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Routine scale and polish for periodontal health in adults

  1. Helen V Worthington1,*,
  2. Jan E Clarkson1,2,
  3. Gemma Bryan1,
  4. Paul V Beirne3

Editorial Group: Cochrane Oral Health Group

Published Online: 7 NOV 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 15 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004625.pub4


How to Cite

Worthington HV, Clarkson JE, Bryan G, Beirne PV. Routine scale and polish for periodontal health in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 11. Art. No.: CD004625. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004625.pub4.

Author Information

  1. 1

    School of Dentistry, The University of Manchester, Cochrane Oral Health Group, Manchester, UK

  2. 2

    University of Dundee, Dental Health Services Research Unit, Dundee, Scotland, UK

  3. 3

    University College Cork, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Cork, Ireland

*Helen V Worthington, Cochrane Oral Health Group, School of Dentistry, The University of Manchester, Coupland III Building, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK. helen.worthington@manchester.ac.uk.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 7 NOV 2013

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References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Jones 2011 {published data only}
  • Jones CL, Macfarlane TV, Milsom KM, Ratcliffe P, Wyllie A, Tickle M. Patient perceptions regarding benefits of single visit scale and polish: a randomised controlled trial. BMC Oral Health 2013;13:50.
  • Jones CL, Milsom KM, Ratcliffe P, Wyllie A, Macfarlane TV, Tickle M. Clinical outcomes of single-visit oral prophylaxis: a practice-based randomised controlled trial. BMC Oral Health 2011;11:35.
Lightner 1971 {published data only}
Listgarten 1985 {published data only}

