Intervention Review

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Early versus delayed enteral nutrition support for burn injuries

  1. Jason Wasiak1,*,
  2. Heather Cleland1,
  3. Rachel Jeffery2

Editorial Group: Cochrane Injuries Group

Published Online: 19 JUL 2006

Assessed as up-to-date: 3 DEC 2007

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005489.pub2


How to Cite

Wasiak J, Cleland H, Jeffery R. Early versus delayed enteral nutrition support for burn injuries. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2006, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD005489. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005489.pub2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    The Alfred Hospital, Victorian Adult Burns Service, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

  2. 2

    Alfred Hospital, Nutrition and Dietetics, Prahran, Australia

*Jason Wasiak, Victorian Adult Burns Service, The Alfred Hospital, Commercial Road , Prahran, Melbourne, Victoria, 3181, Australia. J.Wasiak@alfred.org.au . jwasiak1971@gmail.com.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: Edited (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 19 JUL 2006

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References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
Peck 2004 {published data only}
  • Peck MD, Kessler M, Cairns BA, Chang YH, Ivanova A, Schooler W. Early enteral nutrition does not decrease hypermetabolism associated with burn injury. Journal of Trauma 2004;57(6):1143-9.
Peng 2001 {published data only}
Wang 1997 {published data only}
  • Wang S, Wang S, Li A. A clinical study of early enteral feeding to protect gut function in burned patients. Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery 1997;13(4):267-71.
  • Wang S, Wang S, You Z. Clinical study of the effect of early enteral feeding on reducing hypermetabolism after server burns. Chinese Journal of Surgery 1996;35(1):44-7.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
Andel 2001 {published data only}
Chen 2006 {published data only}
  • Chen G-X, Han C-M. Economic evaluation of early enteral nutrition in severely burned patients. Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2006;14(1):7-10.
Chiarelli 1990 {published data only}
  • Chiarelli A, Enzi G, Casadei A, Baggio B, Valerio A, Mazzoleni F. Very early nutrition supplementation in burned patients. American Journal of Clincal Nutrition 1990;51:1035-9.
Engelhardt 1994 {published data only}
  • Engelhardt VJ, Clark SM. Early enteral feeding of a severely burned pediatric patient. Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation 1994;12:293-7.
Enzi 1990 {published data only}
  • Enzi G, Casadei A, Sergi G, Chiarelli A, Zurlo F, Mazzoleni F. Metabolic and hormonal effects of early nutritional supplementation after surgery in burn patients. Critical Care Medicine 1990;18(7):719-21.
Garrel 1991 {published data only}
  • Garrel DR, Davignon I, Lopez D. Length of care in patients with severe burns with or without early nutritional support. Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation 1991;12:85-90.
Gottschlich 2002 {published data only}
  • Gottschlich MM. The 2002 Clinical Research Award: An evaluation of the safety of early vs delayed enteral support and effects on clinical, nutritional, and endocrine outcomes after severe burns. Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation 2002;23:401-15.
Hansbrough 1993 {published data only}
  • Hansbrough WB, Hansbrough JF. Success of immediate intragastric feeding of patients with burns. Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation 1993;14(5):512-6.
Hart 2003 {published data only}
  • Hart DW, Wolf SE, Chinkes DL, Beauford RB, Mlcak RP, Heggers JP, et al. Effects of early excision and aggressive enteral feeding on hypermetabolism, catabolism, and sepsis after severe burn. Journal of Trauma 2003;54(4):755-64.
Kaufman 1986 {published data only}
Koller 1994 {published data only}
  • Koller J, Kvalteni K. Early enteral nutrition in severe burns. Acta Chirurgiae Plasticae 1994;36(2):57-60.
McArdle 1984 {published data only}
McDonald 1991 {published data only}
Noordenbos 2000 {published data only}
  • Noordenbos J, Hansbrough JF, Gutmacher H, Dore C, Hansbrough WB. Enteral nutritional support and wound excision and closure do not prevent postburn hypermetabolism as measured by continuous metabolic monitoring. Journal of Trauma 2000;49(4):667-71.
Taylor 1999 {published data only}

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
Demling 2000
DerSimonian 1986
Dominnioni 1984
  • Dominnioni L, Trocki O, Mochizuki H, et al. Prevention of severe postburn hypermetabolism and catabolism by immediate intragastric feeding. Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation 1984;5:106-12.
EAST 2001
  • EAST Practice Management Guidelines Work Group. Practice management guidelines for nutritional support of the trauma patient. Allentown {(PA: Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma (EAST)}. www.east.org 2001.
Eyer 1993
Herdon 2001
Higgins 2005
  • Higgins JPT, Green S, editors. Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions 4.2.5 [updated May 2005]. The Cochrane Library, Issue 3, 2005 Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Mahan 1996
  • Mahan LK, Escott-Stump S. Krause's Food, Nutrition and Diet Therapy. 9th Edition. W.B. Saunders Company, 1996.
Mochizuki 1984
  • Mochizuki H, Trocki O, Dominioni L, Brackett KA, Joffe SN, Alexander JW. Mechanism of prevention of postburn hypermetabolism and catabolism by early enteral feeding. Annals of Surgery 1984;3:297-310.
Schulz 1995
  • Schulz KF, Chalmers I, Hayes RJ, Altman DG. Empirical evidence of bias. Dimensions of methodological quality associated with estimates of treatment effects in controlled trials. JAMA 1995;273(5):408-12.
Wolf 2003
  • Wolf SE, Thomas SJ, Dasu MR, Ferrando AA, Chinkes DL, Wolfe RR, Herndon DN. Improved net protein balance, lean mass, and gene expression changes with oxandrolone treatment in the severely burned. Ann Surg 2003;237(6):801-10.
Yu 1999