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Massage for promoting mental and physical health in typically developing infants under the age of six months

  1. Cathy Bennett1,
  2. Angela Underdown2,
  3. Jane Barlow2,*

Editorial Group: Cochrane Developmental, Psychosocial and Learning Problems Group

Published Online: 30 APR 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 20 DEC 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005038.pub3


How to Cite

Bennett C, Underdown A, Barlow J. Massage for promoting mental and physical health in typically developing infants under the age of six months. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD005038. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005038.pub3.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry, Plymouth, UK

  2. 2

    Warwick Medical School, Division of Mental Health and Wellbeing, Coventry, UK

*Jane Barlow, Division of Mental Health and Wellbeing, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Gibbett Hill Road, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK. jane.barlow@warwick.ac.uk.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 30 APR 2013

SEARCH

[Figure 1]
Figure 1. 'Risk of bias' summary: review authors' judgements about each risk of bias item for each included study
[Figure 2]
Figure 2. 'Risk of bias' graph: review authors' judgements about each risk of bias item presented as percentages across all included studies
[Analysis 1.1]
Analysis 1.1. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 1 Weight.
[Analysis 1.2]
Analysis 1.2. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 2 Weight: subgroup analyses (duration of intervention).
[Analysis 1.3]
Analysis 1.3. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 3 Length.
[Analysis 1.4]
Analysis 1.4. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 4 Length: subgroup analyses (duration of intervention).
[Analysis 1.5]
Analysis 1.5. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 5 Head circumference.
[Analysis 1.6]
Analysis 1.6. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 6 Head circumference: subgroup analyses (duration of intervention).
[Analysis 1.7]
Analysis 1.7. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 7 Mid arm circumference.
[Analysis 1.8]
Analysis 1.8. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 8 Mid leg/thigh circumference.
[Analysis 1.9]
Analysis 1.9. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 9 Abdominal circumference.
[Analysis 1.10]
Analysis 1.10. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 10 Chest circumference.
[Analysis 1.11]
Analysis 1.11. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 11 Hormones: cortisol.
[Analysis 1.12]
Analysis 1.12. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 12 Hormones: norepinephrine.
[Analysis 1.13]
Analysis 1.13. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 13 Hormones: epinephrine.
[Analysis 1.14]
Analysis 1.14. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 14 Hormones: serotonin.
[Analysis 1.15]
Analysis 1.15. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 15 Hormones: 6-sulphatoxymelatonin secretion.
[Analysis 1.16]
Analysis 1.16. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 16 Biochemical markers: Bilirubin (7 days PN).
[Analysis 1.17]
Analysis 1.17. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 17 Crying or fussing time.
[Analysis 1.18]
Analysis 1.18. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 18 Crying frequency (times).
[Analysis 1.19]
Analysis 1.19. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 19 Sleep/wake behaviours (Thoman).
[Analysis 1.20]
Analysis 1.20. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 20 Behavioural state immediately post-intervention (Thoman).
[Analysis 1.21]
Analysis 1.21. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 21 Sleep duration over 24hr period.
[Analysis 1.22]
Analysis 1.22. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 22 Mean increase in 24h sleep.
[Analysis 1.23]
Analysis 1.23. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 23 Mean increase in duration of night sleep.
[Analysis 1.24]
Analysis 1.24. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 24 Mean increase in duration of day sleep.
[Analysis 1.25]
Analysis 1.25. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 25 Mean increase in duration of first morning sleep after massage.
[Analysis 1.26]
Analysis 1.26. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 26 Sleep (total hours per night).
[Analysis 1.27]
Analysis 1.27. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 27 Number of naps (total number of naps).
[Analysis 1.28]
Analysis 1.28. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 28 Number of naps in day.
[Analysis 1.29]
Analysis 1.29. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 29 Number of naps at night.
[Analysis 1.30]
Analysis 1.30. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 30 Night Wake Frequency (times).
[Analysis 1.31]
Analysis 1.31. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 31 Night wake duration.
[Analysis 1.32]
Analysis 1.32. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 32 Blood flow (post intervention).
[Analysis 1.33]
Analysis 1.33. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 33 Formula intake.
