Intervention Review

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Electronic mosquito repellents for preventing mosquito bites and malaria infection

  1. Ahmadali Enayati1,*,
  2. Janet Hemingway2,
  3. Paul Garner3

Editorial Group: Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group

Published Online: 18 APR 2007

Assessed as up-to-date: 9 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005434.pub2

How to Cite

Enayati A, Hemingway J, Garner P. Electronic mosquito repellents for preventing mosquito bites and malaria infection. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD005434. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005434.pub2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Medical Entomology, School of Public Health and Environmental Health Research Centre, Sari, Mazandaran, Iran

  2. 2

    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK

  3. 3

    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, International Health Group, Liverpool, Merseyside, UK

*Ahmadali Enayati, Medical Entomology, School of Public Health and Environmental Health Research Centre, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, KM 18 Khazarabad Road, Sari, Mazandaran, 48175-1553, Iran. tmaae@liverpool.ac.uk; ahmadali_enayati@yahoo.com.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: Stable (no update expected for reasons given in 'What's new')
  2. Published Online: 18 APR 2007

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References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
Belton 1981 {published data only}
Garcia 1976 {published data only}
  • Garcia R, Des Rochers B, Voigt WG. Evaluation of electronic mosquito repellers under laboratory and field conditions. Vector Views 1976;23(5/6):21-3.
Gorham 1974 {published data only}
Helson 1977 {published data only}
  • Helson BV, Wright RE. Field evaluation of electronic mosquito repellers in Ontario. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario. 1977; Vol. 108:59-61.
Kutz 1974 {published data only}
Lewis 1982 {published data only}
Rasnitsyn 1974 {published data only}
  • Rasnitsyn SP, Alekseev AN, Gornostaeva RM, Kupriianova ES, Potapov AA. Negative results of test of sound generator devices designed for mosquito repellence. Meditsinskaia Parazitologiia i Parazitarnye Bolezni 1974;43(6):706-8.
Schreck 1977 {published data only}
  • Schreck CE, Weidhaas DE, Smith N. Evaluation of electronic sound-producing buzzers against Aedes taeniorhynchus and Ae. solicitans. Mosquito News 1977;37(3):529-31.
Snow 1977 {published data only}
Sylla 2000 {published data only}
  • Sylla el-H K, Lell B, Kremsner PG. A blinded, controlled trial of an ultrasound device as mosquito repellent. Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift 2000;112(10):448-50.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
Andrade 2001 {published data only}
  • Andrade CFS, Bueno VS. Evaluation of electronic mosquito-repelling devices using Aedes albopictus (Skuse) (Diptera: Culicidae). Neotropical Entomology 2001;30(3):497-9.
Arevad 1982 {published data only}
  • Arevad K. Evaluation of an electronic mosquito-repelling device. Danish Pest Infestation Laboratory Annual Report 1982:21.
Cabrini 2006 {published data only}
Curtis 1982 {published data only}
  • Curtis C, White G. Once bitten, twice shy. New Scientist 1982;93:328.
Foster 1985 {published data only}
  • Foster WA, Lutes KI. Tests of ultrasonic emissions on mosquito attraction to hosts in a flight chamber. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 1985;1(2):199-202.
Iglisch 1983 {published data only}
  • Iglisch VI. Mosquito-repellent efficacy of sound-wave-emitting apparatus [Zur stechmuckenabweisenden Wirksamkeit von schallwellenerzeugenden Geraten]. Anzeiger fur Schadlingskde, Pflanzenschutz, Umweltschutz 1983;56:135-40.
Jensen 2000 {published data only}
  • Jensen T, Lampman R, Slamecka MC, Novak RJ. Field efficacy of commercial antimosquito products in Illinois. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 2000;16(2):148-52.
Singleton 1977 {published data only}

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
BBC 2003
  • S Korean mobiles to zap mosquitoes. news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/3063401.stm 14 July 2003.
BBC 2005
  • Mosquito buzzers' worth queried. news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/4218234.stm 6 September 2005.
Chapman 1982
  • Chapman RF. The insects: structure and function. 3rd Edition. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1982.
Coro 1998
  • Coro F, Suarez S. Electronic repellents against mosquitoes: the propaganda and the reality [Repelentes electronicos contra mosquitos: propaganda y realidad]. Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical 1998;50(2):89-92.
Coro 2000
  • Coro F, Suarez S. Review and history of electronic mosquito repellers. Wing Beats 2000;11(2):6-7.
Curtis 1994
  • Curtis CF. Anti-mosquito buzzers, advertising and the law. Wing Beats 1994;5:10-2.
McIver 1985
  • McIver SB. Mechanoreception. In: Kerkut GA, Gilbert LI editor(s). Comprehensive insect physiology, biochemistry and pharmacology. Vol. 6, Oxford: Pergamon, 1985:71-133.
Michelsen 1985
  • Michelsen A, Larsen ON. Hearing and sound. In: Kerkut GA, Gilbert LI editor(s). Comprehensive insect physiology, biochemistry and pharmacology. 6th Edition. Oxford: Pergamon, 1985:495-556.
WHO 2005
  • Global Partnership to Roll Back Malaria. World malaria report: 2005. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2005.
Wigglesworth 1965
  • Wigglesworth VB. The principles of insect physiology. 6th Edition. London: Methuen, 1965.