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Home visits during pregnancy and after birth for women with an alcohol or drug problem

  1. Catherine Turnbull2,
  2. David A Osborn3,*

Editorial Group: Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group

Published Online: 18 JAN 2012

Assessed as up-to-date: 30 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004456.pub3


How to Cite

Turnbull C, Osborn DA. Home visits during pregnancy and after birth for women with an alcohol or drug problem. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD004456. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004456.pub3.

Author Information

  1. 2

    Department of Health, South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

  2. 3

    University of Sydney, Discipline of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Neonatology, Central Clinical School, Sydney, NSW, Australia

*David A Osborn, RPA Newborn Care, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Missenden Road, Camperdown, NSW, 2050, Australia. david.osborn@email.cs.nsw.gov.au.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 18 JAN 2012

SEARCH

[Analysis 1.1]
Analysis 1.1. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 1 Continued illicit drug use.
[Analysis 1.2]
Analysis 1.2. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 2 Continued alcohol use.
[Analysis 1.3]
Analysis 1.3. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 3 Failure to enrol in drug treatment program.
[Analysis 1.4]
Analysis 1.4. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 4 Failure to remain in drug treatment at 4 weeks.
[Analysis 1.5]
Analysis 1.5. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 5 Failure to remain in drug treatment at 90 days.
[Analysis 1.6]
Analysis 1.6. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 6 Failure of retention in program at latest time measured.
[Analysis 1.7]
Analysis 1.7. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 7 Not breastfeeding at 6 months.
[Analysis 1.8]
Analysis 1.8. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 8 Incomplete infant vaccination schedule at latest time measured.
[Analysis 1.9]
Analysis 1.9. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 9 Failure to keep scheduled appointments (infant primary care).
[Analysis 1.10]
Analysis 1.10. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 10 Significant cognitive delay (Bayley MDI >= 2sd below population mean).
[Analysis 1.11]
Analysis 1.11. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 11 Significant psychomotor delay (Bayley PDI >= 2sd below population mean).
[Analysis 1.12]
Analysis 1.12. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 12 Cognitive development (Bayley MDI) at latest time measured.
[Analysis 1.13]
Analysis 1.13. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 13 Psychomotor development (Bayley PDI) at latest time measured.
[Analysis 1.14]
Analysis 1.14. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 14 Behavioural problems.
[Analysis 1.15]
Analysis 1.15. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 15 Child Behaviour Checklist total score.
[Analysis 1.16]
Analysis 1.16. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 16 EPDS ≥ 12 at 6 months.
[Analysis 1.17]
Analysis 1.17. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 17 Infant not in care of biological mother.
[Analysis 1.18]
Analysis 1.18. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 18 Child abuse or neglect: non-accidental injury.
[Analysis 1.19]
Analysis 1.19. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 19 Non-accidental injury and non-voluntary foster care.
[Analysis 1.20]
Analysis 1.20. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 20 Involvement with child protective services.
[Analysis 1.21]
Analysis 1.21. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 21 Infant death.
[Analysis 1.22]
Analysis 1.22. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 22 Child abuse potential inventory (z score).
[Analysis 1.23]
Analysis 1.23. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 23 Child domain of parenting stress index at 18 months (z score).
[Analysis 1.24]
Analysis 1.24. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 24 HOME score.
[Analysis 1.25]
Analysis 1.25. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 25 No use of postpartum contraception.
[Analysis 1.26]
Analysis 1.26. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 26 Cognitive development (Bayley MDI) at latest time measured.
[Analysis 1.27]
Analysis 1.27. Comparison 1 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by timing of intervention), Outcome 27 Infant death.
[Analysis 2.1]
Analysis 2.1. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 1 Continued illicit drug use.
[Analysis 2.2]
Analysis 2.2. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 2 Continued alcohol use.
[Analysis 2.3]
Analysis 2.3. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 3 Failure to enrol in drug treatment program.
[Analysis 2.4]
Analysis 2.4. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 4 Failure to remain in drug treatment at 4 weeks.
[Analysis 2.5]
Analysis 2.5. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 5 Failure to remain in drug treatment at 90 days.
[Analysis 2.6]
Analysis 2.6. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 6 Failure of retention in program at latest time measured.
[Analysis 2.7]
Analysis 2.7. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 7 Not breastfeeding at 6 months.
[Analysis 2.8]
Analysis 2.8. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 8 Incomplete infant vaccination schedule at latest time measured.
[Analysis 2.9]
Analysis 2.9. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 9 Failure to keep scheduled appointments (infant primary care).
[Analysis 2.10]
Analysis 2.10. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 10 Significant cognitive delay (Bayley MDI >= 2sd below population mean).
[Analysis 2.11]
Analysis 2.11. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 11 Significant psychomotor delay (Bayley PDI >= 2sd below population mean).
[Analysis 2.12]