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Adachi 2002 {published data only}
  • Adachi M, Ishihara K, Abe S, Okuda K, Ishikawa T. Effect of professional oral health care on the elderly living in nursing homes. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontics 2002;94(2):191-5.
Addy 1988 {published data only}
  • Addy M, Hassan H, Moran J, Wade W, Newcombe R. Use of antimicrobial containing acrylic strips in the treatment of chronic periodontal disease. A three month follow-up study. Journal of Periodontology 1988;59(9):557-64.
Aldridge 1995 {published data only}
Ashley 1981 {published data only}
Axelsson 1975 {published data only}
Axelsson 1977 {published data only}
Axelsson 1981 {published data only}
Axelsson 1987 {published data only}
  • Axelsson P, Kristoffersson K, Karlsson R, Bratthall D. A 30-month longitudinal study of the effects of some oral hygiene measures on streptococcus mutans and approximal dental caries. Journal of Dental Research 1987;66:761-5.
Axelsson 2004 {published data only}
Badersten 1984 {published data only}
Bellini 1981 {published data only}
Bonner 2005 {published data only}
  • Bonner BC, Young L, Smith PA, McCombes W, Clarkson JE. A randomised controlled trial to explore attitudes to routine scale and polish and compare manual versus ultrasonic scaling in the general dental service in Scotland (ISRCTN99609795). BMC Oral Health 2005;5:3.
Brown 2002 {published data only}
  • Brown JB, Rosenstein D, Mullooly J, O' Keeffe Rosetti M, Robinson S, Chiodo G. Impact of intensified dental care on outcomes in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection. AIDS Patient Care and STDs 2002;16(10):479-86.
Budtz-Jorgensen 2000 {published data only}
Chapple 1995 {published data only}
Chawla 1975 {published data only}
Cutress 1991 {published data only}
  • Cutress TW, Powell RN, Kilisimasi S, Tomiki S, Holborow D. A 3-year community-based periodontal disease prevention programme for adults in a developing nation. International Dental Journal 1991;41(6):323-34.
Feldman 1988 {published data only}
Glavind 1977 {published data only}
Godin 1976 {published data only}
Greenwell 1985 {published data only}
Grimm 1986 {published data only}
  • Grimm WD, Curth K, Rumler KD, Walther C. Clinically controlled studies of the optimum recall interval of public health care patients [Klinisch-kontrollierte untersuchung uber den optimalen recallabstand dispensairebetreuter patienten]. Stomatologie der DDR 1986;36(12):728-32.
Gunay 1998 {published data only}
  • Gunay H, Dmoch-Bockhorn K, Gunay Y, Geurtsen W. Effect on caries experience of a long-term preventive program for mothers and children starting during pregnancy. Clinical Oral Investigations 1998;2(3):137-42.
Hellström 1996 {published data only}
Hill 1981 {published data only}
Hoffman 2005 {published data only}
Hou 1989 {published data only}
  • Hou GL, Chi-Cheng T. Clinical observations of the effects of nonsurgical periodontal therapy on human periodontal disease II: Ultrasonic scaling and root planing for 6 months. The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences 1989;5:72-86.
Huber 1987 {published data only}
  • Huber S, Vernino AR, Nanda RS. Professional prophylaxis and its effect on the periodontium of full-banded orthodontic patients. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 1987;91(4):321-7.
Hugoson 2007 {published data only}
  • Hugoson A, Lundgren D, Asklöw B, Borgklint G. Effect of three different dental health preventive programmes on young adult individuals: a randomized, blinded, parallel group, controlled evaluation of oral hygiene behaviour on plaque and gingivitis. Journal of Clinical Periodontology 2007;34:407-15.
  • Hugoson A, Lundgren D, Asklöw B, Borgklint G. The effect of different dental health programmes on young adult individuals: a longitudinal evaluation of knowledge and behaviour including cost aspects. Swedish Dental Journal 2003;27(3):115-30.
Kaldahl 1988 {published data only}
  • Kaldahl WB, Kalkwarf KL, Patil K, Dyer JK, Bates RE. Evaluation of four modalities of periodontal therapy: mean probing depth, probing attachment level and recession changes. Journal of Periodontology 1988;59(12):783-93.
Katay 1990 {published data only}
  • Katay L. Intensive aftercare for patients with removable dentures. Results after four years [Intensivbetreuung von Patienten mit herausnehmbarem Zahnersatz]. Deutsche Zahnarztliche Zeitschrift 1990;45(7):410-3.
Ketomaki 1993 {published data only}
  • Ketomaki T, Luoma AR. Dental Caries and Use of Resources in Relation to Individual Inspection Interval in Systematic Oral Health Care [Jarjestelmallisen hammashuollon yksilollisen tutkimusvalin yhteys hammaskariekseen ja voimavarojen kayttoon - den individuella undersokningsfrekvensens inverkan pa tandkaries och resursering inom den systematiska tandvarden]. Helsinki: Vantaa National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health, 1993.
Kinane 2000 {published data only}
  • Kinane DF. Local antimicrobial therapies in periodontal disease. Annals of the Royal Australian College of Dental Surgeons 2000;15:57-60.
Klein 1985 {published data only}
Knöfler 2007 {published data only}
  • Knöfler GU, Purschwitz RE, Jentsch HFR. Clinical evaluation of partial and full mouth scaling in the treatment of chronic periodontitis. Journal of Periodontology 2007;78:2135-42.
Kwan-Yat 2006 {published data only}
  • Kwan-Yat Z, Dae-Hyun L, Corbet EF. Repeated oral hygiene instructions alone, or in combination with metronidazole dental gel with or without subgingival scaling in adult periodontitis patients: A one-year clinical study. Journal of International Academy of Periodontolgy 2006;8(4):125-35.
Lee 2009 {published data only}
  • Lee H-K, Choi S-H, Wong KC, Merchant AT, Song K-B, Jeong S-H, et al. The effect of intensive oral hygiene care in gingivitis and periodontal destruction in type-2 diabetics. Yonsei Medical Journal 2009;50(4):529-36.
Lembariti 1998 {published data only}
Lim 1996 {published data only}
