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Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (CPAP or bilevel NPPV) for cardiogenic pulmonary oedema

  1. Flávia MR Vital1,*,
  2. Magdaline T Ladeira2,
  3. Álvaro N Atallah3

Editorial Group: Cochrane Heart Group

Published Online: 31 MAY 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 5 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005351.pub3


How to Cite

Vital FMR, Ladeira MT, Atallah ÁN. Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (CPAP or bilevel NPPV) for cardiogenic pulmonary oedema. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 5. Art. No.: CD005351. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005351.pub3.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Muriaé Cancer Hospital, Department of Physiotherapy, Muriaé, Minas Gerais, Brazil

  2. 2

    Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Department of Internal and Therapeutic Medicine, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

  3. 3

    Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada em Evidências e Avaliação Tecnológica em Saúde, Brazilian Cochrane Centre, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

*Flávia MR Vital, Department of Physiotherapy, Muriaé Cancer Hospital, Cristiano Ferreira Varella, 555, Muriaé, Minas Gerais, Brazil. fvital@fcv.org.br. flaviavital@bol.com.br.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (conclusions changed)
  2. Published Online: 31 MAY 2013

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References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Agmy 2008 {published and unpublished data}
  • Agmy G. The effect of CPAP and NPPV on acute pulmonary edema due to systolic diastolic or valvular heart failure [Abstract]. European Respiratory Journal 2007;30(Suppl 51):321.
  • Agmy G, Makhlouf H, Mohammed A, Ghanem M, Mohammed H. CPAP versus BiPAP in acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema experience with 129 patients [Abstract]. European Respiratory Society Annual Congress 2008;8:1937.
  • Agmy GM. The effect of CPAP and NPPV on acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema due to systolic, diastolic or valvular heart failure [Abstract]. American Thoracic Society International Conference 2007;1:A963.
Bautin 2005 {published and unpublished data}
  • Bautin A, Khubulava G, Naumov A, Garifzjanov A, Etin V. NPPV in the treatment of the cardiogenic edema (CPE) after heart surgery [Abstract]. European Respiratory Journal 2005;26(Suppl 49):3112.
Bellone 2004 {published data only}
  • Bellone A, Monari A, Cortellaro F, Vetorello M, Arlati S, Coen D. Myocardial infarction rate in acute pulmonary edema: noninvasive support ventilation versus continuous positive airway pressure. Critical Care Medicine 2004;32(9):1860-5.
Bellone 2005 {published data only}
  • Bellone A, Vettorello M, Monari A, Cortellaro F, Coen D. Noninvasive pressure support ventilation vs. continuous positive airway pressure in acute hypercapnic pulmonary edema. Intensive Care Medicine 2005;31:807-11.
Bersten 1991 {published and unpublished data}
  • Bersten AD, Holt AW, Vedig AE, Skowronski GA, Bagooley CJ. Treatment of severe cardiogenic pulmonary edema with continuous positive airway pressure delivered by face mask. New England Journal of Medicine 1991;325(26):1825-30.
Crane 2004 {published and unpublished data}
  • Crane SD, Elliott MW, Gilligan P, Richards K, Gray AJ. Randomized controlled comparison of continuous positive airway pressure, bilevel non-invasive ventilation, and standard treatment in emergency department patients with acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema. Emergency Medicine Journal 2004;21:155-61.
Delclaux 2000 {published data only}
  • Delclaux C, L'Her E, Alberti C, Mancebo J, Abroug F, Conti G, et al. Treatment of acute hypoxemic nonhypercapnic respiratory insufficiency with continuous positive airway pressure delivery by a face mask. JAMA 2000;284:2352-60.
Ferrari 2007 {published data only}
  • Ferrari G, Olliveri F, De Filippi G, Milan A, Apra F, Boccuzzi A, et al. Noninvasive positive airway pressure and risk of myocardial infarction in acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema: continuous positive airway pressure vs noninvasive positive pressure ventilation. Chest 2007;132(6):1804-9.
