This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows:
To determine the effects on weight gain and achievement of successful breast-feeding of cup feeding versus other forms of supplemental enteral feeding in newborn infants that are unable to fully breastfeed.
To determine if outcomes differ by:
born preterm (less than 37 weeks gestation) versus term (greater than or equal to 37 weeks gestation)
born with oral-facial abnormalities such as a cleft lip and/or cleft palate versus no oral-facial abnormalities