This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows:
To determine the effect of early developmental intervention programs post hopsital discharge for preterm or low birth weight infants on cognitive and motor development compared with standard medical follow-up at (12 months and 24 months), preschool (3 - <5 years) and school ages (6 - 18 years).
To perform subgroup analysis to determine:
the effect of gestational age, birthweight and brain injury on cognitive and motor outcome in response to intervention compared to standard follow-up
the effect of interventions that commence as an inpatient compared to commencing post hospital discharge compared to standard follow-up
Gestational age: extremely preterm (< 28 weeks), very preterm (< 32 weeks) or preterm (< 37 weeks)
Birth weight: extremely low birth weight (< 1000 grams), very low birth weight (< 1500 grams), low birth weight (< 2500 grams)
Prognosis: high-risk of adverse neurological outcome vs low-risk of adverse neurological outcome. High-risk of adverse neurological outcome includes infants with grade III or grade IV intraventricular haemorrhage and/or periventricular leukomalacia diagnosed prior to the commencement of intervention
Commencement of program: inpatient or outpatient
Main focus of intervention: parent-infant relationship, infant development or parent-infant relationship/infant development
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