Ferrari 2010 {published data only}
  • Ferrari G, Groff P, De Filippi G, Giostra F, Mazzone M, Potale G, et al. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) vs. noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIV) in acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema (ACPE): A prospective randomized multicentric study. Journal of Emergency Medicine 2006;30:246-7.
  • Ferrari G, Milan A, Groff P, Pagnozzi F, Mazzone M, Molino P, et al. Continuous positive airway pressure vs. Pressure support ventilation in acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema: a randomized trial. Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010;39(5):676-84.
Ferrer 2003 {published data only}
  • Ferrer M, Esquinas A, Leon M, Gonzalez G, Alarcon A, Torres A. Noninvasive Ventilation in Severe Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure: A Randomized Clinical Trial. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicin 2003;168:1438-44.
  • Ferrer M, Esquinas A, Leon M, Gonzalez G, Alarcon A, Torres A. Non-vasive Ventilation in Severe Acute Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure. A Randomized Clinical Trial. Intensive Care Medicine 2002;28:S68.
Fontanella 2010 {published data only}
  • Bordonali T, Fontanella B, Affatato A, Saporetti A, Carubelli V, Ciccarese C, et al. Comparison of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) versus bilevel non invasive pressure support ventilation (NIPSV) in acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema. European Heart Journal 2009;30:369. [EMBASE: 797]
  • Fontanella B, Affatato A, Ciccarese C, Sacchini M, Volpini M, Bianchetti F, et al. Prospective comparison of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) versus bilevel non invasive pressure support ventilation (BPAP) in acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema. European Heart Journal Supplements 2010;12 (supplement F):F37-F38.
Frontin 2010 {published data only}
  • Frontin P, Bounes V, Houzé-Cerfon CH, Charpentier S, Houzé-Cerfon V, Ducassé JL. Continuous positive airway pressure for cardiogenic pulmonary edema: a randomized study. American Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011;29(7):775-81.
Gray 2008 {published data only}
  • Gray A, Goodacre S, Newby DE, Masson M, Sampson F, Nicholl J. Noninvasive Ventilation in AcuteCardiogenic Pulmonary Edema. New England Journal of Medicine 2008;359:142-51.
  • Gray AJ, Goodacre S, Newby DE, Masson MA, Sampson F, Dixon S, et al. A multicentre randomised controlled trial of the use of continuous positive airway pressure and non-invasive positive pressure ventilation in the early treatment of patients presenting to the emergency department with severe acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema: the 3CPO trial. Health Technology Assessment 2009;13(33):1-106.
Kelly 2002 {published and unpublished data}
  • Kelly CA, Newby DE, McDonagh TA, MacKay TW, Barr J, Boon NA, et al. Randomised controlled trial of continuous positive airway pressure and standard oxygen therapy in acute pulmonary oedema. European Heart Journal 2002;23:1379-86.
L'Her 2004 {published data only}
  • L'Her E, Duquesne F, Girou E, Rosiere XD, Le Conte P, Renault S, et al. Noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure in elderly cardiogenic pulmonary edema patients. Intensive Care Medicine 2004;30:882-8.
Levitt 2001 {published data only}
Liesching 2003 {published data only}
  • Liesching TN, Cromier K, Nelson D, Short K, Sucov A, Hill NS. Bilevel noninvasive ventilation vs continuous positive airway pressure to treat acute pulmonary edema. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2003;167(Suppl 7):27.
Lin 1991 {published data only}
  • Lin M, Chiang H. The efficacy of early continuous positive airway pressure therapy in patients with acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 1991;90(8):736-43.
Lin 1995 {published data only}
Martin-Bermudez 2002 {published and unpublished data}
  • Martin-Bermudez R, Rodrı´guez-Portal J, Garcı´a-Garmendia J. Noninvasiveventilation in cardiogenic pulmonay edema. Preliminary results of a randomizedtrial [Abstract]. Intensive Care Medicine 2002;28:S68.