[Analysis 1.34]
Analysis 1.34. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 34 Illness.
[Analysis 1.35]
Analysis 1.35. Comparison 1 Infant massage versus control - physical development, Outcome 35 Illness and clinic visits.
[Analysis 2.1]
Analysis 2.1. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 1 Infant temperament meta-analyses.
[Analysis 2.2]
Analysis 2.2. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 2 Infant temperament (CCTI) post intervention.
[Analysis 2.3]
Analysis 2.3. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 3 Infant temperament (Infant behaviour questionnaire (IBQ) post intervention).
[Analysis 2.4]
Analysis 2.4. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 4 Infant temperament questionnaire (revised RITQ (Carey)) post-intervention 4 months.
[Analysis 2.5]
Analysis 2.5. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 5 Infant temperament questionnaire (revised RITQ (Carey)) follow-up 8 months.
[Analysis 2.6]
Analysis 2.6. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 6 Infant Care Questionnaire post-intervention.
[Analysis 2.7]
Analysis 2.7. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 7 Infant Care Questionnaire follow-up 1 year.
[Analysis 2.8]
Analysis 2.8. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 8 Infant attachment (Q set).
[Analysis 2.9]
Analysis 2.9. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 9 Child behaviour (HOME).
[Analysis 2.10]
Analysis 2.10. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 10 Eyberg Child Behaviour Inventory (ECBI) - Intensity domain.
[Analysis 2.11]
Analysis 2.11. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 11 Eyberg Child Behaviour Inventory (ECBI) - Problem domain.
[Analysis 2.12]
Analysis 2.12. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 12 Mother and child interaction meta-analysis - Total NCATS and Murray Global.
[Analysis 2.13]
Analysis 2.13. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 13 Nursing Child Feeding Assessment Scale (NCAFS) - Total.
[Analysis 2.14]
Analysis 2.14. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 14 Nursing Child Assessment Teaching Scale (NCATS) - Mother.
[Analysis 2.15]
Analysis 2.15. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 15 Nursing Child Assessment Teaching Scale (NCATS) - Child.
[Analysis 2.16]
Analysis 2.16. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 16 Maternal sensitivity - warm to cold (Murray).
[Analysis 2.17]
Analysis 2.17. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 17 Maternal sensitivity - non-intrusive to intrusive (Murray).
[Analysis 2.18]
Analysis 2.18. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 18 Maternal sensitivity - remoteness (Murray).
[Analysis 2.19]
Analysis 2.19. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 19 Infant interactions - infant performance - attentive to non attentive (Murray).
[Analysis 2.20]
Analysis 2.20. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 20 Infant interactions - lively to inert (Murray).
[Analysis 2.21]
Analysis 2.21. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 21 Infant interactions - happy to distressed (Murray).
[Analysis 2.22]
Analysis 2.22. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 22 Parenting stress (PSI Abidin) child characteristics subscale.
[Analysis 2.23]
Analysis 2.23. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 23 Psychomotor Development Indices (PDI) meta-analysis post-intervention.
[Analysis 2.24]
Analysis 2.24. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 24 Bayley Psychomotor Development Index (PDI) follow-up.
[Analysis 2.25]
Analysis 2.25. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 25 Mental Development Indices (MDI) meta-analysis post-intervention.
[Analysis 2.26]
Analysis 2.26. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 26 Bayley Mental Development Index (MDI) follow-up.
[Analysis 2.27]
Analysis 2.27. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 27 Gessel/Capital meta-analysis (post intervention).
[Analysis 2.28]
Analysis 2.28. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 28 Gessel Developmental Quotient (post intervention).
[Analysis 2.29]
Analysis 2.29. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 29 Capital institute Mental Checklist (post intervention).
[Analysis 2.30]
Analysis 2.30. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 30 Gessel Developmental Quotient (follow-up 6 months).
[Analysis 2.31]
Analysis 2.31. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 31 Attachment patterns (strange situation procedure).
[Analysis 2.32]
Analysis 2.32. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 32 Distractibility (toy) follow-up 1 year.
[Analysis 2.33]
Analysis 2.33. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 33 Habituation.
[Analysis 2.34]
Analysis 2.34. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 34 Seconds to habituation.
[Analysis 2.35]
Analysis 2.35. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 35 Trials to habituation.
[Analysis 2.36]
Analysis 2.36. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 36 Post habituation.
[Analysis 2.37]
Analysis 2.37. Comparison 2 Infant massage versus control - mental health and development, Outcome 37 Habituation test.