Antidotes for acute cardenolide (cardiac glycoside) poisoning

  • Protocol
  • Intervention


  • DM Roberts,

  • NA Buckley

Dr Darren Roberts, South Asian Clinical Toxicology Research Collaboration, Medical School, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, 0200, AUSTRALIA.


This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows:

To determine the efficacy of antidotes for the treatment of acute cardenolide poisoning, in particular atropine, isoprenaline (isoproterenol), multiple-dose activated charcoal, frustose-1,6-diphosphate, sodium bicarbonate, magnesium, phenytoin and anti-digoxin Fab antitoxin.