Masip 2000 {published data only}
  • Masip J, Betbesé AJ, Paéz J, Vecilla F, Cañizares R, Padró J, et al. Non-invasive pressure support ventilation versus conventional oxygen therapy in acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema: a randomized trial. Lancet 2000;356:2126-32.
Mehta 1997 {published data only}
  • Mehta S, Jay GD, Woolard RH, Hipona RA, Connolly EM, Cimini DM, et al. Randomized, prospective trial of bilevel versus continuous positive airway pressure in acute pulmonary edema. Critical Care Medicine 1997;25(4):620-8.
Moritz 2007 {published data only}
  • Moritz F, Brousse B, Gellee B, Chajara A, L'Her E, Hellot MF, et al. Continuous positive airway pressure versus bilevel noninvasive ventilation in acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema: a randomized multicenter trial. Annals of Emergency Medicine 2007;50(6):666-75.
Nava 2003 {published and unpublished data}
  • Carbone G, Di Battista N, Nava S. Noninvasive bilevel ventilation vs conventional therapy in the treatment of acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema: a randomized controlled study. European Respiratory Journal 2000;16:A3815.
  • Nava S. Bilevel ventilation reduces the rate of endotracheal intubation in the hypercapnic, but not in the hypoxemic patients during acute respiratory failure due to cardiogenic pulmonary edema: a multicenter randomized study vs standard medical therapy. European Respiratory Journal 2001;18:A184s.
  • Nava S, Carbone G, DiBattista N, Bellone A, Baiardi P, Cosentini R, et al. Noninvasive ventilation in cardiogenic pulmonary edema. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2003;168:1432-7.
Park 2001 {published and unpublished data}
  • Park M. Randomized prospective trial of oxygen, continuos and bilevel positive airway pressure in the treatment of cardiogenic acute pulmonary edema. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2002;165(Suppl 8):A27.
  • Park M, Lorenzi-Filho G, Feltrim MI, Viecili PRN, Sangean MC, Volpe M, et al. Oxygen therapy, continuous positive airway pressure, or noninvasive bilivel positive pressure ventilation in the treatment of acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia 2001;76(3):226-30.
Park 2004 {published and unpublished data}
  • Park M, Sangean MC, Volpe MS, Feltrim MIZ, Nozawa E, Leite PF, et al. Randomized, prospective trial of oxygen, continuous positive airway pressure by face mask in acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema. Critical Care Medicine 2004;32(12):2407-15.
Räsänen 1985 {published data only}
  • Räsänen J, Heikkilä J, Downs J, Nikki P, Väisänen I, Viitanen A. Continuous positive airway pressure by face mask in acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema. American Journal of Cardiology 1985;55:296-300.
Sharon 2000 {published data only}
  • Sharon A, Shpirer I, Kaluski E, Moshkovitz Y, Milanov O, Polak R, et al. High-dose intravenous Isosorbide-dinitrate is safer and better than Bi-PAP ventilation for severe pulmonary edema. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2000;36(3):832-7.
Takeda 1997 {published and unpublished data}
  • Takeda S, Takano T, Ogawa R. The effect of nasal continuous positive airway pressure on plasma endothelin-1 concentrations in patients with severe cardiogenic pulmonary edema. Anesthesia & Analgesia 1997;84:1091-6.
Takeda 1998 {published and unpublished data}
  • Takeda S, Neijima J, Takano T, Nakanishi K, Takayama M, Sakamoto A, et al. Effect of nasal continuous positive airway pressure on pulmonary edema complicating acute myocardial infarction. Circulation Journal 1998.;62:553-8.
Thys 2002 {published and unpublished data}
  • Thys F, Roeseler J, Reynaert M, Liistro G, Rodenstein DO. Noninvasive ventilation for acute respiratory failure: a prospective randomised placebo-controlled trial. European Respiratory Journal 2002;20:545-55.