Analysis 2.12. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 12 Cognitive development (Bayley MDI) at latest time measured.
[Analysis 2.13]
Analysis 2.13. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 13 Psychomotor development (Bayley PDI) at latest time measured.
[Analysis 2.14]
Analysis 2.14. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 14 Behavioural problems.
[Analysis 2.15]
Analysis 2.15. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 15 Child Behaviour Checklist total score.
[Analysis 2.16]
Analysis 2.16. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 16 EPDS ≥ 12 at 6 months.
[Analysis 2.17]
Analysis 2.17. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 17 Infant not in care of biological mother.
[Analysis 2.18]
Analysis 2.18. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 18 Child abuse or neglect: non-accidental injury.
[Analysis 2.19]
Analysis 2.19. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 19 Non-accidental injury and non-voluntary foster care.
[Analysis 2.20]
Analysis 2.20. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 20 Involvement with child protective services.
[Analysis 2.21]
Analysis 2.21. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 21 Infant death.
[Analysis 2.22]
Analysis 2.22. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 22 Child abuse potential inventory (z score).
[Analysis 2.23]
Analysis 2.23. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 23 Child domain of parenting stress index at 18 months (z score).
[Analysis 2.24]
Analysis 2.24. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 24 HOME score.
[Analysis 2.25]
Analysis 2.25. Comparison 2 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by duration of intervention), Outcome 25 No use of postpartum contraception.
[Analysis 3.1]
Analysis 3.1. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 1 Continued illicit drug use.
[Analysis 3.2]
Analysis 3.2. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 2 Continued alcohol use.
[Analysis 3.3]
Analysis 3.3. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 3 Failure to enrol in drug treatment program.
[Analysis 3.4]
Analysis 3.4. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 4 Failure to remain in drug treatment at 4 weeks.
[Analysis 3.5]
Analysis 3.5. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 5 Failure to remain in drug treatment at 90 days.
[Analysis 3.6]
Analysis 3.6. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 6 Failure of retention in program at 6 months.
[Analysis 3.7]
Analysis 3.7. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 7 Not breastfeeding at 6 months.
[Analysis 3.8]
Analysis 3.8. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 8 Incomplete infant vaccination schedule at latest time measured.
[Analysis 3.9]
Analysis 3.9. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 9 Failure to keep scheduled appointments (infant primary care).
[Analysis 3.10]
Analysis 3.10. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 10 Significant cognitive delay (Bayley MDI >= 2sd below population mean).
[Analysis 3.11]
Analysis 3.11. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 11 Significant psychomotor delay (Bayley PDI >= 2sd below population mean).
[Analysis 3.12]
Analysis 3.12. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 12 Cognitive development (Bayley MDI) at latest time measured.
[Analysis 3.13]
Analysis 3.13. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 13 Psychomotor development (Bayley PDI) at latest time measured.
[Analysis 3.14]
Analysis 3.14. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 14 Behavioural problems.
[Analysis 3.15]
Analysis 3.15. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 15 Child Behaviour Checklist total score.
[Analysis 3.16]
Analysis 3.16. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 16 EPDS ≥ 12 at 6 months.
[Analysis 3.17]
Analysis 3.17. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 17 Infant not in care of biological mother.
[Analysis 3.18]
Analysis 3.18. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 18 Child abuse or neglect: non-accidental injury.
[Analysis 3.19]
Analysis 3.19. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 19 Non-accidental injury and non-voluntary foster care.
[Analysis 3.20]
Analysis 3.20. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 20 Involvement with child protective services.
[Analysis 3.21]
Analysis 3.21. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 21 Infant death.
[Analysis 3.22]
Analysis 3.22. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 22 Child abuse potential inventory (z score).
[Analysis 3.23]
Analysis 3.23. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 23 Child domain of parenting stress index at 18 months (z score).
[Analysis 3.24]
Analysis 3.24. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 24 HOME score.
[Analysis 3.25]
Analysis 3.25. Comparison 3 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by frequency of intervention), Outcome 25 No use of postpartum contraception.
[Analysis 4.1]
Analysis 4.1. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 1 Continued illicit drug use.
[Analysis 4.2]
Analysis 4.2. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 2 Continued alcohol use.
[Analysis 4.3]
Analysis 4.3. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 3 Failure to enrol in drug treatment program.
[Analysis 4.4]
Analysis 4.4. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 4 Failure to remain in drug treatment at 4 weeks.
[Analysis 4.5]
Analysis 4.5. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 5 Failure to remain in drug treatment at 90 days.
[Analysis 4.6]
Analysis 4.6. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 6 Failure of retention in program at 6 months.
[Analysis 4.7]
Analysis 4.7. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 7 Not breastfeeding at 6 months.
[Analysis 4.8]
Analysis 4.8. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 8 Incomplete infant vaccination schedule at latest time measured.
[Analysis 4.9]
Analysis 4.9. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 9 Failure to keep scheduled appointments (infant primary care).
[Analysis 4.10]
