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Antenatal perineal massage for reducing perineal trauma

  1. Michael M Beckmann1,*,
  2. Owen M Stock2

Editorial Group: Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group

Published Online: 30 APR 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 30 NOV 2012

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005123.pub3


How to Cite

Beckmann MM, Stock OM. Antenatal perineal massage for reducing perineal trauma. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD005123. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005123.pub3.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Mater Health Services, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

  2. 2

    Mater Mothers' Hospital, Mater Health Services, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

*Michael M Beckmann, Mater Health Services, Raymond Tce, South Brisbane, Brisbane, Queensland, 4101, Australia. michael.beckmann@mater.org.au.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 30 APR 2013

SEARCH

References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Labrecque 1994 {published data only}
Labrecque 1999 {published and unpublished data}
Shimada 2005 {published data only}
  • Shimada M. A randomized controlled trial on evaluating effectiveness of perineal massage during pregnancy in primiparous women. Journal of Japan Academy of Nursing Science 2005;25(4):22-9.
Shipman 1997 {published and unpublished data}
  • Shipman M, Boniface D, McCloghry F. Summary of the trial: the effect of antenatal perineal massage on the incidence of perineal trauma in a nulliparous population. International Confederation of Midwives. 24th Triennial Congress; 1996 May 26-31. Oslo 1996:137.
  • Shipman MK, Boniface DR, Tefft ME, McCloghry F. Antenatal perineal massage and subsequent perineal outcomes: a randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 1997;104(7):787-91.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Avery 1986 {published data only}
  • Avery MD, Burket BA. Effect of perineal massage on the incidence of episiotomy and perineal laceration in a nurse-midwifery service. Journal of Nurse-Midwifery 1986;31(3):128-34.
Mei-Dan 2008 {published data only}
  • Mei-Dan E, Walfisch A, Raz I, Harlev S, Levi A, Hallak M. Effect of perineal massage during pregnancy on perineal trauma: a prospective controlled trial [abstract]. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2004;191(6 Suppl 1):S189.
  • Mei-Dan E, Walfisch A, Raz I, Levy A, Hallak M. Perineal massage during pregnancy: a prospective controlled trial. Israel Medical Association Journal 2008;10(7):499-502. [PUBMED: 18751626]

References to ongoing studies

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Foroghipour 2012 {published data only}
  • Foroghipour A. The effect of perineal massage in pregnancy period on the rate of perineal episiotomy and rupture. http://www.irct.ir/searchresult.php?id=8069&number=2 (accessed 16 October 2012).

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Al-Mufti 1997
  • Al-Mufti R, McCarthy A, Fisk NM. Survey of obstetricians' personal preference and discretionary practice. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 1997;73(1):1-4.
Albers 1999
Barrett 2000
Bodner-Adler 2004
  • Bodner-Adler B, Bodner K, Kimberger O, Lozanov P, Husslein P, Mayerhofer K. Influence of the birth attendant on maternal and neonatal outcomes during normal vaginal delivery: a comparison between midwife and physician management. Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift 2004;116(11-12):379-84.
Carroli 1999
Glazener 1995
Gupta 2003
  • Gupta JK, Hofmeyr GJ. Position in the second stage of labour for women without epidural anaesthesia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2003, Issue 3. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002006.pub2]
Higgins 2008
  • Higgins JPT, Green S, editors. Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.0.0 [updated February 2008]. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2008. Available from www.cochrane-handbook.org.
Higgins 2011
  • Higgins JPT, Green S, editors. Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0 [updated March 2011]. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011. Available from www.cochrane-handbook.org.
Johanson 1999
  • Johanson RB, Menon BK. Vacuum extraction versus forceps for assisted vaginal delivery. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 1999, Issue 2. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000224]
Kettle 1998
  • Kettle C, Johanson RB. Continuous versus interrupted sutures for perineal repair. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 1998, Issue 1. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000947]
Klein 1994
  • Klein MC, Gauthier RJ, Robbins JM, Kaczorowski J, Jorgensen SH, Franco ED, et al. Relationship of episiotomy to perineal trauma and morbidity, sexual dysfunction, and pelvic floor relaxation. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 1994;171(3):591-8.
Labrecque 2001
Mayerhofer 2002
  • Mayerhofer K, Bodner-Adler B, Bodner K, Rabl M, Kaider A, Wagenbichler P, et al. Traditional care of the perineum during birth. A prospective, randomized, multicenter study of 1,076 women. Journal of Reproductive Medicine 2002;47(6):477-82.
McCandlish 1998
Menticoglou 1995
Murphy 1998
Nodine 1987
Parnell 1993
RevMan 2008 [Computer program]
  • The Cochrane Collaboration. Review Manager (RevMan). Version 5.0. Copenhagen, The Nordic Cochrane Centre: The Cochrane Collaboration, 2008.
RevMan 2011 [Computer program]
  • The Nordic Cochrane Centre, The Cochrane Collaboration. Review Manager (RevMan). Version 5.1. Copenhagen: The Nordic Cochrane Centre, The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011.
Shorten 2002
Signorello 2001
  • Signorello L, Harlow B, Chekos A, Repke J. Postpartum sexual functioning and its relationship to perineal trauma: a retrospective cohort study of primiparous women. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2001;184(5):881-90.
Sleep 1987
Stamp 2001
Sultan 1993
Sultan 2002
Williams 1997
  • Cunnungham FG, Grant NF, Leveno KJ, Gilstrap LC, Hauth JC, Wenstrom KD, et al. Williams Obstetrics. 21. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1997.
Woolley 1995
  • Woolley RJ. Benefits and risks of episiotomy: a review of the English-language literature since 1980. Part II. Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey 1995;50(11):821-35.

References to other published versions of this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Beckmann 2006