Intermittent claudication (IC) is a symptom of peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAD). It is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Pentoxifylline is one of many drugs used to treat IC. Pentoxifylline decreases blood viscosity, improves erythrocyte flexibility, and increases microcirculatory flow and tissue oxygen concentration.
Many studies have evaluated the efficacy of pentoxifylline in treating PAD but the results of these studies are very variable.