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Antenatal perineal massage for reducing perineal trauma

  1. Michael M Beckmann1,*,
  2. Owen M Stock2

Editorial Group: Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group

Published Online: 30 APR 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 30 NOV 2012

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005123.pub3


How to Cite

Beckmann MM, Stock OM. Antenatal perineal massage for reducing perineal trauma. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD005123. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005123.pub3.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Mater Health Services, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

  2. 2

    Mater Mothers' Hospital, Mater Health Services, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

*Michael M Beckmann, Mater Health Services, Raymond Tce, South Brisbane, Brisbane, Queensland, 4101, Australia. michael.beckmann@mater.org.au.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 30 APR 2013

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[Figure 1]
Figure 1. 'Risk of bias' graph: review authors' judgements about each risk of bias item presented as percentages across all included studies.
[Figure 2]
Figure 2. 'Risk of bias' summary: review authors' judgements about each risk of bias item for each included study.
[Analysis 1.1]
Analysis 1.1. Comparison 1 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by parity, Outcome 1 Perineal trauma requiring suturing.
[Analysis 1.2]
Analysis 1.2. Comparison 1 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by parity, Outcome 2 1st degree perineal tear.
[Analysis 1.3]
Analysis 1.3. Comparison 1 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by parity, Outcome 3 2nd degree perineal tear.
[Analysis 1.4]
Analysis 1.4. Comparison 1 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by parity, Outcome 4 3rd or 4th degree perineal trauma.
[Analysis 1.5]
Analysis 1.5. Comparison 1 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by parity, Outcome 5 Incidence of episiotomy.
[Analysis 1.6]
Analysis 1.6. Comparison 1 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by parity, Outcome 6 Length of second stage.
[Analysis 1.7]
Analysis 1.7. Comparison 1 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by parity, Outcome 7 Instrumental delivery.
[Analysis 1.13]
Analysis 1.13. Comparison 1 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by parity, Outcome 13 Perineal pain at 3 months postpartum.
[Analysis 1.14]
Analysis 1.14. Comparison 1 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by parity, Outcome 14 Painful sex at 3 months postpartum.
[Analysis 1.15]
Analysis 1.15. Comparison 1 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by parity, Outcome 15 Woman's sexual satisfaction at 3 months postpartum.
[Analysis 1.16]
Analysis 1.16. Comparison 1 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by parity, Outcome 16 Partner's sexual satisfaction at 3 months postpartum.
[Analysis 1.17]
Analysis 1.17. Comparison 1 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by parity, Outcome 17 Uncontrolled loss of urine at 3 months postpartum.
[Analysis 1.18]
Analysis 1.18. Comparison 1 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by parity, Outcome 18 Uncontrolled loss of faeces at 3 months postpartum.
[Analysis 1.19]
Analysis 1.19. Comparison 1 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by parity, Outcome 19 Uncontrolled loss of flatus at 3 months postpartum.
[Analysis 2.1]
Analysis 2.1. Comparison 2 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by frequency of massage, Outcome 1 Perineal trauma requiring suturing.
[Analysis 2.2]
Analysis 2.2. Comparison 2 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by frequency of massage, Outcome 2 1st degree perineal tear.
[Analysis 2.3]
Analysis 2.3. Comparison 2 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by frequency of massage, Outcome 3 2nd degree perineal tear.
[Analysis 2.4]
Analysis 2.4. Comparison 2 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by frequency of massage, Outcome 4 3rd or 4th degree perineal trauma.
[Analysis 2.5]
Analysis 2.5. Comparison 2 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by frequency of massage, Outcome 5 Incidence of episiotomy.
[Analysis 2.6]
Analysis 2.6. Comparison 2 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by frequency of massage, Outcome 6 Length of second stage.
[Analysis 2.7]
Analysis 2.7. Comparison 2 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by frequency of massage, Outcome 7 Instrumental delivery.
[Analysis 2.13]
Analysis 2.13. Comparison 2 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by frequency of massage, Outcome 13 Perineal pain at 3 months postpartum.
[Analysis 2.14]
Analysis 2.14. Comparison 2 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by frequency of massage, Outcome 14 Painful sex at 3 months postpartum.
[Analysis 2.15]
Analysis 2.15. Comparison 2 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by frequency of massage, Outcome 15 Woman's sexual satisfaction at 3 months postpartum.
[Analysis 2.16]
Analysis 2.16. Comparison 2 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by frequency of massage, Outcome 16 Partner's sexual satisfaction at 3 months postpartum.
[Analysis 2.17]
Analysis 2.17. Comparison 2 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by frequency of massage, Outcome 17 Uncontrolled loss of urine at 3 months postpartum.
[Analysis 2.18]
Analysis 2.18. Comparison 2 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by frequency of massage, Outcome 18 Uncontrolled loss of faeces at 3 months postpartum.
[Analysis 2.19]
Analysis 2.19. Comparison 2 Digital perineal massage versus control: results by frequency of massage, Outcome 19 Uncontrolled loss of flatus at 3 months postpartum.