Weitz 2007 {published and unpublished data}
  • Weitz G, Struck J, Zonak A, Balnus S, Perras B, Dodt C. Prehospital noninvasive pressure support ventilation for acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema. European Journal of Emergency Medicine 2007;14(5):276-9.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Acosta 2000 {published data only}
  • Acosta B, DiBenedetto R, Rahimi A, Acosta MF, Cuadra O, Van Nguyen A, et al. Hemodynamic effects of noninvasive bilevel positive airway pressure on patients with chronic congestive heart failure with systolic dysfunction. Chest 2000;118(4):1004-9.
Albert 2000 {published data only}
Alper 2007 {published data only}
  • Alper BS. Evidence-based medicine. Noninvasive ventilation reduces mortality in cardiogenic pulmonary edema. Clinical Advisor for Nurse Practitioners 2007;10(5):158.
Alper 2008 {published data only}
  • Alper BS. Evidence-based medicine. Noninvasive ventilation may improve respiratory distress in acute heart failure. Clinical Advisor for Nurse Practitioners 2008;11(11):118.
Andrade 1998 {published data only}
  • Andrade CLV, Mendoza JN. Acute respiratory distress of the adult [Distress respiratorio agudo del adulto]. Boletín del Hospital San Juan de Dios 1998;45(1):13-9.
Antonelli 2001 {published data only}
  • Antonelli M, Conti G, Moro ML, Esquinas A, Gonzalez-Diaz G, Confalonieri M, et al. Predictors of failure of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation in patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure: A multi-center study. Intensive Care Medicine 2001;27(11):1718-28.
Aronow 2007 {published data only}
Barach 1938 {published data only}
  • Barach AL Martin J, Eckman M. Positive pressure respiration and its application to the treatment of acute pulmonary edema. Annals of Internal Medicine 1938;12:754-95.
Baratz 1992 {published data only}
  • Baratz DM, Westbrook PR, Shah PK, Mohsenifar Z. Effect of nasal continuous positive airway pressure on cardiac output and oaxygen delivery in patients with congestive heart failure. Chest 1992;102(5):1397-401.
Bavry 2008 {published data only}
  • Bavry AA. Effect of continuous positive airway pressure and noninvasive positive pressure ventilation in acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema (3CPO). ACC Cardiosource Review Journal 2008;17(9):37.
Bellone 2002 {published data only}
  • Bellone A, Barbieri A, Ricci C, Iori E, Donateo M, Massobrio M, et al. Acute effects of non-invasive ventilatory support on functional mitral regurgitation in patients with exacerbation of congestive heart failure. Intensive Care Medicine 2002;28(9):1348-50.
Blomqvist 1991 {published data only}
  • Blomqvist H. Does PEEP facilitate the resolution of extravascular lung water after experimental hydrostatic pulmonary edema?. European Respiratory Journal 1991;4:1053-9.
Bollaert 2002 {published data only}
  • Bollaert PE, Sauder PH, Girard F, Rusterholtz TH, Feissel M, Harlay ML, et al. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) VS proportional assist ventilation (PAV) for noninvasive ventilation in cardiogenic pulmonary edema. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 2002; Vol. 165, issue Suppl 8:A387.
Bouquin 1998 {published data only}
  • Bouquin V, L'Her E, Moriconi M, Jobic Y, Matheu B, Guillo P, et al. Spontaneous ventilation in positive expiratory pressure in cardiogenic pulmonary edema. Archives des maladies du Coeur et des Vaisseaux 1998;91(10):1243-8.
Bradley 2000 {published data only}
Brezins 1993 {published data only}
  • Brezins M, Benari B, Papo V, Cohen A, Bursztein S, Markiewicz W. Left ventricular function in patients with acute myocardial infarction, acute pulmonary edema, and mechanical ventilation: Relationship to prognosis. Critical Care Medicine 1993;21(3):380-5.
Brijker 1999 {published data only}
  • Brijker F, van den Elshout FJ, de Rijk A, Folgering HT, Bosch FH. Use of noninvasive mechanical ventilation to avoid intubation during acute respiratory insufficiency. Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde 1999;143(36):1819-23.
