Trial of instrumental delivery in theatre versus immediate caesarean section for anticipated difficult assisted births

  • Protocol
  • Intervention


  • F Majoko,

  • P Devenish-Meares,

  • G Gardener

Dr Franz Majoko, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Singleton Hospital, Sketty Lane, Swansea, SA2 8QA, UK.


This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows:

To determine differences in maternal and neonatal morbidity for women where a trial of anticipated difficult instrumental vaginal delivery is conducted in theatre compared to women who have immediate caesarean section in the second stage for maternal or fetal indications.