Listgarten 1986 {published data only}
Loesche 2002 {published data only}
  • Loesche WJ, Giordano JR, Soehren S, Kaciroti N. The non-surgical treatment of patients with periodontal disease: results after 5 years. Journal of the American Dental Association 2002;133(3):311-20.
Lopez 2005 {published data only}
  • López NJ, De Silva I, Ipinza J, Gutiérrez J. Periodontal therapy reduces the rate of preterm low birth weight in women with pregnancy-associated gingivitis. Journal of Periodontology 2005;76:2144-53.
Lunder 1994 {published data only}
  • Lunder N. Effects of extended recall intervals for children between the ages of 7 and 13 [Forlengede innkallingsintervaller: effeckter pa ressursbruk og tannhelse hos et arskull barn fra 7 til 13 ar]. Nor Tannlaegeforenings Tidende 1994;104:100-2.
Mishkin 1986 {published data only}
  • Mishkin DJ, Engler WO, Javed T, Darby TD, Cobb RL, Coffman MA. A clinical comparison of the effect on the gingiva of the Prophy-Jet and the rubber cup and paste techniques. Journal of Periodontology 1986;57(3):151-4.
Moëne 2010 {published data only}
Moimaz 2000 {published data only}
  • Moimaz SAS, Guimaräes LOC, Saliba NA, Saliba O. Effect of professional prophylaxis and usual toothbrushing on dental plaque. Journal of Dental Research 2000;79(5):A146.
Mojon 1998 {published data only}
Nyman 1975 {published data only}
Poulsen 1976 {published data only}
Powell 1999 {published data only}
Rask 1988 {published data only}
  • Rask PI, Emilson CG, Krasse B, Sundberg H. Effect of preventitive measures in 50-60 with high risk of dental caries. Scandinavian Journal of Dental Research 1988;96(6):500-4.
Rosen 2004 {published data only}
  • Rosen B, Olavi G, Baderstein A, Ronstrom A, Soderholm G, Egelberg J. Effect of different frequencies of preventive maintenance treatments on periodontal conditions: 5 year observations in general dentistry patients. Journal of Clinical Periodontology 1999;26(4):225-33.
  • Rosen B, Olavi G, Birkhed D, Edvardsson S, Egelberg J. Effect of different frequencies of preventive maintenance treatment on dental caries: five-year observations in general dentistry patients. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica 2004;62(5):282-8.
Rosling 1976 {published data only}
Rosling 1983 {published data only}
Saliba 1997 {published data only}
  • Saliba CA, Saliba NA, Moimaz SAS. Comparison of the efficacy of supervised toothbrushing and periodic professional prophylaxis on dental plaque control. Journal of Dental Research 1997;76(5):970.
Sandig 1981 {published data only}
  • Sandig HC, Eismann H. Clinical studies on the efficacy of regular periodontal health check-up [Klinische Untersuchungen uber die Wirksamkeit der periodontalhygienischen Dispensairebetreuung von Patienten mit abnehmbaren gegossenen Teilprothesen]. Stomatologie der DDR 1981;31(8):569-72.
Sato 2008 {published data only}
  • Sato T, Abe T, Ichikawa M, Fukushima Y, Nakamoto N, Koshikiya N, et al. A randomised controlled trial assessing the effectiveness of professional oral care by dental hygienists. International Journal of Dental Hygiene 2008;6(1):63-7.
Schlagenhauf 1989 {published data only}
Schulz 1989 {published data only}
  • Schulz R, Seefeld G. Therapy of gingivitis. Investigations of the effectiveness of preventive care program in dental practice [Untersuchungen uber die Effektivitat von praventiven betreuungsprogrammen unter den bedingungen einer stomatiologischen praxis]. Stomatologie der DDR 1989;39(1):12-6.
Serrano 2011 {published data only}
  • Serrano C, Torres N, Bejarano A, Cavie-des M, Castellanos ME. Clinical and microbiological comparison of three non surgical protocols for the initial treatment of chronic periodontitis. Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology 2011;13(1):17-26.
Shaw 1991 {published data only}
  • Shaw M, Shaw L. The effectiveness of differing dental health education programmes in improving the oral health of adults with mental handicaps attending Birmingham adult training centres. Community Dental Health 1991;8(2):139-45.
Smulow 1983 {published data only}
  • Smulow JB, Turesky SS, Hill RG. The effect of supragingival plaque removal on anaerobic bacteria in deep periodontal pockets. The Journal of the American Dental Association 1983;107(5):737-42.
Suomi 1971 {published data only}
  • Suomi JD, Greene JC, Vermillion JR, Doyle J, Chang JJ, Leatherwood EC. The effect of controlled oral hygiene procedures on the progression of periodontal disease in adults: results after third and final year. Journal of Periodontology 1971;42(3):152-60.
Suomi 1973 {published and unpublished data}
Tan 1978 {published data only}
Tsuboi 2003 {published data only}
  • Tsuboi S, Morita I, Nakagaki H, Uchibori N, Yasuda J, Kume H, et al. Effect of professional oral prophylaxis on the general health perceptions and lifestyles of workers of a worksite. San Ei Shi 2003;45:222-34.
Van der Weijden 1994 {published data only}
Wang 1992 {published data only}
Wennström 2011 {published data only}
Westfelt 1983 {published data only}
Westfelt 1998 {published data only}
White 1996 {published data only}
  • White DJ, Cox ER, Bacca L, Lanzalaco AC, Montgomery RM, Coyle-Rees M. A quanticalc clinical comparison of professional efficiency in manual supraginival calculus debridement. The Journal of Clinical Dentistry 1996;7:54-7.
Zanatta 2011 {published data only}
  • Zanatta FB, Pinto TM, Kantorski KZ, Rosing CK. Plaque, gingival bleeding and calculus formation after supragingival scaling with and without polishing: a randomised clinical trial. Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry 2011;9(3):275-80.
Zee 2006 {published data only}
  • Zee KY, Lee DH, Corbet EF. Repeated oral hygiene instructions alone, or in combination with metronidazole dental gel with or without subgingival scaling in adult periodontitis patients: a one year clinical study. Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology 2006;8(4):125-35.
Zimmerman 1993 {published data only}