Brochard 1998 {published data only}
Chadda 2002 {published data only}
  • Chadda K, Annane D, Hart N, Gajdos P, Raphael JC, Lofaso F. Cardiac and respiratory effects of continuous positive airway pressure and noninvasive ventilation in acute cardiac pulmonary edema. Critical Care Medicine 2002;30(11):2457-61.
Chen 2008 {published data only}
Crane 2002 {published data only}
  • Crane SD. Epidemiology, treatment and outcome of acidotic, acute, cardiogenic pulmonary oedema presenting to and Emergency department. European Journal of Emergency Medicine 2002;9:320-4.
Craven 2000 {published data only}
Cross 2000 {published data only}
Cross 2003 {published data only}
  • Cross AM, Cameron P, Kierce M, Ragg M, Kelly AM. Non-invasive ventilation in acute respiratory failure: a randomized comparison of continuous positive airway pressure and bi-level positive airway pressure. Emergency Medicine Journal 2003;20(6):531-4.
Cydulka 2005 {published data only}
  • Cydulka RK. Noninvasive ventilation in cardiogenic pulmonary edema: A multicenter randomized trial. Annals of Emergency Medicine 2005;45(2):227-8.
Domenighetti 2002 {published data only}
  • Domenighetti G, Gayer R, Gentilini R. Noninvasive pressure support ventilation in non-COPD patients with acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema and severe community-acquired pneumonia: acute effects and outcome. Intensive Care Medicine 2002;28(9):1226-32.
Du Cailar 1975 {published data only}
  • Du Cailar J, Huguenard P, Kielen J, Griffe D. Justification, methods and indications for positive-pressure respiration in controlled and spontaneous ventilation in lesional pulmonary edeman. Annales de l'Anesthesiologie Francaise 1975;2:196-206.
Eaton 2002 {published data only}
Evans 2001 {published data only}
  • Evans TW, Albert RK, Angus DC, Bion JF, Chiche J, Epstein SK, et al. International Consensus conferences in intensive care medicine: noninvasive positive pressure ventilation in acute respiratory failure. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2001;163:283-91.
Fromm 1995 {published data only}
  • Fromm Jr RE, Varon J, Gibbs LR. Congestive heart failure and pulmonary edema for emergency physician. Journal of Emergency Medicine 1995;13(1):71-87.
Giacomini 2003 {published data only}
  • Giacomini M, Iapichino G, Cigada M, Minuto A, Facchini R, Noto A, et al. Short-term noninvasive pressure support ventilation prevents ICU admittance in patients with acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema. Chest 2003;123(6):2057-61.
Girou 2003 {published data only}
  • Girou E, Brun-Buisson C, Taille S, Lemaire F, Brochard L. Secular trends in nosocomial infections and mortality associated with noninvasive ventilation in patients with exacerbation of COPD and pulmonary edema. JAMA 2003;290(22):2985-91.
Gorbunova 2005 {published data only}
  • Gorbunova M, Babak S, Tatrskiy A. Effect of nasal continuous positive airway pressure on respiratory failure and left ventricular dysfunction complicating acute myocardial infarction [Abstract]. European Respiratory Journal 2005;26(Suppl 49):1.
Gray 2009 {published data only}
  • Gray AJ, Goodacre S, Newby DE, Masson MA, Sampson F, Dixon S. A multicentre randomised controlled trial of the use of continuous positive airway pressure and non-invasive positive pressure ventilation in the early treatment of patients presenting to the emergency department with severe acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema: the 3CPO trial. Health Technology Assessment 2009;13(33):1-106.
Guerra 2005 {published data only}
  • Guerra JF. Noninvasive ventilation in acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema [Ventilación no invasiva en el edema pulmonar agudo cardiogénico: debe individualizarse?]. Medicina Clínica 2005;124(4):142-3.
Guntupalli 1984 {published data only}
  • Guntupalli KK. Acute pulmomnary edema. Cardiology Clinics 1984;2(2):183-200.