Analysis 4.10. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 10 Significant cognitive delay (Bayley MDI >= 2sd below population mean).
[Analysis 4.11]
Analysis 4.11. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 11 Significant psychomotor delay (Bayley PDI >= 2sd below population mean).
[Analysis 4.12]
Analysis 4.12. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 12 Cognitive development (Bayley MDI) at latest time measured.
[Analysis 4.13]
Analysis 4.13. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 13 Psychomotor development (Bayley PDI) at latest time measured.
[Analysis 4.14]
Analysis 4.14. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 14 Behavioural problems.
[Analysis 4.15]
Analysis 4.15. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 15 Child Behaviour Checklist total score.
[Analysis 4.16]
Analysis 4.16. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 16 EPDS ≥ 12 at 6 months.
[Analysis 4.17]
Analysis 4.17. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 17 Infant not in care of biological mother.
[Analysis 4.18]
Analysis 4.18. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 18 Child abuse or neglect: non-accidental injury.
[Analysis 4.19]
Analysis 4.19. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 19 Non-accidental injury and non-voluntary foster care.
[Analysis 4.20]
Analysis 4.20. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 20 Involvement with child protective services.
[Analysis 4.21]
Analysis 4.21. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 21 Infant death.
[Analysis 4.22]
Analysis 4.22. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 22 Child abuse potential inventory (z score).
[Analysis 4.23]
Analysis 4.23. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 23 Child domain of parenting stress index at 18 months (z score).
[Analysis 4.24]
Analysis 4.24. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 24 HOME score.
[Analysis 4.25]
Analysis 4.25. Comparison 4 Home visits versus no home visits during pregnancy or after delivery (subgroups by home visitor), Outcome 25 No use of postpartum contraception.
[Analysis 5.1]
Analysis 5.1. Comparison 5 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies with a developmental intervention), Outcome 1 Continued illicit drug use.
[Analysis 5.2]
Analysis 5.2. Comparison 5 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies with a developmental intervention), Outcome 2 Continued alcohol use.
[Analysis 5.3]
Analysis 5.3. Comparison 5 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies with a developmental intervention), Outcome 3 Failure to enrol in drug treatment program.
[Analysis 5.4]
Analysis 5.4. Comparison 5 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies with a developmental intervention), Outcome 4 Failure of retention in program at latest time measured.
[Analysis 5.5]
Analysis 5.5. Comparison 5 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies with a developmental intervention), Outcome 5 Failure to keep scheduled appointments (infant primary care).
[Analysis 5.6]
Analysis 5.6. Comparison 5 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies with a developmental intervention), Outcome 6 Cognitive development at latest time measured (Bayley MDI).
[Analysis 5.7]
Analysis 5.7. Comparison 5 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies with a developmental intervention), Outcome 7 Psychomotor development at latest time measured (Bayley PDI).
[Analysis 5.8]
Analysis 5.8. Comparison 5 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies with a developmental intervention), Outcome 8 Behavioural problems.
[Analysis 5.9]
Analysis 5.9. Comparison 5 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies with a developmental intervention), Outcome 9 Child Behaviour Checklist total score.
[Analysis 5.10]
Analysis 5.10. Comparison 5 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies with a developmental intervention), Outcome 10 Infant not in care of biological mother.
[Analysis 5.11]
Analysis 5.11. Comparison 5 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies with a developmental intervention), Outcome 11 Involvement with child protective services.
[Analysis 5.12]
Analysis 5.12. Comparison 5 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies with a developmental intervention), Outcome 12 Child abuse potential inventory (z score).
[Analysis 5.13]
Analysis 5.13. Comparison 5 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies with a developmental intervention), Outcome 13 Child domain of parenting stress index at 18 months (z score).
[Analysis 5.14]
Analysis 5.14. Comparison 5 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies with a developmental intervention), Outcome 14 HOME score.
[Analysis 6.1]
Analysis 6.1. Comparison 6 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies of good methodology), Outcome 1 Failure to enrol in drug treatment program.
[Analysis 6.2]
Analysis 6.2. Comparison 6 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies of good methodology), Outcome 2 Failure to remain in drug treatment.
[Analysis 6.3]
Analysis 6.3. Comparison 6 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies of good methodology), Outcome 3 Not breastfeeding at 6 months.
[Analysis 6.4]
Analysis 6.4. Comparison 6 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies of good methodology), Outcome 4 Incomplete infant vaccination schedule at latest time measured.
[Analysis 6.5]
Analysis 6.5. Comparison 6 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies of good methodology), Outcome 5 Infant not in care of biological mother.
[Analysis 6.6]
Analysis 6.6. Comparison 6 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies of good methodology), Outcome 6 Child abuse or neglect: non-accidental injury.
[Analysis 6.7]
Analysis 6.7. Comparison 6 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies of good methodology), Outcome 7 Non-accidental injury and non-voluntary foster care.
[Analysis 6.8]
Analysis 6.8. Comparison 6 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies of good methodology), Outcome 8 Infant death.
[Analysis 6.9]
Analysis 6.9. Comparison 6 Home visits for pregnant substance or alcohol using women (studies of good methodology), Outcome 9 No use of postpartum contraception.