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
AAP 1992
  • American Academy of Periodontology. Glossary of Periodontal Terms. 3rd Edition. Chicago: American Academy of Periodontology, 1992.
AAP 2001
AAP 2003
Albandar 2002
Bearne 2000
Beirne 2005a
  • Beirne P, Forgie A, Clarkson JE, Worthington HV. Recall intervals for oral health in primary care patients. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005, Issue 2. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004346.pub3]
Bentley 1983
  • Bentley JM, Cormier P, Oler J. The rural dental health program: the effect of a school-based dental health education program on children's utilization of dental services. American Journal of Public Health 1983;73(5):500-5.
Bonito 2004
  • Bonito A, Lohr K, Lux L, Sutton S, Jackman A, Whitener L, et al. Effectiveness of antimicrobial adjuncts to scaling and root planing therapy for periodontitis. Evidence Report Technology Assessment. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2004; Vol. 88:1-4. [: AHRQ Publication No. 04-E014-3]
Brothwell 1998
  • Brothwell DJ, Jutai DK, Hawkins RJ. An update of mechanical oral hygiene practices: evidence-based recommendations for disease prevention. Journal of the Canadian Dental Association 1998;64(4):295-306.
Brown 1994
Corbet 2002
DoH 2000
  • Department of Health. Modernising NHS Dentistry - Implementing the NHS Plan. HMSO, 2000.
Egger 1997
Elley 2000
  • Elley K, Gold L, Burls A, Gray M. Scale and Polish for Chronic Periodontal Disease - A West Midlands Development and Evaluation Service Report. West Midlands Health Technology Assessment Group, Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham 2000.
Frame 2000
  • Frame PS, Sawai R, Bowen WH, Meyerowitz C. Preventive dentistry: practitioners' recommendations for low-risk patients compared with scientific evidence and practice guidelines. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2000;18(2):159-62.
Greenstein 1992
Haffajee 1991
Higgins 2011
  • Higgins JPT, Green S (editors). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0 [updated March 2011]. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011. Available from www.cochrane-handbook.org.
Ismail 1994
  • Ismail AI, Lewis DW, Dingle JL. Prevention of periodontal disease. Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care: Guide to Clinical Preventive Health Care. Ottowa: Health Canada, 1994:420-31.
Jenkins 2003
  • Jenkins B, Heasman P. The prevention and control of periodontal disease. In: Murray JJ, Nunn JH, Steele JG editor(s). The Prevention of Oral Disease. 4th Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.
Kay 1996
Kay 1998
  • Kay E, Locker D. A systematic review of the effectiveness of health promotion aimed at improving oral health. Community Dental Health 1998;15(3):132-44.
Kelly 2000
  • Kelly M, Steele J, Nuttall N, Bradnock G, Morris J, Nunn J, et al. Adult Dental Health Survey. Oral Health in the United Kingdom 1998. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 2000.
Lindhe 1989
Loe 1967
Needleman 2002
Needleman 2004
O' Leary 1967
  • O' Leary TJ. The periodontal screening examination. Journal of Periodontology 1967;38:617.
Oxford Dict 1995
  • Concise Oxford Dictionary. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English. 9th Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.
Pilot 1980
  • Pilot T. Analysis of the overall effectiveness of treatment of periodontal disease. In: D Shanley editor(s). Efficacy of Treatment Procedures in Periodontics. Berlin: Quintessence Publishing Company, 1980:213-30.
Pilot 1997
  • Pilot T. Periodontal diseases. In: Pine C editor(s). Community Oral Health. Oxford: Reed Educational and Professional Publishing Ltd, 1997:82-8.
Ramfjord 1959
  • Ramfjord SP. Indices for prevalence and incidence of periodontal disease. Journal of Periodontology 1959;30:51.
Sheiham 1986
Sheiham 2002
Sprod 1996
  • Sprod AJ, Anderson R, Treasure E. Effective Oral Health Promotion: a Literature Review. Technical Report 20. Cardiff: University of Wales: Health Promotion Wales, 1996.
Wennstrom 1990
WHO 2004
  • World Health Organization. Periodontal country profiles: an overview of CPITN data in the WHO Global Oral Data Bank for the age groups 15-19 years, 35-44 years and 65-74 years. http://www.dent.niigata-u.ac.jp/prevent/perio/contents.html.

References to other published versions of this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Beirne 2005b
  • Beirne P, Forgie A, Worthington HV, Clarkson JE. Routine scale and polish for periodontal health in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005, Issue 1. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004625.pub2]
Beirne 2007
Forgie 2004
  • Forgie A, Beirne P, Worthington HV, Clarkson JE. Routine scale and polish for periodontal health in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2004, Issue 1. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004625]