Gust 1998 {published data only}
  • Gust R, Bohrer H. Changes in crdiac output do not explain the higher rate of myocardial infarction associated with the use of bilevel compared with continuous positive airway pressure. Critical Care Medicine 1998;26(2):415-6.
Hao 2002 {published data only}
  • Hao CX, Luo XR, Liu YM. Treatment of severe cardiogenic pulmonary edema with continuous positive airway pressure by nasal face mask. Acta Academiae Medicinae Jiangxi 2002;42(5):48-50.
Hess 2004 {published data only}
  • Hess DR. The evidence for noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation in the care of patients in acute respiratory failure: a systematic review of the literature. Respiratory Care 2004;49(7):810-29.
Hilberg 1997 {published data only}
Hipona 1996 {published data only}
Hoffman B 1999 {published data only}
  • Hoffmann B. Welte F. The use of noninvasive pressure support ventilation for severe respiratory insufficiency due to pulmonary oedema. Pneumologie 1999;53(6):316-21.
Hoffmann 1999 {published data only}
Holt 1994 {published data only}
  • Holt AW, Bersten AD, Fuller S, Piper RK, Worthley LI, Vedig AE. Intensive care costing methodology: cost benefit analysis of mask continuous positive airway pressure for severe cardiogenic pulmonary oedema. Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 1994;22(2):170-4.
Hotchkiss 1998 {published data only}
Hubble 2006 {published data only}
  • Hubble MW, Richards ME, Jarvis R, Millikan T, Young D. Effectiveness of prehospital continuous positive airway pressure in the management of acute pulmonary edema. Prehospital Emergency Care 2006;10(4):430-9.
Hughes 1999 {published data only}
  • Hughes CM. Review: continuous positive airway pressure support reduces the need for intubation in patients with cardiogenic pulmonary edema. ACP Journal Club 1999;130(3):58.
Iapichino 2004 {published data only}
  • Iapichino G, Giacomini M, Bassi G, Borotto E, Minuto A. Non invasive mechanical ventilation in acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema: is it all done?. Minerva Anestesiologica 2004;70(4):151-7.
Jackson 2000 {published data only}
  • Jackson P. Continuous positive airway pressure: the need for prehospital research and clinical trials. Australasian Journal of Emergency Care 2000;7(3):22-5.
Jackson 2001 {published data only}
Jackson R 2001 {published data only}
Kallio 2003 {published data only}
  • Kallio T, Kuisma M, Alaspaa A, Rosenberg PH. The use of prehospital continuous positive airway pressure treatment in presumed acute severe pulmonary edema. Prehospital Emergency Care 2003;7(2):209-13.
Keenan 2004 {published data only}
  • Keenan SP, Sinuff T, Cook DJ, Hill NS. Does noninvasive positive pressure ventilation improve outcome in acute hypoxemic respiratory failure? A systematic review. Critical Care Medicine 2004;32(12):2516-23.
Kelly 2001 {published data only}
Kiely 1998 {published data only}
  • Kiely JL, Deegan P, Buckley A, Shiels P, Maurer B, McNicholas WT. Efficacy of nasal continuous positive airway pressure therapy in chronic heart failure: Importance of underlying cardiac rhythm. Thorax 1998;53(11):957-62.
Kindgen-Milles 2000 {published data only}
  • Kindgen-Milles D, Buhl R, Gabriel A, Bohner H, Muller E. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure: A method to avoid endothracheal reintubation in postoperative high-risk patients with severe nonhypercapnic oxygenation failure. Chest 2000;117(4):1106-11.
Kosowsky 2000 {published data only}
  • Kosowsky JM, Storrow AB, Carleton SC. Continuous and bilevel positive airway pressure in the treatment of acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema. American Journal of Emergency Medicine 2000;18(1):91-5.
Kosowsky 2001 {published data only}
  • Kosowsky JM, Stephanides SL, Branson RD, Sayre MR. Prehospital use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for presumed pulmonary edema: a preliminary case series. Prehospital Emergency Care 2001;5(2):190-6.
