 2005;15:448-453.
Eckelt 1985 {published data only}
  • Eckelt K, Fannon M, Blades B, Munster AM. A successful burn prevention program in elementary schools. Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation 1985;6(6):509-10.
Elberg 1987 {published data only}
Erdmann 1991 {published data only}
Fallat 1993 {published data only}
Gorman 1985 {published data only}
Grant 1992 {published data only}
  • Grant E, Turney E, Bartlett N, Winbon C, Peterson HD. Evaluation of a burn prevention program in a public school. Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation 1992;13(6):703-7.
Hammond 1990 {published data only}
  • Hammond J. Coordinated strategies in burn prevention programs: a case study. Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation 1990;11(4):376-8.
Harre 2000 {published data only}
Heinle 1995 {published data only}
  • Heinle JA, Jensen RW, Lewis RW, Kealey GP. An effective method of educating junior high-aged children in fire and burn safety without disruption of the school curriculum. Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation 1995;16(1):91-5.
Hwang 2006 {published data only}
  • Hwang V, Duchossois GP, Garcia-Espana JF, Durbin DR. Impact of a community based fire prevention intervention on fire safety knowledge and behavior in elementary school children. Injury Prevention 2006;12:344-6.
Katcher 1987 {published data only}
Macarthur 2003 {published data only}
Maguina 2004 {published data only}
  • Maguina P, Palmieri TL, Curri T, Nelson K, Greenhalgh DG. The Circle of Safety: a campfire burn prevention campaign expanding nationwide. Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation 2004;25:124-7.
Mallonee 2000 {published data only}
Mondozzi 2001 {published data only}
NSW Health 1998 {published data only}
  • Elkington J, Gaffney D. Preventing scalds in NSW: a mix of strategies. Health Promotion Journal of Australia 1993;3:26-31.
  • NSW Health Department. Hot Water Burns Like Fire. The NSW Scalds Prevention Campaign. Phases One and Two 1992-1994. http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/pubs/h/pdf/hot_water.pdf December 1998.
Schmeer 1986 {published data only}
  • Schmeer S, Stern N, Monafo WW. An effective burn prevention program initiated by a recovered burn patient group. Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation 1986;7(6):535-6.
Shani 1998 {published data only}
Sheller 1995 {published data only}
Sheller 1998 {published data only}
Sorensen 1976 {published data only}
Varas 1988 {published data only}
  • Varas R, Carbone R, Hammond JS. A one-hour burn prevention program for grade school children: its approach and success. Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation 1988;9(1):69-71.
Victor 1988 {published data only}
  • Victor J, Lawrence P, Munster A, Horn S. A statewide targeted burn prevention program. Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation 1988;9(4):425-9.
Wade 1990 {published data only}
  • Wade J, Purdie GF, Hunt JL, Childers L. Crawl on your belly like GI Joe. Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation 1990;11(3):261-3.
Waller 1993 {published data only}
Webne 1989 {published data only}
  • Webne S, Kaplan B, Shaw M. Pediatric burn prevention: an evaluation of the efficacy of a strategy to reduce tap water temperature in a population at risk for scalds. Developmental and Behavioural Pediatrics 1989;10(4):187-91.

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
Ansari-Lari 2003
  • Ansari-Lari M, Askarian M. Epidemiology of burns presenting to an emergency department in Shiraz, South Iran. Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries 2003;29:579-81.
Banco 1994
Bang 1997
Calder 2002
Chien 2003
  • Chein WC, Pai L, Lin CC, Chen HC. Epidemiology of hospitalized burns patients in Taiwan. Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries 2003;29:582-8.
DHAC 2001
  • Department of Health and Aged Care. National Injury Prevention Plan: Priorities for 2001-2003. www.dhs.vic.gov.au/nphp/publications/sipp/prev_plan.pdf Canberra 2001.
DiGuiseppi 1998
DiGuiseppi 2003
  • DiGuiseppi C, Higgins JPT. Interventions for promoting smoke alarm ownership and function. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2003, Issue 2. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002246]
Feldman 1978
Fukunishi 2000
  • Fukunishi K, Takahashi H, Kitagishi H, Matsushima T, Kanai T, Ohsawa H, et al. Epidemiology of childhood burns in the critical care medical center of Kinki University Hospital in Osaka, Japan. Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries 2000;26:465-9.
Gallagher 1984
  • Gallagher SS, Finison K, Guyer B, Goodenough S. The incidence of injuries among 87 000 Massachusetts children and adolescents: results of the 1980-81 Statewide Childhood Injury Prevention Program Surveillance System. American Journal of Public Health 1984;74:1340-6.
Gallagher 2000
  • Gallagher S. Program evaluation - balancing rigour with reality. Injury Prevention 2000;6:78-9.
Herndon 1986
  • Herndon DN, LeMaster J, Beard S, Bernstein N, Lewis SR, Rutan TC, et al. The quality of life after major thermal injury in children: an analysis of 12 survivors with greater than or equal to 80% total body, 70% third-degree burns. Journal of Trauma 1986;26:609-19.
HIC 1999
  • Health Information Centre. Hospitilsation rates for Children 0-4 Years, 1998-1999. Queensland Health 1999.
Hockey 2001
  • Hockey R, Brady R. Burns and Scalds. Queensland Injury Surveillance Unit Bulletin 2001; Vol. 55.
Laloe 2002
Lari 2002
  • Lari AR, Panjeshahin MR, Talei AR, Rossignol AM, Alaghehbandan R. Epidemiology of childhood burn injuries in Fars province, Iran. Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation 2002;23:39-45.
Mahaluxmivala 1997
  • Mahaluxmuvala S, Borkar A, Mathur A, Fadaak H. A retrospective study of etiopathological and preventive factors in a burns unit in Saudi Arabia. Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries 1997;23:333-7.
Mathers 1999
  • Mathers C, Vos T, Stevenson C. The Burden of Disease and Injury in Australia. The Burden of Disease and Injury in Australia. Vol. AIHW Cat. No. PHE 17, Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 1999.
Moller 1991
  • Moller J. Community-based interventions: an emerging dimension of injury control models. Health Promotion Journal of Australia 1991;1:51-4.
Morrow 1996
Qld Health 2000
  • Queensland Health. The Health Outcomes Plan: Injury Prevention and Control 2000-2004. www.health.qld.gov.au/hop/injury_cp.htm Brisbane 2000.
Quayle 2000
  • Quayle KS, Wick NA, Gnauck KA, Schootman M, Jaffe DM. Description of Missouri children who suffer burn injuries. Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention 2000;6:255-8.
Ray 1995
  • Ray JG. Burns in young children: a study of the mechanism of burns in children aged 5 years and under in the Hamilton, Ontario Burn Unit. Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries 1995;21:463-6.
Schieber 2000
WHO 1999
  • WHO Collaborating Centre on Community Safety Promotion at the Karolinska Institutet. The Safe Community Network (Monograph). Violence and Injury Prevention. World Health Organization 1999.
Wilkinson 1998
Zeitlin 1993