Kramer 1995 {published data only}
  • Kramer N, Thomaas JM, Meharg J, Cece RD, Hill NS. Randomized, prospective trial of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation in acute respiratory failure. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 1995;151:1799-806.
L'Her 1998 {published data only}
  • L'Her E, Duquesne F, Paris A, Mouline J, Renault A, Garo B, Boles JM. Spontaneous positive end-expiratory pressure ventilation in elderly patients with cardiogenic pulmonary edema. Presse Medicale 1998;27(22):1089-94.
L'Her E 1998 {published data only}
  • L'Her E, Moriconi M, Texier F, Bouquin V, Kaba L, Renault A, Garo B, Boles JM. Non-invasive continuous positive airway pressure in acute hypoxaemic respiratory failure--experience of an emergency department. European Journal of Emergency Medicine 1998;5(3):313-8.
Lal 1969 {published data only}
Lapinsky 1994 {published data only}
Leman 2005 {published data only}
  • Leman P, Greene S, Whelan K, Legassick T. Simple lightweight disposable continuous positive airways pressure mask to effectively treat acute pulmonary oedema: randomized controlled trial. Emergency Medicine Australasia 2005;17(3):224-30.
Lenique 1997 {published data only}
  • Lenique F, Habis M, Lofaso F, Dubois-Randé J, Harf A, Brochard L. Ventilatory and hemodynamic effects of continuous positive airway pressure in left heart failure. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 1997;155:500-5.
Li 2004 {published data only}
  • Li XK, Zhao WH. The treatment of acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema with noninvasive positive pressure ventilation. Chongqing Medical Journal 2004;34(4):575-6.
Liesching T 2003 {published data only}
Lo Coco 1997 {published data only}
  • Lo Coco A, Vitali G, Marchese S, Bozzo P, Pesco C, Arena A. Treatment of acute respiratory failure secondary to pulmonary oedema with bi-level positive airway pressure by nasal mask. Monaldi Archives For Chest Disease 1997;52(5):444-6.
Mackay CA 2000 {published data only}
  • Mackay CA, Mackay TW, Barr J, Newby D, McDonagh T, Douglas NJ. Randomized controlled trial of CPAP vs conventional therapy in acute pulmonary edema. American Journal Respiratory Critical Care Medicine 2000;161:A416.
Masip 2008 {published data only}
Massaria 1976 {published data only}
  • Massaria E, De Liguori S, Castelli P, Cattani C, Merli M, Pratelli EM. Use of artificial respiration in complicated acute myocarial infarct. Critical evaluation. Minerva Anestesiologica 1976;42(5):391-5.
Meduri 1991 {published data only}
Mehta 2000 {published data only}
  • Mehta S, Liu PP, Fitzgerald FS, Allidina YK, Douglas Bradley T. Effects of continuous positive airway pressure on cardiac volumes in patients with ischemic and dilated cardiomyopathy. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2000;161(1):128-34.
Mehta 2004 {published data only}
Mehta 2005 {published data only}
Minuto 2003 {published data only}
  • Minuto A, Giacomini M, Giamundo B, Tartufari A, Denkewitz T, Marzorati S, et al. Non-invasive mechanical ventilation in patients with acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema. Minerva Anestesiologica 2003;69(11):835-40.
Mollica 2001 {published data only}
  • Mollica C, Brunetti G, Buscajoni M, Cecchini L, Maialetti E, Marazzi M, et al. Non-invasive pressure support ventilation in acute hypoxemic (non hypercapnic) respiratory failure. Observations in Respiratory Intermediate Intensive Care Unit. Minerva Anestesiologica 2001;67(3):107-15.
Moritz 2003 {published data only}
  • Moritz F, Benichou J, Vanhest M, Richard JC, Line S, Hellot MF, et al. Boussignac continuous positive airway pressure device in the emergency care of acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema: a randomized pilot study. European Journal of Emergency Medicine 2003;10(3):204-8.
Murray 2002 {published data only}
  • Murray S. Bi-level positive airway pressure (BiPAP) and acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema (ACPO) in the emergency department. Australian Critical Care 2002;15(2):51-63.
Murray 2003 {published data only}
  • Murray S. Bi-level positive airway pressure (BiPAP) and acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema (ACPO) in emergency department. Australian Emergency Nursing Journal 2003;6(1):19-35.
Nadar 2005 {published data only}
  • Nadar S, Prasad N, Taylor RS, Lip GYH. Positive pressure ventilation in the management of acute and chronic cardiac failure: A systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Cardiology 2005;99(2):171-85.
Nava 2002 {published data only}
  • Nava S, Carlucci A. Non-invasive pressure support ventilation in acute hypoxemic respiratory failure: Common strategy for differnet pathologies?. Intensive Care Medicine 2002;28(9):1205-7.
Newberry 1995 {published data only}
Newby 2007 {published data only}
  • Newby D. 3CPO. ACC Cardiosource Review Journal 2007;16(10):38-43.
Nikki 1982 {published data only}
  • Nikki P, Rasanen J, Tahvanainen J, Makelainen A. Ventilatory pattern in respiratory failure arising from acute myocardial infarction. I. Respiratory and hemodynamic effects of IMV4 vs IPPV12 and PEEP0 vs PEEP10. Critical Care Medicine 1982;10(2):75-8.
Niranjan 1998 {published data only}
Panacek 2002 {published data only}
  • Panacek EA, Kirk JD. Role of noninvasive ventilation in the managemnet of acutely descompensated heart failure. Reviews i Cardiovascular Medicine 2002;3(Suppl 4):S35-40.
Pang 1998 {published data only}
  • Pang D, Keena SP, Cook DJ, Sibald WJ. The effect of positive pressure airway support on mortality and the need for intubation i cardiogenic pulmonary edema: A systematic review. Chest 1998;114(4):1185-92.
Park 2005 {published data only}
  • Park M. Noninvasive ventilation in threatment of the acute pulmonary oedema. Where are we really?. Jornal do médico - Hospital Sírio Libanês 2005;38:10-1.
Park 2006 {published data only}
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Perel 1983 {published data only}
Perkins 2006 {published data only}
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Philip-joet 1999 {published data only}
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Plaisance 2007 {published data only}
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Pollack 1996 {published data only}
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Poponick 1999 {published data only}
Popova 2010 {published data only}
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Poulton 1936 {published data only}
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Rabatin 1999 {published data only}
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Roche 2003 {published data only}
Rusterholtz 1999 {published data only}
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Rutherholtz 2008 {published data only}
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Sacchetti 2001 {published data only}
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Sachetti 1995 {published data only}
Salvucci A 2001 {published data only}
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Severinghaus 2002 {published data only}
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Simonds 2000 {published data only}
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Sinuff 2000 {published data only}
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Somauroo 2000 {published data only}
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Sutton 2002 {published data only}
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Trevisan 2008 {published data only}
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Uy 2003 {published data only}
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Uy 2004 {published data only}
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Vaisanen 1987 {published data only}
Valipour 2004 {published data only}
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Werdan 1999 {published data only}
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Widger 2001 {published data only}
  • Widger HN, Hoffman P, Mazzolini D, Stone A, Scholly S, Clark J. Pressure upport noninvasive positive pressure ventilation treatment of acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema. American Journal of Emergency Medicine 2001;19(3):179-81.
Wood 1998 {published data only}
Wright 2001 {published data only}
Wysocki 1995 {published data only}
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Wysocki 1999 {published data only}
Zhang 2008 {published data only}
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References to ongoing studies

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
NCT00554580 {published and unpublished data}
  • Effect of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure on Short Term Inhospital Prognosis for Acute Pulmonary Edema. Ongoing study November 6, 2007.
NCT00912158 {published data only}
  • Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation in Acute Cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema. Ongoing study April 8, 2009.

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
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Castro 1999
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Collins 2006
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References to other published versions of this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Vital 2008